National Archives Collection of World War II War Crimes Records
(Record Group 238)
1933-50 (bulk 1943-50)
2,220 cu. ft.
Table of Contents
- 238.1 ADMINISTRATIVE HISTORY
- 238.2 RECORDS OF THE OFFICE OF THE U.S. COMMISSIONER, UNITED
NATIONS WAR CRIMES COMMISSION
7 lin. ft.
- 238.3 RECORDS OF THE OFFICE OF THE U.S. CHIEF OF COUNSEL FOR THE
PROSECUTION OF AXIS CRIMINALITY (OUSCCPAC)
1938-46 (bulk 1945-46)
429 lin. ft. and 77 rolls of microfilm
- 238.3.1 General records of the Nuremberg headquarters office
- 238.3.2 General records of branch offices
- 238.3.3 Records compiled for the IMT trial
- 238.3.4 Records of the IMT trial
- 238.4 RECORDS OF THE OFFICE OF THE CHIEF OF COUNSEL FOR WAR
579 lin. ft. and 319 rolls of microfilm
- 238.4.1 General records
- 238.4.2 Records of component organizations of the Executive
- 238.4.3 Records of the Document Control Branch of the Evidence
- 238.4.4 Records of the Interrogation Branch of the Evidence
- 238.4.5 Records of other components of the Evidence Division
- 238.4.6 Records of divisions in charge of trial preparation and
- 238.4.7 Other records of the Nuremberg headquarters office
- 238.4.8 Records of the Berlin branch office
- 238.5 RECORDS OF THE SECRETARIAT FOR U.S. MILITARY TRIBUNALS
684 lin. ft.
- 238.5.1 General records
- 238.5.2 Official records of the U.S. military tribunals
- 238.5.3 Official records of the trials before U.S. military
- 238.6 RECORDS OF THE ADVISORY BOARD ON CLEMENCY FOR WAR
CRIMINALS, OFFICE OF THE U.S. HIGH COMMISSIONER FOR GERMANY
1947-50 (bulk 1950)
9 lin. ft.
- 238.7 RECORDS OF THE INTERNATIONAL MILITARY TRIBUNAL FOR THE FAR
174 lin. ft. and 61 rolls of microfilm
- 238.8 MOTION PICTURES (GENERAL)
- 238.9 SOUND RECORDINGS (GENERAL)
- 238.10 STILL PICTURES (GENERAL)
Finding Aids: Fred G. Halley, comp., Preliminary Inventory of the Records of the United States Counsel for the Prosecution of Axis Criminality, PI 21 (1949); Garry D. Ryan, comp., "Supplement to Preliminary Inventory No. 21, Records of the United States Counsel for the Prosecution of Axis Criminality," NM 66 (1966); Aloha P. Broadwater, comp., "Preliminary Inventory of the Textual Records of the United States Military Tribunals, Nuernberg," NM 70 (1966); Jarritus Wolfinger, comp., Preliminary Inventory of the Records of the International Military Tribunal for the Far East, PI 180 (1975); supplement in National Archives microfiche edition of preliminary inventories.
Records of the Office of the Judge Advocate General (Army), RG
National Archives Collection of Foreign Records Seized, RG 242.
Records of U.S. Occupation Headquarters, World War II, RG 260.
Records of Allied Operational and Occupation Headquarters, World War II, RG 331.
History: Established in London, autumn 1943, following the establishment, also in London, of the United Nations War Crimes Commission (UNWCC, also known as the United Nations Commission for the Investigation of War Crimes), October 20, 1943, by agreement of representatives of the governments of Australia, Belgium, Canada, China, Czechoslovakia, Greece, India, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Poland, the Union of South Africa, the United Kingdom, the United States, and Yugoslavia, and the French Committee of National Liberation. Successive U.S. Commissioners were Herbert C. Pell, October 1943- December 1944; Col. Joseph V. Hodgson, January 1945-May 1946; and Col. Robert M. Springer, August 1946-May 1948. Office of the U.S. Commissioner, and like offices of the other UNWCC members, submitted information to UNWCC on war crimes allegedly committed against their respective nationals. UNWCC, in turn, determined whether enough evidence for a case existed and periodically reported its findings to the member governments. UNWCC also prepared and circulated lists of war criminals among the member governments. Far Eastern and Pacific Subcommission of UNWCC established in Chungking, China, October 11, 1944. Denmark accepted as UNWCC member, July 19, 1945. Pursuant to inactivation of UNWCC, May 1948, Office of the U.S. Commissioner officially abolished, May 15, 1948, with records placed in Department of State custody.
