Guide to Federal Records

Records of Allied Operational and Occupation Headquarters, World War II


(Record Group 331)
1907-66 (bulk 1942-54)

Overview of Records Locations

Table of Contents

  • 331.1 Administrative History
  • 331.2 General Records of Supreme Headquarters Allied Expeditionary Force (SHAEF) 1942-46
    • 331.2.1 Records maintained by the Office of the Secretary of the General Staff
    • 331.2.2 Records maintained by the Adjutant General's Division
    • 331.2.3 Other general records
  • 331.3 Records of SHAEF General Staff Organizations 1942-46
    • 331.3.1 Records of the Theatre Intelligence Section
    • 331.3.2 Records of the G-1 Division
    • 331.3.3 General records of the G-2 Division
    • 331.3.4 Records of subordinate organizations of the G-2 Division
    • 331.3.5 General records of the G-3 Division
    • 331.3.6 Records of subordinate organizations of the G-3 Division
    • 331.3.7 Records of the G-4 Division
    • 331.3.8 Records of the Historical Section, Information Branch, G- 5 Division
    • 331.3.9 Other records of the G-5 Division
  • 331.4 Records of SHAEF Special Staff Organizations 1940-51 (bulk 1943-45)
    • 331.4.1 Records of the Engineer Division
    • 331.4.2 Records of the Signal Division
    • 331.4.3 Records of the Medical Division
    • 331.4.4 Records of the Public Relations Division
    • 331.4.5 Records of the Psychological Warfare Division
    • 331.4.6 Records of the Air Defense Division
    • 331.4.7 Records of the Headquarters Command
    • 331.4.8 Records of the European Allied Contact Section
  • 331.5 Records of SHAEF Committees 1944-45
  • 331.6 Records of SHAEF Mission (France) 1942-45
  • 331.7 Records of Other SHAEF Missions 1944-45
  • 331.8 Records of Headquarters 6th Army Group (SHAEF) 1943-45
  • 331.9 Records of Headquarters 12th Army Group (SHAEF) 1943-46
    • 331.9.1 General records
    • 331.9.2 Records of general staff organizations
    • 331.9.3 Records of special staff organizations
  • 331.10 Records of Headquarters 21st Army Group (SHAEF) 1944-45
  • 331.11 Records of Headquarters First Allied Airborne Army (SHAEF) 1944-45
  • 331.12 Records of Other Organizations Under SHAEF Operational Control 1943-45
  • 331.13 Records of the Air Staff, SHAEF 1943-45
  • 331.14 Records of Headquarters Allied Naval Commander-In-Chief, Expeditionary Force (ANCXF) 1943-45
  • 331.15 Records of Agencies Responsible For SHAEF Residual Functions 1944-47
    • 331.15.1 Records of the Combined Administrative Liquidating Agency
    • 331.15.2 Records of the Combined Civil Affairs Liquidating Agency
  • 331.16 General Records of Allied Force Headquarters (AFHQ) 1941-47
    • 331.16.1 Records maintained by the Supreme Allied Commander's Secretariat
    • 331.16.2 Records maintained by the Records Branch of the Adjutant General's Office
    • 331.16.3 Other general records
  • 331.17 Records of the AFHQ G-2 (Intelligence) Section 1942-47
    • 331.17.1 General records
    • 331.17.2 Records of subordinate organizations of the Counter Intelligence Division
    • 331.17.3 Records of the Operational Intelligence Division
    • 331.17.4 Records of other divisions
  • 331.18 Records of the AFHQ G-3 (Operations and Training) Section 1942-47
    • 331.18.1 Records of the Operations Subsection
    • 331.18.2 Records of the Training Subsection
    • 331.18.3 Records of other subsections
  • 331.19 Records of the AFHQ G-5 (Military Government and Civil Affairs) Section 1943-47
    • 331.19.1 General records
    • 331.19.2 Records of the Policy and Control Division
    • 331.19.3 Records of other subordinate organizations
  • 331.20 Records of Other AFHQ General Staff Sections 1942-45
    • 331.20.1 Records of the U.S. component of the G-1 (Personnel) Section
    • 331.20.2 Records of G-4 Sections
  • 331.21 Records of AFHQ Special Staff Organizations 1942-47
    • 331.21.1 Records of the Signal Section
    • 331.21.2 Records of the Psychological Warfare Branch
    • 331.21.3 Records of other special staff organizations
  • 331.22 Records of AFHQ Financial and Accounting Organizations 1943-48
    • 331.22.1 Records of the Allied Financial Agency (AFA)
    • 331.22.2 Records of the Allied Supply Accounting Agency
  • 331.23 Records of the Allied Screening Commission (Italy) and its Successor, The Prisoner-Of-War Claims Commission [AFHQ] 1943-47
    • 331.23.1 Records of the Allied Screening Commission (Italy)
    • 331.23.2 Records of the Prisoner-of-War Claims Commission
  • 331.24 Records of AFHQ Committees, Commissions, and Boards 1943-47
  • 331.25 Records of Headquarters 15th Army Group and Subordinate Commands (AFHQ) 1942-46
    • 331.25.1 Records of Headquarters 15th Army Group
    • 331.25.2 Records of Headquarters Fifth U.S. Army
    • 331.25.3 Records of Headquarters Eighth British Army
  • 331.26 Records of Headquarters Mediterranean Allied Air Forces (HQ MAAF) and Subordinate Commands [AFHQ] 1942-45
    • 331.26.1 Records of the Operations Section of HQ MAAF
    • 331.26.2 Records of the Intelligence Section of HQ MAAF
    • 331.26.3 Records of other organizations of HQ MAAF
    • 331.26.4 Records of headquarters of subordinate commands
  • 331.27 Records of Headquarters Commander-In-Chief Mediterranean (AFHQ) 1942-45
  • 331.28 Records of Military Headquarters (Balkans) [AFHQ] 1941-45
  • 331.29 Records of Other AFHQ Command Organizations 1943-47
  • 331.30 Records of the Allied Commission (AFHQ) 1942-48
    • 331.30.1 General records of headquarters
    • 331.30.2 Records of headquarters organizations
    • 331.30.3 Records of field offices
    • 331.30.4 Records of Allied Military Government (AMG) organizations under Allied Commission administrative supervision
  • 331.31 Records of Allied Military Government (AMG) Organizations In Venezia Giulia and Udine, Italy [AFHQ] 1943-47
  • 331.32 Records of other AFHQ Organizations 1942-48
    • 331.32.1 Records of the Allied Force Records Administration
    • 331.32.2 Records of the Combined Services Detailed Interrogation Center
    • 331.32.3 Other records
  • 331.33 Records of Allied Military Government, British-United States Zone, Free Territory of Trieste 1942-54 (bulk 1947-54)
    • 331.33.1 Records of the Office of the Military Governor
    • 331.33.2 Records of the Directorate General, Civil Affairs
    • 331.33.3 Records of the Directorate of Interior
    • 331.33.4 Records of the Directorate of Finance and Economics
    • 331.33.5 Records of the Allied Information Service
    • 331.33.6 Records of Trieste United States Troops (TRUST)
  • 331.34 Records of General Headquarters Southwest Pacific Area (GHQ SWPA) 1939-66 (bulk 1942-49)
  • 331.35 Records of Headquarters Southeast Asia Command (SEAC) 1943-45
  • 331.36 General Records of General Headquarters Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers (GHQ SCAP) 1945-52
  • 331.37 Records of Organizations of General Headquarters U.S. Army Forces, Pacific, and its Successor, General Headquarters Far East Command, Relating to SCAP Functions 1945-52
    • 331.37.1 Records of the SCAP Section of the Adjutant General's Office
    • 331.37.2 Records of the G-1 (Personnel) Section
    • 331.37.3 Records of the G-2 (Intelligence) Section
    • 331.37.4 Records of the Office of the Comptroller
    • 331.37.5 Records of the SCAP Section of the Public Information Office
    • 331.37.6 Records of other general and special staff sections
  • 331.38 Records of the SCAP Diplomatic Section 1945-52
  • 331.39 Records of the SCAP Legal Section 1945-52
    • 331.39.1 Records of the Office of the Chief
    • 331.39.2 Records of the Administrative Division
    • 331.39.3 Records of the Law Division
    • 331.39.4 Records of the Legislation and Justice Division
    • 331.39.5 Records of the Prosecution Division
    • 331.39.6 Records of the Investigation Division
    • 331.39.7 Records of the Manila Branch
  • 331.40 Records of the SCAP International Prosecution Section (IPS) 1907-48 (bulk 1945-48)
  • 331.41 Records of the SCAP Civil Affairs Section 1945-52
    • 331.41.1 Records of the Headquarters Division
    • 331.41.2 Records of the Administrative Division
    • 331.41.3 Records of Headquarters Civil Affairs Regions
    • 331.41.4 Records of civil affairs field offices
  • 331.42 Records of the SCAP Government Section 1945-52
  • 331.43 Records of the SCAP Civil Communications Section 1945-51
  • 331.44 Records of the SCAP Civil Historical Section 1943-52
    • 331.44.1 General records
    • 331.44.2 Records of the Library and Publications Division
  • 331.45 Records of the SCAP Civil Information and Education Section 1941-52 (bulk 1945-52)
    • 331.45.1 General records
    • 331.45.2 Records of the Information Division
    • 331.45.3 Records of the Education Division
    • 331.45.4 Records of the Religion and Cultural Resources Division
    • 331.45.5 Records of other subordinate organizations
    • 331.45.6 Records of regional offices
  • 331.46 Records of the SCAP Economic and Scientific Section 1944-52
    • 331.46.1 General records
    • 331.46.2 Records of the Foreign Trade and Commerce Division
    • 331.46.3 Records of the Programs and Statistics Division
    • 331.46.4 Records of other subordinate organizations
  • 331.47 Records of the SCAP Civil Intelligence Section 1939-49 (bulk 1945-49)
  • 331.48 Records of the SCAP Civil Transportation Section 1945-52
  • 331.49 Records of the SCAP Natural Resources Section 1931-52 (bulk 1945-52)
  • 331.50 Records of the SCAP Public Health and Welfare Section 1945-52
  • 331.51 Records of the Office of the Civil Property Custodian (SCAP) 1943-52 (bulk 1945-52)
    • 331.51.1 General records
    • 331.51.2 Records of the Foreign Property Division
    • 331.51.3 Records of other subordinate organizations

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331.1 Administrative History

Finding Aids: Kathleen E. Riley, Mary Joe Head, and Jessie T. Midkiff, comps., "Preliminary Inventory of the Records of Allied Operational and Occupation Headquarters, World War II, Part I, Records of Supreme Headquarters Allied Expeditionary Force (SHAEF), Combined Administrative Liquidating Agency, and Combined Civil Affairs Liquidating Agency," NM 8 (1962); Helene Bowen, comp., "Preliminary Inventory of the Records of Allied Operational and Occupation Headquarters, World War II, Part II, Records of General Headquarters, Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers (SCAP)," NM 11 (1962); Mary Joe Head and Jessie T. Midkiff, comps., "Preliminary Inventory of the Records of Allied Operational and Occupation Headquarters, World War II, Part III, Records of Allied Force Headquarters (AFHQ)," NM 13 (1963); Jessie T. Midkiff and Olive K. Liebman, comps., "Preliminary Inventory of the Records of Allied Operational and Occupation Headquarters, World War II, Part IV, Records of the Allied Military Government, British-United States Zone, Free Territory of Trieste," NM 14 (1963); supplement in National Archives microfiche edition of preliminary inventories.

Security-Classified Records: This record group may include material that is security-classified.

Related Records:
Records of the U.S. Joint Chiefs of Staff, RG 218.
Records of U.S. Occupation Headquarters, World War II, RG 260.
Records of Naval Operating Forces, RG 313.
Records of U.S. Theaters of War, World War II, RG 332.
Records of U.S. Army Commands, 1942- , RG 338.
Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations, RG 342.

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331.2 General Records of Supreme Headquarters Allied Expeditionary Force (SHAEF)
1942-46
192 lin. ft. and 548 rolls of microfilm

History: Established as an integrated U.S.-British organization responsible to the Combined Chiefs of Staff (CCS), by General Order 1, SHAEF, February 13, 1944, pursuant to CCS directive, CCS 304/12, February 12, 1944, designating Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower as Supreme Commander Allied Expeditionary Force (AEF), and instructing him to plan and execute a cross-channel invasion of German-occupied Western Europe (Operation Overlord). SHAEF incorporated the records and some personnel of a predecessor Allied staff, COSSAC (the acronym for Chief of Staff to the Supreme Allied Commander, a position held by British Lt. Gen. Frederick E. Morgan), which had prepared preliminary invasion plans, April 1943-February 1944, in accordance with CCS directive, CCS 169/8/D, April 23, 1943. SHAEF located in London, England, February-August 1944; Versailles, France, August 1944- May 1945; and Frankfurt, Germany, May-July 1945. In accordance with CCS message WX-24456, June 29, 1945, directing the Supreme Commander AEF to initiate measures to dissolve SHAEF on or shortly after July 1, 1945, SHAEF abolished, effective July 14, 1945, by SHAEF message S-96883, July 12, 1945, with U.S. and British personnel transferred respectively to existing U.S. and British command organizations, and with residual functions transferred to newly established Combined Administrative Liquidating Agency. See 331.15.1.

Note: Some microfilm copies of formerly security-classified records continue to be security-classified.

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331.2.1 Records maintained by the Office of the Secretary of the
General Staff

Textual Records: Decimal correspondence, 1943-46, and separate project file, 1943-45; with partial microfilm copy, 1943-45 (61 rolls). Microfilm copy of cross-reference sheets to part of the decimal and project files (1943-46), January-December 1944 (24 rolls). Microfilm copy of selected documents from the decimal and project files (1943-46), 1943-44 (10 rolls). Microfilm copy of selected COSSAC records, 1943-44 (3 rolls). Microfilm copy of miscellaneous correspondence and other records, including a copy of the Initial Joint Plan (codeword Neptune, February 1, 1944), January-February 1944 (2 rolls). Minutes of conferences, with related operational briefings and reports, 1942-44. Message files, consisting of a microfilm copy of incoming and outgoing messages, January 4, 1944-July 13, 1945 (151 rolls); a microfilm copy of related logs, January 1, 1944-May 3, 1945 (6 rolls); paper copies of related incoming message logs, April 13, 1944-May 28, 1945; and a microfilm copy of message logs maintained for Gen. Eisenhower as Commander in Chief, Allied Force Headquarters (November 1942-February 1944) and as Supreme Commander AEF (February 1944-July 1945), November 2, 1942-July 14, 1945 (8 rolls).

Related Records: Pre-Presidential papers, 1916-52, of President and General of the Army Dwight D. Eisenhower, Supreme Commander AEF (1944-45), in Eisenhower Library. Papers, 1942-61, and a collection of World War II documents, 1941-45, of Lt. Gen. Walter Bedell Smith, Chief of Staff, SHAEF (1944-45), in Eisenhower Library.

