Holocaust-Era Assets

Records of the Foreign Economic Administration (RG 169)

Records of the Board of Economic Warfare (1941-1943)

On December 17, 1941, the Economic Defense Board became, by a change of name, the Board of Economic Warfare. For about four months thereafter there were no major changes in the functions and no significant changes in administrative organization. By an Executive order of April 13, 1942, however, the Board's powers. which hitherto had been limited chiefly to the control of exports, were significantly increased by giving to the Board a large measure of control over imports. It was also directed to "represent the United States Government in dealing with the economic warfare agencies of the United Nations for the purpose of relating the Government's economic warfare program and facilities regarding the importation of strategic and critical materials.

As a result of the Executive order the Board was reorganized, and to the existing membership of the Board proper, presided over by the Vice President of the United States, Henry A. Wallace, there were added the Chairman of the War Production Board and the Administrator of the Office of Lend-Lease Administration. The Offices of Exports, Imports, Economic Warfare Analysis, the General Counsel, and Administrative Management, established at that time, remained in existence during the life of the agency, although the branches and divisions of the offices underwent a number of changes.

By an Executive order of July 15, 1943, the Board of Economic Warfare was terminated and its functions, personnel, and records were transferred to the Office of Economic Warfare (OEW). The various centralized and decentralized files of the Board, which were taken over and maintained practically intact by the OEW, were later distributed to various units of the Foreign Economic Administration.

General Records

Classified Subject File July 1940-June 1942 (Entry 97)

Records of the Board of Economic Warfare and of its predecessors, the Economic Defense Board and the Office of the Administrator of Export Control, consisting mainly of copies of letters, memorandums, reports, minutes of meetings of committees, and other materials relating to all phases of export control and economic warfare and to the organization, administration, policies, and procedures of the agencies. The records are arranged in accordance with a subject-numeric classification system. Please consult the finding aids in the consultation area in Room 2600 for information regarding the classification system. Boxes 1-247

Geographic Central File July 1940-June 1942 (Entry 98)

Letters and memoranda, mainly copies. relating to export control matters involving specific countries and covering subjects similar to those described in the previous entry. The records are arranged alphabetically by country and thereunder by the same subject-numeric system used in the Classified Subject Central File. Boxes 248-293

Box #Country or Geographic Area
248-250 Argentina
250 Austria
265-266 Germany
270 Italy
273-274 Latin America
283-284 Portugal
286 South America
Spain
287 Sweden
288 Switzerland
289 Turkey
292 Vatican City

Records of the Office of Economic Warfare (1943)

By an Executive order of July 15, 943, the Office of Economic Warfare, headed by a Director, Leo T. Crowley, was established in the Office of Emergency Management. To it were transferred the functions, personnel, and records of the Board of Economic Warfare, which was abolished by the order. The Office of Economic Warfare was in existence for only about six weeks. Its functions and administrative organization were substantially those of its predecessors. By an Executive order of September 25, 1943, the Office of Economic Warfare and certain other agencies, together with their personnel and records, were transferred to and consolidated in the Foreign Economic Administration (FEA), which was established by that order. The records of the Office were later absorbed into the records of various units of the FEA.

Records of the Foreign Economic Administration (1943-1945)

In order to unify and consolidate the administration of governmental activities relating to foreign economic affairs, the Foreign Economic Administration (FEA), was established by an Executive order of September 25, 1943. The functions, personnel, and records of the office of Lend-Lease Administration, the Office of Economic Warfare, the Office of Foreign Relief and Rehabilitation Operations of the Department of State, and the foreign economic operations of the Office of Foreign Economic Coordination of the Department of State were transferred to the FEA.

The FEA was responsible for the wartime functions of export control, foreign procurement, lend- lease, reverse lend-lease, participation in foreign relief and rehabilitation, and economic warfare, including foreign economic intelligence. By an Executive order of September 27, 1945, the FEA was abolished and its remaining functions were divided among five agencies, including the Departments of State and Commerce.

Records of the Office of the Administrator

This Office included the Administrator, Leo T. Crowley, his immediate assistants, and six planning and administrative offices.