Textual Records: General correspondence ("Red Files"), 1944-48. Correspondence with U.S. military agencies involved in war crimes prosecution ("Black Files"), 1944-48. Minutes of UNWCC meetings, October 1943-March 1946; and of Far Eastern and Pacific Subcommission meetings, November 1944-February 1946. Minutes, reports, and memorandums, 1944-46, of the following UNWCC committees: I (facts and evidence), II (enforcement), III (legal matters), Finance, Documents, and Public Relations.
Related Records: Papers of U.S. Commissioner Herbert C. Pell, 1912-60, in Roosevelt Library. Records of UNWCC in United Nations Archives, New York, NY.
History: Established pursuant to the appointment, by EO 9547, May 2, 1945, of Supreme Court Justice Robert H. Jackson as U.S. Chief of Counsel for the United Nations' prosecution, before an international tribunal, of European Axis leaders charged as war criminals. International Military Tribunal (IMT) established by the London Agreement, August 8, 1945, originally signed by representatives of the United States, the United Kingdom, France, and the USSR, subsequently by 19 other nations, with appended charter specifying that IMT, with permanent headquarters in Berlin, would consist of one judge and an alternate from each original signatory nation, and that the first trial would take place in Nuremberg, Germany. OUSCCPAC, comprised of attorneys and support personnel detailed from federal agencies, as well as some private sector attorneys, functioned in collaboration with counterpart British, French, and Russian staffs, each headed by a chief of counsel. OUSCCPAC and counterpart staffs gathered evidence, some from interrogations, but mainly from seized German records; and prepared the indictment that was issued, October 6, 1945, by the original London Agreement signatory nations, naming 24 Germans as war criminals and accusing 6 German organizations of being criminal in nature. Between November 20, 1945, and August 31, 1946, OUSCCPAC prosecuted the 22 remaining defendants (1 original defendant having hanged himself prior to trial and another having been declared medically incompetent to stand trial) and argued the case for the criminality of the 6 organizations. IMT rendered judgments, September 30 and October 1, 1946, acquitting 3 defendants and convicting 19 (of which 12 were sentenced to hang, 3 to life imprisonment, and 4 to prison terms of varying lengths); and holding 3 of the 6 organizations to be criminal. In accordance with EO 9679, January 16, 1946, authorizing the U.S. prosecution of additional war crimes cases before U.S. military and occupation tribunals once Justice Jackson had vacated his office; and following Justice Jackson's resignation as U.S. Chief of Counsel, October 6, 1946, all components of OUSCCPAC except the Subsequent Proceedings Division were discontinued by October 24, 1946. By General Order 301, Headquarters U.S. Forces European Theater (USFET), October 24, 1946, the Subsequent Proceedings Division, having been transferred to Headquarters USFET, was designated the Office of the Chief of Counsel for War Crimes and assigned to the Office of Military Government for Germany (U.S.) [OMGUS]. SEE 238.4.
Textual Records: Correspondence, working papers, reports, and other official records maintained by Justice Jackson, both in his office ("Main Office Files"), and at his residence ("Lindenstrasse Files"), 1945-46. Correspondence of the Documentation Division with various document centers in western and central European cities regarding the receipt and return of documents, 1945.
Photographic Prints (122 images): Taken by Charles W. Alexander and collected by Justice Jackson, showing pretrial meetings of the Allied representatives, signing of the London Agreement (August 8, 1945), IMT courtroom before remodeling, prison during the trial, trial scenes, and general views of Nuremberg, 1945-46 (NTA). SEE ALSO 238.10.
Textual Records: Formerly security-classified records of the Washington, DC, office, 1945-46, consisting of decimal correspondence and a reference collection of documents concerning German war crimes. Formerly security-classified records of the London office, consisting of decimal correspondence, 1945-46; copies of trial briefs received from the War Crimes Office of the Judge Advocate General's Office, Army Service Forces, 1945; and correspondence of staff member Lt. Col. Leonard Wheeler, Jr., relating to coordination of evidence and trial preparation, 1945- 46.