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331.2.2 Records maintained by the Adjutant General's Division

Textual Records: Decimal correspondence, 1943-45, with microfilm copy (147 rolls). Microfilm copy of the content sheets of part of the decimal correspondence, 1944 (1 roll). Microfilm copy of selected decimal correspondence, 1944-45 (91 rolls). Subject file, 1942-45, with a microfilm copy of organization charts included in the file, February-June 1944 (1 roll). War diaries of SHAEF organizations, 1944-45, with microfilm copy (23 rolls). Microfilm copy of various operational plans, with related records, 1944 (6 rolls). Microfilm copy of messages, February 18- August 1, 1944 (4 rolls). Issuances, including SHAEF memorandums, 1944-45, and a microfilm copy of letter orders, May 1-June 30, 1945 (4 rolls). Microfilm copies of records relating to personnel, consisting of correspondence relating to officers of SHAEF and of the European Theater of Operations (decimal 201), 1944 (4 rolls); and a roster of officers serving in the European Theater of Operations, May 13, 1944 (1 roll). Microfilm copy of Joint Chiefs of Staff (JCS) paper, JCS 1004, August 16, 1944, relating to civil affairs administration in France (1 roll).

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331.2.3 Other general records

Maps and Charts (3,900 items): Strategic, tactical, and operations maps and charts of northern Europe, from the Normandy invasion to the military occupation of Germany, including order of battle and situation maps, defense and road overprints, bridge site plans, and maps giving general geographic, military, and political information, 1944-45.

Aerial Photographs (188 items): Aerial mosaics of potential landing beaches in France and Belgium, 1942-44 (80 items). Preinvasion oblique aerial photographs of landing craft obstacles along Normandy beaches, May 1944 (16 items). Towns between Luxembourg and the Rhine River in Germany, 1944-45 (11 items). Oblique aerial prints of Germany prepared for a unit history, 1944-45 (49 items). Vertical aerial prints of Berlin, April 1945 (32 items).

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331.3 Records of SHAEF General Staff Organizations
1942-46
492 lin. ft. and 790 rolls of microfilm

Note: Some microfilm copies of formerly security-classified records continue to be security-classified.

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331.3.1 Records of the Theatre Intelligence Section

History: Established in COSSAC, November 12, 1943. Transferred to SHAEF upon abolition of COSSAC and establishment of SHAEF, February 13, 1944. Abolished, May 31, 1944, with functions and most personnel transferred to G-2 Division and assigned to newly established Operational Intelligence Sub-Division, a consolidation of the former Operational Intelligence and Intelligence Plans Sections of G-2 (see 331.3.4).

Textual Records: Reports, with interfiled photographs, 1943-44; with a microfilm copy of the textual portion of the reports (5 rolls). Microfilm copies of intelligence document control registers, 1943-44 (2 rolls); card files containing information on enemy naval and battery defenses, 1943-44 (1 roll); numbered summaries ("Intelligence Outlines") relating to France, 1943-44 (1 roll); and map tracings, 1943-44 (2 rolls).

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331.3.2 Records of the G-1 Division

Textual Records: General records, consisting of formerly security-classified decimal correspondence, 1944-45, with microfilm copy (28 rolls); a microfilm copy of selected documents from the decimal correspondence (1944-45), March 31-August 4, 1944 (1 roll); and a microfilm copy of staff studies and related records, February 29, 1944-June 13, 1945 (1 roll). Correspondence of the Prisoner of War Executive ("PWX") Branch, consisting of a microfilm copy of subject-numeric correspondence, December 1943- October 1944 (6 rolls); and decimal correspondence, 1944-45, with microfilm copy (9 rolls).

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331.3.3 General records of the G-2 Division

Textual Records: Decimal correspondence maintained by the Executive Sub-Division, 1944-45, with microfilm copy (2 rolls). Microfilm copy of selected records from the files of G-2 subordinate organizations, 1943-44 (1 roll). Microfilm copy of oversized documents included in the files of G-2 subordinate organizations, 1943-45 (2 rolls). Microfilm copy of the city directory of Berlin, Germany, 1943 (8 rolls).

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331.3.4 Records of subordinate organizations of the G-2 Division

Textual Records: Records of the Operational Intelligence Sub- Division, including subject-numeric correspondence, April 1943- August 1944, with microfilm copy (5 rolls); decimal correspondence, 1944-45, with microfilm copy (1 roll); compilations of intelligence reports, 1942-45, with microfilm copy (20 rolls); a numbered document file maintained by the Document Section, 1944-45; and reference publications, 1942-46, including a numbered set of publications issued by the Combined Intelligence Objectives Subcommittee of the Combined Intelligence Committee, 1944-45. Decimal correspondence of the Military Security, the Civil Security, and the Port, Frontier, and Travel Security Sections of the Counter-Intelligence Sub-Division, 1943- 45, with microfilm copy (16 rolls). Records of the Censorship Sub-Division, including central decimal correspondence, 1943-45, with microfilm copy (10 rolls); and subject correspondence of the Allied Censorship Group (Netherlands), 1944-45. Decimal correspondence, 1944-45, and separate project file, of the Intelligence Target ("T") Sub-Division. Microfilm copy of records of the Field Information Agency, Technical (FIAT), 1944-45 (1 roll).

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331.3.5 General records of the G-3 Division

Textual Records: Subject file, 1942-45, with microfilm copy of those interfiled records that were maintained by Maj. Gen. Harold R. Bull, Assistant Chief of Staff, G-3 ("Gen. Bull's Files"), 1943-45 (4 rolls). Microfilm copy of records relating to invasion plans, 1942-44 (1 roll). Records relating to operational and posthostilities planning, 1943-45. Incoming and outgoing messages, 1944-46. Microfilm copy of a report of the Chiefs of Staff Committee of the War Cabinet (British) on initial planning of Operation Overlord, July 30, 1943 (1 roll). Microfilm copy of a report of the Commander-in-Chief of the Allied Naval Expeditionary Force on Operation Neptune, October 16, 1944 (1 roll). Microfilm copy of oversized documents included in the files of G-3 subordinate organizations, 1943-45 (4 rolls).

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331.3.6 Records of subordinate organizations of the G-3 Division

Textual Records: Decimal and subject files, 1943-45, of the Plans Section and its successor, the German Policy Section; with security-classified microfilm copy (21 rolls). Records of subordinate units of the Operations Section, consisting of decimal and subject-numeric files of the "A" Sub-Section, 1943- 45, with microfilm copy (15 rolls); decimal and subject-numeric files of the "C" Sub-Section, 1943-45, with microfilm copy (17 rolls); a subject-numeric file of the Airborne Sub-Section, 1944- 45, with microfilm copy (3 rolls); a subject-numeric file of the Meteorological Sub-Section, 1943-44, with microfilm copy (1 roll); and subject files, reports, and war room daily summaries of the Liaison Sub-Section, 1944-45. Decimal correspondence of the Organization and Equipment Section, 1944-45, and separate project file; with security-classified microfilm copy (36 rolls). Subject-numeric file of the Map Survey Section, 1943-45, with microfilm copy (22 rolls). Subject file of the Training and Experiments Section, 1944-45.

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331.3.7 Records of the G-4 Division

Textual Records: General records, consisting of decimal correspondence, 1944-45, with microfilm copy (184 rolls); a microfilm copy of the G-4 Division war diary, April 1944-March 1945 (2 rolls); and a microfilm copy of numbered daily logistical bulletins, June 11-August 22, 1944 (1 roll). Records of the Logistics Plans Branch, consisting of a central subject file, 1943-45; a central decimal file, November 1944-May 1945; and subject-numeric files of the No. 1 and No. 2 Planning Sections, 1944-45. Subject files of the Movements and Transportation Branch, 1943-45, and the Current Operations Branch (formerly "Q" Branch), 1944-45.

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331.3.8 Records of the Historical Section, Information Branch, G-
5 Division

Textual Records: Subject-numeric file ("Planning File"), 1943-45, and a subject index; with a microfilm copy of the index (1 roll). Microfilm copy of selected records of the planning file relating to activities of the Administration of Territories (Europe) Committee and of the 1st Army Group, 1943-44 (2 rolls). Subject- numeric file ("Operations File"), 1943-45, and a subject index; with microfilm copy (270 rolls). Chronological index to the planning and operations files, 1943-45, with microfilm copy (3 rolls). Microfilm copy of supply-related entries in the planning and operations files indexes, 1943-45 (2 rolls).

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331.3.9 Other records of the G-5 Division

Textual Records: General records, including a central subject- numeric file, 1943-45, with microfilm copy (57 rolls); and a microfilm copy of records in the central subject-numeric file (1943-45) concerning civil affairs and military government planning, October 1943-March 1944 (1 roll). Microfilm copy of selected records of the Financial Branch, 1945 (4 rolls). Subject correspondence of the Supply and Economics Branch, 1944-45. Microfilm copy of correspondence of the Organization, Personnel, Equipment, and Training (OPET) Group of the Operations Branch, 1944-45 (6 rolls). Subject file of the Monuments, Fine Arts, and Archives Section of the Internal Affairs (formerly Operations) Branch, 1943-45. Microfilm copy of records of the Legal Branch concerning the postwar administration of Germany and of liberated territories of Western Europe, 1944-45 (9 rolls).

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331.4 Records of SHAEF Special Staff Organizations
1940-51 (bulk 1943-45)
165 lin. ft. and 185 rolls of microfilm

Note: Some microfilm copies of formerly security-classified records continue to be security-classified.

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331.4.1 Records of the Engineer Division

Textual Records: Decimal correspondence, 1943-45, with microfilm copy (3 rolls). General correspondence, December 1943-July 1945, with microfilm copy (1 roll). Daily summaries of incoming messages, December 1944-April 1945, with microfilm copy (1 roll). Weekly reports, November 1943-July 1945, with microfilm copy (1 roll). Microfilm copy of oversized documents included in the various files, 1943-45 (1 roll).

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331.4.2 Records of the Signal Division

Textual Records: General records, consisting of subject-numeric correspondence, 1944-45, with microfilm copy (49 rolls); a subject file, 1943-45, with partial microfilm copy (5 rolls); a microfilm copy of selected divisional records, 1943-44 (1 roll); SHAEF reports, 1944-45, with microfilm copy (2 rolls); and a published report on Signal Division activities prior to and during Operation Overlord, August 1943-July 1945. Microfilm copy of subject-numeric correspondence of the British Requirements Sub-Section, 1943-45 (7 rolls). Official records ("Joint Operational Files") of Maj. Gen. Francis H. Lanahan, Jr., Deputy Chief Signal Officer, 1942-51 (bulk 1943-47).

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331.4.3 Records of the Medical Division

Textual Records: Decimal correspondence, 1944-45, and related registers; with a partial microfilm copy of the correspondence (3 rolls). Photostatic copy of the war diary of Maj. Gen. Albert W. Kenner, Chief Medical Officer, February 11, 1944-May 6, 1945, and occasional interfiled related records; with a partial microfilm copy (1 roll).

Photographic Prints (37 images): Maj. Gen. Albert W. Kenner, May 12, 1944 (1 image). An exercise in the evacuation of the wounded by sea, ca. 1944 (35 images). Two unidentified British officers, n.d. (1 image).

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331.4.4 Records of the Public Relations Division

Textual Records: General records, consisting of decimal correspondence, 1943-45, with microfilm copy (7 rolls); texts of press briefings, press conferences, and speeches, 1944-45, with partial microfilm copy (5 rolls); information sheets ("Information Room Handouts"), news releases, and communiques, 1944-45, with partial microfilm copy (5 rolls); records concerning public relations aspects of the major combat operations plans ("Plans File"), 1944-45, with microfilm copy (1 roll); and daily incident reports of the various subordinate organizations, 1944-45. Subject file of the Information Section, 1944-45, with partial microfilm copy (3 rolls). Subject file of the Press Censorship Branch, 1944-45, with partial microfilm copy (1 roll).

Photographs (3,000 images): Individual and group portraits of SHAEF officers and of officials in the Allied, occupied, and liberated countries of Europe, 1940-45 (500 images, CA). Civil affairs activities following the Allied invasion of Europe, including surveys of damaged structures, care of displaced persons and refugees, provision of food to the civil population, administration of prisoner-of-war camps, and conduct of trials, 1944-45 (2,500 images, CA).

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331.4.5 Records of the Psychological Warfare Division

Textual Records: General records, consisting of decimal correspondence, 1944-45, and separate project file, with microfilm copy (56 rolls); and incoming and outgoing messages, 1944-45, and related logs, with a microfilm copy of the messages (19 rolls). Records of the Leaflets Section of the Directives and Current Propaganda Office, consisting of collections of Allied propaganda leaflets and periodicals in the various western and central European languages, 1944-45, and related dissemination logs and index; with a partial microfilm copy (7 rolls).

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331.4.6 Records of the Air Defense Division

Textual Records: Microfilm copy of selected divisional correspondence, 1944-45 (1 roll). Subject-numeric correspondence, 1944-45, with microfilm copy (3 rolls). Copies of the division publication, Air Defense Review, August 14, 1944-June 13, 1945.

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331.4.7 Records of the Headquarters Command

Textual Records: General records, 1944-45, consisting of a subject file ("Administrative Files"), and decimal correspondence. Records of the Allied Information Service Group (formerly the 6805th Allied Information Service Group), including decimal correspondence, 1944-45; morning reports, 1944-45; and an unpublished compilation of reports, entitled, "German Atrocities in France," 1944.

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331.4.8 Records of the European Allied Contact Section

Textual Records: Subject-numeric correspondence, 1944-45, with microfilm copy (2 rolls).

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331.5 Records of SHAEF Committees
1944-45
3 lin. ft. and 1 roll of microfilm

Textual Records: Formerly security-classified records of the Joint Intelligence Committee (SHAEF), 1944-45, consisting of correspondence, intelligence appreciations ("JIC Papers"), and minutes of the Counter-Intelligence Subcommittee; with security- classified microfilm copy (1 roll). Subject file of the Four- Party Committee, 1944-45, concerning the committee's oversight of the transition from military to civilian procurement in liberated France.

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331.6 Records of SHAEF Mission (France)
1942-45
110 lin. ft. and 30 rolls of microfilm

Note: Some microfilm copies of formerly security-classified records continue to be security-classified.

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331.6.1 General records

Textual Records: Correspondence maintained by the Secretary of the General Staff, 1944-45. Decimal correspondence, 1944-45, with microfilm copy (20 rolls). Microfilm copy of selected decimal correspondence, 1944-45 (9 rolls). Subject correspondence, 1944- 45. Minutes of staff conferences and related background notes, 1944-45, with microfilm copy (1 roll). Biweekly reports ("Fortnightly Progress Reports"), 1944-45. Incoming and outgoing messages, 1944-45. Records relating to personnel, 1944-45.

