Archives Library Information Center (ALIC)

Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands: Citations to Record Group 105

from the Archives Library Information Center, September 2004


  1. Armstrong, Thomas F. "From Task Labor to Free Labor: The Transition Along Georgia's Rice Coast, 1820-1880". Georgia Historical Quarterly 64, no.4 (Winter 1980): 432-447.
    RG105

  2. Armstrong, Thomas F. "The Building of a Black Church: Community in Post Civil War Liberty County, Georgia". Georgia Historical Quarterly 66, no.3 (Fall 1982): 346-367.
    RG056/RG105

  3. Armstrong, Thomas F. "The Transformation of Work: Turpentine Workers in Coastal Georgia, 1865-1901". Labor History 25, no.4 (Fall 1984): 518-532.
    RG045/RG105

  4. Bell, John L. "Samuel Stanford Ashley, Carpetbagger and Educator". North Carolina Historical Review 72, no.4 (October 1995): 456-483.
    RG105

  5. Bell, Karen B. "'The Ogeechee Troubles': Federal Land Restoration and the 'Lived Realities' of Temporary Proprietors, 1865-1868". Georgia Historical Quarterly 85, no.3 (Fall 2001): 373-397.
    RG029/RG101/RG105

  6. Berlin, Ira. "Writing Freedom's History: The Destruction of Slavery". Prologue: Journal of the National Archives 17, no.4 (Winter 1985): 210-227.
    RG045/RG094/RG105/RG107/RG109/RG393

  7. Blair, William A. "Justice versus Law and Order: The Battles over the Reconstruction of Virginia's Minor Judiciary, 1865-1870". Virginia Magazine of History and Biography 103, no.2 (April 1995): 157-180.
    RG105

  8. Brasfield, Curtis G. "Tracing Slave Ancestors: Batchelor, Bradley, Branch, and Wright of Desha County, Arkansas". National Genealogical Society Quarterly 92, no.1 (March 2004): 6-30.
    RG029/RG105

  9. Brent, Joseph E. "No Compromise: The End of Presidential Reconstruction in Mobile, Alabama, January-May, 1867". Gulf Coast Historical Review 7, no.1 (1991): 18-37.
    RG105

  10. Browne, Joseph L. "'The Expenses Are Borne by Parents': Freedmen's Schools in Southern Maryland, 1865-1870". Maryland Historical Magazine 86, no.4 (Winter 1991): 407-422.
    RG105

  11. Burkett, H Clark. "Jefferson College, the Freedmen's Bureau, and Union Occupation". Journal of Mississippi History 66, no.2 (2004): 201-209.
    RG105

  12. Butchart, Ronald E; Rolleri, Amy F. "Iowa Teachers Among the Freedpeople of the South, 1862-1876". Annals of Iowa 62, no.1 (Winter 2003): 1-29.
    RG029/RG105/HH Library

  13. Butler, Anne M. "Still in Chains: Black Women in Western Prisons, 1865-1910". Western Historical Quarterly 20, no.1 (February 1989): 18-35.
    RG105

  14. Byrne, William A. "'Uncle Billy' Sherman Comes to Town: The Free Winter of Black Savannah". Georgia Historical Quarterly 79, no.1 (Spring 1995): 91-116.
    RG105/NARA photos

  15. Campbell, Randolph B. "Grass Roots Reconstruction: The Personnel of County Government in Texas, 1865-1876". Journal of Southern History 58, no.1 (February 1992): 99-116.
    RG094/RG105/RG393

  16. Campbell, Randolph B. "Population Persistence and Social Change in Nineteenth-Century Texas: Harrison County, 1850-1880". Journal of Southern History 8, no.2 (May 1982): 185-204.
    RG105

  17. Campbell, Randolph B. "Reconstruction in McClennan County, Texas, 1865-1876". Prologue 27, no.1 (Spring 1995): 16-33.
    RG029/RG094/RG105/RG393

  18. Campbell, Randolph B. "The Burden of Local Black Leadership During Reconstruction: A Research Note". Civil War History 39, no.2 (June 1993): 148-153.
    RG029/RG105

  19. Cantrell, Gregg. "Racial Violence and Reconstruction Politics in Texas, 1867-1868". Southwestern Historical Quarterly 93, no.3 (1990): 333-355.
    RG105

  20. Carriere, Marius. "An Irresponsible Press: Memphis Newspapers and the 1866 Riot". Tennessee Historical Quarterly LX, no.1 (Spring 2001): 2-15.
    RG105

  21. Carter, Dan T. "The Anatomy of Fear: The Christmas Day Insurrection Scare of 1865". Journal of Southern History 42, no.3 (August 1976): 345-364.
    RG105

  22. Christensen, Lawrence O. "Schools for Blacks: J. Milton Turner in Reconstruction Missouri". Missouri Historical Review 76, no.2 (January 1982): 121-135.
    RG105

  23. Cimbala, Paul A. "Lining Up to Serve". Prologue 35, no.1 (Spring 2003): 38-48.
    RG015/RG094/RG105/RG110/RG111

  24. Cimbala, Paul A. "Making Good Yankees: The Freedmen's Bureau and Education in Reconstruction Georgia, 1865-1870". Atlanta Historical Journal 24, no.3 (Fall 1985): 5-18.
    RG105

  25. Cimbala, Paul A. "On the Front Line of Freedom: Freedmen's Bureau Officers and Agents in Reconstruction Georgia, 1865-1868". Georgia Historical Quarterly 76, no.3 (Fall 1992): 577-611.
    RG105

  26. Cimbala, Paul A. "The 'Talisman Power': Davis Tillson, the Freedmen's Bureau, and Free Labor in Reconstruction Georgia, 1865-1866". Civil War History 28, no.2 (June 1982): 153-171.
    RG105

  27. Cimbala, Paul A. "The Freedmen's Bureau, the Freedmen, and Sherman's Grant in Reconstruction Georgia, 1865-1867". Journal of Southern History 55, no.4 (November 1989): 597-632.
    RG105

  28. Cohen, William. "Negro Involuntary Servitude in the South, 1986-1940: A Preliminary Analysis". Journal of Southern History 42, no.1 (February 1976): 31-60.
    RG007/RG060/RG105

