Guide to Federal Records

Records of the Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine


(RECORD GROUP 7)
1863-1956

Overview of Records Locations

Table of Contents

  • 7.1 ADMINISTRATIVE HISTORY
  • 7.2 RECORDS OF THE DIVISION AND BUREAU OF ENTOMOLOGY 1863-1934 497 lin. ft.
  • 7.3 RECORDS OF THE BUREAU OF PLANT QUARANTINE AND ITS PREDECESSORS 1912-52 389 lin. ft.
  • 7.3.1 General records
  • 7.3.2 Records of the Branch of Foreign Plant Quarantines
  • 7.3.3 Records of the Branch of Domestic Plant Quarantines
  • 7.4 RECORDS OF THE BUREAU OF ENTOMOLOGY AND PLANT QUARANTINE 1868-1956 306 lin. ft.
  • 7.5 RECORDS OF OPERATING DIVISIONS OF THE DIVISION AND BUREAU OF ENTOMOLOGY AND OF THE BUREAU OF ENTOMOLOGY AND PLANT QUARANTINE 1881-1952 804 lin. ft.
  • 7.5.1 Records of the Division of Bee Culture
  • 7.5.2 Records of the Division of Cereal and Forage Insects
  • 7.5.3 Records of the Division of Control Investigations
  • 7.5.4 Records of the Division of Fruit Insect Investigations
  • 7.5.5 Records of the Insect Identification and Parasite Introduction Branch
  • 7.5.6 Records of the Plant Quarantine Division
  • 7.5.7 Records of the Division of Southern Field-Crop Insect Investigations
  • 7.5.8 Records of the Division of Taxonomic Investigations
  • 7.5.9 Records of the Division of Tropical and Subtropical Fruit Insect Investigations
  • 7.5.10 Records of the Pink Bollworm and Thurberia Weevil Control Division
  • 7.5.11 Records of the Plant Disease Control Division
  • 7.5.12 Records of other divisions
  • 7.6 CARTOGRAPHIC RECORDS (GENERAL) 1930-50 1,640 items
  • 7.7 MOTION PICTURES (GENERAL) 1933-34 1 reel
  • 7.8 SOUND RECORDINGS (GENERAL)
  • 7.9 STILL PICTURES (GENERAL) 1904-54 10,461 images

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7.1 ADMINISTRATIVE HISTORY

Established: In the Department of Agriculture, effective July 1, 1934, by the Agricultural Appropriation Act (48 Stat. 486), March 26, 1934.

Predecessor Agencies:

Entomology:

  • Office of Entomologist, Agricultural Section, Patent Office (1854-63)
  • Division of Entomology (1863-1904)
  • Bureau of Entomology (1904-34)
Plant Quarantine:
  • Federal Horticultural Board (1912-28)
  • Plant Quarantine and Control Administration (PQCA, 1928-32)
  • Bureau of Plant Quarantine (1932-34)
Transfers: To Agricultural Research Administration by EO 9069, February 23, 1942.

Functions: Studied and controlled insects in cooperation with the states to prevent plant diseases. Enforced the Plant Quarantine, Insect Pest, Honeybees Importation, Mexican Border Inspection, and Export Certification Acts, and, in cooperation with the Post Office, the Terminal Inspection Act.

Abolished: By Secretary of Agriculture's Memorandum No. 1320, suppl. 4, November 2, 1953.

Successor Agencies: Entomology Research, Plant Pest Control, and Plant Quarantine Branches of the Agricultural Research Service. Forest Insect Research and Blister Rust Control Divisions of the Forest Service.

Finding Aids: Harold T. Pinkett, comp., Records of the Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine, PI 94 (1956); William T. Sherman, comp., "Preliminary Inventory of the Records of the Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine Supplementary to National Archives Preliminary Inventory No. 94," NC 136 (Nov. 1965).

Related Records: Record copies of the publications of the Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine and its predecessors in RG 287, Publications of the U.S. Government. Records of the Forest Service, RG 95.
Records of the Agricultural Research Service, RG 310.

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7.2 RECORDS OF THE DIVISION AND BUREAU OF ENTOMOLOGY
1863-1934

History: Division of Entomology established in the Department of Agriculture in 1863, confirmed by statute on June 19, 1878 (20 Stat. 204), and redesignated the Bureau of Entomology by the Agricultural Appropriation Act (33 Stat. 289), April 23, 1904. Consolidated with the Bureau of Plant Quarantine to form the Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine, 1934. SEE 7.1.