General Records Subject File of the Administrator, January 1942-October 1945 (Entry 128)

Correspondence of Leo T. Crowley, FEA Administrator, and of Milo Perkins, Executive Director of the Board of Economic Warfare and Office of Economic Warfare, with members of Congress, other Government agencies, private industry, and the general public regarding policy matters in connection with the administration and operations of the above-mentioned agencies, cooperation with other Government agencies on foreign economic operations, legislation, and other matters requiring the attention of the Administrator (or his predecessor). One part of this file, covering the period January 1941-July 1944, is arranged according to a modified Dewey decimal classification scheme. The second part of the file, covering the period August 1944-October 1945, is arranged according to a subject-numeric classification scheme. This scheme is outlined in a binder in the consultation area in Room 2600. Boxes 1-77

Box #File Title or Subject
1 Inter-American Affairs, Coordinator of (1941-1942)
  Joint Combined Chiefs of Staff (1942-1943)
  North Africa Economic Board (Aug. 27, 1943)
  State Department (1943-1944)
  State Dept.-Office of Economic Coordination, Foreign (O.F.E.C.) (1942-1943)
  U.S. Commercial Company (1943-1944)
  War Department (1943); 
2 Censorship, Office of (1942-1943)
  Combined Chiefs of Staff (1942-1943)
  Commerce Department (Foreign and Domestic Commerce) (1941-1943)
  Coordinator of Inter-American Affairs (1941-1944)
  Justice Department (1941, 1943-1944)
  Justice Department (Anti-Trust Division) (March 1942)
  Justice Department (Federal Bureau of Investigation) (January and March 1943)
  State Department (1941-1944)
  State Department-Office of Foreign Economic Coordination(September-October 1943)
  Treasury Department (Foreign Funds Control) (June 20, 1942)
  War Department-Combined Civil Affairs Committee (n.d.)
  War Information, Office of (1942-1944)
3 Justice Department (Federal Bureau of Investigation)(December 3, 1942)
  Criticism and Complaints- B.E.W. (1942-1944)
  EOP-Office of War Information (1942-1944)
  White House (Harry Hopkins) (1941-1943)
4 Board of Economic Warfare Board Meetings; Minutes and other files (1941-1943)
9 Missions-Censorship Intercepts for Missions (June-October 1943)
11 Office of Economic Warfare (July-October 1943)
  Board of Economic Warfare-Sub-Committee (1941-1943)
  Foreign Economic Administration - Organization (1942-1944)
  Bureau of Areas (1943-1944)
  Historian (1942-1944)
  Economic Warfare Analysis (1942-1943)
  Executive Director (1943);
12 Committees (1941-1944)
  Minutes-Office of Economic Warfare Analysis (May-June 1942)
13 Minutes-Meetings in Office of Stettinius (April-July 1942)
  State Department (1942-1943)
14 Procedures and Instructions (1941-1944)
  Directives (1943-1944)
  Copies of BEW Directives (1941-1942)
  Copies of BEW Orders (1942-1943)
  Licensing Procedures (1942-1943)
23 Reports-Progress (General) (1943-1944)
  Reports-Miscellaneous (1941-1944)
24 Report of the American Hemisphere Division-BEW (March 1942)
25 Cartels (1942-1944)
  U.S. Commercial Company (1943-1944)
26 Preclusive Operations Division-Economic Warfare Deals (June 18, 1943)
27 Censorship (1942-1944)
  Censorship Intercepts-Press (1942-1944)
  Politics and Propaganda (1942-1944)
29 Treasury Department (May 23, 1942)
  Vice President Henry A Wallace (1942-1943)
  White House; Wheeler, Senator B.K. (1941 & 1943)
32 Blockade Systems (1942-1943)
  Navicerts (1942-1943)
  Export Trade Control (1941-1944)
  General Licenses (October 13, 1943)
  Black Lists (1941-1942)
  Blocked Nationals (1942)
  Watch Lists (June 2, 1943)
33 Preclusive Buying and Procurement Contracts (1941-1944)
40 Censorship (1944-1945)
  Censorship-Intercepts (1944-1945)
  Combined Civil Affairs Committee (1944-1945) 41-46  Contain records relating to the Executive Policy Committee and the Executive Policy Committee on Economic Foreign Policy (1944-1945)
47 Committee-Joint Intelligence Committee (1944-1945); Has minor mention of Switzerland being dependant on German trade. 48-49  Contain records relating to various Liberated Areas committees (1944-1945) 51-52  Contain information on the U.S. Commercial Company (1944-1945)
57 Contains records relating to the cooperation between the FEA and the Navy Department, State Department, War Department, and other agencies.
62 Finance, Public-Banks and Banking (1944)
  Finance, Public-Safehaven. (1944-1945) This file contains information on the organizing and running the Safehaven program.
65 Organization-Foreign Economic Administration (1943-1945)
  Organization-FEA-Economic Intelligence (September - October 1944)
66 (Note 23) (July-August 1944)
71 Reports-Bureau of Areas (1944-1945)
  Reports-Enemy Branch-The Procurement of Economic Information for Strategic Purposes (1942-1944)
  Reports-Liberated Areas (December 20, 1944)
72 Reports-U.S. Commercial Company (1944-1945)
  Reports-War Department (October 1943)
  Reports-Overall FEA Reports (1944-1945)
  Reports-Overall FEA Reports (September 1944)
  Reports-Special Areas (February-June 1944)
75 Trade-Blockade Systems (June 1944)
  Trade-Cartels and Monopolies (1944-1945)
76 Trade Export-Blocked Nationals (1944)
  Trade Export-Black Lists (1944-1945)