  29. Cohen-Lack, Nancy. "A Struggle for Sovereignty: National Consolidation, Emancipation, and Free Labor in Texas, 1865". Journal of Southern History 58, no.1 (February 1992): 57-98.
    RG105/RG393

  30. Cox, Dwayne. "From Competition to Consolidation: Medical Education in Louisville, 1850-1910". Filson Club History Quarterly 66, no.4 (October 1992): 562-577.
    RG105/RG153

  31. Crouch, Barry A. "Black Dreams and White Justice". Prologue: The Journal of the National Archives 6, no.4 (Winter 1974): 255-265.
    RG029/RG105

  32. Crouch, Barry A. "Black Education in Civil War and Reconstruction Louisiana: George T. Ruby, the Army, and the Freedmen's Bureau". Louisiana History 38, no.3 (1997): 287-308.
    RG105/RG393

  33. Crouch, Barry A. "The Fetters of Justice: Black Texans & the Penitentiary During Reconstruction". Prologue 28, no.3 (Fall 1996): 182-193.
    RG105/RG111/RG393

  34. Crouch, Barry A.; Madaras, Larry. "Reconstructing Black Families: Perspectives from the Texas Freedmen's Bureau Records". Prologue: Journal of the National Archives 18, no.2 (Summer 1986): 109-122.
    RG105

  35. Crouch, Barry. "A Spirit of Lawlessness: White Violence; Texas Blacks, 1865-1868". Journal of Social History 18, no.2 (Winter 1984): 217-232.
    RG105

  36. Currie, James T. "Benjamin Montgomery and the Davis Bend Colony". Prologue: The Journal of the National Archives 10, no.1 (Spring 1978): 4-21.
    RG098/RG105

  37. Curtain, Mary Ellen. "'Negro Thieves or Enterprising Farmers': Markets, the Law, and African-American Community Regulation in Alabama, 1866-1877". Agricultural History 74, no.1 (Winter 2000): 19-38.
    RG105

  38. Daniel, Pete. "The Metamorphosis of Slavery, 1865-1900". Journal of American History 66, no.1 (June 1979): 88-97.
    RG060/RG105

  39. Davis, Robert Scott, Jr. "A Soldier's Story: The Records of Hubbard Pryor, Forty-Fourth United States Colored Troops". Prologue 31, no.4 (Winter 1999): 266-272.
    RG015/G029/G094/RG105/RG111/RG165/RG249

  40. Davis, Robert Scott, Jr. "The Curious Civil War Career of James George Brown, Spy". Prologue 26, no.1 (Spring 1994): 16-31.
    RG015/RG029/RG056/RG059/RG077/RG090/RG094/RG105/RG107/RG109/
    RG110/RG111/RG153/RG217/RG233/RG393

  41. Davis, Robert Scott, Jr. "Without Right of Conquest: The Civil War Occupation and Restoration of the Findlay Foundry of Macon, Georgia". Prologue 29, no.4 (Winter 1997): 300-315.
    RG015/RG021/RG029/RG045/RG056/RG058/RG077/RG105/RG107/
    RG109/RG111/RG217/RG233/RG365/RG393

  42. Davis, Robert Scott. "The Georgia Odyssey of the Confederate Gold". Georgia Historical Quarterly 86, no.4 (Winter 2002): 569-586.
    RG056/RG094/RG105/RG109/RG123/RG233/RG365

  43. Davis, Ronald L. F. "The U. S. Army and the Origins of Sharecropping in the Natchez District - A Case Study". Journal of Negro History 62, no.1 (January 1977): 60-80.
    RG105

  44. DeLozier, Mary Jane. "The Civil War and Its Aftermath in Putnam County". Tennessee Historical Quarterly 38, no.4 (Winter 1979): 436-461.
    RG105

  45. Drago, Edmund L. "Georgia's First Black Voter Registrars during Reconstruction". Georgia Historical Quarterly 78, no.3 (Winter 1994): 760-793.
    RG029/RG105/RG393/NARA photos

  46. Drago, Edmund L. "Sources at the National Archives for Genealogical and Local History Research: The Black Household in Dougherty County, Georgia, 1870-1900". Prologue: The Journal of the National Archives 14, no.2 (Summer 1982): 81-88.
    RG029/RG105

  47. Durrill, Wayne K. "Political Legitimacy and Local Courts: 'Politicks at Such a Rage' in a Southern Community during Reconstruction". Journal of Southern History 70, no.3 (August 2004): 577-602.
    RG105/RG393

  48. Edwards, Laura F. "The Disappearance of Susan Daniel and Henderson Cooper: Gender and Narratives of Political Conflict in the Reconstruction-Era U.S. South". Feminist Studies 22, no.2 (Summer 1996): 363-387.
    RG105/RG393

  49. Edwards, Laura F. "The Problem of Dependency: African Americans, Labor Relations, and the Law in the Nineteenth-Century South". Agricultural History 72, no.2 (Spring 1998): 313-340.
    RG105

  50. Escott, Paul D. "Clinton A. Cilley, Yankee War Hero in the Postwar South: A Study in the Compatibility of Regional Values". North Carolina Historical Review 68, no.4 (October 1991): 404-426.
    RG094/RG105/RG393/RG029

  51. Everly, Elaine C. "Freedmen's Bureau Records: An Overview". Prologue 29, no.2 (Summer 1997): 95-99.
    Online version
    RG094/RG105/RG111/RG165/RG393

  52. Fairclough, Adam. "'Being in the Field of Education and Also Being a Negro...Seems...Tragic': Black Teachers in the Jim Crow South". Journal of American History 87, no.1 (June 2000): 65-91.
    RG105

  53. Farmer-Kaiser, Mary. "'Are they not in some sorts vagrants?': Gender and the Efforts of the Freedmen's Bureau to Combat Vagrancy in the Reconstruction South". Georgia Historical Quarterly 68, no.1 (Spring 2004): 25-49.
    RG105/RG393

  54. Fitzgerald, Michael W. "Radical Republicanism and the White Yeomanry During Alabama Reconstruction, 1865-1868". Journal of Southern History 54, no.4 (November 1988): 565-596.
    RG105/RG393

  55. Fitzgerald, Michael W. "The Ku Klux Klan: Property Crime and the Plantation System in Reconstruction Alabama". Agricultural History 71, no.2 (Spring 1997): 186-206.
    RG060/RG105/RG393