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331.6.2 Records of subordinate organizations

Textual Records: Subject file of the G-1 Division, 1944-45. Records of the G-4 Division, 1944-45, including central decimal and subject correspondence; and subject files of the following branches: Requirements; Solid Fuels; Movements and Transportation; and Petroleum, Oil, and Lubricants. Decimal and subject correspondence of the G-5 Division, 1944-45. Subject file of the Navy Division, 1944-45. Records of the Rearmament Division (formerly the Joint Rearmament Committee), including decimal correspondence, 1942-45; a subject file, 1943-45; a historical file, 1942-45; incoming and outgoing messages, 1943-45; and a file of requisitions, 1942-44. General correspondence of the Air Section of the Rearmament Division, 1944-45.

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331.7 Records of Other SHAEF Missions
1944-45
4 lin. ft. and 13 rolls of microfilm

Note: Some microfilm copies of formerly security-classified records continue to be security-classified.

Textual Records: Records of SHAEF Mission (Belgium and Luxembourg), consisting of a microfilm copy of subject-numeric correspondence of the G-1, G-3, G-4, and G-5 Divisions, 1944-45 (12 rolls); and biweekly reports ("Fortnightly Progress Reports") on Belgium, October 1944-July 1945, and on Luxembourg, May-June 1945. Records of SHAEF Mission (Denmark), 1944-45, consisting of general correspondence ("Plans File"), and biweekly reports ("Fortnightly Progress Reports"). Records of SHAEF Mission (Netherlands), 1944-45, consisting of a microfilm copy of subject-numeric correspondence (1 roll), and biweekly reports ("Fortnightly Progress Reports"). Records of SHAEF Mission (Norway), 1945, consisting of a subject file, and biweekly reports ("Fortnightly Progress Reports").

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331.8 Records of Headquarters 6th Army Group (SHAEF)
1943-45
102 lin. ft.

History: Also known as Headquarters Southern Group of Armies. Functioned under U.S. command.

Related Records: Microfilm copy of papers, 1939-49, of Gen. Jacob L. Devers, Commanding General, 6th Army Group (1944-45), in Eisenhower Library (originals in custody of York County Historical Society, York, PA).

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331.8.1 General records

Textual Records: Decimal correspondence, 1944-45, with separate cross-reference sheets. Records relating to 6th Army Group personnel ("201 Files") and to First French Army personnel ("201- FR Files"), 1944-45.

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331.8.2 Records of subordinate organizations

Textual Records: Decimal correspondence of the G-1 Section, 1944- 45. Subject and subject-numeric files of the G-2 Section, 1944- 45. Records of the G-3 Section, including a central subject- numeric file, 1944-45; and correspondence and reports of subsections of the Support Arms Branch of the Troops Division, 1943-45. Records of subordinate organizations of the G-4 Section, including a subject-numeric file of the Transportation Division, 1944-45; and correspondence of the Ordnance and Medical Branches of the Supply and Evacuation Division, 1944-45. Decimal correspondence of the G-5 Section, 1944-45. Records of the Judge Advocate Section, 1944-45, consisting of decimal correspondence; court-martial case files; and manuals concerning military government in Germany ("Publications File"). Records of the Engineer Section, 1944-45, consisting of subject and subject- numeric files, and biweekly reports. Records of other subordinate organizations, including a subject file of the Public Relations Section, 1944-45; a subject file of the Signals Section, 1944-45; decimal correspondence of Headquarters Special Troops, 1944-45; and decimal correspondence of the Headquarters Company, 6th Army Group, 1944-45.

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331.9 Records of Headquarters 12th Army Group (SHAEF)
1943-46
267 lin. ft. and 14 rolls of microfilm

History: Also known as Headquarters Central Group of Armies. Functioned under U.S. command.

Note: Some microfilm copies of formerly security-classified records continue to be security-classified.

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331.9.1 General records

Textual Records: Decimal correspondence, 1943-45, with separate cross-reference sheets to correspondence formerly classified below the top secret level. Microfilm copy of selected records from decimals 300 and 314.7 of the decimal correspondence, 1943- 45 (1 roll). Issuances ("Publications File"), 1944-45. After- action reports of various subordinate organizations, 1944-45, with microfilm copy (13 rolls). Journals of various subordinate organizations, 1943-45. Published version of the final after- action report (October 1943-July 1945), entitled, Report of Operations, July 31, 1945.

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331.9.2 Records of general staff organizations

Textual Records: Records of the G-1 Section, including central subject correspondence, 1944-45; correspondence concerning awards and decorations, and policy books, of the Morale Branch, 1944-45; subject correspondence of the Personnel Branch, 1944-45; and subject correspondence, 1944-45, daily summaries, 1944-45, and journals, 1943-45, of the Operations Branch. Records of the G-2 Section, including central subject correspondence, 1944-45; incoming and outgoing messages, weekly intelligence summaries, and numbered reports ("G-2 Periodic Reports") of the Intelligence Branch, 1944-45; a report of operations (March 1, 1944-May 8, 1945) of the Enemy Terrain and Defense Section of the Intelligence Branch, July 2, 1945; and subject correspondence, 1944-45, operations reports, 1944-45, and case files ("Building Targets" and "Personality Targets"), 1945, of the Target Branch. Records of the G-3 Section, including central subject correspondence, outgoing messages, reports, and journals, 1944- 45; subject correspondence of the Air Branch, 1944-45; and combat observation reports ("Immediate Reports") compiled by the Training Branch, 1944-45. Subject-numeric correspondence of the G-4 Section, 1943-45. Subject correspondence of the G-5 Section, 1943-45.

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331.9.3 Records of special staff organizations

Textual Records: Records of the Publicity and Psychological Warfare Section, including central decimal correspondence, 1943- 45; a manuscript history of the section (1943-45), n.d.; and numbered instructions to press censors, issued by the Press Censorship Branch, 1944-45. Records of the Armored Section, including subject correspondence, 1944-45; armored unit activity reports, 1945; and a collection of War Office (British) technical intelligence summaries, 1944-45. Records of Headquarters Special Troops, including central decimal correspondence, 1944-45; court- martial case files of the Office of the Staff Judge Advocate, 1944-45; subject correspondence and investigatory reports of the Inspector General's Section, 1944-45; and subject correspondence of the 12th Army Group Liaison Detachment (Signal Information and Monitoring, "SIAM"), 1944-45. Records of other organizations, including decimal correspondence of the Artillery Section, 1943- 45; war diaries of the Anti-Aircraft Artillery Section, 1944-45; decimal correspondence of the Finance Section, 1944-45; investigatory reports of the Inspector General's Section, 1944- 45; two manuscript histories (December 1943-July 1945) of the Medical Section, 1946 and n.d., respectively; a manuscript history (March 5, 1944-May 9, 1945) of the Ordnance Section, May 29, 1945; subject correspondence of the Quartermaster, Signal, and Transportation Sections, 1944-45; and subject correspondence of Static Liaison Staff Number 4, April-August 1945.

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331.10 Records of Headquarters 21st Army Group (SHAEF)
1944-45
14 rolls of microfilm

History: Also known as Headquarters Northern Group of Armies. Functioned under British command.

Textual Records: Security-classified microfilm copy of the appendixes to the war diary, May 1944-June 1945, including operations orders, message logs, intelligence reports, and combat summaries (13 rolls). Security-classified microfilm copy of headquarters directives, March 4, 1944-April 22, 1945 (1 roll).

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331.11 Records of Headquarters First Allied Airborne Army (SHAEF)
1944-45
19 lin. ft. and 6 rolls of microfilm

Textual Records: General records, 1944-45, consisting of decimal correspondence; a subject file ("Administrative File"); formerly security-classified code-named operations case files, with security-classified microfilm copy (6 rolls); and outgoing messages. Journal of the G-1 Section, 1944-45. Subject file of the G-3 Section, 1944-45.

Related Records: Papers, 1913-65, of Gen. Floyd L. Parks, Chief of Staff, First Allied Airborne Army (1944-45), in Eisenhower Library.

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331.12 Records of Other Organizations Under SHAEF Operational
Control
1943-45
2 lin. ft. and 2 rolls of microfilm

Textual Records: Security-classified microfilm copy of records of Special Force Headquarters (SFHQ), London, consisting of directives relating to the organization and function of SFHQ, 1943-44; an English-language manuscript history of the command organization of the French Forces of the Interior (FFI), by the FFI commander, Gen. Pierre Joseph Koenig, n.d.; and daily summaries of resistance activities in the occupied countries of Western Europe, prepared by SFHQ for SHAEF G-3 Division, June 5, 1944-May 7, 1945 (1 roll). Records of Headquarters Allied Land Forces Norway, consisting of war diaries of subordinate organizations, 1945, and correspondence and other records of the Psychological Warfare Group, 1945. Records of Headquarters Berlin District, consisting of decimal correspondence, January-June 1945; a security-classified microfilm copy of the decimal correspondence, 1945, and of general orders issued by Headquarters Berlin District, 1945 (1 roll); and incoming messages, May 17-25, 1945.

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331.13 Records of the Air Staff, SHAEF
1943-45
61 lin. ft. and 167 rolls of microfilm

History: Headquarters Allied Expeditionary Air Force (AEAF) established pursuant to directive COSSAC (43) 81, Headquarters COSSAC, November 16, 1943, designating Air Marshal Sir Trafford Leigh-Mallory as Air Commander-in-Chief AEAF. Abolished, effective October 15, 1944, by SHAEF letter AG 373-2 GCT-AGM, October 20, 1944, with functions transferred to Air Staff, SHAEF, established by same letter. Air Staff, SHAEF, functioned as a separate staff from that of SHAEF proper. Chief of the Air Staff held the concurrent title of Deputy Chief of Staff (Air) AEF, and as such was directly responsible to Deputy Supreme Commander AEF. Air Staff, SHAEF, abolished concurrently with abolition of SHAEF, July 14, 1945.

Note: All records are security-classified.

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331.13.1 General records

Textual Records: Microfilm copy of selected correspondence of Headquarters AEAF, 1943-44 (3 rolls). Subject and subject-numeric files of the Chief of the Air Staff, 1943-45. Central decimal and subject correspondence, 1943-45. Microfilm copy of selected central decimal and subject correspondence, 1943-45 (82 rolls).

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331.13.2 Records of staff organizations

Textual Records: Subject file of the Air Information Unit of the Office of the Chief of the Air Staff, 1943-45. Subject-numeric file of the A-2 (Intelligence) Division, 1943-45. Subject files of the Air Plans Section of the A-3 (Operations) Division, 1943- 45. Records of the Air Operations Section of the A-3 (Operations) Division, 1943-45, including a subject file, a subject-numeric file, and code-named operations case files. Subject file of the A-4 (Administration) Division, 1943-45. Subject file of the Air Signal Division, 1943-45. Subject files, 1943-45, of the following subordinate organizations of the Air Signal Division: Administration, Signal Security, Radio Counter-Measures, Signal Plans, and Radar Sections; Office of the Chief Air Formation Signals Officer; and Air Dispatch Letter Service. Decimal correspondence and subject-numeric files of the Office of the Chief Meteorological Officer, 1944-45. Decimal correspondence of the Office of the Chemical Warfare Officer, 1944-45.

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331.13.3 Records of field organizations

Textual Records: Microfilm copy of general correspondence of Headquarters Air Staff (Forward), SHAEF, 1943-45 (40 rolls). Microfilm copy of records of field units responsible to Headquarters Air Staff (Rear), SHAEF, consisting of correspondence of the 2nd Tactical Air Force, 1943-45 (9 rolls), and correspondence and issuances of subordinate organizations of the 103rd Wing, 1943-45 (33 rolls).

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331.13.4 Records of the Joint Air Commission

Textual Records: Correspondence concerning relations between British and U.S. air forces, on the one hand, and French air forces, on the other, 1943-44.

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331.14 Records of Headquarters Allied Naval Commander-In-Chief,
Expeditionary Force (ANCXF)
1943-45
2 lin. ft. and 7 rolls of microfilm

History: Headquarters ANCXF (also known as Headquarters Allied Expeditionary Naval Force) established pursuant to the designation, effective October 25, 1943, of Vice Admiral Sir Bertram H. Ramsay as Naval Commander, Expeditionary Force and Allied Naval Commander-in-Chief (Designate), with the acting rank of Admiral, by Admiralty letter M.053171/43, November 4, 1943. Maintained a separate staff organization from that of SHAEF proper, with a liaison office at SHAEF known as ANCXF (SHAEF). Terminated upon abolition of SHAEF, July 14, 1945.

Textual Records: War diaries of subordinate organizations, June 1944-May 1945. Administrative and operations orders for Operation Neptune, 1944. Security-classified microfilm copy of correspondence and issuances relating to planning for Operations Fortitude and Neptune, 1943-44 (7 rolls). Published report on naval operations in Operation Neptune, October 1944.

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331.15 Records of Agencies Responsible For SHAEF Residual
Functions
1944-47
31 lin. ft. and 47 rolls of microfilm

History: Combined Administrative Liquidating Agency (CALA) established in Versailles, France, July 14, 1945, assuming residual functions of SHAEF, abolished same date (see 331.2). Functioned under joint supervision of the British Chiefs of Staff and the Commanding General, U.S. Forces, European Theater (USFET, formerly European Theater of Operations United States Army, ETOUSA), in accordance with a directive of Headquarters USFET, AG 322.011 GDS-AGO, July 23, 1945, and a similar directive of the British Chiefs of Staff, 20/Misc/2650/SD2, August 15, 1945. Abolished, effective September 15, 1945, by CALA message to War Department, HG 2157 MEL 992, September 11, 1945, with residual functions transferred to Combined Civil Affairs Liquidation Agency (CCALA), newly established under joint supervision of British Chiefs of Staff and Commanding General, USFET. CCALA abolished, June 30, 1947.

Note: All records are security-classified.

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331.15.1 Records of the Combined Administrative Liquidating
Agency

Textual Records: Decimal correspondence of the Documents Section, 1945-46, with microfilm copy (5 rolls).

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331.15.2 Records of the Combined Civil Affairs Liquidating Agency

Textual Records: Central records, consisting of a subject file, 1944-47, and a subject-numeric file, 1945-47. Subject files of Accounts Sections for Belgium, 1944-47; Denmark, 1945-47; France, 1944-47; Luxembourg, 1944-46; Netherlands, 1944-47; Norway, 1944- 46; the French Zone of Austria, 1946-47; and the French Zone of Germany, 1947. Microfilm copy of records, 1945-47, of the Audit Section and of the Belgium, Denmark, France, Luxembourg, Netherlands, and Norway Sections (42 rolls).