Geographic File of the Administrator January 1942-October 1945 (Entry 129)

Correspondence, mainly of Milo Perkins, Executive Director of the Board of Economic Warfare and the Office of Economic Warfare, and of Leo T. Crowley, FEA Administrator, with other Government agencies, representatives of the Administration abroad, and foreign missions in the United States, together with memoranda, reports, and other papers. The records relate in large part to policies of the FEA and its predecessors with respect to commodity requirements, supplies, requisitioning, transportation problems, surplus property disposal, and other economic matters as they concerned various foreign countries. That part of the file for the period January 1942-July 1944 is arranged alphabetically by geographic area or country and thereunder in accordance with a decimal classification system. The second part of the file, for the period August 1944- October 1945, is arranged alphabetically by geographic area or country and thereunder alphabetically by subject. Boxes 1-28

Box # Country and/or Subject
1 Africa
2 Argentina
3 Axis
8 European Neutrals
  Germany
9 Iberian Peninsula
10 Italy
  Latin America
  Liberated Areas
12 Portugal
13 Spain
  Sweden
  Switzerland
  Turkey
15 Africa
  Argentina
18 European Neutrals
20 Germany
21-2 Italy
22 Liberated Areas;
24 Portugal
25 Spain
25-26 Sweden
26 Switzerland
  Turkey

General Letters Sent 1942-1945(Entry 130)

Boxes 1-16

Letters to Field Representatives in Foreign Countries 1942-1945 (Entry 131)
Boxes 1-3

Intraoffice and Interoffice Letters and Memoranda Sent January 1944-October 1945 (Entry 132)
Boxes 1-2

Intra-Agency Memoranda Sent October 1941-December 1943 (Entry 133)
Boxes 1-2

Letters Sent to Other Government Agencies March 1942-October 1945 (Entry 134)
Boxes 1-10

Box # Agency
1 Alien Property Custodian American Embassies
2 Censorship, Office of Combined Chiefs of Staff & Joint Chiefs of Staff Commerce Department
3 Commerce Department Federal Reserve System, Board of Governors
4 Inter-American Affairs, Coordinator of Joint Chiefs of Staff, U.S. Justice Department
5 Navy Department
6 Reparations Committee-Allied on Securities and Exchange Commission
6-7 State Department
7 Strategic Services, Office of Treasury Department
8 Vice President, Office of War Department
9 War Information, Office of
10 White House

Records of the Office of the Budget and Administrative Planning

Records of the Records Analysis Division

The Records Analysis Division was established in December 1943 to be responsible for the preparation of a history or histories of the FEA. It took over and continued historical activities that had been begun as early as 1942 in both the Office of Lend-Lease Administration and the Board of Economic Warfare.

File of William Lonsdale Taylor, Chief 1943-1946 (Entry 143)

File of the Historian of the Board of Economic Warfare, the Office of Economic Warfare, and the FEA and Chief of the Records Analysis Division. Consists of correspondence, memoranda, progress reports, organizational charts, and administrative issuances dealing with the work and personnel of the Division, the organization of chapters of the history, requests for copies of records from FEA files, history committees, and related subjects. Arranged in part by subject, and in part chronologically by date of document. Boxes 1-6 Historian's Reports of Interviews 1943-1945 (Entry 144)
Boxes 1-2

Monographs

Historical Monographs Prepared by the Division 1940-1946 (Entry 145)

Typewritten copies of monographs on the organization and operations of the FEA and its predecessor agencies, which were prepared by the staff of the Records Analysis Division. Some of the monographs are bound with supporting papers, consisting of copies of FEA records. Unarranged. Boxes 1-21 Box 18 contains a Report to Congress on Operations of the Foreign Economic Administration, September 25, 1944

Historical Monographs Prepared Outside the Division 1940-1946 (Entry 146)
Boxes 1-6