  56. Foner, Eric. "Rights and the Constitution in Black Life during the Civil War and Reconstruction". Journal of American History 74, no.3 (December 1987): 863-883.
    RG105

  57. Ford, Lacy K. "Rednecks and Merchants: Economic Development and Social Tensions in the South Carolina Upcountry, 1865-1900". Journal of American History 71, no.2 (September 1984): 294-318.
    RG105

  58. Formwalt, Lee W. "Moving in 'That Strange Land of Shadows': African-American Mobility and Persistence in Post-Civil War Southwest Georgia". Georgia Historical Quarterly 82, no.3 (Fall 1998): 507-532.
    RG029/RG105

  59. Formwalt, Lee W. "Petitioning Congress for Protection: A Black View of Reconstruction at the Local Level". Georgia Historical Quarterly 73, no.2 (Summer 1989): 305-322.
    RG105

  60. Formwalt, Lee W. "Seven Rules for Effective History Teaching or Bringing Life to the History Class". OAH Magazine of History 17, no.1 (October 2002): 65-66, 71.
    RG105

  61. Formwalt, Lee W. "The Camilla Massacre of 1868: Racial Violence as Political Propaganda". Georgia Historical Quarterly 71, no.3 (Fall 1987): 399-426.
    RG029/RG105

  62. Formwalt, Lee W. "The Origins of African-American Politics in Southwest Georgia: A Case Study of Black Political Organization During Presidential Reconstruction, 1865-1867". Journal of Negro History 77, no.4 (Fall 1992): 211-222.
    RG029/RG105

  63. Foster, Gaines M. "The Limitations of Federal Health Care for Freedmen, 1862-1868". Journal of Southern History 48, no.3 (August 1982): 349-372.
    RG094/RG105/RG112

  64. Frankel, Noralee. "From Slave Women to Free Women: The National Archives and Black Women's History in the Civil War Era". Prologue 29, no.2 (Summer 1997): 100-104.
    Online version
    RG015/RG105/RG165

  65. Frankel, Noralee. "The Southern Side of 'Glory': Mississippi African-American Women During the Civil War". Minerva: Quarterly Report on Women and the Military 8, no.3 (1990): 28-36.
    RG015/RG105

  66. Fuke, Richard Paul. "A Reform Mentality: Federal Policy toward Black Marylanders, 1864-1868". Civil War History 22, no.3 (September 1976): 214-235.
    RG029/RG105/RG233/RG393

  67. Fuke, Richard Paul. "Planters, Apprenticeship, and Forced Labor: The Black Family Under Pressure in Post-emancipation Maryland". Agricultural History 62, no.4 (Fall 1988): 57-74.
    RG105/RG029/RG233/RG393

  68. Gatewood, Willard B., Jr. "Sunnyside: The Evolution of an Arkansas Plantation, 1840-1945". Arkansas Historical Quarterly 50, no.1 (Spring 1991): 5-29.
    RG105/RG029

  69. George, Joseph, Jr. "'Nature's First Law': Louis J. Weichmann and Mrs. Surrat". Civil War History 28, no.2 (June 1982): 101-127.
    RG094/RG105/RG153/RG351

  70. Granberry, Dorothy. "Origins of an African-American School in Haywood County". Tennessee Historical Quarterly 56, no.1 (Spring 1997): 44-55.
    RG029/RG105

  71. Greenough, Mark K. "Aftermath at Appomattox: Federal Military Occupation of Appomattox County, May-November 1865". Civil War History 31, no.1 (March 1985): 5-23.
    RG094/RG105/RG393

  72. Guterman, Benjamin. "Doing 'Good Brave Work' Harriet Tubman's Testimony at Beaufort, South Carolina". Prologue 32, no.3 (Fall 2000): 154-165.
    RG053/RG094/RG105/RG153/RG165/RG393/RG366

  73. Harcourt, Edward John. "The Whipping of Richard Moore: Reading Emotion in Reconstruction America". Journal of Social History 36, no.2 (Winter 2002): 261-282.
    RG105

  74. Hardwick, Kevin R. "'Your Old Father Abe Lincoln Is Dead and Damned': Black Soldiers and the Memphis Race Riot of 1866". Journal of Social History 27, no.1 (Fall 1993): 109-128.
    RG094/RG105/RG393

  75. Hermann, Janet S. "Reconstruction in Microcosm: Three Men and a Gin". Journal of Negro History 65, no.4 (Fall 1980): 312-335.
    RG015/RG105

  76. Hoffman, Elliott W. "General Theodore Ripley and Ultimate Revenge". Historical New Hampshire 46, no.3 (Fall 1991): 155-175.
    RG105/RG094

  77. Hucles, Michael. "Many Voices, Similar Concerns: Traditional Methods of African-American Political Activity in Norfolk, Virginia, 1865-1875". Virginia Magazine of History and Biography 100, no.4 (October 1992): 543-566.
    RG029/RG105/RG393

  78. Huddle, Mark Andrew. "To Educate a Race: The Making of the First State Colored Normal School, Fayetteville, North Carolina, 1865-1877". North Carolina Historical Review 74, no.2 (April 1997): 135-160.
    RG029/RG105

  79. Hume, Richard L. "The Freedmen's Bureau and the Freedmen's Vote in the Reconstruction of Southern Alabama: An Account by Agent Samuel S. Gardner". Alabama Historical Quarterly 27, no.3 (Fall 1975): 217-224.
    RG105/RG109

  80. Kennedy, Thomas C. "The Rise and Decline of a Black Monthly Meeting: Southland, Arkansas, 1864-1925". Arkansas Historical Quarterly 50, no.2 (Summer 1991): 115-139.
    RG105

  81. Knight, Michael F. "The Rost Home Colony: St. Charles Parish, Louisiana". Prologue 33, no.3 (Fall 2001): 214-220.
    RG029/RG105

  82. Lovett, Bobby L. "African Americans, Civil War, and Aftermath in Arkansas". Arkansas Historical Quarterly 54, no.3 (Autumn 1995): 304-358.
    RG056/RG094/RG101/RG105/RG125

  83. Lovett, Bobby L. "Memphis Riots: White Reaction to Blacks in Memphis, May 1865-July 1866". Tennessee Historical Quarterly 38, no.1 (Spring 1979): 9-33.
    RG021/RG025/RG094/RG101/RG105