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331.16 General Records of Allied Force Headquarters (AFHQ)
1941-47
137 lin. ft. and 970 rolls of microfilm

History: Established by General Order 1, AFHQ, September 12, 1942, pursuant to Combined Chiefs of Staff (CCS) decision, reached July 25, 1942, to launch a combined U.S.-British operation against the northern and northwestern coast of Africa, and subsequent CCS directive to Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower, CCS 103, August 13, 1942, designating him Supreme Commander Allied Expeditionary Force and charging him with the submission of a plan to effect the invasion of North Africa. AFHQ planned and directed ground, air, and naval operations and military government activities in the North African Theater of Operations (redesignated Mediterranean Theater of Operations, December 10, 1943). Located in London, September-November 1942; Algiers, Algeria, November 1942-July 1944; Caserta, Italy, July 1944-April 1947; and Leghorn (Livorno), Italy, April-September 1947. AFHQ functioned as a combined staff, but for administrative purposes, U.S. components were responsible to Headquarters North African Theater of Operations, United States Army (NATOUSA), from February 14, 1943 (NATOUSA redesignated Mediterranean Theater of Operations, United States Army, MTOUSA, November 1, 1944); and British components were responsible to General Headquarters Central Mediterranean Forces (CMF), from October 1, 1945. Headquarters MTOUSA and General Headquarters CMF formally separated from AFHQ, October 1, 1945, leaving AFHQ to consist of a small interallied staff responsible for combined command liquidation activities. AFHQ abolished, effective September 17, 1947, by General Order 24, AFHQ, September 16, 1947.

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331.16.1 Records maintained by the Supreme Allied Commander's
Secretariat

Textual Records: Microfilm copy of general correspondence, 1942- 47 (66 rolls). Photostatic copy of the security-classified and unclassified portions of a subject-numeric file, 1942-47. Microfilm copy of incoming and outgoing messages, and related logs, maintained by the AFHQ Message Center, 1943-47 (382 rolls). Historical Section records, 1943-47, consisting of a microfilm copy of a history of AFHQ, with related background material (8 rolls); and a reference file.

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331.16.2 Records maintained by the Records Branch of the Adjutant
General's Office

Textual Records: Microfilm copy of the central decimal file, 1942-47 (292 rolls), with a microfilm copy of related cross- reference sheets (56 rolls). Photostatic copies of a subject- numeric file, 1942-47. Microfilm copy of a subject-numeric file of the Office of the Assistant Chief of Staff (British), 1945-46 (1 roll). Records of the Office of the Chief Administrative Officer, consisting of a microfilm copy of a subject-numeric file, 1942-46 (152 rolls); and a photostatic copy of correspondence, 1942-46.

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331.16.3 Other general records

Textual Records: Microfilm copy of correspondence, reports, and other records of 1.S.9 (a subordinate organization of the special operations force known as "A" Force, directly responsible to AFHQ), relating to the organization of escape chains for Allied personnel in enemy-occupied territory, 1943-45 (13 rolls).

Maps and Charts (900 items): Strategic, tactical, and operations maps of North Africa and southern and southeastern Europe, containing information on defenses, military targets, transportation routes, bridges, and geographic restrictions on military maneuvers, 1941-45.

Aerial Photographs (132 items): Aerial prints and strip mosaics of areas in northern Italy, prepared by the Mediterranean Army Interpretation Unit (MAIU), and annotated to show railroads, river crossings, and defenses, 1944-45 (123 items). Airfields in Greece, oil refineries in Romania, aerial targets in Algeria, and defenses at Licata, Sicily, 1942-43 (9 items).

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331.17 Records of the AFHQ G-2 (Intelligence) Section
1942-47
8 lin. ft. and 646 rolls of microfilm

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331.17.1 General records

Textual Records: Microfilm copy of a subject-numeric file, 1943- 47 (14 rolls). Photostatic copy of a subject-numeric file, 1943- 47. Microfilm copy of incoming and outgoing messages, September 1945-June 1947 (6 rolls).

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331.17.2 Records of subordinate organizations of the Counter
Intelligence Division

Textual Records: Microfilm copy of a subject-numeric file of the CI-1 (Military Security) Subsection, 1943-46 (15 rolls). Records of the CI-2 (Civil Security) Subsection, 1942-47, including electrostatic copies of a subject-numeric file; and microfilm copies of a subject-numeric file (78 rolls), case files on internees released from "A" Camp (22 rolls), investigatory case files on persons in "A" Camp (10 rolls), a reference file (4 rolls), personal and organizational name card files (29 rolls), a subject file on German and Italian intelligence activities (3 rolls), and a list of Italian officials ("Black List," 1 roll). Microfilm copies of records of the CI-3 (Ports and Frontiers) Subsection, including a subject-numeric file, 1942-47 (113 rolls); interrogation reports, 1942-47 (1 roll); case files on Italian seamen, 1942-47 (15 rolls); case files on applicants for travel authorization, 1942-47 (68 rolls); and a file of applications for visas to leave French Morocco, 1942-44 (4 rolls). Microfilm copies of records of the CI-4 (Sabotage and Special Counter Intelligence) Subsection, including a subject- numeric file, 1943-47 (30 rolls), and a subject file on sabotage activities, ca. 1943 (4 rolls), with an index to both files (4 rolls); case files on released and escaped internees, 1944-46 (6 rolls); case files on internees, prisoners of war, and other persons under investigation, with index, 1943-47 (74 rolls); card files containing names of enemy agents and intelligence service personnel and organizations, 1943-47 (15 rolls); and subject files on German and Italian intelligence activities, 1943-47 (2 rolls). Photostatic copy of a subject-numeric file of the CI-4 (Sabotage and Special Counter Intelligence) Section, 1943-47. Microfilm copies of records of the CI-Balkans Subsection, including a subject-numeric file, 1943-47 (32 rolls); card files, handbooks, and reports relating to prominent individuals in the various Balkan countries and in Hungary, ca. 1943-47 (29 rolls); miscellaneous publications ("Booklets"), ca. 1943-47 (1 roll); and a report on documents found in possession of armed bands in Macedonia, with attached document copies, ca. 1944 (1 roll). Microfilm copy of records of the CI-Plans (Austria) Subsection relating to counterintelligence planning, September-December 1944 (1 roll).

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331.17.3 Records of the Operational Intelligence Division

Textual Records: Photostatic copy of general subject-numeric files, 1943-47. Microfilm copies of other general records, including a subject file, 1942-47 (1 roll); a subject-numeric file, 1942-47 (12 rolls); intelligence summaries and notes, ca. 1942-47 (13 rolls); records relating to orders of battle of the German and Hungarian armies, ca. 1942-47 (10 rolls); card files and other records relating to prominent individuals in the Balkan countries and the USSR, and to military subjects, 1942-47 (5 rolls); copies of Joint Intelligence Committee analyses, with related records, ca. 1942-47 (1 roll); and annotated copies of Mediterranean Joint Planning Staff issuances, ca. 1942-47 (2 rolls). Microfilm copy of a collection of intelligence publications, maintained by the Library Subsection, 1943-45 (7 rolls). Microfilm copy of country handbooks and of a map showing areas of responsibility for topographical intelligence, maintained by the Topographical Subsection, 1943-47 (3 rolls).

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331.17.4 Records of other divisions

Textual Records: Microfilm copy of a subject-numeric file of the Communications Censorship Division, 1943-46 (9 rolls). Microfilm copy of records of the Intelligence Organization and Coordination Division relating to British intelligence units, 1943-46 (1 roll).

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331.18 Records of the AFHQ G-3 (Operations and Training) Section
1942-47
118 lin. ft. and 156 rolls of microfilm

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331.18.1 Records of the Operations Subsection

Textual Records: Photostatic copy of a subject-numeric file, 1943-47. Microfilm copy of a subject-numeric file, 1943-47 (116 rolls).

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331.18.2 Records of the Training Subsection

Textual Records: Security-classified and formerly security- classified photostatic copies of a subject-numeric file, 1943-45. Microfilm copy of a subject-numeric file, 1943-45 (2 rolls).

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331.18.3 Records of other subsections

Textual Records: Microfilm copy of a subject-numeric file of the Organization (American) Subsection, 1944-45 (1 roll). Records of the Organization (British) Subsection, consisting of a photostatic copy of a top secret subject-numeric file, ca. 1942- 45; and a microfilm copy of a subject-numeric file, 1942-45 (2 rolls). Records of the Plans Subsection, consisting of a photostatic copy of a top secret subject-numeric file, 1943-45; and a microfilm copy of a subject-numeric file, 1943-45 (21 rolls). Records of the Special Operations Subsection, including a photostatic copy of a top secret subject-numeric file, 1942-45; and a microfilm copy of a subject-numeric file, 1943-45 (13 rolls). Microfilm copy of reports and other records of Headquarters Royal Armoured Corps (British) concerning tactical lessons learned from operations in Greece and Italy, 1943-45 (1 roll).

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331.19 Records of the AFHQ G-5 (Military Government and Civil
Affairs) Section 1943-47
331 rolls of microfilm

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331.19.1 General records

Textual Records: Microfilm copy of central decimal correspondence, 1943-47 (31 rolls). Microfilm copy of incoming and outgoing messages, with related logs, 1943-47 (38 rolls).

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331.19.2 Records of the Policy and Control Division

Textual Records: Microfilm copy of decimal correspondence, 1943- 47 (103 rolls). Microfilm copy of records relating to various operational plans, including those for the invasion of southern France, 1943-47 (4 rolls). Microfilm copy of records relating to operations on Crete and in the Dodecanese Islands, ca. 1943-47 (2 rolls). Microfilm copy of records relating to military government and civil affairs in Austria, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Albania, Bulgaria, Romania, and Yugoslavia, 1943-47 (12 rolls). Microfilm copy of reports, messages, and other records concerning the administration of surrendered German personnel in Italy, ca. 1943-47 (1 roll).

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331.19.3 Records of other subordinate organizations

Textual Records: Microfilm copies of records of the Economics and Supply Division, consisting of records relating to the procurement of supplies for Operation Anvil, 1943-44 (5 rolls); records concerning the procurement of civil supplies for Austria, Italy, and the Balkan countries, 1943-47 (71 rolls); airgram messages, 1943-47 (3 rolls); and correspondence and message logs, 1943-46 (2 rolls). Microfilm copy of decimal correspondence of the Displaced Persons Division, 1944-47 (1 roll). Microfilm copy of decimal correspondence of the Office of the Financial Adviser, 1943-46 (26 rolls). Microfilm copies of records of the Liaison and Civil Affairs Branch, 1947, including the central subject- numeric file (1 roll); and correspondence and other records of component organizations (29 rolls). Microfilm copy of staff studies, messages, and other records of the Liaison Office concerning military government in the region of Venezia Giulia, Italy, March-September 1947 (2 rolls).

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331.20 Records of Other AFHQ General Staff Sections
1942-45
1 lin. ft. and 76 rolls of microfilm

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331.20.1 Records of the U.S. component of the G-1 (Personnel)
Section

Textual Records: Microfilm copy of decimal correspondence, 1944 (1 roll). Microfilm copy of incoming and outgoing messages, July 1942-December 1943 (1 roll).

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331.20.2 Records of G-4 Sections

Textual Records: Microfilm copy of a subject-numeric file of the G-4 (Movements and Transportation) Section, 1943-45 (22 rolls). Records of the G-4 (Supply and Evacuation) Section, including a top secret subject-numeric file, 1943-45; and a microfilm copy of records relating to supply, April-November 1944 (52 rolls).

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331.21 Records of AFHQ Special Staff Organizations
1942-47
14 lin. ft. and 310 rolls of microfilm

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331.21.1 Records of the Signal Section

Textual Records: Microfilm copies of general records, including decimal correspondence of the Office of the Chief Signal Officer, 1943-46 (3 rolls); and central decimal correspondence maintained by the Administration and Personnel Division, 1943-47 (10 rolls). Microfilm copies of records of subordinate organizations, including a subject-numeric file of the Telecommunications Division, 1943-46 (8 rolls); decimal correspondence, a project file, and other records of the Wire Division, 1943-47 (15 rolls); records of the Wire Operations Division relating to the Freedom (AFHQ) Telephone Exchange, 1945-47 (1 roll); and a subject- numeric file of the Signal Center, 1944-47 (3 rolls). Microfilm copy of a project file of the Office of the Chief Signal Officer, Line of Communication, Italy, 1943-45 (9 rolls). Microfilm copies of records of the Long Lines Liaison Office, consisting of decimal correspondence, 1943-47 (16 rolls); a subject-numeric file, 1943-47 (8 rolls); messages concerning telecommunications among Italian cities, 1946-47 (2 rolls); and orders for toll circuit installation, 1943-47 (2 rolls).

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331.21.2 Records of the Psychological Warfare Branch

Textual Records: Photostatic copy of a subject-numeric file, 1942-46. Microfilm copy of a subject file, 1942-46 (1 roll). Microfilm copies of reports on branch activities, 1942-46 (4 rolls); press and radio activities in Italy and the Balkans, 1942-46 (32 rolls); general conditions in liberated Italy, 1944- 46 (6 rolls); the Italian Fascist Party hierarchy, 1942-46 (1 roll); documents formerly in the custody of the Italian Ministry of Popular Culture, 1942-46 (13 rolls); and miscellaneous subjects, 1942-46 (6 rolls). Microfilm copy of summaries of broadcasts of various Axis-controlled and neutral radio stations, 1943 (1 roll). Microfilm copy of leaflets and news bulletins from various countries, 1942-46 (8 rolls). Microfilm copies of cards containing basic information on prominent individuals, 1942-46 (6 rolls), and of a file of related biographical material, 1942-47 (4 rolls). Microfilm copies of newspapers, including the Axis- issued Die Suedfront, October 1943-December 1944 (4 rolls) and the Allied-issued Giornale Allento, August 1945-January 1946 (2 rolls). Microfilm copy of a Psychological Warfare Branch report to the War Department, entitled, "Psychological Warfare in the Mediterranean Theater," August 31, 1945 (1 roll).

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331.21.3 Records of other special staff organizations

Textual Records: Microfilm copies of records of the Engineer Section, including a central subject-numeric file, 1942-45 (5 rolls); and a subject-numeric file of the Survey Directorate, 1942-45 (12 rolls). Microfilm copy of decimal correspondence of the Ordnance Section, 1942-45 (5 rolls). Microfilm copies of records of the Public Relations Section, consisting of news releases, with related records, August-September 1946 (1 roll); and incoming and outgoing messages, November 1946-August 1947 (1 roll). Microfilm copy of decimal correspondence of the Quartermaster Section, with separate project file, 1943-45 (9 rolls). Microfilm copy of a subject-numeric file of the Allied Force Local Resources Section, 1942-45 (10 rolls). Microfilm copies of correspondence, reports, and other records of subordinate units of the Allied Force Military Railway Service (Italy), 1943-45 (5 rolls). Microfilm copy of decimal correspondence of the Antiaircraft and Coast Defense Section, 1942-45 (26 rolls). Microfilm copy of a subject-numeric file of the Central Statistical Section, 1945 (1 roll). Records of the Information, News, and Censorship Section (also known as the Information and Censorship Section), consisting of a top secret photostatic copy of a subject-numeric file, 1943-45; and a microfilm copy of a subject file, 1943-45 (6 rolls). Records of the Liaison Section, consisting of a photostatic copy of a subject-numeric file, 1942-46; and a microfilm copy of decimal correspondence, 1942-46 (30 rolls). Records of the Logistical Plans Section, including a photostatic copy of a top secret subject-numeric file, 1942-45; and a microfilm copy of a subject- numeric file, 1942-45 (9 rolls). Microfilm copy of a subject file of the Passive Air Defense and Civil Defense Section, 1942-45 (9 rolls). Microfilm copy of a subject-numeric file of the Petroleum Section, 1943-46 (15 rolls).