Textual Records: Case files of documentary evidence ("U.S. Evidence Case Files," ca. 1933-45), compiled 1945-46, and arranged according to an alphanumeric scheme, with each case file consisting usually of a photostatic copy of an original document, an English-language translation of the document, and a completed Staff Evidence Analysis (SEA) form giving information on the document and summarizing its significance for the prosecution's case. File of completed SEA forms, arranged in the same sequence as the case files of documentary evidence, 1945-46. File containing photostatic copies of affidavits, statements of witnesses, transcripts of interrogations, and other records ("Reference File," ca. 1933-45), compiled 1945-46. Collection of documents received by the Documents Division from U.S. and foreign sources (ca. 1933-45), compiled 1945-46, with name and subject indexes. English-language transcripts of interrogations, summaries of interrogations, and related records, compiled by the Interrogation Division, 1945-46. Record copy of the OUSCCPAC publication, Nazi Conspiracy and Aggression, 11 vols. (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1946-48), containing English-language translations of the documentary evidence prepared by both OUSCCPAC and the British prosecution staff, including evidence not submitted at the trial. Near-print copies of English-language translations of documents (ca. 1933- 45) compiled by the British, French, and Soviet prosecution staffs, 1945-46. Microfilm copy of portions, not submitted in evidence at the trial, of the diary and correspondence of Gen. Alfred Jodl, chief of the Operations Staff of the Armed Forces High Command (1937-45), 1945 (2 rolls). Microfilm copies, 1945- 46, of the diary of Dr. (Paul) Joseph Goebbels, chief ideologist of the National Socialist German Labor ("Nazi") Party (1942-43, 7 rolls); the diary of Hans Frank, governor general of the occupied Polish territories (1939-45, 12 rolls); and death books of the Mauthausen Concentration Camp, Austria (1939-45, 2 rolls). Reference materials received from other U.S. sources, including a compilation of tentative war crimes charges, issued by the War Crimes Office of the Judge Advocate General's Office, Army Service Forces, 1945; war crimes studies of the Research and Analysis Branch of the Office of Strategic Services, 1945-46; and photostatic copies of diplomatic dispatches from European capitals (1933-44), provided by the Department of State, ca. 1945.
Microfilm Publications: M978, M1270, T989, T990, T992.
Motion Pictures (16 reels): German-made films showing entry of German armed forces into Austria, effecting that country's annexation to Germany, March 12, 1938 (5 reels); construction of the Hermann G"ring Steel Plant No. 1, 1939-41 (7 reels); and the supreme court trial of those accused of the July 20, 1944, attempt to assassinate Hitler, 1944 (4 reels). SEE ALSO 238.8.
Photographic Prints (430 images): Taken by German news photographer Otto Roesner and dedicated to Hans Frank, showing civil and military buildings, rallies and parades, social events, and official ceremonies in occupied Poland, in album, 1940-41 (ORA). SEE ALSO 238.10.
Note: The official records of the trial constitute the Archives of the International Military Tribunal of Nuremberg and are in the custody of the International Court of Justice in The Hague, Netherlands.
Textual Records: Record copy of the official IMT English-language edition of the trial proceedings, Trial of the Major War Criminals before the International Military Tribunal, Nuremberg, 14 November 1945-1 October 1946, 42 vols. (Nuremberg, 1947-49). Record copy of the official IMT German-language edition of the trial proceedings, Der Prozess gegen die Hauptkriegsverbrecher vor dem Internationalen Militaergerichtshof, 42 vols. (Nuremberg, 1947-49). Photostatic copies of the U.S., French, British, and Soviet exhibits received in evidence (ca. 1933-45), arranged by IMT exhibit number, 1945-46, with microfilm copy (53 rolls). French, British, and Soviet compilations of documents ("Document Books," ca. 1933-45), submitted in advance of the trial to aid the judges and the prosecuting and defense attorneys, 1945-46. Near-print copies of U.S. document books (ca. 1933-45) and trial briefs, 1945-46, with partial microfilm copy (1 roll). Transcripts of hearings conducted by an IMT commission, at which individuals testified at their own request regarding the organizations accused in the IMT indictment of being criminal in nature, May 20-August 3, 1946.