  84. Lowe, Richard. "Local Black Leaders during Reconstruction in Virginia". Virginia Magazine of History and Biography 103, no.2 (April 1995): 181-206.
    RG029/RG105

  85. Lowe, Richard. "The Freedmen's Bureau and Local Black Leadership". Journal of American History 80, no.3 (December 1993): 989-998.
    RG029/RG105

  86. Lowe, Richard. "The Freedmen's Bureau and Local White Leaders in Virginia". Journal of Southern History 64, no.3 (1998): 455-472.
    RG029/RG094/RG105

  87. Lucas, Marion B. "Kentucky Blacks: The Transition from Slavery to Freedom". Register of the Kentucky Historical Society 91, no.4 (Autumn 1993): 403-419.
    RG105

  88. Margulies, Herbert F. "The Articles of War, 1920: The History of a Forgotten Reform". Military Affairs 43, no.2 (April 1979): 85-89.
    RG105/RG407

  89. McGehee, C. Stewart. "Military Origins of the New South: The Army of the Cumberland and Chattanooga's Freedmen". Civil War History 34, no.4 (December 1988): 323-343.
    RG092/RG094/RG105/RG393

  90. McKenzie, Robert Tracy. "Postbellum Tenancy in Fayette County, Tennessee: Its Implications for Economic Development and Persistent Black Poverty". Agricultural History 61, no.2 (Spring 1987): 16-33.
    RG105

  91. Medford, Edna Greene. "Land and Labor: The Quest for Black Economic Independence on Virginia's Lower Peninsula, 1865-1880". Virginia Magazine of History and Biography 100, no.4 (October 1992): 567-582.
    RG029/RG056/RG105

  92. Miller, Randall M. "The Golden Isles: Rice and Slaves Along the Georgia Coast". Georgia Historical Quarterly 70, no.1 (Spring 1986): 81-96.
    RG105

  93. Miller, Steven F. "'We is come to the law now': Freedpeople, the Federal Government, and the Changing Face of Power in the South, 1861-1867". Annotation 30, no.3 (September 2002): 18-19.
    RG105

  94. Mobley, Joe A. "In the Shadow of White Society: Princeville, a Black Town in North Carolina, 1865-1915". North Carolina Historical Review 63, no.3 (July 1986): 340-384.
    RG028/RG029/RG105

  95. Moneyhon, Carl H. "From Slave to Free Labor: The Federal Plantation Experiment in Arkansas". Arkansas Historical Quarterly 53, no.2 (Summer 1993): 137-160.
    RG056/RG094/RG105/RG366/RG393

  96. Morgan, Philip D. "The Ownership of Property by Slaves in the Mid-Nineteenth-Century Low Country". Journal of Southern History 49, no.3 (August 1983): 399-420.
    RG094/RG105/RG217/RG393

  97. Morris, Thomas D. "Equality, 'Extraordinary Law,' and Criminal Justice: The South Carolina Experience, 1865-1866". South Carolina Historical Magazine 83, no.1 (January 1982): 15-33.
    RG094/RG105/RG393

  98. Nieman, Donald G. "Andrew Johnson, the Freedman's Bureau, and the Problem of Equal Rights, 1865-1866". Journal of Southern History 44, no.3 (August 1978): 399-420.
    RG105/RG393

  99. Nordmann, Christopher A. "Jumping Over the Broomstick: Resources for Documenting Slave 'Marriages'". National Genealogical Soceity Quarterly 91, no.3 (September 2003): 192-216.
    RG015/RG076/RG105/RG123/RG233

  100. Pearson, Reggie L. "'There Are Many Sick, Feeble, and Suffering Freedmen': The Freedman's Bureau's Health-Care Activities during Reconstruction in North Carolina, 1865-1868". North Carolina Historical Review 76, no.2 (April 2002): 141-181.
    RG105

  101. Penningroth, Dylan. "Slavery, Freedom, and Social Claims to Property among African Americans in Liberty County, Georgia, 1850-1880". Journal of American History 84, no.2 (September 1997): 405-435.
    RG029/RG056/RG105/RG217

  102. Putney, Martha S. "The Baltimore Normal School for the Education of Colored Teachers: Its Founders and Its Founding". Maryland Historical Magazine 72, no.2 (Summer 1977): 238-252.
    RG105

  103. Raboteau, Albert J.;Wills, David W.;Burkett, Randall K.;Gravely, Will B.;Washington, James Melvin. "Retelling Carter Woodson's Story: Archival Sources for Afro-American Church History". Journal of American History 77, no.1 (June 1990): 183-199.
    RG105

  104. Rankin, David C. "The Impact of the Civil War on the Free Colored Community of New Orleans". Perspectives in American History 11, no. (1977-1978): 375-416.
    RG015/RG029/RG105/RG393

  105. Rapport, Sara. "The Freedmen's Bureau as a Legal Agent for Black Men and Women in Georgia: 1865-1868". Georgia Historical Quarterly 73, no.1 (Spring 1989): 26-53.
    RG105

  106. Reidy, Joseph P. "Coming from the Shadow of the Past: The Transition from Slavery to Freedom at Freedmen's Village, 1863-1900". Virginia Magazine of History and Biography 95, no.4 (October 1987): 403-428.
    RG092/RG094/RG105/RG393

  107. Reidy, Joseph P. "Slave Emancipation through the Prism of Archives Records". Prologue 29, no.2 (Summer 1997): 105-111.
    Online version
    RG011/RG094/RG105/RG393

  108. Richter, William L. "'A Dear Little Job': Second Lieutenant Hiram F. Willis, Freedmen's Bureau Agent in Southwestern Arkansas, 1866-1868". Arkansas Historical Quarterly 50, no.2 (Summer 1991): 158-200.
    RG094/RG105

  109. Richter, William L. "'Oh God, Let Us Have Revenge': Ben Griffith and His Family during the Civil War and Reconstruction". Arkansas Historical Quarterly 57, no.3 (Autumn 1998): 255-286.
    RG105/RG109/RG393

  110. Richter, William L. "'The Revolver Rules the Day!': Colonel Dewitt C. Brown and the Freedmen's Bureau". Southwestern Historical Quarterly 93, no.3 (1990): 303-332.
    RG094/RG105/RG393