Box # Monograph Title
1 Argentina-Policy of OEW Toward, July 1943
Blockade-British-American Black List Committee, December 15, 1942
Blockade-Blacklisting-Use and Administration, March 26, 1941
Blockade, Bargains and Bluffs: Allied Economic Warfare in the European
Neutrals, n.d., circa, Spring 1945
Blockade Division, History of, January 25, 1945
Blockade Division, Operations of, September 14, 1943
Blockade Division, Enforcement Section, History of, 1944-1945
Blockade Enforcement Manual, June 1943
BEW-Economic War Fare - British Experience by Military Intelligence
Division, July 17,1941
BEW-A Functional Summary of Divisions and Committees, February 1942
BEW-Preliminary Statement of General Objectives and Operating
Organization, May 15, 1945
2 Economic Warfare Analysis, 1943
Directives Issued by BEW, 1942-1943
Enemy Branch, Statement of Activities of the, October 15, 1945
Economic Foreign Policy Executive Committee, Report of the
Activities of, September 1, 1944
European Axis Section and the European Division, August 1, 1942-
December 31, 1944
Foreign Economic Administration Relations with Army, n.d.
3 Italy-FEA Participation in the Allied Control Commission, n.d.
Italy-Allied Control Commission, n.d.
4 Liberated Areas, 1943-1944
Liberated Areas, Materials re, September 1945
Mission for Economic Affairs, American Embassy, London,
November 30, 1944
Mission for Economic Affairs (London), January 27, 1944
Organizational Handbook, Board of Economic Warfare, January 1943
5 Procurement of Economic Information for Strategic Purposes, May 1945
Support Purchase Program in Turkey, May 28, 1945
Preclusive Operations in the Neutral Countries in World War II, n.d.
Relationship of FEA to Other Federal Agencies, June 18, 1945
Relationship of BEW-FEA with Other Agencies, December 23, 1942
South American Blockade, 1943
Survey of Organization and Operations, Mission for Economic Affairs,
American Embassy, London, by Bureau of the Budget Mission,
American Embassy, London, November 30, 1944
6 Swiss Negotiations, History of, May 3, 1945
Swiss Negotiations, Survey of, September 13, 1943
United States Commercial Corporation-Its Organization, Operations and
Objectives, June 24, 1944
White Paper - History of the Administration of the British White Paper,
December 8, 1944
Functions of the Economic Warfare Division of the American Embassy,
London, October 15, 1943

Records Assembled by the Historian Reports on the Organization of the Division of Controls July-August 1941 (Entry 148)
Box 1

Historical File on the Office of Economic Warfare and Predecessor Agencies 1941-1943 (Entry 150)

Among the folder headings included in this series: Argentina; Blockade; Board of Economic Warfare; British Empire; Intelligence (history); Office of Censorship; Office of Economic Warfare Analysis; Office of War Information; Policy Committee; State Department; and, Treasury.
Boxes 1-9

Historical File on the Foreign Economic Administration 1943-1945 (Entry 151)
Boxes 906-919E

Box # File Title or Subject
906 Argentina
  Bretton Woods Meeting
906A Cartels
  A Brief Historical Statement [June 30, 1944]
908-910 Bureau of Areas
910A Bureau of Areas
  History of the Country Program Branch, Office of Exports
  German Branch-Background Material
913 Confidential news Letter, prepared by the Office of the General Counsel issues from March 23, 1944 to July 21, 1944
  Foreign Economic Administration Press Releases
  Liberated Areas (3 folders)
  Foreign Economic Administration-Mission for Economic Affairs
914 News Summaries (5 folders)
915 Germany-General Objectives of US EConomic Policy with respect to Germany
  German program
  The Administration of German Iron-Steel Industry
916 Foreign Economic Administration Newsletter, issues for December 8, 1944 to July 21, 1945
917 Portugal
  Spain
  State Department (Miscellaneous)
  Sweden
  Switzerland
  Turkey
918 UNRRA (2 folders)
  US Army-FEA Relations
  USCC
  Trade Intelligence

Administrative Issuances of the Economic Defense Board, the Board of Economic Warfare, and the Office of Economic Warfare, September 1941-November 30, 1943 (Entry 153)

Boxes 920-929 FEA Administrative Issuances December 1943-October 1945 (Entry 154)

Boxes 930-930C Budget Materials 1941-1946 (Entry 155)

Boxes 931-947A Minutes of Meetings of the Board of Economic Warfare August 13, 1941-July 15, 1943


     (Entry 156) Box 948

Research Reports and Studies 1942-1944 (Entry 157)

Research reports and studies of various divisions of the FEA and predecessor agencies on such subjects as the economy of enemy, neutral, and allied countries, possibilities of and programs for the development and procurement of strategic commodities, problems of occupation, and enemy methods of occupation, together with miscellaneous reports on sources of economic intelligence and other subjects of interest to the Board of Economic Warfare, the Office of Economic Warfare, and the FEA. Arranged by division symbol and thereunder numerically. Boxes 1-27