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331.22 Records of AFHQ Financial and Accounting Organizations
1943-48
716 rolls of microfilm

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331.22.1 Records of the Allied Financial Agency (AFA)

History: Performed fiscal functions in liberated Italy, 1943-47, for Headquarters Allied Military Government (AMG) and Headquarters Allied Commission (see 331.30). Placed for administrative purposes under Headquarters Allied Commission, but was responsible to AFHQ G-5 Section for operations (see 331.19).

Textual Records: Microfilm copy of a subject-numeric file of the Operations Division, 1943-48 (37 rolls). Microfilm copies of records of the Accounting Division, including a subject-numeric file maintained by the Office of the Chief Accountant, 1944-47 (21 rolls); a subject file containing correspondence relating to emergency financial assistance and to black market control, 1944- 47 (3 rolls); records relating to financial activities in each of the numbered AMG regions of Italy, 1943-47 (484 rolls); accounting ledgers, 1943-47 (17 rolls); trial balance sheets, 1944-46 (1 roll); cards containing information on persons for whom bail was posted, 1943-47 (2 rolls); and cargo manifests, September-October 1944 (1 roll). Microfilm copies of correspondence, account books, and related records of each of the AFA field offices serving AMG Regions I through VII in Italy, 1943-44 (72 rolls).

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331.22.2 Records of the Allied Supply Accounting Agency

Textual Records: Microfilm copies of records, 1943-48, consisting of a subject-numeric file (39 rolls); a correspondence register (1 roll); miscellaneous accounting and shipping records (32 rolls); reports and other records concerning medical supplies issued to the Italian region of Venezia Giulia and province of Udine (5 rolls); and reports concerning civilian supplies shipped from Canada to the Mediterranean Theater of Operations (1 roll).

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331.23 Records of the Allied Screening Commission (Italy) and its
Successor, The Prisoner-Of-War Claims Commission [AFHQ]
1943-47
309 lin. ft. and 2 rolls of microfilm

History: Establishment of Allied Screening Commission (ASC) as an organization of "A" Force (a special operations agency of AFHQ, responsible for deception and cover plans, and for the organization of escape chains) authorized by AFHQ letter to G-3, AFHQ, CAO/767, July 11, 1944. Responsible for giving recognition to, and compensating, persons in Italy who had assisted Allied personnel behind enemy lines following Allied armistice with Italy (September 3, 1943). Consolidated with 1.S.9 (see 331.16.3), another "A" Force organization, to form ASC (Italy), effective July 20, 1945, by Administrative Instruction No. 1, Headquarters ASC (Italy), July 16, 1945. Abolished, effective April 10, 1947, by letter, GHQ CMF 1060/A1 (Ser. 6444), April 2, 1947, amending GHQ CMF letter 1060/A1 (Ser. 6051), January 13, 1947, with residual functions transferred to newly established Prisoner-of-War Claims Commission (POWCC). POWCC abolished, October 31, 1947.

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331.23.1 Records of the Allied Screening Commission (Italy)

Textual Records: General records, 1943-47, consisting of a subject-numeric file; a claims case file, with index; lists of claims ("routing slips"); a death claims file, with registers; lists of payments made to both Italian and Austrian claimants; and a file of identity cards for U.S., French, and Greek prisoners of the Italian Army, compiled by the Italian Red Cross. Correspondence and claims files of the Austrian Section, 1943-47. Microfilm copy of records, in ASC (Italy) custody, of the underground organization known as the Allied Prisoner-of-War Organization (also known as the Rome Movement), 1943-45 (2 rolls).

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331.23.2 Records of the Prisoner-of-War Claims Commission

Textual Records: Claims case files, 1943-47.

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331.24 Records of AFHQ Committees, Commissions, and Boards
1943-47
15 rolls of microfilm

Textual Records: Microfilm copy of a subject-numeric file of the Accommodation Control Committee, 1944 (1 roll). Microfilm copy of a subject-numeric file of the Advance Telecommunications Board, 1944-45 (4 rolls). Microfilm copy of reports and other records of the Air Priorities Board, 1943-45 (1 roll). Microfilm copy of correspondence and minutes of the Allied Force Labor and Wages Committee, 1945-47 (1 roll). Microfilm copy of correspondence, minutes, and other records of the Allied Sports Commission, 1944- 45 (1 roll). Microfilm copy of decimal correspondence of the Combined Signal Board, 1943-46 (1 roll). Microfilm copy of minutes, with related background material, of the Italian Shipping Board, 1946-47 (1 roll). Microfilm copy of correspondence and other records of the Joint Claims Committee, 1944 (1 roll). Microfilm copy of reports of the Joint Intelligence Committee, Allied Force, 1943-45 (1 roll). Microfilm copy of a subject-numeric file of the Mediterranean Allied Air Committee, 1945-47 (3 rolls).

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331.25 Records of Headquarters 15th Army Group and Subordinate
Commands (AFHQ)
1942-46
29 lin. ft. and 218 rolls of microfilm

History: Also known at various times as Headquarters Allied Forces in Italy, Headquarters Allied Central Mediterranean Force, and Headquarters Allied Armies in Italy. Functioned under British command.

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331.25.1 Records of Headquarters 15th Army Group

Textual Records: Photostatic copy of a subject-numeric file of the Brigadier General Staff, 1943-44. Microfilm copy of plans for Operations Avalanche, South, and Shingle, January-September 1944, maintained by the Office of the Chief of the General Staff (1 roll). Records of the G-2 (General Staff Intelligence) organization, consisting of a photostatic copy of a subject- numeric file, 1943-45; and a microfilm copy of a subject-numeric file, 1943-45 (62 rolls). Microfilm copies (some with corresponding photostatic copies) of correspondence and other records, 1943-45, of the following other staff organizations: G (Air), G (Liaison), G (Operations), G (Plans), G (Records), G (Special Operations), G (Staff Duties), and G (Training) Branches (80 rolls); Medical Branch (2 rolls); Operational Research Section (1 roll); Q-1, Q-2, Q (Army Equipment), Q (Movements and Transportation), Q (Plans), and Q (Statistics) Branches (46 rolls); the Signals Branch (1 roll); Supply and Transportation Branch (1 roll); and A Branch (9 rolls).

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331.25.2 Records of Headquarters Fifth U.S. Army

Textual Records: Decimal correspondence maintained by the Adjutant General's Section, 1943-45, with microfilm copy (1 roll). Records, 1943-46, with microfilm copies (11 rolls), of the following components of the British Increment, assigned to Fifth U.S. Army: General Staff Intelligence, G (Operations) Branch, G (Plans) Branch, G (Staff Duties) Branch, Q (Air Liaison) Section, and the Supply and Transport Branch. Microfilm copy of records of British X Corps, assigned to Fifth U.S. Army, consisting of orders and reports relating to Operation Avalanche and the assault crossing of the Volturno River, 1943-45 (1 roll).

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331.25.3 Records of Headquarters Eighth British Army

Textual Records: Microfilm copy of a subject file of the G (Air) Branch, 1942-45 (1 roll). Microfilm copy of records of the G (Plans) Branch concerning Operation Avalanche, 1943-44 (1 roll).

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331.26 Records of Headquarters Mediterranean Allied Air Forces
(HQ MAAF) and Subordinate Commands [AFHQ]
1942-45
131 lin. ft. and 302 rolls of microfilm

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331.26.1 Records of the Operations Section of HQ MAAF

Textual Records: Microfilm copy of a central subject-numeric file, 1943-45 (25 rolls). Central subject file relating to bombing missions and operational requirements, 1943-45, with microfilm copy (32 rolls). Microfilm copy of daily operations summaries, 1943-45 (5 rolls). Subject-numeric files of the Air Staff Registry and the Aircraft Safety Subsection, 1943-45, with microfilm copies (14 rolls).

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331.26.2 Records of the Intelligence Section of HQ MAAF

Textual Records: Central subject-numeric file, 1943-45, with microfilm copy (9 rolls). Subject-numeric file of the Mediterranean Photographic Intelligence Center, 1943-45, with microfilm copy (2 rolls). Subject-numeric file of the Signals Intelligence Subsection, 1942-45, with microfilm copy (11 rolls). Microfilm copy of studies and other records of the Target Analysis Section, 1943-45 (84 rolls).

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331.26.3 Records of other organizations of HQ MAAF

Textual Records: Subject-numeric file of the Air Plans Section, 1943-45, with microfilm copy (28 rolls). Records of subsections of the Signals Section, including a subject-numeric file of the Communications Subsection, 1943-45, with microfilm copy (16 rolls); and a subject-numeric file of the Radar Subsection, 1943- 45, with microfilm copy (4 rolls). Correspondence, reports, and messages of the Bucharest Liaison Section, 1944-45, with microfilm copy (1 roll). Records of the Historical Section, consisting of a subject file, 1944-45, with microfilm copy (1 roll). Subject-numeric file of the Air Advisory Section, October- November 1945, with microfilm copy (1 roll). Microfilm copy of records of the Special Service Section relating to the central welfare fund, February-August 1945 (2 rolls). Microfilm copy of a subject-numeric file of the Office of the Air Inspector, 1943-45 (1 roll). Subject-numeric file of the Joint Air Commission, 1943- 45.

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331.26.4 Records of headquarters of subordinate commands

Textual Records: Microfilm copies of subject-numeric files, 1943- 45, of the following component organizations of Headquarters Mediterranean Allied Coastal Air Forces: Office of the Air Officer Commanding (3 rolls); Air Staff (11 rolls); Intelligence Section (1 roll); and Signals Section (1 roll). Subject-numeric file of the Mediterranean Allied Photographic Reconnaissance Wing, 1943-45, with microfilm copy (14 rolls). Issuances of Headquarters Mediterranean Allied Strategic Air Force, 1943-45, with microfilm copy (2 rolls). Subject file of Headquarters Mediterranean Allied Tactical Air Force, 1943-45, with microfilm copy (29 rolls). Decimal correspondence of Headquarters Mediterranean Air Transport Service, 1943-45, with microfilm copy (3 rolls). Records, of uncertain provenance, relating to activities of the Twelfth U.S. Air Force, 1943-45, with microfilm copy (2 rolls).

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331.27 Records of Headquarters Commander-In-Chief Mediterranean
(AFHQ)
1942-45
16 lin. ft. and 35 rolls of microfilm

History: An AFHQ naval command organization.

Textual Records: Security-classified and formerly security- classified subject-numeric file of the Operations Branch, 1942- 45, with microfilm copy (22 rolls). Subject file of the Flag Office Command, U.S. Naval Forces Northwest African Waters, 1943- 45, with microfilm copy (13 rolls).

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331.28 Records of Military Headquarters (Balkans) [AFHQ]
1941-45
478 rolls of microfilm

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331.28.1 Records of main headquarters

Textual Records: Microfilm copy of numbered Brigadier General Staff policy papers, 1944-45 (1 roll). Microfilm copy of a subject-numeric file of the Adjutant General's and the Quartermaster General's Branch ("AQ Branch"), 1944-45 (1 roll). Microfilm copy of war diaries of various subordinate organizations, 1943-45 (1 roll). Microfilm copies of correspondence, reports, messages, and other records, 1941-45, of the following branches: Civil Posts (1 roll); Commander (2 rolls); Economics and Supplies (19 rolls); Finance (8 rolls); Liaison (2 rolls); Movement and Transportation (1 roll); Operations and Plans (14 rolls); Relief and Refugee (1 roll); and Veterinary (1 roll). Microfilm copy of records of the U.S. Contingent concerning personnel and equipment, 1944-45 (1 roll).

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331.28.2 Records of field organizations

Textual Records: Microfilm copies of records of Military Liaison Headquarters (Greece), 1942-45, including records of subordinate staff organizations (125 rolls), and records of the following field offices: "B" Region, Kalamai (24 rolls); "D" Region, Preveza (33 rolls); "F" Region, Volos (20 rolls); "G" Region, Kavalla (13 rolls); "H" Region, Mitylene (14 rolls); "I" Region, Khios (12 rolls); 1st (Athens) District (23 rolls); 2nd (Patrai) District (18 rolls); 3rd (Salonika) District (20 rolls); 4th (Aegean) District (16 rolls); 5th (Cyclades) District (9 rolls); and 6th (Crete) District (12 rolls). Microfilm copies of records of subordinate organizations of Military Liaison Headquarters (Albania), 1941-45 (59 rolls). Microfilm copies of records of subordinate organizations of Military Liaison Headquarters (Yugoslavia), 1944-45 (27 rolls).

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331.29 Records of Other AFHQ Command Organizations
1943-47
146 rolls of microfilm

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331.29.1 Records of Rome Area Allied Command

Textual Records: Microfilm copies of records of the G-2 (Intelligence) Section, 1944-47, including a subject-numeric file (23 rolls); a subject file (1 roll); investigative case files (58 rolls), with an index (14 rolls); reports concerning Italian political parties (1 roll); and records concerning applications for U.S. visas (2 rolls). Microfilm copy of requisition case files of the Real Estate Section, 1944-47 (34 rolls). Microfilm copy of correspondence, reports, and other records of the Engineer Services, 1944-46 (7 rolls).

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331.29.2 Other records

Textual Records: Microfilm copies of subject-numeric files of the "A," "G," and "Q" Branches of Headquarters Florence Command, 1944-46 (5 rolls). Microfilm copy of a subject-numeric file of the Advanced Command Post ("Fairbanks"), in Naples, Italy, 1943 (1 roll).