Microfilm Publications: T988, T991.
Motion Pictures (42 reels): The Nazi Plan, a compilation of official German newsreels and other German films (1919-45), received in evidence as IMT exhibit USA-167, 1945 (27 reels). Nazi Concentration Camps, a compilation of films made by military photographers during the Allied advance through Germany, received in evidence as IMT exhibit USA-79, 1945 (14 reels). German-made 8mm motion picture seized by U.S. forces from an SS ("Schutzstaffel") barracks near Augsburg, showing mistreatment of individuals by Gestapo and German military units apparently in the act of destroying a Jewish ghetto (n.d.), received in evidence as IMT exhibit USA-280, 1945 (1 reel). SEE ALSO 238.8.
Sound Recordings (2,024 items): Justice Jackson's opening address to the IMT, November 20, 1945 (24 items). Daily trial proceedings, November 20, 1945-October 1, 1946 (2,000 items). SEE ALSO 238.9.
Photographs (826 images): Judges, counsel, defendants, witnesses, representatives of the press, other visitors, the courtroom, the prison, and selected exhibits, 1945-46 (NT). SEE ALSO 238.10.
Photographic Negatives and Proof Sheets (1,182 images): Made from the 8mm motion picture received in evidence as IMT exhibit USA- 280 (SEE Motion Pictures above), 1945 (AF). SEE ALSO 238.10.
History: Established in the Office of Military Government for Germany (U.S.) [OMGUS], by General Order 301, Headquarters U.S. Forces in Europe (USFET), October 24, 1946, as successor to the Subsequent Proceedings Division of the Office of the U.S. Chief of Counsel for the Prosecution of Axis Criminality (OUSCCPAC; SEE 238.3). Headed by Brig. Gen. Telford Taylor, appointed Chief of Counsel for War Crimes (CCWC) by same order, having served in OUSCCPAC as staff member in various capacities (May 25, 1945- March 28, 1946) and as Deputy Chief of Counsel in charge of the Subsequent Proceedings Division (March 29-October 23, 1946). OCCWC prosecuted 185 defendants, grouped in 12 cases according to sphere of activity, November 21, 1946-April 14, 1949, before 11 U.S. military tribunals (SEE 238.5.2). Of 177 defendants ultimately judged (4 of the original defendants having committed suicide and 4 having been deemed incompetent to stand trial), 35 were acquitted and 142 were convicted, with 25 given the death penalty. OCCWC formally abolished, June 20, 1949.
Textual Records: General file of correspondence, reports, and other records, 1945-49. Formerly security-classified reports, interrogations, and other records concerning war crimes, received from various Allied military agencies, 1945-48. Card indexes to trial testimony and exhibits (ca. 1930-47) that were selected for inclusion in the Department of the Army publication, Trials of War Criminals before the Nuernberg Military Tribunals under Control Council Law No. 10, Nuernberg, October 1946-April 1949 (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1949-53), n.d.
Photographs (1,822 images): Judges, counsel, defendants, witnesses, representatives of the press, and courtroom views for each of the 12 cases, 1946-49 (OMT). SEE ALSO 238.10.
Textual Records: Records of the Publications Division, 1948-49, consisting of a general file of correspondence, reports, and other records; and case files concerning the publication of the trial records. Organization charts of German political and economic organizations (ca. 1933-45), compiled by the Reproduction Division, 1946-49.
Related Records: Additional records of the Publications Division, and records of the Administrative and Language Divisions (also components of the Executive Office) in records of OMGUS, in RG 260, Records of U.S. Occupation Headquarters, World War II.