Textual Records: Correspondence, 1878-1934. Letters and reports from field agents, 1881-1907. Notes of the Division of Entomology relating to the history and description of insects, 1863-1903, and to entomological specimens collected in Florida, 1881-82. Letters received relating to grasshopper fungus, 1901-2, and silk culture, 1883 and 1901-4. Correspondence relating to investigations of gypsy and browntail moths, 1905-8.

Microfilm Publications: M864.

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7.3 RECORDS OF THE BUREAU OF PLANT QUARANTINE AND ITS
PREDECESSORS
1912-52

History: Federal Horticultural Board established, effective August 21, 1912, by the Plant Quarantine Act (37 Stat. 315), August 20, 1912. Abolished, effective July 1, 1928, by the Agricultural Appropriation Act (45 Stat. 565), May 16, 1928, which created the Plant Quarantine and Control Administration. PQCA redesignated Bureau of Plant Quarantine by the Agricultural Appropriation Act (47 Stat. 640), July 7, 1932. Consolidated with the Bureau of Entomology to form the Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine, 1934. SEE 7.1.

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7.3.1 General records

Textual Records: Minutes and correspondence of the Federal Horticultural Board, 1912-28. Minutes of conferences of the PQCA and the Bureau of Entomology, including sessions of the advisory Federal Plant Quarantine Board, concerning plant quarantine measures, 1929-34. Regulations governing the movement of plants and plant products, 1913-32. Records relating to the eradication of the Mediterranean fruit fly, 1929-31. Records relating to quarantines 1-75, 1912-52, and sample records showing typical operations under plant quarantine 37, 1919-32. Records concerning insect identification and parasite introduction, 1919-43. Control files relating to the European corn borer, 1928-50.

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7.3.2 Records of the Branch of Foreign Plant Quarantines

Textual Records: Correspondence relating to the work of inspectors at major U.S. ports and important Mexico-Texas border locations, 1913-28.

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7.3.3 Records of the Branch of Domestic Plant Quarantines

Textual Records: Correspondence relating to insects and plant diseases, 1928-51; and to the control of the pink bollworm and thurberia, 1912-28. Monthly reports of the Pink Bollworm Field Service, 1923-27. Correspondence with state officials, 1935-39. Project files relating to the sweet potato weevil, 1936-51; phony disease and peach mosaic, 1929-52; and white fringe beetle, 1936- 52.

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7.4 RECORDS OF THE BUREAU OF ENTOMOLOGY AND PLANT QUARANTINE
1868-1956

Textual Records: Correspondence, 1934-53. Transcripts of minutes, 1925-51. Office files of the bureau chief, 1880-1950, and assistant chief and other officials, 1931-53. Narrative reports of divisions, 1927-53. Records of the Mediterranean Fruit Fly Board, 1929-46. A data file, 1933-51, on a Food and Drug Administration hearing on tolerance of insecticide residue in or on fresh fruits and vegetables. Correspondence with state and federal agencies, 1934-51. Project files on Dutch elm disease, 1935-50. Annual reports (bound volumes) of truck crop and garden insect investigations and sugar beet insect investigations, 1944- 56. Technical program correspondence, unpublished manuscripts, and reports, 1950-53.

Sound Recordings (1 item): Leland O. Howard, 1939.

Photographic Prints (26 images): Imported fire ant infestation in southwestern Alabama showing ants, ant mounds, crop damage and the use of insectides, 1950-51. SEE ALSO 7.9.

Photographic Prints and Negatives (3,500 images): Individual and group portraits, including some photographs of 18th-century artworks, of U.S. and foreign natural scientists, particularly Department of Agriculture entomologists, assembled or taken by Bureau Chief Leland O. Howard, 1868-1940 (H). SEE ALSO 7.9.

Finding Aids: Name index to photographic series H.

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7.5 RECORDS OF OPERATING DIVISIONS OF THE DIVISION AND BUREAU OF
ENTOMOLOGY AND OF THE BUREAU OF ENTOMOLOGY AND PLANT QUARANTINE
1881-1952

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7.5.1 Records of the Division of Bee Culture

Textual Records: Letters sent, 1922-32. Office files, 1936-51.