  111. Richter, William L. "'This Blood-Thirsty Hole': The Freedmen's Bureau Agency at Clarksville, Texas, 1867-1868". Civil War History 38, no.1 (March 1992): 51-77.
    RG094/RG105/RG393

  112. Richter, William L. "General Phil Sheridan, the Historians, and Reconstruction". Civil War History 33, no.2 (1987): 131-154.
    RG094/RG105/RG393

  113. Richter, William L. "Tyrant and Reformer: General Griffin Reconstructs Texas, 1865-66". Prologue: The Journal of the National Archives 10, no.4 (Winter 1978): 224-241.
    RG094/RG105/RG307/RG393

  114. Ripley, C. Peter. "The Black Family in Transition: Louisiana, 1860-1865". Journal of Southern History 41, no.3 (August 1975): 369-380.
    RG094/RG105/RG393/RG366

  115. Rodrigue, John C. "Labor Militancy and Black Grassroots Political Mobilization in the Louisiana Sugar Region, 1865-1868". Journal of Southern History LXVII, no.1 (February 2001): 115-142.
    RG105/RG393

  116. Rogers, George A.; Saunders, Frank, Jr. "The American Missionary Association in Liberty County, Georgia: An Invasion of Light and Love". Georgia Historical Quarterly 62, no.4 (Winter 1978): 304-315.
    RG105

  117. Rogers, William Warren. "The Boyd Incident: Black Belt Violence During Reconstruction". Civil War History 21, no.4 (December 1975): 309-329.
    RG105

  118. Ross, Steven Joseph. "Freed Soil, Freed Labor, Freed Men: John Eaton and the Davis Bend Experiment". Journal of Southern History 44, no.2 (May 1978): 214-232.
    RG094/RG105

  119. Saunt, Claudio. "The Paradox of Freedom: Tribal Sovereignty and Emancipation during the Reconstruction of Indian Territory". Journal of Southern History 70, no.1 (February 2004): 63-94.
    RG029/RG048/RG075/RG105/RG123

  120. Saville, Julie. "Grassroots Reconstruction: Agricultural Labour and Collective Action in South Carolina, 1860-1868". Slavery and Abolition 12, no.3 (December 1991): 173-182.
    RG105/RG393

  121. Scarborough, Thomas A.H. "The Bislands of Natchez: Sugar, Secession, and Strategies for Survival". Journal of Mississippi History 58, no.1 (Spring 1996): 23-62.
    RG029/RG056/RG094/RG105/RG366/RG393

  122. Scholmowitz, Ralph. "The Origins of Southern Sharecropping". Agricultural History 53, no.3 (July 1979): 557-575.
    RG105

  123. Schwalm, Leslie A. "Sweet Dreams of Freedom: Freedwomen's Reconstruction of Life and Labor in Low Country South Carolina". Journal of Women's History 9, no.1 (Spring 1997): 9-30.
    RG105/RG159/RG217/RG233/RG393

  124. Scott, Craig Roberts. "Medical Holdings in the National Archives: Patient Records Prior to World War II". National Genealogical Society Quarterly 82, no.2 (June 1994): 114-130.
    RG024/RG026/RG052/RG056/RG071/RG075/RG090/RG094/RG098/
    RG105/RG109/RG110/RG112/RG249/RG404/RG418

  125. Scott, Rebecca J. "Defining the Boundaries of Freedom in the World of Cane: Cuba, Brazil, and Louisiana after Emancipation". American Historical Review 99, no.1 (February 1994): 70-102.
    RG076/RG105

  126. Scott, Rebecca J. "Exploring the Meaning of Freedom: Postemancipation Societies in Comparative Perspective". Hispanic American Historical Review 68, no.3 (August 1988): 408-428.
    RG105

  127. Scott, Rebecca. "The Battle Over the Child: Child Apprenticeship and the Freedmen's Bureau in North Carolina". Prologue: The Journal of the National Archives 10, no.2 (Summer 1978): 100-113.
    RG105

  128. Shaffer, Donald R. "'I Do Not Suppose that Uncle Sam Looks at the Skin': African Americans and the Civil War Pension System, 1865-1934". Civil War History 46, no.2 (June 2000): 132-147.
    RG105

  129. Shlomowitz, Ralph. "'Bound' or 'Free'? Black Labor in Cotton and Sugarcane Farming, 1865-1880". Journal of Southern History 50, no.4 (November 1984): 569-596.
    RG105

  130. Shofner, Jerrell H. "Andrew Johnson and the Fernandina Unionists". Prologue: The Journal of the National Archives 10, no.4 (Winter 1978): 210-223.
    RG056/RG058/RG060/RG105

  131. Shofner, Jerrell H. "Negro Laborers and the Forest Industries in Reconstruction Florida". Journal of Forest History 19, no.4 (October 1975): 166-179.
    RG049/RG059/RG060/RG105

  132. Singleton, Robert R. "James C. Beecher and the Freedman's Bureau". Mississippi Quarterly 53, no.1 (Winter 1999): 5-40.
    RG105/RG393

  133. Singleton, Robert R. "William Gilmore Simms, Woodlands, and the Freedmen's Bureau". Mississippi Quarterly 50, no.1 (Winter 1996): 19-37.
    RG094/RG105

  134. Sipress, Joel M. "From the Barrel of a Gun: The Politics of Murder in Grant Parish". Louisiana History 62, no.3 (Summer 2001): 303-321.
    RG015/RG021/RG105/RG393

  135. Smallwood, James. "Black Education in Reconstruction Texas: The Contribution of the Freedmen's Bureau and Benevolent Societies". East Texas Historical Journal 19, no.1 (1981): 17-40.
    RG105

  136. Smallwood, James. "Black Freedwomen after Emancipation: The Texas Experience". Prologue 27, no.4 (Winter 1995): 302-317.
    RG069/RG105

  137. Smallwood, James. "Charles E. Culver, a Reconstruction Agent in Texas: The Work of Local Freedmen's Bureau Agents and the Black Community". Civil War History 27, no.4 (December 1981): 350-361.
    RG105

  138. Smallwood, James. "G. T. Ruby: Galveston's Black Carpetbagger in Reconstruction Texas". Houston Review: History and Culture of the Gulf Coast 5, no.1 (Winter 1983): 24-33.
    RG105/RG393

  139. Smallwood, James. "The Black Community in Reconstruction Texas: Readjustments in Religion and the Evolution of the Negro Church". East Texas Historical Journal 16, no.2 (Fall 1978): 16-28.
    RG105/RG393