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331.30 Records of the Allied Commission (AFHQ)
1942-48
3,391 lin. ft. and 794 rolls of microfilm

History: Allied Control Commission for Italy (ACC) established as an AFHQ organization, directly responsible to the Commander-in- Chief, Allied Force, effective November 10, 1943, by Administrative Memorandum 74, AFHQ, November 2, 1943, superseding the Allied Military Mission, which had been established by AFHQ, September 12, 1943, to negotiate an armistice with the government, headed by Marshal Pietro Badoglio, recognized by the Allied governments as the legitimate political authority. ACC responsible for effecting the transfer of Allied-occupied Italian territory to Italian Government jurisdiction, and for ensuring the Italian Government's adherence to the armistice, signed September 3, 1943, with terms specified and agreed to, September 29, 1943. During period November 1943-January 1944, three AFHQ organizations exercised military government functions in Italy: ACC; Headquarters Allied Military Government (AMG), functioning in the stable occupied areas; and Headquarters AMG Allied Central Mediterranean Force (ACMF, formerly 15th Army Group), controlling, in the combat zone and the immediate rear area, AMG units serving with Fifth U.S. and Eighth British Armies. In a reorganization of military government activities effected by General Order 5, AFHQ, January 24, 1944, Headquarters AMG and Headquarters AMG ACMF were abolished, with functions assumed by ACC; ACC was removed from direct responsibility to AFHQ and assigned to ACMF; and Lt. Gen. Sir Noel Mason MacFarlane was designated both ACC Chief Commissioner (thus, chief executive officer) and ACMF Chief Civil Affairs Officer. By same general order, AMG units serving with Fifth U.S. and Eighth British Armies were assigned administratively to ACC, but remained under operational control of the respective army commanders. ACC supervised all regions of Italy except Venezia Giulia and Udine, which remained under AMG supervision (see 331.31). Pursuant to a joint declaration by President Roosevelt and Prime Minister Churchill ("Hyde Park Declaration"), September 26, 1944, that the word "Control" would be removed from the ACC name to mark the transition from Allied to Italian Government jurisdiction, ACC redesignated Allied Commission (AC) by a memorandum from G-5 Section, AFHQ, to Headquarters ACC, October 24, 1944. AC organizations gradually discontinued, 1944-46. AC abolished by Staff Memorandum 3, AFHQ, January 31, 1947, in accordance with Combined Chiefs of Staff signal message FAN 711, January 11, 1947, with residual functions divided, in AFHQ, between Office of the Chief Civil Affairs Officer (formerly Office of the Assistant Chief of Staff, G-5) and the newly established Italian Military Affairs Section.

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331.30.1 General records of headquarters

Textual Records: Subject-numeric file, 1943-45, consisting of consolidated records of the Allied Military Government of the Occupied Territory (1943-44), the Allied Military Mission (1943), AMG 15th Army Group (1943-44), and Headquarters AC (1943-45). Subject-numeric file of the Office of the Chief Commissioner, 1943-47. Records of the Office of the Chief of Staff (formerly Office of the Executive Commissioner), including a subject- numeric file, 1943-47; a subject-numeric file, 1943-45, and incoming and outgoing messages, 1943-45, maintained by the former Office of the Adjutant; issuances, 1942-45; a subject-numeric file, 1944-47, and a master set of finding aids to AC records, 1943-47, maintained by the Archives Division (formerly Archives Branch), 1944-47; and a subject-numeric file of the Liaison Branch (formerly Liaison Division of the Civil Affairs Branch), 1943-45. Index to records of AC field offices (see 331.30.3), 1943-47. Correspondence, reports, and other records relating to captured enemy war materials ("Miscellaneous, All Regions"), 1943-48. Correspondence, lists, and other records concerning the disposition of U.S., British, French, and Russian property in the custody of Allied Force units, 1943-47.

Microfilm Publications: M1190.

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331.30.2 Records of headquarters organizations

Textual Records: Subject-numeric files of the Public Relations Branch, 1944-47; the Political Section, 1943-45; Establishments Section, 1943-47; and Air Forces, Land Forces, Navy, and Communications Subcommissions, 1943-47. Records of the Civil Affairs Section, consisting of a central subject-numeric file, 1943-46, and subject-numeric files and other records of the following subcommissions: Displaced Persons and Repatriation, 1943-47; Education, 1943-46; Legal, 1943-47; Local Government, 1943-46; Monuments, Fine Arts, and Archives, 1943-46; Patriots, 1944-45; Public Health, 1943-46; and Public Safety, 1943-47. Records of the Economic Section, consisting of a central subject- numeric file, 1943-47; and subject-numeric files, 1943-47, of the Captured Enemy Materials Branch, and of the Finance, Property Control, Food and Agriculture, Industry and Commerce, Labor, Transportation and Shipping, and Public Works and Utilities Subcommissions.

Microfilm Publications: M1190.

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331.30.3 Records of field offices

Textual Records: Subject-numeric files, some with microfilm copies as indicated, of the headquarters office and subordinate provincial offices of the following numbered administrative regions: I (Sicily), 1943-46 (145 ft. and 166 rolls); IV (Lazio- Umbria), 1943-45 (131 ft.); V (Umbria-Marche), 1943-45 (125 ft.); VI (Sardinia), 1943-45 (13 ft. and 43 rolls); VIII (Toscana), 1944-46 (186 ft.); IX (Emilia), 1943-46 (108 ft.); X (Liguria), 1943-46 (109 ft.); XI (Lombardia), 1944-47 (216 ft.); XII (Venezia), 1944-46 (150 ft.); and XIV (Piemonte), 1944-46 (94 ft.). Subject-numeric files of the headquarters office and subordinate provincial and zone offices of the Southern Region (a consolidation of the former Regions II, III, and VII), 1943-46, with partial microfilm copy (364 ft. and 585 rolls).

Microfilm Publications: M1190.

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331.30.4 Records of Allied Military Government (AMG)
organizations under Allied Commission administrative supervision

Textual Records: Records of AMG Fifth U.S. Army, 1943-45, including a central subject-numeric file and subject-numeric files of subordinate organizations. Records of AMG Eighth British Army, including a general subject-numeric file, 1943-45; and a subject-numeric file dealing with legal matters, 1943-44.

Microfilm Publications: M1190.

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331.31 Records of Allied Military Government (AMG) Organizations
In Venezia Giulia and Udine, Italy [AFHQ]
1943-47
388 lin. ft.

History: For a history of the Allied Commission and related military government organizations in Italy, 1943-47, see 331.30. Because both Italy and Yugoslavia claimed possession of the Venezia Giulia region, particularly of Trieste, its capital city and port; and because of the proximity of Udine Province to the disputed territory, both Venezia Giulia and Udine remained under AMG supervision instead of being turned over to the Allied Commission. By letter of Headquarters AMG Tre Venezie Region, June 11, 1945, confirmed by letter order, Headquarters Allied Commission, June 14, 1945, newly established AMG XIII Corps was given responsibility to administer Venezia Giulia and Udine under direct supervision of AFHQ. In accordance with the Treaty of Peace with Italy, effective September 15, 1947, Udine reverted to Italy; Venezia Giulia, except for the City and Port of Trieste and surrounding territory, was partitioned between Italy and Yugoslavia; and the City and Port of Trieste and surrounding territory were established as the Free Territory of Trieste (FTT). For a history of FTT, 1947-54, see 331.33.

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331.31.1 Records of AMG Venezia Giulia

Textual Records: General records of headquarters, including a subject-numeric file of the Office of the Military Governor, 1943-47; a central subject file, 1945-47; minutes of meetings between representatives of AMG Venezia Giulia and the Yugoslav Government, 1945-47; monthly reports, 1945-47; and miscellaneous correspondence and reports, 1945-47. Subject files, 1945-47, of subordinate organizations of headquarters, including the Office of the Inspector General; the Allied Information Service; and the various divisions concerned with economic, financial, civil affairs, and public relations activities. Subject files, 1945-47, of the following field offices: AMG Gorizia Area, AMG Pola Area, AMG Trieste Area, and AMG Trieste City Area.

Microfilm Publications: M1190.

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331.31.2 Records of AMG Udine

Textual Records: Subject-numeric file of the Office of the Provincial Commissioner, 1945-47. Subject-numeric files of the following subordinate divisions: Agriculture, 1945-46; Civil Affairs, 1945-46; Economics and Supply, 1945-46; Finance, 1945- 46; Food, 1945-46; Legal, 1944-47; Public Safety, 1945-47; Public Works and Utilities, 1945-47; Transportation, 1945-46; and Welfare, 1944-47. Miscellaneous administrative records, 1944-46.

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331.32 Records of other AFHQ Organizations
1942-48
1 lin. ft. and 44 rolls of microfilm

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331.32.1 Records of the Allied Force Records Administration

History: Responsible for collecting and microfilming records created by combined U.S.-British organizations in the Mediterranean Theater of Operations, and for shipping the original records to authorized custodial organizations.

Textual Records: Microfilm copy of a subject-numeric file of the Office of the Allied Force Records Administrator, 1945-48 (7 rolls). Microfilm copies of records of subordinate units of the Allied Force Microfilming and Records Depot, 1945-48, consisting of decimal correspondence and other records of the Administrative Division (5 rolls); decimal correspondence with a separate project file, and case files ("Job Folders"), of the Archives Division (13 rolls); and a subject file and a file of organization charts of the Microfilm Division (2 rolls).

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331.32.2 Records of the Combined Services Detailed Interrogation
Center

Textual Records: Photostatic copy of a subject-numeric file, 1943-45. Microfilm copy of a subject-numeric file, 1943-45 (2 rolls). Microfilm copy of a subject file relating to administrative matters, 1943-45 (1 roll). Microfilm copy of incoming and outgoing messages, 1943-45 (1 roll). Microfilm copy of reports on interrogations of various German general officers, 1943-45 (1 roll).

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331.32.3 Other records

Textual Records: Microfilm copy of news summaries, reports, and other records of the Allied Information Service, Trieste, relating to psychological warfare activities in the region of Venezia Giulia, Italy, January-October 1946 (8 rolls). Microfilm copy of records of the Joint Planning Staff relating to strategic planning, 1942-46 (3 rolls). Microfilm copy of a subject file of the Office of the Director of Harbor Craft, 1944-45 (1 roll).

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331.33 Records of Allied Military Government, British-United
States Zone, Free Territory of Trieste
1942-54 (bulk 1947-54)
1,056 lin. ft.

History: For a history, 1943-47, of Allied military government in the Venezia Giulia region, of which Trieste was the capital and port, see 331.31. Allied Military Government (AMG), British- United States Zone (BUSZ), Free Territory of Trieste (FTT), established, September 15, 1947, by Proclamation No. 1 of the Commander, British-United States Forces, in his capacity as Military Governor, BUSZ, in accordance with Section III of the Treaty of Peace with Italy, effective same day, which established FTT under United Nations (UN) auspices and provided for its provisional administration until such time as a governor, appointed by the UN Security Council, organized a permanent administration. FTT, consisting of the City and Port of Trieste and surrounding territory, was divided into Zone A (which included the City and Port), administered by AMG, BUSZ; and Zone B, administered by organizations of the Yugoslav Government. The provisional administration was continued, 1947-54, because of the UN Security Council's inability to agree upon the selection of a governor. By a Memorandum of Understanding between the Governments of Italy, the United Kingdom, the United States, and Yugoslavia, signed October 5, 1954, and subsequently accepted by the UN Security Council, the signatories agreed to an end of FTT provisional government and to the transfer, with a slight border adjustment, of Zone A territory to Italy and Zone B territory to Yugoslavia. By same memorandum, Italy agreed to maintain Trieste as a free port in accordance with terms of the Treaty of Peace with Italy. AMG, BUSZ abolished, October 26, 1954, with territory under its jurisdiction transferred to Italian Government.

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331.33.1 Records of the Office of the Military Governor

Textual Records: Central subject-numeric file, 1947-54. Subject- numeric file of the Planning and Advisory Staff, 1947-54. Subject-numeric file of the Office of the Chief of Staff, 1947- 54. Reports, incoming and outgoing messages, and other records maintained by the Allied Secretariat, 1947-54. Subject-numeric file of the Office of the Security Officer relating to document security, 1947-54.

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331.33.2 Records of the Directorate General, Civil Affairs

Textual Records: Subject-numeric files of the British Administration Section, ca. 1945-50. Correspondence and other records of the Public Information Office, 1947-54. Correspondence and other records of the Department of Legal Affairs, 1947-54.

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331.33.3 Records of the Directorate of Interior

Textual Records: Central subject-numeric file, 1947-54. Records of the Department of Interior, including general files, 1948-52; and subject-numeric files, 1945-53, of the Patriots Division and of the Education, Public Health, and Welfare and Displaced Persons Offices. Records of the Department of Public Safety, 1947-48, including subject-numeric files of the Office of the Area Commissioner, Trieste Zone; and identity card and housing accommodation request records of the Office of the Area Commissioner, Trieste Zone, Trieste City, 1947-48.

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331.33.4 Records of the Directorate of Finance and Economics

Textual Records: Subject-numeric file of the AMG Comptroller, 1947-54. Subject correspondence relating to assistance to Trieste under the European Recovery Program ("Trieste Delegations"), 1947-52. Subject-numeric files, 1942-53 (bulk 1945-53) of the Reports and Statistics, Programming, and Loan Sections. Subject- numeric file of the Agriculture and Fisheries Office, 1946-52. Central subject-numeric file of the Department of Finance, 1947- 51. Subject-numeric files, 1946-52, of the following sections of the Department of Finance: Audits and Accounts; Banking; Revenue; Budget Preparation; Property Control; Purchasing, Contracting, and Disbursing; Commercial Insurance; Utilization of Resources Corporation ("URC"); and Supply Accountant. Records of the Department of Commerce, including a central subject-numeric file, 1947-52; and subject-numeric files, 1946-50, of the following subordinate offices: Food, Price Control, Supply, Public Relations, and Medical Supply. Subject-numeric files of the Departments of Transportation, 1945-52; Public Works and Utilities, 1945-52; Production, 1946-51; and Economics, 1947-48.

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331.33.5 Records of the Allied Information Service

Textual Records: Subject-numeric file, 1947-49.

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331.33.6 Records of Trieste United States Troops (TRUST)

Textual Records: General records maintained by the Adjutant General Section, 1946-54, including correspondence, messages, and command reports. Correspondence of the G-2 (Intelligence) Section, 1951-52.

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331.34 Records of General Headquarters Southwest Pacific Area
(GHQ SWPA)
1939-66 (bulk 1942-49)
32 lin. ft.

History: Established by General Order 1, GHQ SWPA, April 18, 1942, pursuant to Combined Chiefs of Staff (CCS) directive, CCS 57/1, March 30, 1942, designating Gen. Douglas MacArthur as Supreme Commander SWPA, and defining the area to include Australia, New Britain, New Ireland, New Guinea, Borneo, the Celebes, and the Philippines. Exercised operational control over all Allied ground, naval, and air forces in SWPA; exercised strategic direction of, and provided operational support for, operations conducted in the adjacent South Pacific Area; and developed policies on supply, combat training, and other matters. Headquarters located in Melbourne, Australia, April-July 1942; Brisbane, Australia, July 1942-October 1944; Hollandia, New Guinea, October 1944-January 1945; Tacloban, Leyte, Philippine Islands, January-April 1945; and Manila, Philippine Islands, April-September 1945. Abolished pursuant to General Order 40, GHQ SWPA, August 28, 1945, according to which, effective September 2, 1945, most of the area covered by SWPA passed to control of Southeast Asia Command (see 331.35), with remaining area to continue under GHQ SWPA until such time as forces and personnel could be reassigned.