Textual Records: Evidentiary documents (ca. 1933-46), compiled ca. 1945-48, arranged in series according to the following alphabetic designators and numbered thereunder: "NG" ("Nuremberg, Government"), with microfilm copy (70 rolls); "NI" ("Nuremberg, Industrialists"), with microfilm copy (164 rolls); "NM" ("Nuremberg, Miscellaneous"), mainly concerning German labor matters; "NO" ("Nuremberg, Organizations"); "NOKW" ("Nuremberg, Oberkommando der Wehrmacht"), with microfilm copy (47 rolls), dealing with the armed forces high command; and "NP" ("Nuremberg, Propaganda" or "Nazi Party"). Register cards for the various evidentiary documents series, ca. 1945-48. Name card index to documents in the "NG" and "NI" series, ca. 1945-47. Completed Staff Evidence Analysis (SEA) forms for the "NG," "NI," "NO," and "NOKW" series, as well as for some of the evidentiary documents compiled by OUSCCPAC (SEE 238.3), 1945-48. Photostatic copies of evidentiary documents (ca. 1940-45) compiled by the Washington, DC, branch of OCCWC, 1946-48, arranged in series according to the following alphabetic designators and numbered thereunder: "WA," concerning SS organizations; and "WB," concerning armed forces organizations. Microfilm copy of selected evidentiary documents (ca. 1933-46), n.d. (38 rolls). Administrative records, 1945-47.
Microfilm Publications: M936, M942, M946, M978, M1278, M1291, M1397, T301, T1119, T1139.
Motion Pictures (6 reels): Krupp armaments and political activities, 1933-40. SEE ALSO 238.8.
Related Records: Additional completed Staff Evidence Analysis (SEA) forms compiled by the Document Branch of the Evidence Division in records of OMGUS, in RG 260, Records of U.S. Occupation Headquarters, World War II.
Textual Records: Case files containing interrogations and summaries of interrogations of defendants and witnesses, 1946-48. Numbered interrogation summaries, 1946-48. Reports of interrogations of high officials, 1945. Administrative records, 1945-47.
Microfilm Publications: M1019, M1270.
Sound Recordings (8,000 items): Pretrial interrogations, 1946-48. SEE ALSO 238.9.
Related Records: Additional interrogation summaries compiled by the Interrogation Branch of the Evidence Division in records of OMGUS, in RG 260, Records of U.S. Occupation Headquarters, World War II.
Textual Records: Fragmentary records of the Apprehension and Locator Branch relating to the branch's responsibility for making arrangements to bring war crimes suspects and witnesses to Nuremberg, and for maintaining a current address file on suspects and witnesses, 1945-47. Fragmentary records of the OCCW Library, 1945-47.
Textual Records: Correspondence, memorandums, reports, and other records of the Economics Division, 1945-49; the Military Division, 1945-47; the Ministries Division and its two successors, the Political Ministries Division and the Economic Ministries Division, 1945-47; the Justice Division, 1945-47; and the SS ("Schutzstaffel") Division, 1945-47. Correspondence, memorandums, reports, and other records of Trial Team No. 1, in charge of Case 6 ("I.G. Farben Case"), 1945-48; Trial Team No. 2, in charge of Case 5 ("Flick Case"), 1946-47; Trial Team No. 3, in charge of Case 10 ("Krupp Case"), 1945-47; and the team in charge of collecting and analyzing evidence concerning activities of the Dresdner Bank, 1945-47.
Related Records: Additional records of Trial Team No. 1 in records of OMGUS, in RG 260, Records of U.S. Occupation Headquarters, World War II.
Textual Records: Administrative records of the Public Information Office, 1945-47. Records of the Nuremberg Military Post, including a general file maintained by the 6850th Internal Security Detachment, 1945-49; internee personnel records, 1945- 48; and courthouse passes for OCCWC staff, 1946-47.
Textual Records: General file, 1946-48. Records of the Document Control Branch of the Evidence Division, consisting of completed Staff Evidence Analysis (SEA) forms for various documentary series, 1945-48; and evidentiary documents (ca. 1933-45), compiled ca. 1945-48, arranged in series according to the following alphabetic designators and numbered thereunder: "BB" ("Berlin Branch"), relating to German industrial and economic establishments; "BBH" ("Berlin Branch, Heath"), concerning economic activities; "BBT" ("Berlin Branch, Thayer"); "F" ("Finance"); and "SS" ("Schutzstaffel"). Correspondence, reports, and other records of the Economics, Ministries, and SS Divisions, 1946-48.