Box # Report #Report Title
1 AH87 Axis Connections of Certain Fire and Marine Insurance Companies Operating in Argentina, April 1943
  BL-6260 Preclusive Purchase of Hemp in Turkey, August 23, 1943
  BL-6522 Production and Preemption of Chrome in Turkey, September 16, 1943
  BL-65000 Preclusive Purchase of Cotton Waste in Turkey, April 29, 1943
  BL-65018 Preclusive Purchase of Emery in Turkey, April 19, 1943
  BL10 Trade Policy Toward Sweden: A Summary of the Essential Facts on Sweden's Relations with the Enemy and with the Area outside the Blockade, Rev. Version, November 3, 1942
  BL59 Trade Program for French Africa, Spain, and Portugal, April 1943
  BL60 Swedish-American Balance of Payments, March 1943
2 BL-641 Preclusive Purchase of Zinc in Turkey, February 9, 1943
  BL-642 Preclusive Purchase of Beans in Turkey, February 10, 1943
  BL-643 Preclusive Purchase of Opium in Turkey, February 18, 1943
  BL-644 Preclusive Purchase of Hazelnuts in Turkey, Feb. 12, 1943
  BL-6415 Chromium in Portugal, April 15, 1943
  BL74 Lists of Portuguese and Spanish Commodities of Interest to and Imported by Axis Europe, March 1943
  BL78 Iron and Steel Industry in Turkey, August 17, 1943
  BL84 NAVICERT Control: Some Questions Answered, June 1943
  BL89 Policy of Civilian Relief in the Blockade Area, May 3, 1943
  BL92 Comparison of Exports to Axis Europe from Turkey (1941 and 1942) and from Spain (1942), May 22, 1943
  BL128 Commodities to be Included in the New Turkish Preemptive Program, October 7, 1943
  BL139 Turkish Exports to Axis Europe January-June 1942 and January-June 1943, September 26, 1943
  BL141 Smuggling Activities of Suspected Firms, Individuals, and Ships, by Commodity and by Country, October 22, 1943
  E10 Raw Materials Position of Enemy Europe, Feb. 14, 1944
  E17 Present Conditions of German War Economy, April 12, 1944
  EIS1 OVRA: The Italian Secret Police, February 1944
  EIS-2.1 Elimination of Fundamental Nazi Political Laws in Germany, May 1944
  EIS8 Synopsis of German Ministries and Administrative Agencies Concerned with Economic Controls, January 1945
  EIS12 The Reich Ministry of the Interior, May 1945
  EIS13 The Reich Ministry of Armament and War Production (Speer Ministry), February 1945
  EIS25 Property Transferred Under the Nazi Regime in Germany, June 1944
  EIS-27.1 Control, Ownership and international Relationships of Leading German Combines, September 1944
  EIS29 The Italian Patent System and Control of German-Owned Patents, September 1944
  EIS40 Old-Age and Invalidity Insurance in Germany, May 1944
3 EIS43 Vichy Legislation, February 1944
  EIS-43A Vichy Legislation, September 1944
  EIS51 Elimination of Nazi Laws and Structure in Austria and Preparation for Austrian Independence, July 1944
  EIS57 Fascist and Pro-Fascist Elements in Public Positions in Italy, n.d.
  EIS-571 Fascist and Pro-Fascist Elements in Public Positions in Italy, April 1944
4 EIS68 German Economic Penetration and Exploitation of Southeastern Europe, May 1944
  EIS-68A German Penetration of Corporate Holdings in Serbia, n.d.
  EIS-68B German Penetration of Corporate Holdings in Croatia, May 1944
  EIS71 Organization of the Iron and Steel Industry of Enemy Europe, July 1944
  EIS-74.1 Elimination of Nazi Public Agencies in Germany, September 1944
  EIS84 Social Insurance in Greece, July 1944
5 EO3 Preliminary Report on Calcium Carbide in German Europe, February 3, 1943
  EO21 General Survey of the Italian Chemical Industry, March 20, 1943
  EO32 French Chemical Industry, May 22, 1943
6 EO64 Capacity and Location of "Quality" Alloy Steel Production facilities in Axis Europe, February 12, 1943
  EO80 Belgian Chemical Industry, June 25, 1943
  EO87 The European Anti-Friction Bearing Industry, March 1943
7 EO121 The Dutch Chemical Industry, September, 1943
  EO138 Smoke Screening of Economic Objectives in Axis Europe, July 7, 1943
  EP-37A Materials Inventory of enemy Europe: Chrome Ore, October 9, 1943
  EP-37B Materials Inventory of the European Axis: Tungsten, December 1, 1942
  EP-37G Materials Inventory of the European Axis: Tin, July 22, 1943
  EP-37GG Materials Inventory of the European Axis: Magnesium, December 3, 1942
  EP-37KK Materials Inventory of the European Axis: Iron and Steel, March 28, 1943
  EP-37LL Materials Inventory of the European Axis: Coal and Coke, August 1943
  EP-37M Materials Inventory of the European Axis: Industrial Diamonds, October 2, 1943
  EP-37NN Materials Inventory of the European Axis: Manganese, May 5, 1943
9 EP-37UUU Materials Inventory of the European Axis: Silver February 6 1943
  EP-37XX Materials Inventory of the European Axis: Titanium Ores, February 10, 1943
