Researching American Indians and Alaska Natives

Navigating Record Group 75
Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA) Records

Records created by the Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA) document the U.S. Federal government’s interaction with American Indians.

Though administrative in nature, the records can include:

  • Account ledgers
  • Case files
  • Censuses
  • Correspondence
  • Enrollments
  • Estate cards
  • Issuances
  • Leases
  • Reports
  • Resolutions and more

Chemawa Indian School Baseball Team, 1939.
National Archives Identifier: 5585776

These records can provide information regarding:

  • Agricultural work
  • Agriculture
  • Birth
  • Buildings
  • Conservation
  • Divorce
  • Education
  • Employees
  • Employment
  • Equipment and supplies
  • Health
  • Indian allotments
  • Inheritance
  • Law enforcement
  • Leases
  • Marriage
  • Property
  • Trade agreements and more

Native Americans from Southeastern Idaho, ca. 1897.
National Archives Identifier: 519208

Locating specific records can be tricky, due to the continual changes in reservations, tribes, and geographic areas. In many instances, tribal records are split between National Archives (NARA) offices and affiliated archives. Given the complexity of BIA records, this research tool was created to help identify the locations of agency, office, and school records within NARA. More specific information relating to our records can be found by contacting the NARA facility listed in parentheses next to each agency, office, or school. Additional resources can be identified using our Online Catalog.

If you are having difficulty finding information on this guide related to your research, please contact the National Archives with the nature and scope of your research question, your name, and your personal email address and phone number.

About this Navigational Resource:

NARA staff throughout the country compiled this resource to better direct researchers to the appropriate NARA facility or affiliated archives.  It is arranged geographically by state and thereunder by tribe or band.  Under each entry for a tribe or band is a list of the BIA offices which had a jurisdictional relationship with that tribe, and which NARA office holds records. It has been impossible to include the name of every subagency and special agency. The most significant omissions are the agencies and subagencies established during the early years of a superintendency, when agents were moved about without permanent assignments to a particular tribe or locality.

Additional Resources:

Table of Contents

BIA Records, Arranged by State
Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California
Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
Florida
Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana
Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine
Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi
Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire
New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota
Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island
South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah
Vermont
Virgina
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming
BIA Schools, Arranged by State
Alaska
Arizona
California
Colorado
Kansas
Michigan
Minnesota
Montana
Nevada
New Mexico
North Dakota
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
South Dakota
Utah
Washington
Wisconsin
Researching American Indians and Alaska Natives >

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