Textual Records: Records of the Psychological Warfare Branch, consisting of decimal correspondence, 1943-45; a subject file, 1944-45; and a publications file, 1943-45. Collection of historical monographs, with related intelligence summaries, operational reports, staff studies, and directives, compiled by the staff of Gen. MacArthur as source material for a projected history of GHQ SWPA and of General Headquarters U.S. Army Forces, Pacific and its successor, General Headquarters Far East Command ("MacArthur Histories"), 1942-49.

Maps and Charts (3,220 items): Strategic, tactical, and operations maps of the island groups of the Southwest Pacific, containing information on defenses, military targets, military situations, transportation routes, geology, landing beaches, and general geographic, military, and political conditions, 1939-45 (660 items). Copies of the weekly publication, Southwest Pacific Newsmap, 1944-45 (60 items). Map plates, together with their preprint maps and overlays, relating to SWPA operations and the occupation of Japan (1945-48), produced ca. 1965-66 (2,500 items), and used in the Department of the Army publication, Reports of General MacArthur, 4 vols. (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1966).

Aerial Photographs (42 items): Airfields, harbors, and other sites of military importance in the Philippine Islands, New Guinea, and other western Pacific areas, 1943-45.

Motion Pictures (7 reels): Interviews of former prisoners of war of the Japanese, September 1945 (1 reel). Views of prisoners of war interned by the Japanese in the Philippines (1941-45), 1947 (1 reel). Petroleum in Japan, ca. 1945 (5 reels).

Photographic Prints (147 images): Japanese paintings, in albums, depicting war-related events (ca. 1937-45), from the "MacArthur Histories" collection, 1942-49 (JWP).

Photomechanical Reproductions (300 images): Maps, charts, graphs, posters, and photographs, from the "MacArthur Histories" collection, 1942-49 (MH).

Posters (40 images): Newsmaps describing action in the Southwest Pacific, 1944-45 (NP).

Related Records: Additional GHQ SWPA records among records of Headquarters U.S. Army Forces, Pacific; General Headquarters Far East Command; Headquarters U.S. Army Forces, Western Pacific; and Headquarters U.S. Army Forces in the Far East, all in RG 338, Records of U.S. Army Commands, 1942- . Formerly security- classified papers and official records, 1941-45, of Lt. Gen. Richard K. Sutherland, Chief of Staff, GHQ SWPA (1942-45); and security-classified and formerly security-classified papers and official records, 1941-49, of Gen. Charles A. Willoughby, Assistant Chief of Staff, G-2, GHQ SWPA (1942-45), in National Archives collection of donated materials.

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331.35 Records of Headquarters Southeast Asia Command (SEAC)
1943-45
38 lin. ft.

History: Established by Combined Chiefs of Staff (CCS) directive, CCS 308/3, August 21, 1943, implementing decision reached at Quadrant Conference, Quebec, Canada (August 14-24, 1943). Became operational, November 16, 1943, with headquarters in New Delhi, India. Responsible for planning and executing operations against Japanese forces in the southeastern Asia area that included Burma, Thailand, Malaya, Ceylon (Sri Lanka), and Sumatra. Headquarters moved to Kandy, Ceylon, April 15, 1944. Pursuant to decisions made at Terminal Conference, Potsdam, Germany (July 16- 26, 1945), and conveyed in CCS directive to Supreme Commander Southeast Asia, CCS 892/2, July 20, 1945, as amended July 24, 1945, area under SEAC expanded, effective September 2, 1945 (date of formal Japanese surrender), to include Borneo, Java, Celebes, the western half of New Guinea, and that portion of Indo-China lying south of the 16th Parallel. U.S. participation in SEAC officially terminated, November 1, 1945, leaving SEAC a wholly British command. SEAC abolished, December 1, 1946, with command functions divided among commanders-in-chief of the three services, and a joint service headquarters established under chairmanship of a civilian.

Textual Records: War diaries, minutes, messages, conference notes, intelligence reports, and publications relating to SEAC activities, 1943-45.

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331.36 General Records of General Headquarters Supreme Commander
for the Allied Powers (GHQ SCAP)
1945-52
22 lin. ft.

History: Established by General Order 1, GHQ SCAP, October 2, 1945, pursuant to a directive of President Truman, August 14, 1945, designating Gen. Douglas MacArthur as SCAP, as agreed to by the Governments of the United States, the United Kingdom, the Republic of China, and the USSR. Responsible for enforcing Japanese compliance with the Instrument of Surrender, signed September 2, 1945. Headquartered in Tokyo, Japan. Abolished by General Order 10, GHQ SCAP, April 28, 1952, following conclusion of the Treaty of Peace with Japan, April 28, 1952.

Textual Records: Correspondence relating to administration, 1951- 52. Records maintained by the Administrative Division of the Office of the Deputy Chief of Staff, consisting of subject correspondence, 1945-52, and SCAP instructions to the Japanese Government ("SCAPINS"), 1945-52.

Maps (10 items): Japanese natural resources, with attached report, 1949 (9 items). SCAP administrative divisions in Japan and Korea, 1952 (1 item).

Glass Negatives (31 images): Graphs illustrating prison population changes, food imports, diet levels, and other subjects relating to Japan (1940-45), ca. 1946 (JAP).

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331.37 Records of Organizations of General Headquarters U.S. Army
Forces, Pacific, and its Successor, General Headquarters Far East
Command, Relating to SCAP Functions
1945-52
1,301 lin. ft.

History: By Circular 14, GHQ SCAP, December 26, 1946, general staff and selected special staff organizations of U.S. Army Forces, Pacific (USAFPAC, established April 4, 1945, with Gen. Douglas MacArthur named Commander-in-Chief) were directed to perform limited functions for SCAP. The arrangement was continued following abolition of USAFPAC and transfer of its functions to newly established Far East Command (FEC), under command of Gen. MacArthur, by General Order 1, GHQ FEC, January 1, 1947.

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331.37.1 Records of the SCAP Section of the Adjutant General's
Office

Textual Records: Formerly security-classified and unclassified central decimal correspondence, 1945-52 (403 ft.). Formerly security-classified and unclassified SCAP instructions to the Japanese Government ("SCAPINS"), 1945-49. Issuances, 1948-52. Correspondence and other records of the International Travel Office, 1945-52. Correspondence of the Japanese Postal Affairs Unit, 1945-52.

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331.37.2 Records of the G-1 (Personnel) Section

Textual Records: Central decimal correspondence, 1945-52. SCAP instructions to the Japanese Government ("SCAPINS"), 1945-52. Subject file of the Civil and Foreign Affairs Division, 1946-50.

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331.37.3 Records of the G-2 (Intelligence) Section

Textual Records: Correspondence and other records of the Military Intelligence, Security, and Public Safety Divisions, 1945-52. English-language translations of Japanese documents, produced by the Allied Translator and Interpreter Section of the Military Intelligence Service Division for distribution to the press, 1945-50.

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331.37.4 Records of the Office of the Comptroller

Textual Records: Central decimal correspondence, with separate project file, 1945-48. Records of the Budget and Fiscal Division, 1945-48, including central correspondence, and correspondence of the Budget and Fiscal Branches. Records of the Finance Division, consisting of a central audit file, 1945-51; and correspondence, SCAP instructions to the Japanese Government ("SCAPINS"), and issuances of the Special Accounts Branch, 1945-52. Records of the Management Division, consisting of correspondence, subject files, and reports of the Special Accounts Branch, 1945-52; and general correspondence of the Statistics Branch, 1949-52. Records of the Audit Division, 1945-52, consisting of central correspondence, and correspondence of the Indigenous Branch.

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331.37.5 Records of the SCAP Section of the Public Information
Office

Textual Records: Records of the Office of the Chief of Information, including a subject file, 1949-51; and a correspondence file, July-December 1951. Central chronological file, 1946-48. Subject file, 1946-50. Reports of the Far East Branch, 1946-50.

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331.37.6 Records of other general and special staff sections

Textual Records: Records of the G-3 (Operations) Section, 1945- 50, consisting of a subject file and a file of records relating to reparations. Decimal correspondence of the G-4 (Logistics) Section, 1946-50. Case dockets of war crimes trial records, compiled by the War Crimes Division of the Judge Advocate Section, 1945-49 (401 ft.). Records of the Provost Marshal Section, including central correspondence, 1950; and records of subordinate units of the Military Police and Provost Division relating to contraband property, 1948-52.

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331.38 Records of the SCAP Diplomatic Section
1945-52
5 lin. ft.

Textual Records: Records of the Soviet Liaison Office of the International Liaison Division, 1945-52, consisting of decimal correspondence, and correspondence concerning alleged obstructive actions on the part of the USSR.

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331.39 Records of the SCAP Legal Section
1945-52
1,320 lin. ft.

History: Established policies and procedures for general legal matters. Supervised the court system. Supervised the prosecution, by military commission or tribunal, of war crimes not of an international nature ("Class B" and "Class C" war crimes). Those of an international nature ("Class A" war crimes) were prosecuted by the International Prosecution Section (see 331.40).

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331.39.1 Records of the Office of the Chief

Textual Records: Records relating to war crimes trials, 1946-49, including court proceedings, affidavits and statements, and related records. Published summaries of SCAP nonmilitary activities in Japan, the Ryukyu Islands, and Korea, 1945-48. Records relating to personnel, 1945-46.

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331.39.2 Records of the Administrative Division

Textual Records: Decimal correspondence, 1945-52. Subject file, ca. 1945-50. Incoming and outgoing messages, 1946-50. SCAP instructions to the Japanese Government ("SCAPINS"), 1945-52. Case files, compiled 1945-48, containing statements by former prisoners of war of the Japanese, arranged by location of prison camp ("Area Case Files"). Reports of the Judge Advocate Section of the Eighth U.S. Army on reviews that it conducted of Classes B and C war crimes trials held in Yokohama (1946-49), 1946-49. Records relating to Japanese prisoners of war ("Prisoner of War File" and "POW 201 File"), 1945-52. Records relating to the Far Eastern Commission, 1946-51. Public information summaries, 1945- 49. Records of the Statistical and Report Section, ca. 1945-47.

Microfilm Publication: M1112.

Aerial Photographs (125 items): Route of the Bataan Death March (1942), 1948.

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331.39.3 Records of the Law Division

Textual Records: Decimal correspondence, 1945-51. Incoming and outgoing messages ("Radio Cables"), 1945-50. Records relating to the parole of persons convicted of war crimes, 1946-51.

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331.39.4 Records of the Legislation and Justice Division

Textual Records: Subject file ("General Alphabetical File"), 1946-52. SCAP instructions to the Japanese Government ("SCAPINS"), 1945-51. Records, some in Japanese, relating to SCAP review of legislation prior to its submission to the Japanese Diet ("Japanese Legislation File"), 1946-51. Statistical reports, 1948-51. Reference file containing copies of Japanese laws and ordinances (1884-1947), compiled ca. 1945-47.

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331.39.5 Records of the Prosecution Division

Textual Records: Case files relating to war crimes trials conducted by U.S. military commissions ("USA vs. Japanese War Criminals Case File"), 1945-49. Transcripts of trials, arranged by name of defendant ("USA vs. Japanese War Criminals Name File"), 1945-49. Records relating to war crimes trials conducted in the Philippine Islands, 1947-49; China, 1945-49, with index; and Korea, 1945-49. Clemency petition files, 1947-48.

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331.39.6 Records of the Investigation Division

Textual Records: File of numbered reports of investigations conducted by the Investigation Division and other investigatory organizations, 1945-49. File of numbered reports of investigations conducted by the Investigative Division only, 1945-49. Completed questionnaires of former prisoners of war of the Japanese ("Recovered Personnel File"), 1945. Summary of cases, 1945-49.

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331.39.7 Records of the Manila Branch

Textual Records: General correspondence ("Memorandum and Correspondence File"), 1945-49. Incoming and outgoing messages ("Radiograms"), 1945-49. Records concerning the interpretation and application of laws ("Numerical File"), 1945. SCAP instructions to the Japanese Government ("SCAPINS"), 1945-50. Various files of records relating to the prosecution of war crimes by U.S. military commission or tribunal, 1945-48. File of clemency petitions, 1947-48.

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331.40 Records of the SCAP International Prosecution Section
(IPS)
1907-48 (bulk 1945-48)
538 lin. ft. and 170 rolls of microfilm

History: Established by General Order 20, GHQ SCAP, December 8, 1945, implementing EO 9660, November 29, 1945, which authorized a staff to assist Chief of Counsel Joseph B. Keenan (named by Presidential appointment, announced November 10, 1945) in the preparation and prosecution of war crimes charges against high Japanese officials and their principal agents. Drew up charter of the International Military Tribunal for the Far East (IMTFE), promulgated by General Order 1, GHQ SCAP, January 19, 1946, and repromulgated, as amended, by General Order 20, GHQ SCAP, April 25, 1946. Acted as prosecution throughout trial of 28 defendants before IMTFE, June 4, 1946-November 12, 1948. Abolished by General Order 3, GHQ SCAP, February 12, 1949, with residual functions transferred to Legal Section (see 331.39).

Textual Records: General correspondence of the Office of the Chief of Counsel ("Chief Prosecutor's Correspondence"), 1946-48, with indexes. Numbered records of staff attorneys, 1946-47. Numbered case files, 1945-47, with indexes. Card files containing names of war crimes suspects and witnesses, ca. 1945-47. Records relating to witnesses, 1946-47. Various files of documents assembled in evidence, 1907-47, some with indexes; with partial microfilm copies (163 rolls). Analyses of prosecution evidence presented to the IMTFE, 1946-47. Copies of documents offered in evidence by the defense, n.d., with indexes. Historical file (ca. 1930-48), compiled ca. 1945-48, with microfilm copy of the diary of former Japanese cabinet minister, the Marquis Koichi Kido (1930-45, 2 rolls). Briefs, completed applications, and other administrative records filed with the IMTFE ("Court Papers"), 1946-48, with indexes. Copies of official IMTFE trial records, 1945-48, including transcripts of proceedings, in English and Japanese; prosecution and defense exhibits, with indexes, and with partial microfilm copy (5 rolls); and verdicts. Photostatic copies of newspaper articles relating to Japanese war crimes and the IMTFE trial, 1943-48. Reference files (ca. 1899-1948), compiled ca. 1945-48. Miscellaneous records, ca. 1945-48.

Microfilm Publications: M1660-M1669, M1679-M1701, M1722-M1733.

Motion Pictures (1 reel): Japanese newsreel showing interrogation of captured U.S. pilots, and Prime Minister Hideki Tojo, ca. 1944.