  EP61 The Food Situation in Axis Europe, January 25, 1943
  EP-69A Axis Capabilities: In the Former Unoccupied Zone of France, December 7, 1942
  EP-69B Italy in the Present Stage of the War, December 7, 1942
  EP-69C Axis Capabilities in Southeastern Europe, Dec. 7, 1942
  EP71 Selective Bibliography of Nazi Economic Techniques, May 1, 1943
  EP86 The Economy of Yugoslavia and Its Contribution to the Axis, October 1943
  EP110 Inventory of Yugoslavia's Industrial and Mineral Enterprises, February 10, 1943
  EP119 Trends in German Economic Potential, January 14, 1943
10 EP128 Inventory of Romania's Industrial and Mineral Resources, May 31, 1943
  EP135 Actual and Potential Exploitation by Germany of the Resources of Occupied Russia and the Baltic States, November 1943
  EP-148.1 European Axis Deficiencies, March 15, 1943
  EP-148.2 Enemy Europe Deficiencies, February 21, 1944
  EP152 Raw Materials Position of the European Axis, February 23, 1943
  EP-152.1 War Materials Position of the European Axis, April 5, 1943
  EP170 Axis Penetration of European Insurance, June 15, 1943
  EP171 The Relative Economic Consequences of the Loss of Certain European Areas to Axis Control, April 15, 1943
  EP-173(rev.3) Estimated Supplies of Selected Raw Materials and Food Products Available to the European Enemy in 1943, February 1944
  EP176 The Migration of Axis Industry into Poland, June 16, 1943
11 EP197 Impact of the War Upon Finland's Economy, January 1944
  EP199 Estimates of Italian Minerals and Metal Output March 1943, March 22, 1943
  EP-200A Plant Inventory of Italy: Coal, June 8, 1943
  EP-252.20 Estimates of the Numbers of Foreign Workers and Prisoners of War in Greater Germany, June 25, 1943
  EP-252.23 Inflation in Germany, August 4, 1943
  EP-252.25 German Economic Penetration of Romania, Aug. 10, 1943
  EP-252.26 German Economic Penetration of Bulgaria, Aug. 10, 1943
  EP-252.27 German-Italian Trade in War Time, July 21, 1943
  EP-252.28 The Economic Resources of Norway, November 2, 1943
  EP-252.29 Economic Resources of Denmark, October 26, 1943
  EP-252.32 The Economic Resources of France, October 23, 1943
  EP-252.8 German Control of French Economy, June 1, 1943
  EP265 The Belgian Economy and Its Contribution to Enemy Europe, January 1944
  EP268 Tungsten Position of The European Axis, July 3, 1943
12 EP301 Major Aspects of Danish Economy, April 15, 1944
  EP308 German Administration in The Baltic Area, November 1943
  EP313 Yugoslavia as a Source of Mineral Products, August 13, 1943
  EP316 Inland Transportation Administration of Enemy Europe, November 1943
  EP-317.4 Economic Symptoms of German Collapse, January 10, 1944
  EP319 Economy and Potential of Northern Italy, August 30, 1943
  EP323 Economic Significance of Entry of Turkey into The War, December 14, 1943
  EP333 Economic Significance of a German Withdrawal to a Certain Line in Eastern and Souther Europe, October 12, 1943
  EP347 The Food Situation in Enemy Europe in 1943 and 1944; and Prospects for 1944-1945, December 24, 1943
  EP-361 Policies and Control of German Industrial Operations 1942-1943, February 8, 1944
  EP-367 Financial Contribution of occupied and Satellite Countries of Europe to The Enemy War Economy in Estimated Occupation Costs and Clearing Balances, June 26, 1944
13 EP-379 Manpower of The Netherlands Working for Axis Account, December 17, 1943
  EP-384(Rev.) Manpower and Population in Enemy Europe, July 1944
  EP-388 Manpower of Luxembourg Working For Axis Account, December 20, 1943
  EP-389 Manpower of Bulgaria Working For Axis Account, December 21, 1943
  EP-392 Manpower of General Government Working For Axis Account, February 25, 1944
  EP-339A Ferro-Alloys and their Effect on Steel in The German War Economy, 1943 and 1944, June 1944
  ES-3 German Economic Interests in Portugal, October 1945
  ES-EA-63 Strategic Resources and Routes in French Morocco. June 3, 1942
  ES-EA-69 Strategic Resources and Routes in Algeria, June 22, 1942
  IM-EA-138 Trading Commodities for Spain, Portugal, and Africa, July 28, 1942
  IND-11 The German Machine Industry, May 1945
14 IND-30 Preliminary Studies of Reparations from Selected German Industries, May 1945
  INT-2 Sources of Economic Intelligence, March 26, 1943
  INT-5 Economic Intelligence Manual (A Guide to What The Board of Economic Warfare Needs to Know) I: Enemy Economy, April 1943
  ME-7 The Middle East Supply Center, May 1944
  ME-8 Description of The Sterling Area System in The Middle East, August 1944
  ME-9 Wartime Imports of Middle Eastern Countries, August 17, 1944
15 MI-INT-1.2 Digest of Current Intelligence, July 30, 1942 [contains information on Swedish exports to Germany, p. 10)