  140. Smith, Christina Rudy. "A Matter of Identity: Chronicles of the Family in the National Archives". Prologue 17, no.1 (Spring 1985): 45-52.
    RG029/RG059/RG105/RG109

  141. Smith, Solomon K. "The Freedmen's Bureau in Shreveport: The Struggle for Control of the Red River District". Louisiana History 41, no.4 (Fall 2000): 435-465.
    RG105

  142. Span, Christopher M. "'I Must Learn Now Or Not At All': Social and Cultural Capital in the Education Initiatives of Formerly Enslaved African Americans in Mississippi, 1862-1869". Journal of African American History 87, no.Special Issue (Spring 2002): 196-205.
    RG105

  143. Sprague, Stuart Seely. "Slavery's Death Knell: Mourners and Revelers". Filson Club History Quarterly 65, no.4 (October 1991): 441-473.
    RG094/RG105/RG153/RG393

  144. Thomberry, Jerry. "Northerners and the Atlanta Freedmen 1865-69". Prologue: The Journal of the National Archives 6, no.4 (Winter 1974): 236-251.
    RG105/RG393

  145. Tunnell, Ted. "Marshall Harvey Twitchell and the Freedmen's Bureau in Bienville Parish". Louisiana History 33, no.3 (1992): 241-263.
    RG015/RG094/RG105

  146. Vandal, Gilles. "'Bloody Caddo': White Violence Against Blacks in a Louisiana Parish, 1865-1876". Journal of Social History 25, no.2 (Winter 1991): 373-388.
    RG105

  147. Vandal, Gilles. "Property Offenses, Social Tension and Racial Antagonism in Post-Civil War Rural Louisiana". Journal of Social History 31, no.1 (Fall 1997): 127-153.
    RG060/RG105

  148. Wade, Michael G. "'I Would Rather Be Among the Comanches': The Military Occupation of Southwest Louisiana, 1865". Louisiana History 39, no.1 (1998): 45-64.
    RG076/RG105/RG393

  149. Wakefield, Laura Wallis. "'Set a Light in a Dark Place': Teachers of Freedmen in Florida, 1864-1874". Florida Historical Quarterly 81, no.4 (Spring 2003): 401-416.
    RG105

  150. Waldrep, Christopher. "Kentucky's Slave Importation Law in Lyon County: A Document". Filson Club History Quarterly 65, no.4 (October 1991): 505-512.
    RG029/RG105

  151. Waldrep, Christopher. "Substituting Law for the Lash: Emancipation and Legal Formalism in a Mississippi County Court". Journal of American History 82, no.4 (March 1996): 1425-1451.
    RG029/RG105

  152. Waldrip, C.B. "Sex, Social Equality, and Yankee Values: White Men's Attitudes toward Miscegenation During Mississippi's Reconstruction". Journal of Mississippi History 64, no.2 (Summer 2002): 125-145.
    RG105

  153. Washington, Reginald. "The Freedman's Savings and Trust Company and African American Genealogical Research". Prologue 29, no.2 (Summer 1997): 170-181.
    Online version
    RG015/RG046/RG092/RG094/RG101/RG105/RG111/RG233

  154. Washington, Reginald. "The Freedmen's Bureau Preservation Project". Prologue 34, no.2 (Summer 2002): 144-148.
    RG105/RG165

  155. Webb, Ross A. "'The Past Is Never Dead, It's Not Even Past': Benjamin P. Runkle and the Freedmen's Bureau in Kentucky, 1866-1870". Register of the Kentucky Historical Society 84, no.4 (Autumn 1986): 343-360.
    RG094/RG105

  156. Westwood, Howard C. "Sherman Marched--and Proclaimed 'Land for the Landless'". South Carolina Historical Magazine 85, no.1 (January 1984): 33-50.
    RG058/RG094/RG105

  157. Westwood, Howard C. "The Federals' Cold Shoulder to Arkansas' Powell Clayton". Civil War History 26, no.3 (September 1980): 240-255.
    RG094/RG105/RG107/RG393

  158. White, Kenneth B. "Black Lives, Red Tape: The Alabama Freedmen's Bureau". Alabama Historical Quarterly 43, no.4 (Winter 1981): 241-258.
    RG094/RG105

  159. Williams, Heather Andrea. "'Clothing Themselves in Intelligence': The Freedpeople, Schooling, and Northern Teachers, 1861-1871". Journal of African American History 87, no. (Fall 2002): 372-389.
    RG105

  160. Wintory, Blake. "William Hines Furbush: African-American Carpetbagger, Republican, Fusionist, and Democrat". Arkansas Historical Quarterly 63, no.2 (2004): 107-165.
    RG029/RG105

  161. Woodman, Harold D. "How New Was the New South?". Agricultural History 58, no.4 (October 1984): 529-545.
    RG105

  162. Woodman, Harold D. "Post-Civil War Southern Agriculture and the Law". Agricultural History 53, no.1 (January 1979): 319-337.
    RG016/RG105

  163. Zipf, Karin L. "Reconstructing 'Free Woman': African-American Women, Apprenticeship, and Custody Rights during Reconstruction". Journal of Women's History 12, no.1 (Spring 2000): 8-31.
    RG105

The following books about the Freedmen's Bureau are also available in the Archives Library Information Center collections:

  1. Black soldiers in blue: African American troops in the Civil War era. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2002. xxiii, 451 p.
    E 540 N3 B63 2002

  2. Baggett, James Alex. The Scalawags: southern dissenters in the Civil War and Reconstruction. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, c2003. xvi, 323 p.
    E 487 B34 2003

  3. Berlin, Ira. Generations of captivity: a history of African-American slaves. Cambridge, Mass.: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 2003. 374 p.
    E 441 B47 2003

  4. Campbell, Randolph B. Grass-roots reconstruction in Texas, 1865-1880. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, c1997. x, 251 p.
    F 391 C27 1997

  5. Cimbala, Paul A. Under the guardianship of the nation: the Freedmen's Bureau and the reconstruction of Georgia, 1865-1870. Athens: University of Georgia Press, c1997. xx, 395 p., [6] p. of plates.
    F 291 C56 1997

  6. Foster, Gaines M. The demands of humanity: Army medical disaster relief. Washington, D.C.: Center of Military History, U.S. Army: For sale by the Supt. of Docs., U.S. G.P.O., 1983. x, 188 p.


