Researching American Indians and Alaska Natives

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Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA) Records

BIA Schools

Children from Indian Nations across the country attended schools operated by the Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA). Students were often sent to schools by the Indian Agency which had jurisdiction over their tribe. Records about schools and the students who attended them may be found with the originating agency as well as in the materials created by the school. This listing contains information about schools operated by the BIA.  Churches, local communities and even the tribes themselves also operated schools, which are not listed here.  Please contact the corresponding National Archives facility for more information about the records related to your research.

Alaska

1941-1983 Mount Edgecombe Boarding School (National Archives at Seattle)
1956-1975 Wrangell Institute (National Archives at Seattle)

Arizona

1968-1989 Cottonwood Day School under the Chinle Subagency (National Archives at Riverside)
1895-1922 Navajo Training School under the Navajo Agency (National Archives at Riverside)
1891-1990 Phoenix Indian School (National Archives at Riverside)
1927-1939 Theodore Roosevelt  School under the Fort Apache Indian Agency (National Archives at Riverside)

California

1898-1930 Fort Bidwell Indian Boarding School under the Fort Bidwell School and Agency (National Archives at San Francisco)
1913-1928 Fort Yuma Indian Boarding School under the Fort Yuma Agency (National Archives at Riverside)
1897-1922 Greenville Indian Industrial Boarding School under the Greenville Agency (National Archives at San Francisco)
1893-1931 Hoopa Valley Boarding School (National Archives at San Francisco)    
1898-1980 Sherman Institute (National Archives at Riverside)  

Colorado

1892-1916 Fort Lewis Indian Boarding School under the Southern Ute Agency (National Archives at Denver)
1937-1979 Ignacio Boarding School (National Archives at Denver)

Kansas

1884-1980 Haskell Indian Nations University (National Archives at Kansas City)

Michigan

1892-1946 Mt. Pleasant Indian School under the Mt. Pleasant Indian School and Agency (National Archives at Chicago)

Minnesota

1894-1959 Pipestone Indian School  (National Archives at Kansas City)
1905-1919 Vermillion Lake Indian School (National Archives at Kansas City)
1901-1918 White Earth Boarding School under the Consolidated Chippewa Agency (National Archives at Chicago)

Montana

1891-1910Fort Shaw Indian Boarding School (National Archives at Denver)

Nevada

1913-1920 Lovelocks School under the Fallon Day School and Subgency (National Archives at San Francisco)
1890-1980 Stewart Indian Boarding School (National Archives at San Francisco)
1882-1917 Western Shoshone Boarding School (National Archives at San Francisco)

Young school girls attending sewing class at Albuquerque Indian School., ca. 1910
National Archives Identifier 292877

New Mexico

1886-1964Albuquerque Indian School (National Archives at Denver)
1926-1949 Charles H. Burke Indian School under the Navajo Agency (National Archives at Denver)
1935-1959 McCarty Indian Day School under the Albuquerque Area Office (National Archives at Denver)
1944-1957 Mesita Indian Day School under the Albuquerque Area Office  (National Archives at Denver)
1950-1958 Nenahnezad Boarding School under the Northern Navajo Agency (National Archives at Denver)
1924-1958 Paguate Indian Day School under the Albuquerque Area Office (National Archives at Denver)
1911-1914 Pueblo Day Schools at Albuquerque (National Archives at Denver)
1911-1912 Pueblo Day Schools at Santa Fe (National Archives at Denver)
1954-1966 San Juan Boarding School (National Archives at Denver)
1890-1951 Santa Fe Indian School (National Archives at Denver)
1944-1952 Shiprock Boarding School under the Northern Navajo Agency (National Archives at Denver)
1971-1981 Southwestern Indian Polytechnic Institute (National Archives at Denver)
1941-1952 Toadlena Day School under the Navajo Agency (National Archives at Denver)
1906-1911 Zuni Boarding School (National Archives at Denver)

North Dakota

1914-1938 Bismarck Indian School (National Archives at Kansas City)
1910-1935 Fort Totten Indian School (National Archives at Kansas City)
1909-1967 Wahpeton Indian School (National Archives at Kansas City)