  MI-INT-1.3 Digest of Current Intelligence, August 12, 1942 [contains information on Axis insurance companies operating in Latin America, p. 8]
  MI-OEWA-1 Organization and Functions of The British Ministry of Economic Warfare, June 1942
  OEWA-3.20-OEWA-3.26 Numerous issues of weekly Operations Report of The Office of Economic Warfare Analysis, January 11, 1943 thru November 12, 1943
  OEWA-16 Principal Italian Statistical Sources, October 1943
16 PC-1 Extra-Territorial Effect of Economic Measures Taken by The Occupying Powers in Germany: Problems of Recognition and Enforcement in Neutral Countries, May 1945
  RR-1 The War Economies and Armament Office of The German High Command, December 1942
  RR-5 Economic Clauses of Armistice Agreements, January 1943
17 RR-8 Key Laws, Decrees and Regulations Issued by The Axis in Occupied Europe: Greece, June 1943
  RR-8 Key Laws, Decrees and Regulations Issued by The Axis in Occupied Europe, December 1942
  RR-15-5 Recommendations for Monetary and Banking Reorganization in French North Africa, November 14, 1942
  RR-15-5 (Rev.1) Recommendations for Monetary and Banking Reorganization in French North Africa, December 1942
  RR-21 (Rev.1) French Economic Administration in North Africa, April 22, 1943
18 RR-25 Monetary and Bank Reorganization in Libya, Dec. 1942
  RR-26 Corporate Enterprises in French North Africa, January 4, 1943
  RR-29 Greek Series: Reoccupation Program for Crete, Aug. 1943
  RR-30 Elimination of Nazi-Inspired Laws Applicable to French Africa, February 4, 1943
  RR-30A Certain Nazi-Inspired Laws Applicable to French Africa, February 4, 1943
  RR-33 Recommendation for Monetary and Bank Reorganization in French West Africa, January 1943
  RR-35 Preliminary Report on Currency Problems in Occupation, September 1942
19 RR-53 Currency and banking Problems in Occupation of Italy, April 1943
  RR-53A Italian international Banking Connections, August 1943
  RR-53B Who's Who in Italian Banking
20 RR-69 Currency and banking Problems in Reoccupation of Albania, July 1943
  RR-87 The French Aluminum Trust, September 1943
  RR-89 The Hermann Goering Works: An Instrument of Nazi Economic Penetration and Consolidation, June 1943
  RR-91 German Domination of Norwegian Mining and Metallurgical Industries, September 1943
  RR-93 Foreign Investments Seized in Italy, September 1943
  RR-95 German Economic Controls in Luxembourg, November 1943
21 RR-120 Italian Repositories of Official Facts and Statistics, August 1943
  RR-131A Albania: Economic Resources and Relief Requirements During The Liberation Period, December 1943
  RR-131D Yugoslavia: Economic Resources During The Liberation Period, December 1943
  RR-144 The Japanese Occupation Technique in The Field of Money and Bank, February 1944
  RR-147 Guide to The Preservation and Use of Key Records in Italy, October 1943
  RR-157 Principal Mineral and Metal Resources in Yugoslavia, November 1943
  RR-158 The Italian Iron and Steel Industry, November 1943
  RR-161 Private Insurance in Italy: Recommendations and Guide, November 1943
22 SA-6.1 to SA-6.47 Special Areas Branch Reports, January 1, 1944 thru December 6, 1944
23 SA-6.48 to SA-6.56 Special Areas Branch Reports, December 13, 1944 thru February 14, 1945
  SA-51 Argentina: Handbook of Economic Information, February 1944
24 SR-200-300-B World Coal Reserves, Production and Trade, October 6, 1943
25 UN-169 British-American Pre-Emptive Committee, December 15, 1942 [description of functions]
  UN-182A Preclusive Purchase of Asbestos in Turkey, Dec. 28, 1942
  UN-204 British-American Black List Committee, December 15, 1942 [description of functions]
  UN-212 The Effect of The Allied Occupation of French Africa on the Preemptive Purchase program in Turkey, January 1, 1943
  WTS-18.1 Costa Rica: Some Basic Economic Data in Relation to Board of Economic Warfare Operations, April 5, 1943
  WTS-18.2 Panama: Some Basic Economic Data in Relation to Board of Economic Warfare Operations, April 5, 1943
  WTS-18.3 Chile: Some Basic Economic Data in Relation to Board of Economic Warfare Operations, April 5, 1943
  WTS-18.4 Bolivia: Some Basic Economic Data in Relation to Board of Economic Warfare Operations, April 5, 1943
  WTS-18.5 Peru: Some Basic Economic Data in Relation to Board of Economic Warfare Operations, April 5, 1943
  WTS-18.6 Ecuador: Some Basic Economic Data in Relation to Board of Economic Warfare Operations, April 5, 1943
  WTS-18.7 Columbia: Some Basic Economic Data in Relation to Board of Economic Warfare Operations, April 5, 1943
  WTS-68 European Coal Deficiency, September 3, 1943