  7. Gillett, Mary C. The Army Medical Department, 1818-1865. Washington, D.C.: Center of Military History, U.S. Army: For sale by the Supt. of Docs., U.S. G.P.O., 1987. xiii, 371 p.


  8. Holt, Thomas. A special mission: the story of Freedmen's Hospital, 1862-1962. Washington: Academic Affairs Division, Howard University, [1975] 76 p.
    RA 982 W3 F8

  9. Jones, Jacqueline. Labor of love, labor of sorrow: Black women, work, and the family from slavery to the present. New York: Basic Books, c1985. xiii, 432 p.
    HD 6057.5 U5 J66 1985

  10. Kerber, Linda K. No constitutional right to be ladies: women and the obligations of citizenship. New York: Hill and Wang, 1998. xxiv, 405 p.
    HQ 1236.5 U6 K47 1998

  11. Lewinson, Paul. A guide to documents in the National Archives: for Negro studies. Washington, 1947. x, 28 p.
    Z 1361 N39 L4 1947

  12. Regosin, Elizabeth Ann. Freedom's promise: ex-slave families and citizenship in the Age of Emancipation. Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 2002. xi, 239 p.
    E 185.2 R44 2002

  13. Roberts, Kevin. African-Virginian extended kin: the prevalence of West African family forms among slaves in Virginia, 1740-1870. Blacksburg, Va., 1999. 95 p.
    E 184 A24 R6 1999

  14. Storey, Margaret M. Loyalty and loss: Alabama's Unionists in the Civil War and Reconstruction. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, c2004. xv, 296 p.
    E 551 S76 2004

  15. Trefousse, Hans Louis. Impeachment of a president: Andrew Johnson, the Blacks, and Reconstruction. New York: Fordham University Press, 1999. xvi, 252 p.
    E 666 T73 1999

  16. Tripp, Steven Elliott. Yankee town, southern city: race and class relations in Civil War Lynchburg. New York: New York University Press, [c1997] xviii, 344 p.
    F 234 L9 T75 1997

  17. United States National Archives and Record Administration. Records in the National Archives Pacific Sierra Region for the study of ethnic history. San Bruno, Calif.: National Archives Pacific Sierra Region, 1994. 11 p.
    CD 3023 A35 no.83

  18. United States. Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands. Records of the Assistant Commissioner for the State of Georgia, Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands. Washington, National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1969. 10 p.
    CD 3027 M5 N3 no.798

  19. United States. National Archives and Records Administration. Compiled military service records of volunteer Union soldiers who served in organizations from the Territory of Dakota, 1st Battalion Cavalry. [Washington, D.C.]: National Archives and Records Administration, 1996. 4 p.
    CD 3027 M5 N3 no.1960

  20. United States. National Archives and Records Administration. Compiled military service records of volunteer Union soldiers who served with the United States colored troops: 54th Massachusetts Infantry Regiment (Colored). Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 1996. 5 p.
    CD 3027 M5 N3 no.1898

  21. United States. National Archives and Records Administration. Compiled military service records of volunteer Union soldiers who served with the United States Colored Troops, artillery organizations. Washington, DC: National Archives and Records Administration, 1998. 16 p.
    CD 3027 M5 N3 no.1818

  22. United States. National Archives and Records Administration. Marriage records of the Office of the Commissioner, Washington Headquarters of the Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands, 1861-1869. Washington, DC: United States Congress and National Archives and Records Administration, 2002. 13 p.
    CD 3027 M5 N3 no.1875

  23. United States. National Archives and Records Administration. Records of the field offices for the state of Kentucky, Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands, 1865-1872. Washington, DC: National Archives and Records Administration, 2003. 52 p.


  24. United States. National Archives and Records Administration. Records of the field offices for the states of Maryland and Delaware, Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands, 1865-1872. Washington, DC: U.S. Congress and National Archives and Records Administration, 2003. 21 p.
    CD 3027 M5 N3 no.1906

  25. United States. National Archives and Records Administration. Records of the Fifty-fourth Massachusetts Infantry Regiment (Colored), 1863-1865. Washington: National Archives Trust Fund Board, National Archives and Records Administration, 1992. 15 p.
    CD 3027 M5 N3 no.1659

  26. United States. National Archives and Records Administration. Records of the Mississippi Freedmen's Department ("pre-Bureau records"), Office of the Assistant Commissioner, Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands, 1863-1865. Washington, DC: U.S. Congress and National Archives and Records Administration, 2004. p.
    CD 3027 M5 N3 no.1914

  27. United States. National Archives and Records Administration. Records of the New Orleans field offices, Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands, 1865-1869. Washington: National Archives Trust Fund Board, National Archives and Records Administration, 1987. 17 p. ; 23 cm.
    CD 3027 M5 N3 no.1483

  28. United States. National Archives and Records Service. Case files of applications from former Confederates for presidential pardons: ("Amnesty papers") 1865-1867. Washington: National Archives Trust Fund Board, National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1977. 8 p.
    CD 3027 M5 N3 no.1003

  29. United States. National Archives and Records Service. Correspondence of the Office of Civil Affairs, of the District of Texas, the 5th Military District, and the Department of Texas 1867-1870. Washington: National Archives Trust Fund Board, National Archives and Records Service, 1983. 10 p.
    CD 3027 M5 N3 no.1188

  30. United States. National Archives and Records Service. Journal of the Board of Trustees and minutes of committees and inspectors of the Freedman's Saving and Trust Company 1865-1874. Washington: National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1972. 3 p.
    CD 3027 M5 N3 no.874

  31. United States. National Archives and Records Service. Letters sent by the Department of Florida and successor commands, April 1861-January 1869. Washington: National Archives Trust Fund Board, National Archives and Records Service, 1982. 7 p.
    CD 3027 M5 N3 no.1096

  32. United States. National Archives and Records Service. Letters sent by the Department of Texas, the District of Texas, and the 5th Military District 1856-1858 and 1865-1870. Washington: National Archives Trust Fund Board, National Archives and Records Service, 1982. 5 p.
    CD 3027 M5 N3 no.1165