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7.5.2 Records of the Division of Cereal and Forage Insects

Textual Records: Letters and reports of Francis M. Webster, 1881- 1908. Notes on field investigations, 1903-34. Reports from field stations, 1918-46. Reports and correspondence on various subjects, 1933-46.

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7.5.3 Records of the Division of Control Investigations

Textual Records: Reports and correspondence, 1929-51.

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7.5.4 Records of the Division of Fruit Insect Investigations

Textual Records: Reports and correspondence concerning research by U.S. field stations and reports from division employees working in foreign countries, 1907-51.

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7.5.5 Records of the Insect Identification and Parasite
Introduction Branch

Textual Records: Correspondence, 1887-1950. General records, 1919-52.

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7.5.6 Records of the Plant Quarantine Division

Textual Records: General correspondence and reports, insect and disease files, and trip reports, 1927-51. Violation cases, 1926- 41. Newsletters, 1914-37.

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7.5.7 Records of the Division of Southern Field-Crop Insect
Investigations

Textual Records: Correspondence, 1894-1924. Newspaper clippings relating to the boll weevil, 1901-12.

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7.5.8 Records of the Division of Taxonomic Investigations

Textual Records: Correspondence and lepidoptera notebooks of William Barnes, 1910-29.

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7.5.9 Records of the Division of Tropical and Subtropical Fruit
Insect Investigations

Textual Records: Correspondence relating to investigations of the white fly, 1906-9, and citrus fruit insects in California, 1914- 21.

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7.5.10 Records of the Pink Bollworm and Thurberia Weevil Control
Division

Textual Records: Field reports and other records, 1930-50. Correspondence, reports, and other records of the San Antonio, TX, field office, 1922-51 (in Fort Worth).

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7.5.11 Records of the Plant Disease Control Division

Textual Records: Program correspondence; field, progress, and technical reports; and other records, 1923-52. Blister rust control records of the Oakland, CA, regional office, 1936-44 (in San Francisco).

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7.5.12 Records of other divisions

Textual Records: Correspondence, reports, and other records relating to special projects and activities of the Divisions of Cooperative Field Relations, 1936-42; Cotton Insect Investigations, 1900-52; Foreign Parasite Control, 1935-39; Fruit Fly Investigations, 1917-51; Grasshopper Control, 1934-51; Gypsy and Browntail Moth Control, 1927-51; Japanese Beetle Control, 1928-51; Mexican Fruit Fly Control, 1928-51; and Screwworm Control, 1934-51.

Subject Access Terms: Pests.

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7.6 CARTOGRAPHIC RECORDS (GENERAL)
1930-50
1,640 items

Maps: Prepared by the Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine and its predecessors, showing distribution of pest infestations and plant diseases in the United States and the status of projects to eradicate them, most relating to the Mediterranean fruit fly eradication campaign in Florida, 1930-33.

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7.7 MOTION PICTURES (GENERAL)
1933-34
1 reel

Film, made by Purdue University with the Department of Agriculture, demonstrating methods for control of the codling moth, 1933-34.

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7.8 SOUND RECORDINGS (GENERAL)

SEE UNDER 7.4.

7.9 STILL PICTURES (GENERAL)
1904-54

Photographs: Documenting experiments at the Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine research station in Moorestown, NJ, for developing methods of controlling larva and adult Japanese beetles and other insect pests, and consisting of prints and negatives showing insects, damage to trees and plants by insects, and control methods and equipment, 1920-39; and photographic copies of anatomical drawings of insects, of maps of quarantine areas and insect distribution, and of graphs and charts, with a few as early as 1918 and as late as 1954 (B, 8,800 images). Photographic prints and negatives of insects, taken in different cities, showing various insects and equipment used in controlling them, including crop dusting planes, 1919-54 (EPQ, 1,444 images). Photographic negatives of corn, n.d. (T, 180 images). Photographic negatives of cotton insect pests and cotton crop dusting, 1904-26 (CI, 37 images).

SEE Photographic Prints UNDER 7.4.
SEE Photographic Prints and Negatives UNDER 7.4.

Finding Aids: Box subject list for series B; caption list by negative number for series EPQ.

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Bibliographic note: Web version based on Guide to Federal Records in the National Archives of the United States. Compiled by Robert B. Matchette et al. Washington, DC: National Archives and Records Administration, 1995.
3 volumes, 2428 pages.

Ordering information

This Web version is updated from time to time to include records processed since 1995.


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