Oklahoma

1893-1897 Absentee Shawnee Boarding School (Oklahoma Historical Society)
1916-1932 Bacone College (Oklahoma Historical Society)
1929-1951 Bacone College under the Five Civilized Tribes Agency (National Archives at Fort Worth)
1914-1929 Bloomfield Academy [also known as Carter Seminary] (National Archives at Fort Worth)
1903-1927 Cantonment Boarding School (National Archives at Fort Worth)
1871-1935 Chilocco Indian School (Oklahoma Historical Society)
1884-1980 Chilocco Indian School (National Archives at Fort Worth)
1935-1948 Dwight Mission (National Archives at Fort Worth)
1910-1920 El Meta Bond College (National Archives at Fort Worth)
1892-1910 Euchee Boarding School (Oklahoma Historical Society)
1912-1947 Euchee Boarding School (National Archives at Fort Worth)
1892-1907 Eufaula High School (Oklahoma Historical Society)
1925-1978 Eufaula High School (National Archives at Fort Worth)
1937-1980 Fort Sill Indian School (National Archives at Fort Worth)
1901-1932 Genoa Indian School (Oklahoma Historical Society)
1892-1981 Jones Academy (National Archives at Fort Worth)
1922-1952 Jones Male Academy (National Archives at Fort Worth)
1902-1929 Mekusukey Academy (Oklahoma Historical Society)
1928-1931 Mekusukey Academy (National Archives at Fort Worth)
1874-1890 Miami Day School under the Quapaw Agency (Oklahoma Historical Society)
1875-1901 Modoc Day School under the Quapaw Agency (Oklahoma Historical Society)
1874-1922 Osage Boarding School (National Archives at Fort Worth)
1892-1958 Pawnee Boarding School (National Archives at Fort Worth)
1901-1903 Pawnee Boarding and Training School (Oklahoma Historical Society)
1890-1902 Pawnee Industrial School (Oklahoma Historical Society)
1872-1896 Peoria Day School under the Quapaw Agency (Oklahoma Historical Society)
1872-1899 Quapaw Boarding School under the Quapaw Agency (Oklahoma Historical Society)
1897-1933 Red Moon School (Oklahoma Historical Society)
1916-1917 Red Moon School (National Archives at Fort Worth)
1925-1984 Riverside School (National Archives at Fort Worth)
1895-1938 Seger Industrial School (Oklahoma Historical Society)
1916-1927 Seger Industrial School (National Archives at Fort Worth)
1916-1971 Seneca Boarding School under the Quapaw Agency (National Archives at Fort Worth)
1911-1985 Sequoyah High School (National Archives at Fort Worth)
1860-1932 Shawnee Boarding School (Oklahoma Historical Society)
1923-1961 Shawnee Boarding School (National Archives at Fort Worth)
1877-1901 Student of the States (Oklahoma Historical Society)
1896-1898 Sulphur Springs School (Oklahoma Historical Society)
1886-1899 Tuskahoma Institute under the Five Civilized Tribes Agency (Oklahoma Historical Society)
1923-1926 Tuskahoma Female Academy under the Five Civilized Tribes Agency (National Archives at Fort Worth)
1886-1900 Wheelock Academy (Oklahoma Historical Society)
1911-1953 Wheelock Academy (National Archives at Fort Worth)
1886-1901 White’s Institute (Oklahoma Historical Society)
1896-1905 Yellow Spring School (Oklahoma Historical Society)

Oregon

1890-1975 Chemawa Indian School (National Archives at Seattle)
1880-1891 Forest Grove Indian Training School (National Archives at Seattle)
1891-1939 Salem Indian School (National Archives at Seattle)

Pennsylvania

1879-1918 Carlisle Indian School (Also known as Carlisle Indian Industrial School) (National Archives at Washington DC)

South Dakota

1897-1909 Chamberlain Indian School (National Archives at Kansas City)
1984-1954 Flandreau School (National Archives at Kansas City)
1901-1920 Hope School (National Archives at Kansas City)
1898-1934 Pierre Indian School  (National Archives at Kansas City)
1898-1934 Rapid City Indian School  (National Archives at Kansas City)
1901-1920 Springfield School  (National Archives at Kansas City)

Utah

1953-1974 Intermountain Indian School (National Archives at Denver)

Washington

1910-1920 Cushman Indian School (National Archives at Seattle)

Wisconsin

1901-1934 Hayward Indian School (National Archives at Chicago)
1896-1927 Oneida Indian School (National Archives at Chicago)
1985-1943 Tomah Indian Industrial School under the Tomah Indian School and Agency (National Archives at Chicago)
1895-1917 Wittenberg Indian School (National Archives at Chicago)
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