Guide to Federal Records

Records of the Surplus Marketing Administration


(Record Group 124)
1933-43
524 cu. ft.

Overview of Records Locations

Table of Contents

  • 124.1 ADMINISTRATIVE HISTORY
  • 124.2 RECORDS OF THE FEDERAL SURPLUS RELIEF CORPORATION (FSRC) AND THE FEDERAL SURPLUS COMMODITIES CORPORATION (FSCC) 1933-41 225 lin. ft.
  • 124.2.1 General records
  • 124.2.2 Records of the Division of Purchases and Distribution
  • 124.2.3 Records of the Commodities Purchase Section
  • 124.2.4 Records of the Division of Marketing Agreements
  • 124.2.5 Records of the Division of Procurement
  • 124.2.6 Records of the Investigations Division
  • 124.2.7 Records relating to specific programs
  • 124.3 RECORDS OF THE DIVISION OF MARKETING AND MARKETING AGREEMENTS 1933-38 47 lin. ft.
  • 124.4 RECORDS OF THE SURPLUS MARKETING ADMINISTRATION 1933-43 592 lin. ft.
  • 124.4.1 General records
  • 124.4.2 Records of the Special Commodities Section
  • 124.4.3 Records of the Procurement Branch
  • 124.4.4 Records of the Food and Cotton Program

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124.1 ADMINISTRATIVE HISTORY

Established: In the Department of Agriculture, by Reorganization Plan No. III of 1940, effective June 30, 1940, consolidating the Federal Surplus Commodities Corporation and the Division of Marketing and Marketing Agreements.

Predecessor Agencies:

  • Federal Surplus Relief Corporation (1933-35)
  • Federal Surplus Commodities Corporation (1935-37)
  • In the Agricultural Adjustment Administration, Department of Agriculture:
  • Processing and Marketing Division (1933-34)
  • Commodities Division (1934-35)
  • Division of Marketing and Marketing Agreements (1935-38)

In the Department of Agriculture:

  • Federal Surplus Commodities Corporation (1937-40)
  • Division of Marketing and Marketing Agreements (1938-40)
Functions: Reduced or eliminated agricultural surpluses by diversion from open markets and encouragement of consumption. After 1939, administered food stamp plan; and, 1941-42, administered lend-lease responsibilities relating to surplus commodities.

Abolished: By merger with the Agricultural Marketing Service and the Commodity Exchange Administration, pursuant to EO 9069, February 23, 1942.

Successor Agencies: Agricultural Marketing Administration.

Related Records: Record copies of publications of the Surplus Marketing Administration in RG 287, Publications of the U.S. Government.

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124.2 RECORDS OF THE FEDERAL SURPLUS RELIEF CORPORATION (FSRC)
AND THE FEDERAL SURPLUS COMMODITIES CORPORATION (FSCC)
1933-41
225 lin. ft.

History: FSRC organized as an independent agency, October 4, 1933, under a Delaware charter, pursuant to the National Industrial Recovery Act (48 Stat. 195), June 16, 1933. Name changed to FSCC by charter amendment, November 18, 1935. Placed under the administration of the Secretary of Agriculture by act of June 28, 1937 (50 Stat. 323). Diverted from the open market to destitute families surplus agricultural commodities that were depressing prices of farm products. Basic programs formulated by the Division of Marketing and Marketing Agreements (SEE 124.3), with which FSCC merged, 1940, to form Surplus Marketing Administration. SEE 124.1.

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124.2.1 General records

Textual Records: Office files of the president, 1939-41; assistant to the president, 1933-34; business manager, 1936-38; and assistant administrator, 1935-41. Reports and correspondence of the executive officer, 1933-34. General correspondence with members of Congress, 1937-40.

Related Records: Record copies of publications of the Federal Surplus Relief Corporation and the Federal Surplus Commodities Corporation in RG 287, Publications of the U.S. Government.

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124.2.2 Records of the Division of Purchases and Distribution

Textual Records: General correspondence, 1933-39. Correspondence with regional directors and states, 1933-39. Correspondence, contracts, price authorities, and other records relating to the wheat program and to the purchase and distribution of commodities, 1934-41.

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124.2.3 Records of the Commodities Purchase Section

Textual Records: Correspondence and reports, 1933-37.

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124.2.4 Records of the Division of Marketing Agreements

Textual Records: Administrative correspondence and reports, 1933- 39.

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124.2.5 Records of the Division of Procurement

Textual Records: Correspondence and summaries of purchases, 1933- 41.

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124.2.6 Records of the Investigations Division

Textual Records: Correspondence and auditing records, 1933-41.

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124.2.7 Records relating to specific programs

Textual Records: Correspondence, reports, and other records dealing with the livestock disposal and drought cattle program, 1934-38, including records of the Livestock Disposal Committee. Records concerning the school lunch program, 1936-40, consisting of commodity allotments and records relating to state requirements for participation in the program.

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124.3 RECORDS OF THE DIVISION OF MARKETING AND MARKETING
AGREEMENTS
1933-38
47 lin. ft.

History: Agricultural Adjustment Administration established under the Agricultural Adjustment Act (48 Stat. 31), May 12, 1933, and reorganized under the Soil Conservation and Domestic Allotment Act (49 Stat. 1148), February 29, 1936. Division of Processing and Marketing, part of the initial Agricultural Adjustment Administration organization, administered commodity marketing plans. Merged with the Production Division, January 1934, to form a consolidated production and marketing unit, the Commodities Division, which was split into six divisions, including the Division of Marketing and Marketing Agreements, February 1935. Division of Marketing and Marketing Agreements separated from Agricultural Adjustment Administration by Secretary's Memorandum 783, effective October 16, 1938. It formulated basic programs for the Federal Surplus Commodities Corporation, with which it merged to form Surplus Marketing Administration, 1940. SEE 124.1.

Textual Records: Correspondence and other records of the Commodities Purchase Section, including correspondence of the Statistical Historical Unit, 1933-38. Correspondence of the Commodities Distribution Section, 1934-36. Records of the Special Commodities Section, 1933-34. Files relating to special commodities, 1933-37, and cattle transfer, 1933-34.

Related Records: Record copies of publications of the Division of Marketing and Marketing Agreements in RG 287, Publications of the U.S. Government.

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124.4 RECORDS OF THE SURPLUS MARKETING ADMINISTRATION
1933-43
592 lin. ft.

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124.4.1 General records

Textual Records: Organization and program administration records of the Surplus Marketing Administration and its predecessors, 1933-42.

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124.4.2 Records of the Special Commodities Section

Textual Records: General correspondence and reports (239 ft.), 1939-43. Correspondence with state relief administrators and regional offices, 1940-43.

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124.4.3 Records of the Procurement Branch

Textual Records: Correspondence relating to the purchase programs (92 ft.), the Federal Crop Insurance Corporation, rationing in Great Britain, and the salvage fund, 1940-43. Records of the Committee on Commodity Purchases and Disposition, 1940-43.

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124.4.4 Records of the Food and Cotton Program

Textual Records: Case files and correspondence, 1939-43.


Bibliographic note: Web version based on Guide to Federal Records in the National Archives of the United States. Compiled by Robert B. Matchette et al. Washington, DC: National Archives and Records Administration, 1995.
3 volumes, 2428 pages.

Ordering information

This Web version is updated from time to time to include records processed since 1995.


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