  33. United States. National Archives and Records Service. Preliminary inventory of the records of the Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands, Washington Headquarters: record group 105. Washington: National Archives & Records Service, General Services Administration, 1973. vii, 41 p.
    CD 3026 A32 no.174

  34. United States. National Archives and Records Service. Preliminary inventory of the records of the field offices of the Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands (record group 105). [Washington]: National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1973-74. 3 v.
    CD 3041 R45 U5 1973

  35. United States. National Archives and Records Service. Records of the Assistant Commissioner for the District of Columbia, Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands 1865-1869. Washington: National Archives Trust Fund Board, National Archives and Records Service, 1980. 15 p.
    CD 3027 M5 N3 no.1055

  36. United States. National Archives and Records Service. Records of the Assistant Commissioner for the State of Alabama, Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands, 1865-1870. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1972.
    CD 3027 M5 N3 no.809

  37. United States. National Archives and Records Service. Records of the Assistant Commissioner for the state of Arkansas Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands 1865-1869. Washington, DC: National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1975. 16 p.
    CD 3027 M5 N3 no.979

  38. United States. National Archives and Records Service. Records of the Assistant Commissioner for the state of Louisiana, Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands 1865-1869. Washington: National Archives Trust Fund Board, National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1978. 17 p.
    CD 3027 M5 N3 no.1027

  39. United States. National Archives and Records Service. Records of the Assistant Commissioner for the State of Mississippi,: Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands, l865-1869. Washington: National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1973. 14 p.
    CD 3027 M5 N3 no.826

  40. United States. National Archives and Records Service. Records of the Assistant Commissioner for the state of North Carolina, Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands, 1865-1870. Washington: National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1973. 18 p.
    CD 3027 M5 N3 no. 843

  41. United States. National Archives and Records Service. Records of the Assistant Commissioner for the State of South Carolina, Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands, l865-1870. Washington: National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1973. 18 p.
    CD 3027 M5 N3 no.869

  42. United States. National Archives and Records Service. Records of the Assistant Commissioner for the state of Tennessee, Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands 1865-1869. Washington: National Archives Trust Fund Board, National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1977. 16 p.
    CD 3027 M5 N3 no.999

  43. United States. National Archives and Records Service. Records of the Assistant Commissioner for the State of Texas, Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands, 1865-1869. Washington: National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1973. 14 p.
    CD 3027 M5 N3 no.821

  44. United States. National Archives and Records Service. Records of the Assistant Commissioner for the State of Virginia, Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands 1865-1869. Washington: National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1978. 18 p.
    CD 3027 M5 N3 no.1048

  45. United States. National Archives and Records Service. Records of the Education Division of the Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned lands 1865-1871. Washington: National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1972. 14 p.
    CD 3027 M5 N3 no.803

  46. United States. National Archives and Records Service. Records of the Superintendent of Education for the District of Columbia, Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands 1865-1872. Washington: National Archives Trust Fund Board, National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1978. 10 p.
    CD 3027 M5 N3 no.1056

  47. United States. National Archives and Records Service. Records of the Superintendent of Education for the state of Alabama, Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands 1865-1870. Washington: National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1972. 7 p.
    CD 3027 M5 N3 no.810

  48. United States. National Archives and Records Service. Records of the Superintendent of Education for the state of Arkansas Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands 1865-1871. Washington, DC: National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1975. 7 p.
    CD 3027 M5 N3 no.980

  49. United States. National Archives and Records Service. Records of the Superintendent of Education for the state of Georgia,: Bureau of refugees, freedmen, and abandoned lands, 1865-1870. Washington, National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1969. 8 p.
    CD 3027 M5 N3 no.799

  50. United States. National Archives and Records Service. Records of the Superintendent of Education for the state of Louisiana, Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands 1864-1869. Washington: National Archives Trust Fund Board, National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1978. 14 p.
    CD 3027 M5 N3 no.1026

  51. United States. National Archives and Records Service. Records of the Superintendent of Education for the state of North Carolina Bureau of Refugees, Freemen and Abandoned Lands 1865-1870. Washington: National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1972. 10 p.
    CD 3027 M5 N3 no.844

  52. United States. National Archives and Records Service. Records of the Superintendent of Education for the state of Tennessee, Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands 1865-1870. Washington: National Archives Trust Fund Board, General Services Administration, 1976. 10 p.
    CD 3027 M5 N3 no.1000

  53. United States. National Archives and Records Service. Records of the Superintendent of Education for the State of Texas, Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands, 1865-1870. Washington: National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1973. 12 p.
    CD 3027 M5 N3 no.822

  54. United States. National Archives and Records Service. Records of the Superintendent of Education for the State of Virginia, Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands, 1865-1870. Washington, D.C.: National Archives Trust Fund Board, National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1978. 10 p.
    CD 3027 M5 N3 no.1053

  55. United States. National Archives and Records Service. Registers and letters received by the Commissioner of the Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands, 1865-1872. Washington: National Archives and Records Services, General Services Administration, 1973. 8 p.
    CD 3027 M5 N3 no.752

  56. United States. National Archives and Records Service. Registers of letters received and letters received of the Department of Texas, the District of Texas, and the 5th Military District, 1865-1870. Washington: National Archives Trust Fund Board, National Archives and Records Service, 1984. 7 p.
    CD 3027 M5 N3 no.1193

  57. United States. National Archives and Records Service. Registers of signatures of depositors in branches of the Freedman's Savings and Trust Company, 1865-1874. Washington, National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1970. 6 p.
    CD 3027 M5 N3 no.816

  58. United States. National Archives and Records Service. Selected series of records issued by the commissioner of the Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands. Washington, National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1969. 8 p.
    CD 3027 M5 N3 no.742

  59. United States. National Archives and Records Service. Statistical records of the Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands. Washington: National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1973. vi, 9 p.
    CD 3023 A35 no.48

  60. United States. National Archives. Preliminary checklist of the records of the Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen and Abandoned Lands, 1865-1872. Washington, D.C.: National Archives, [1946] 69 leaves.
    CD 3026 P7 no.46

  61. Washington, Reginald. Black family research: records of post-Civil War federal agencies at the National Archives. Washington, DC: National Archives and Records Administration, 2003. 22 p.


  62. Wickett, Murray R. Contested territory: whites, Native Americans, and African Americans in Oklahoma, 1865-1907. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, c2000. xvii, 240 p.
    F 705 A1 W53 2000

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