Photographic Prints (44 images): Views, from Japanese sources, of Japanese soldiers in action and of Allied prisoners of war, ca. 1942-45.

Related Records: Records of the International Military Tribunal for the Far East in RG 238, National Archives Collection of World War II War Crimes Records.

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331.41 Records of the SCAP Civil Affairs Section
1945-52
882 lin. ft.

History: Military Government Section established as a special staff organization of Headquarters Eighth U.S. Army, a SCAP field command, September 1945. Redesignated Civil Affairs Section (CAS), July 1, 1949. Following a reduction in central and field staff, CAS transferred to GHQ SCAP, November 1949.

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331.41.1 Records of the Headquarters Division

Textual Records: Records relating to public welfare, 1945-51; economic affairs and reparations, 1945-51; legislation and public administration, 1945-51; labor, 1946-51; and natural resources, 1945-51. Issuances ("Operational Directives"), 1945-49. SCAP instructions to the Japanese Government ("SCAPINS"), 1945-51. Records relating to seized enemy property, 1945-48. Copies of the Official Gazette of the Japanese Government, 1946-51.

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331.41.2 Records of the Administrative Division

Textual Records: Decimal correspondence, 1951-52. Formerly security-classified subject file, 1950-51. Subject file ("Administration File"), 1951-52.

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331.41.3 Records of Headquarters Civil Affairs Regions

Textual Records: Decimal correspondence, 1950. Chronological file, 1948-50. Subject file, 1945-51. SCAP instructions to the Japanese Government ("SCAPINS"), 1945-51. Activity reports, 1946- 51. Various files of publications, 1946-51.

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331.41.4 Records of civil affairs field offices

Textual Records: General correspondence of the civil affairs headquarters of the Hokkaido District, 1945-51 (9 ft.). Correspondence, reports, issuances, and other records of civil affairs headquarters and subordinate prefectural teams of the following regions: Chugoku, 1945-51 (34 ft.); Kanto, 1944-51 (205 ft.); Kinki, 1945-51 (116 ft.); Kyushu, 1945-51 (71 ft.); Shikoku, 1945-51 (51 ft.); Tohoku, 1945-51 (114 ft.); and Tokai- Hokuriku, 1946-51 (26 ft.).

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331.42 Records of the SCAP Government Section
1945-52
291 lin. ft.

Textual Records: Decimal correspondence, 1945-52. SCAP instructions to the Japanese Government ("SCAPINS"), 1945-51. Issuances of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, 1945-51, and of General Headquarters Far East Command, 1947-51. Records relating to the Far Eastern Commission, 1945-51. Records concerning the Japanese Diet, 1946-52. Records relating to elections, 1945-51. Records relating to the removal or exclusion from office of individuals considered undesirable as public officials ("Purge Files"), 1945- 51. Records concerning the Japanese Civil Service ("National Personnel Authority File"), 1945-51. Records concerning the economic decentralization program ("Zaibatsu File"), 1945-50. Records relating to religious, cultural, economic, and other organizations in Japan, 1945-52. File containing information on Japanese individuals involved in legal cases under U.S. jurisdiction ("Biographical File"), ca. 1945-52.

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331.43 Records of the SCAP Civil Communications Section
1945-51
95 lin. ft.

Textual Records: Central decimal correspondence, 1945-51, with separate project file. Records of the Radio Division, 1945-51, including general correspondence, and records relating to the Broadcast Corporation of Japan. Monthly statements of the Telephone and Telegraph Division, 1946-49.

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331.44 Records of the SCAP Civil Historical Section
1943-52
425 lin. ft.

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331.44.1 General records

Textual Records: Central decimal correspondence, 1945-52. Reading file, 1946-51. Subject file, 1943-51. SCAP instructions to the Japanese Government ("SCAPINS"), 1947-51. Incoming messages, 1945-49. Monthly reports ("Summations") of military and nonmilitary activities in Japan, Korea, and the Ryukyu Islands, 1945-48. Historical monographs, with related background material, 1945-50. News releases ("Press Translations and Summaries"), 1945-47.

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331.44.2 Records of the Library and Publications Division

Textual Records: Decimal correspondence, 1945-51 (207 ft.). Subject file ("Topic File"), 1945-50. Incoming messages, 1945-51. News releases ("Press Translations and Summaries"), 1946-49. Copies of various publications, 1945-52.

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331.45 Records of the SCAP Civil Information and Education
Section
1941-52 (bulk 1945-52)
864 lin. ft.

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331.45.1 General records

Textual Records: Formerly security-classified and unclassified decimal correspondence, 1945-52. Subject file ("Topic File"), 1945-52. Incoming and outgoing messages ("Radio File"), 1946-51. Miscellaneous reports, 1945-51.

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331.45.2 Records of the Information Division

Textual Records: Central decimal correspondence, 1947-52, with separate project file, 1947-51. Records of the Motion Picture Branch, including film scripts, with related records, 1945-51 (40 ft.); and decimal correspondence, 1946-52. Correspondence, reports, and other records, 1945-52, of the following other branches: Policy and Program; Press and Publications; Radio; Exhibits; and Information Centers. Translations, made by the Translation Unit of the Executive Branch, of Japanese documents relating to radio, motion pictures, the press, and the theater, 1946-51.

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331.45.3 Records of the Education Division

Textual Records: Central administrative and program files, 1945- 51. Collection of approved and rejected textbooks, compiled by the Textbooks and Curriculum Branch, 1946-51 (101 ft.). Records of the Special Projects Branch, including a reference file of educational research materials, 1941-51 (69 ft.); administrative correspondence, 1945-50; statistical and other information on Japanese educational institutions, 1946; and records relating to Japanese participation in the Interchange of Person Program Under Government Relief in Occupied Areas ("National Leader Project File"), 1946-51. General correspondence, 1947-52, and lecture materials, 1948-50, of the Teacher Training Branch. General correspondence of the following other branches: Radio Education, 1945-51; Youth and Health Education, 1945-52; Elementary Education, 1945-51; and Higher Education, 1945-51. General correspondence of the Kanto Region Education Branch and of its subordinate organizations, 1945-51 (115 ft.).

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331.45.4 Records of the Religion and Cultural Resources Division

Textual Records: Records of the Special Projects Branch relating to religions in Japan and to Christian missionary activities ("Religious Research Data"), 1945-51 (81 ft.). Records of the Arts and Monuments Branch, including a subject file, 1945-51; and a reference file, 1946-50.

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331.45.5 Records of other subordinate organizations

Textual Records: Records of the Public Opinion and Sociological Research Division, 1945-52, consisting of a subject file, and records concerning a forestry survey. Records of the Supply Branch of the Administration Division, consisting of decimal correspondence, 1947-52, with separate project file; and records concerning the financing of youth education and information projects, 1951-52.

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331.45.6 Records of regional offices

Textual Records: General correspondence of the following regional offices: Nagoya, 1950-52; Nagoya-Chugoku-Kure, 1950-52; and Chugoku-Kure-Hokkaido, 1951-52. Youth activities files, 1950-52, of the following regional offices: Hokkaido-Osaka; Kinki-Osaka; Kinki-Osaka-Shikoku; and Kyushu.

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331.46 Records of the SCAP Economic and Scientific Section
1944-52
2,579 lin. ft.

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331.46.1 General records

Textual Records: Subject file of the Office of the Chief, 1945- 52. Formerly security-classified and unclassified central decimal correspondence, 1946-51 (280 ft.). Incoming and outgoing messages, 1945-51. Various subject files, 1945-52. Records relating to Japanese citizens ("Japanese Nationals File"), 1946- 52.

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331.46.2 Records of the Foreign Trade and Commerce Division

Textual Records: Subject file, 1947-52. Subject-numeric file, 1947-49. General file relating to trade activities ("General Export and Import File"), 1945-52 (157 ft.). Records relating to financial and trade agreements made between Japan and other countries, 1950-52. Export license application file, 1947-52.

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331.46.3 Records of the Programs and Statistics Division

Textual Records: Subject file, 1945-52. Records relating to price stabilization and related matters ("Price, Production, and Distribution File"), ca. 1948-52 (149 ft.). Records relating to the dissolution of holding companies ("Zaibatsu Corporation File"), 1945-48 (130 ft.). Records relating to the reconversion of industries from military to civilian purposes, 1945-46. Statistics on prices and the distribution of goods ("Programs and Statistics on Price and Distribution File"), 1946-52.

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331.46.4 Records of other subordinate organizations

Textual Records: Subject file of the Office of the Director of Economics and Planning, 1945-52. Decimal and subject correspondence of the Finance Division (also called the Public Finance Division), 1945-52. Records of the Comptroller Division, including a central subject file, 1945-52; and ledgers, maintained by the Special Accounts Branch of the Comptroller Division, containing information on occupation costs, 1945-52. Records of the Industrial Division, including central correspondence, 1946-51 (7 ft.); and general correspondence of the Industrial Production and Construction Branch, 1945-50 (431 ft.). General correspondence of the following other divisions: Tourists and Service, 1947-51; Utilities and Fuels, 1948-50; Scientific and Technical, 1945-52; Internal Revenue, 1945-50; Banking and Foreign Exchange, 1946-51; Price and Distribution, 1946-51; Fair Trade Practices, 1944-49; Labor, 1945-52; Natural Resources, ca. 1945-52; and Legal Affairs, 1947-52. Subject file of the SCAP Foreign Trade Office, New York, NY, 1946-51.

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331.47 Records of the SCAP Civil Intelligence Section
1939-49 (bulk 1945-49)
193 lin. ft.

Textual Records: Decimal correspondence of the Civil Censorship Detachment (CCD), ca. 1939-49 (bulk 1945-49). General correspondence of the Press, Publications, and Broadcast Division of the CCD, 1945-49 (162 ft.).

Photographic Prints (1,253 images): Japanese ambassadors, members of the Diet, businessmen, and other dignitaries, from CCD decimal correspondence, ca. 1939 (P).

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331.48 Records of the SCAP Civil Transportation Section
1945-52
64 lin. ft.

Textual Records: Central decimal correspondence, 1946-51. Subject file of the Programs and Projects Division, 1947-51. Records of the Water Transportation Division relating to operations at Japanese ports, 1946-48. Records of the Movements Division, including a central file of SCAP instructions to the Japanese Government ("SCAPINS") and other directives, 1945-52; and decimal correspondence, 1947-52, and a subject file, 1945-52, of the Freight Branch.

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331.49 Records of the SCAP Natural Resources Section
1931-52 (bulk 1945-52)
549 lin. ft.

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331.49.1 General records

Textual Records: Decimal correspondence, 1945-51, with separate project file. Records relating to personnel ("201 Files"), 1945- 51. Miscellaneous administrative correspondence, 1945-52.

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331.49.2 Records of subordinate organizations

Textual Records: Records of the Agriculture Division, including general correspondence, 1946-51; a compilation of statistical reports, 1931-50; semiannual reports of experimental stations, 1948-50; and records relating to land reclamation and reform, 1945-51. Subject file of the Fisheries Division, 1945-51. Records of the Forestry Division, including a subject file, 1945-51; and records concerning forestry programs ("Japan Forestry Yearbook"), 1950. Records of the Mining and Geology Division, including a subject file, 1945-51; mine reports, 1946-51; and records relating to mining resources and metallurgical industries, 1946- 51. Records of the Editorial and Production Division, consisting of a subject file, 1945-52; and a publications file, 1946-51, with related background records. Files of publications, compiled by the Library Division, 1945-51.

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331.50 Records of the SCAP Public Health and Welfare Section
1945-52
190 lin. ft.

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331.50.1 General records

Textual Records: General correspondence, 1945-52. Radio messages, 1945-49. Daily journals, August 1945-December 1950. Reports, including regional and prefectural civil affairs reports, 1948- 51; reports relating to narcotics, 1945-51; and criminal investigation reports, 1951-52. Records concerning laboratory inspections ("Laboratory Affairs File"), 1945-51. Records relating to various medical services, 1945-51. Reference file of publications, 1945-51.

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331.50.2 Records of subordinate organizations

Textual Records: Records of the Health Statistics Division, including a subject file, 1945-50; and a file of statistical reports, 1945-51. Subject file of the Medical Services Division, 1945-51. Records of the Medical Services Division, consisting of general correspondence, 1945-52; records relating to communicable diseases, 1945-52; and records concerning public education in health matters, 1945-51. Subject files of the following other divisions: Welfare, 1945-52; Social Security, 1945-52; Supply, 1945-51; and Narcotic Control, 1945-52.

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331.51 Records of the Office of the Civil Property Custodian
(SCAP)
1943-52 (bulk 1945-52)
1,874 lin. ft.

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331.51.1 General records

Textual Records: Central decimal correspondence maintained by the Executive Division, 1945-52, with separate project file. Records of subordinate organizations of the Executive Division, including a subject file of the Machine Records Branch, 1945-51; and a subject file, 1945-51, case files, 1947-51, and other records, 1945-52, of the Property Service Branch.

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331.51.2 Records of the Foreign Property Division

Textual Records: Records of the German Assets Branch concerning destroyed, looted, and contraband German property, 1945-52. Records of the Looted Property Branch, consisting of subject and subject-numeric files, 1946-51; and accounting records, 1947-51. Records of the Enemy Property Branch, including decimal correspondence, ca. 1945-51, with separate project file; various types of case files, 1945-52, including a file on large companies ("Big Firm File"); and SCAP directives, 1947-50. Records of the United Nations Property Unit, including general correspondence, 1945-51; records concerning the administration of property in Japan owned by citizens and companies of United Nations member countries ("United Nations Individual and Firm File"), 1943-51 (bulk 1945-51); claims and other records relating to U.S.-owned property in Japan, 1946-52; and case files relating to the restoration of patent and trademark rights, 1945-51.

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331.51.3 Records of other subordinate organizations

Textual Records: Subject file of the Policy Branch of the Policy and Management Group, 1945-50. Records of the Legal Section, 1945-52, mainly patent and trademark files, 1946-51. Records of subordinate units of the Property Liquidation Division, including records of the Miscellaneous Property Branch relating to companies, 1945-51; a subject file of the External Assets Branch, 1945-51; and a subject file of the Dissolved Organizations and Arrested Persons Branch, 1946-51. Records of the Reparations Branch of the Reparations Property Division, including correspondence, 1947-51; issuances ("Directives and Instructions"), 1945-51; and inventory, allocation, evaluation, and other reports, 1945-51. General accounting records, maintained by the Accounts Division, 1946-50. Property accounting records of the Precious Metals Branch of the U.S. Vaults, Bank of Japan Unit, 1947-51.


Bibliographic note: Web version based on Guide to Federal Records in the National Archives of the United States. Compiled by Robert B. Matchette et al. Washington, DC: National Archives and Records Administration, 1995.
3 volumes, 2428 pages.

Ordering information

This Web version is updated from time to time to include records processed since 1995.


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