History: Authorized, effective October 18, 1946, by Ordinance No. 7, Office of Military Government for Germany (U.S.) [OMGUS], which set forth the structure and procedures of the U.S. military tribunals and directed the establishment of a secretariat, headed by a secretary general, to act as the tribunals' executive and administrative agency. Established by General Order 67, OMGUS, October 25, 1946. Abolished, November 15, 1949, with the filing of the Secretary General's final report.
Textual Records: Subject files, 1947-49. Daily OCCWC bulletins, February 1947-October 1949. Records concerning the 12 cases, but not part of the official record, including correspondence, 1947- 49; photostatic copies of court dockets, 1946-49; registers of document books and exhibits, statements, pleas, and briefs, 1947- 49; and cross-reference cards to prosecution and defense exhibits, 1947-49. Miscellaneous administrative records of the Court Archives Section, 1947-49.
Related Records: Additional administrative records of the Secretariat for U.S. Military Tribunals in records of OMGUS, in RG 260, Records of U.S. Occupation Headquarters, World War II.
History: By Control Council Law No. 10, December 20, 1945, promulgated by the Control Council, the executive organ of the Allied Control Authority, each occupying authority in Germany (United States, United Kingdom, France, and USSR) was authorized to establish military or occupation tribunals in its own jurisdiction for the trial of accused war criminals. U.S. military tribunal system established, effective October 18, 1946, by Ordinance No. 7, OMGUS, October 24, 1946, with each tribunal to consist of three judges appointed by the Military Governor. According to same ordinance, judges were to be selected from among judges of the U.S. civil court system and experienced trial lawyers. Eleven U.S. military tribunals were constituted, 1946- 49, under authority of Ordinance No. 7, of which one heard two cases and each of the others heard one case.
Textual Records: Correspondence, orders, transcripts of executive sessions, and other records of each U.S. military tribunal, 1946- 49, arranged by designated tribunal number as follows: I, I Reconstituted, II, II-A, III, III-A, IV, IV-A, V, V-A, and VI.
Textual Records: English- and German-language transcripts of proceedings; minutes of proceedings; prosecution and defense document books and exhibits; and court papers, including the tribunal's judgment and the defendants' postsentencing clemency petitions, 1946-49, for each trial as follows:
Case 1 U.S. v. Karl Brandt et al. ("Medical Case"), 1946-47 Case 2 U.S. v. Erhard Milch et al. ("Milch Case"), 1946-47 Case 3 U.S. v. Josef Altstoetter et al. ("Justice Case"), 1947 Case 4 U.S. v. Oswald Pohl et al. ("Pohl Case"), 1947-48 Case 5 U.S. v. Friedrich Flick et al. ("Flick Case"), 1947 Case 6 U.S. v. Carl Krauch et al. ("I.G. Farben Case"), 1947-48 Case 7 U.S. v. Wilhelm List et al. ("Hostage Case"), 1947-48 Case 8 U.S. v. Ulrich Greifeldt et al. ("RuSHA Case"), 1947-48 Case 9 U.S. v. Otto Ohlendorf et al. ("Einsatzgruppen Case"), 1947-48 Case 10 U.S. v. Alfried Krupp et al. ("Krupp Case"), 1947-48 Case 11 U.S. v. Ernst von Weizsaecker et al. ("Ministries Case"), 1947-49 Case 12 U.S. v. Wilhelm von Leeb et al. ("High Command Case"), 1947-48.
Microfilm Publications: M887-M898.
Sound Recordings (6,000 items): Trial proceedings, November 21, 1946-April 14, 1949. SEE ALSO 238.9.
Lantern Slides (217 images): Prosecution exhibit 639 in Case 10, compiled from Krupp publications, showing participation of Krupp officials in Nazi-sponsored activities (1933-41), ca. 1947 (LS). SEE ALSO 238.10.
Finding Aids: John Mendelsohn, comp., Nuernberg War Crimes Trials, Records of Case II, United States of America v. Erhard Milch, SL 38 (1975).
