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Space Exploration

Information about the United States’ space flight programs, including NASA missions and the astronauts who participate in the efforts to explore Earth's galaxy.


Contents:


Space Centers

Aldrin posing by flag on moon's surface
"Buzz" Aldrin posing by U.S. flag on moon’s surface.
(Courtesy of NASA JSC Digital Image Collection)

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Space Programs

Project Mercury, 1961-1963 Flights

  • Mercury
    Site dedicated to Project Mercury, the United States’ first man-in-space program: project goals and history, flight summaries, astronaut biographies, technical diagrams, and an extensive image collection

  • Project Mercury Drawings and Technical Diagrams
    Drawings and diagrams of the Redstone engine, spacecraft instrument panel, navigational aids, and more.

Alan Shepard in pressure suit
Close up of Alan Shepard in his pressure suit.
(Courtesy of NASA JSC Digital Image Collection)

Project Gemini, 1965-1966 Flights

  • Gemini
    Project goals and history, flight summaries, astronaut biographies, and an extensive image collection.

  • Project Gemini
    Explanation of Gemini’s goals, descriptions of each mission, brief launch video, and link to extensive history.

  • Project Gemini
    History of the project appearing on the U.S. Centennial of Flight Commission web site.

  • Project Gemini Drawings and Technical Diagrams
    Drawings and diagrams of spacecraft cabin equipment, parachute landing system, and more.

Apollo Program, 1968-1972 Flights

  • Apollo
    National Air and Space Museum site dedicated to the Apollo Program. Gives the current location and pictures of the all of the NASA program craft, separate sections on all of the Apollo flights, pictures of the mission patches and some technical diagrams.

  • Apollo Lunar Surface Journal
    Transcripts of astronauts’ conversations with each other and with Mission Control in Houston; includes video clips.

  • The Apollo Program
    Links to a large number of NASA and non-NASA sites including over fifteen online books about the Apollo Program, press kits, flight journals, and transcript and audio of President Kennedy's speech before Congress on space flight.

  • Project Apollo Drawings and Technical Diagrams Drawings and diagrams of Command Module main control panel, guidance navigation and control systems, Lunar Module landing configuration, and more.

Earth taken from moon's surface
Picture of Earth taken from surface of the moon from Apollo 11 spacecraft.
(Courtesy of NASA JSC Digital Image Collection)

  • Apollo 1, 1967 (Apollo 1 never reached flight status.)

    • Apollo 1
      Dedicated to the Apollo 1 fire that claimed the lives of Gus Grissom, Edward White, and Roger Chaffee. Gives information about the accident, the investigation into the accident, and the conclusions; includes a section on the incident from chapter nine of book Chariots of Apollo: A History of Manned Lunar Spacecraft.
  • Apollo 11, 1969

    • 30th Anniversary of Apollo 11: 1969-1999
      Pictures, sound recordings of crew and mission control, links to other Apollo 11 sites.

    • Apollo 11 30th Anniversary
      Dedicated to the 30th Anniversary of the Apollo 11 lunar landing: links to crew interviews, cost figures, picture galleries, and the flight log.

    • We Choose the Moon
      This site, produced by the John F. Kennedy Presidential Library and Museum, commemorates the 40th Anniversary of the Apollo 11 lunar landing with a multimedia presentation that follows the flight from prelaunch activities to the landing on the moon to the return to earth.

Apollo 11 crew
Apollo 11 crew during training.
(Courtesy of NASA JSC Digital Image Collection)

  • Apollo 13, 1970

    • Apollo 13: "...A Problem"
      Links to the Apollo 13 Surface Journal, a chronology of events, and a narrative on the mission, and the Air and Space Museum's Apollo 13 Virtual Exhibit.

    • Apollo 13 Digital Picture Library
      Large collection of photographs showing pre-flight activities, launch preparation, launch, in-flight activities, recovery and post-flight activities.

Skylab, 1973-1974 Flights

Apollo-Soyuz Test Project, 1975 Flight

Astronaut Thomas Stafford and Cosmonaut Aleksey Leonov in Soyuz Orbital Module
Picture of Astronaut Thomas Stafford and Cosmonaut Aleksey Leonov in Soyuz Orbital Module.
(Courtesy of NASA JSC Digital Image Collection)

Space Shuttle Program, 1981-present Flights

  • History of the Space Shuttle
    Includes general information, technical information, publications, and information about specific missions.

  • Shuttle Tracker
    Gives the current location of a space shuttle when one is in orbit; also shows the location of the International Space Station.

  • Space Shuttle
    NASA’s main page about the space shuttle, including information past and future shuttle missions, multimedia features, launch schedule, and mission calendar.

Astronaut Piers Sellers
Picture of Astronaut Piers Sellers on spacewalk.
(Courtesy of NASA Human Space Flight Gallery)

Shuttle-Mir, 1994-1998 Flights

  • History of Shuttle-Mir
    NASA site on the Shuttle-Mir Program: links to the history of the program, scientific experiments, spacecraft information, and information about the participating astronauts and cosmonauts.

  • Shuttle-Mir Program Earth Science
    Description of the Visual Earth Observations project conducted by the Johnson Space Center’s Office of Earth Sciences aboard Mir.

sunrise from Space Shuttle Endeavor Mission STS-068
Sunrise from Space Shuttle Endeavor Mission STS-068.
(Courtesy of NASA Human Space Flight Gallery)

International Space Station, 2000-present Flights

Hubble Space Telescope (HST)

  • Edwin Hubble 1889-1953
    Article from the Journal of the Royal Astronomical Society of Canada featuring Hubble’s scientific findings.

  • Edwin Hubble
    Web site dedicated to the life and work of Edwin Hubble.

storm of turbuent gases taken by Hubble
Storm of turbulent gases taken by Hubble Space Telescope.
(Courtesy of NASA, European Space Agency, and J. Hester (ASU))

  • Everything You Wanted to Know about the Hubble Telescope, But Were Afraid to Ask
    Hubble site from the Public Broadcasting System featuring information provided by the Space Telescope Science Institute: includes diagram of the Hubble, information about its scientific instruments, data storage and transmission, and mission operations and observations.

  • Hubble Essentials: Quick Facts
    Hubble trivia.

  • The Hubble Project
    Official NASA Hubble Site at Goddard Sapce Center: provides information on operations, technology, servicing missions, project news, and images.

  • Hubble Project Servicing Missions
    Describes the shuttle missions to service the Hubble Space Telescope.

  • Hubble Space Telescope
    Hubble section on the Space Telescope Science Institute web site: extensive information about Hubble, its instruments, and programs scheduled for observation.

  • HubbleSite
    Created by the Space Telescope Science Institute: image gallery, news center, reference desk, discoveries, technical information on the telescope, and more.

  • Tracking Hubble
    Shows the current location of Hubble (HST).

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