History: Established by Staff Announcement No. 117, OUSHCG, July 18, 1950. Responsible for considering petitions for clemency filed by, or on behalf of, defendants convicted in the 12 cases tried by U.S. military tribunals in Nuremberg (SEE 238.5); and for making recommendations to the High Commissioner for Germany, John J. McCloy. Consisted of high commissioner appointees David W. Peck, justice of the New York State Supreme Court; Frederick A. Moran, chairman of the New York State Board of Parole; and Brig. Gen. Conrad E. Snow, a member of the Legal Adviser's Staff, Department of State. Discontinued, September 1950, the work having been accomplished.
Textual Records: General file, including correspondence and finding aids to the records of Cases 1-12, 1950. Working files, arranged by case number, 1947-50.
Related Records: Records of the U.S. High Commissioner for Germany, RG 466.
History: Established by a special proclamation of Gen. Douglas MacArthur, Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers (SCAP), January 19, 1946, implementing the Potsdam Declaration of China, the United States, and the United Kingdom, July 26, 1945, as accepted by the Japanese signatories of the Instrument of Surrender, September 2, 1945, that war criminals would be brought to justice; and acting on the authority to issue all orders implementing the Japanese surrender terms, accorded to SCAP by a declaration of the foreign ministers of the United Kingdom, the United States, and the USSR, issued from Moscow, December 27, 1945. In accordance with IMTFE charter, promulgated by General Order 1, General Headquarters (GHQ) SCAP, January 19, 1946, and amended by General Order 20, GHQ SCAP, April 25, 1946, IMTFE was constituted of 11 judges, appointed by SCAP, representative in nationality of the Allied signatories of the Instrument of Surrender, and of India and the Philippines. IMTFE heard cases against 28 defendants, April 29, 1946-January 12, 1948. Rendered judgments, November 4-12, 1948, against 25 defendants (2 having died during the trial and 1 having been deemed incompetent to stand trial), with 7 sentenced to death, 16 to life imprisonment, 1 to 20 years' imprisonment, and 1 to 7 years' imprisonment.
Textual Records: Minutes of proceedings, May 17, 1946-November 12, 1948. Transcripts of proceedings, April 29, 1946-November 12, 1948, with name and subject indexes. Prosecution and defense exhibits (ca. 1919-45) received in evidence, 1946-48, with a chronological register and a list arranged by exhibit number. Prosecution and defense exhibits (ca. 1919-45) rejected as evidence, 1946-48, with exhibit list. Documents compiled by the defense but not offered in evidence (ca. 1919-45), 1946-48. Transcript of conferences attended by IMTFE judges and prosecution and defense attorneys ("Proceedings in Chambers"), May 4, 1946-September 28, 1948. Court journal, April 29, 1946- November 12, 1948. Court docket, April 25, 1946-November 19, 1948, with indexes. Court papers, April 1946-November 1948. Petitions, memorandums, and statements concerning SCAP review of IMTFE judgments and sentences, November 1948. Miscellaneous records, 1946-48. Microfilm copy of selected official trial records, as well as selected documents compiled by the International Prosecution Section of SCAP (ca. 1919-45), n.d. (61 rolls).
Microfilm Publications: T918.
Motion Pictures (12 reels): Japan in Time of Emergency, a Japanese-made film emphasizing the nation's material and spiritual strength (1933), received in evidence as IMTFE exhibit 148, n.d. SEE ALSO 238.8.
Photographic Prints (756 images): IMTFE judges, counsel, defendants, witnesses, court personnel, and visitors; and general views of the courtrooms, 1946-48 (FE). SEE ALSO 238.10.
Related Records: Records of the International Prosecution Section of SCAP in records of GHQ SCAP, in RG 331, Records of Allied Operational and Occupation Headquarters, World War II.
SEE UNDER 238.3.3, 238.3.4, 238.4.3, and 238.7.
SEE UNDER 238.3.4, 238.4.4, and 238.5.3.
SEE Photographs UNDER 238.3.4 and 238.4.1. SEE Photographic Prints UNDER 238.3.1, 238.3.3, and 238.7. SEE Photographic Negatives and Proof Sheets UNDER 238.3.4. SEE Lantern Slides UNDER 238.5.3.
Bibliographic note: Web version based on Guide to Federal Records in the National Archives of the United States. Compiled by Robert B. Matchette et al. Washington, DC: National Archives and Records Administration, 1995.
3 volumes, 2428 pages.
This Web version is updated from time to time to include records processed since 1995.