Economic Warfare Studies of the Army Industrial College 1940-1941 (Entry 158)
Boxes 936-964A

Records Pertaining to Foreign Economic Administration's Relations with France 1943- 1945 (Entry 160)
Boxes 969-975

Cables of the Combined Committee for French North and West African Civil Affairs 1943-1944 (Entry 161)
Box 976

Minutes of Meetings of French North African Committees 1943-1945 (Entry 162)
Box 977

"Brief Historical Statement of Foreign Economic Administration" 1943-1944 (Entry 163)
Boxes 978-979

Foreign Projects Reports January 1943-December 15, 1943 (Entry 167)

Processed copies of periodic reports on foreign projects of the Board of Economic Warfare and the FEA, prepared by the Office of Administrative Management. They contain information concerning the country involved, the Board of Economic Warfare's or FEA's representative, the status of the project, its sponsor, the assignment of the project, and the approximate period of time assigned it. Arranged chronologically. Box 983C location: 570/56/25/05 Records Relating to the Bureau of Areas and the Bureau of Supplies 1944-1945 (Entry 168)
Boxes 984-988

Records of the Office of the General Counsel 1942-1943 (Entry 169)
Boxes 989-990

Material on the "SAFE HAVEN Project" 1943-1945 (Entry 170)
Boxes 991-993 Includes  in Box 991 a "Safehaven Study" by Margaret Clarke, n.d.,193pp.

Economic Program Policy Statements 1944-1945 (Entry 172)

Set of processed issuances of the FEA headed "Economic Program with Reference to [various countries of the world]." and supplements thereto. This set of program issuances was compiled by the historian's staff. Arranged by country under two major headings, Economic Programs and Supplements.
Boxes 1-2

Progress Reports of FEA Special Representatives and Missions 1943-1944 (Entry 173)

Typed copies of progress reports from FEA special representatives and missions in foreign countries, which were assembled by the Historian and his staff. Arranged alphabetically by country and thereunder chronologically.
Boxes 1-7

Box # Country
1 Algeria 1944
  Argentina 1943-1944
  Austria 1945
  Belgian Congo 1943-1944
  Bolivia 1943
2 Bolivia 1943-1944
  Brazil 1942-1944
  Central America 1943-1944
  Guatemala 1943
  Chile 1943-1944
3 Chile 1944
  Columbia 1943-1944
  Costa Rica 1943-1944
  Cuba 1943
4 Cuba 1944
  Dominican Republic
  Ecuador 1943-1944
  Egypt 1943-1944
  London, England-Liberated Areas Progress Reports 1944
5 London, England 1944-1945
  France 1944-1945
  French West Africa 1944
6 Mexico 1943-1945
  Middle East Supply Central 1944
7 Peru 1943-1944
  Turkey 1944

Intelligence Memoranda of the Italian Division 1944-1945 (Entry 179)
Boxes 1-3

Weekly Operations Reports of the Office of Economic Warfare August 1941-November 1943 (Entry 180)
Boxes 1-2

Weekly Notes on Current Economic Information 1942-1944 (Entry 182)

Box 1

Addresses and Statements of BEW and FEA Officials 1942-1946 (Entry 185)
Box 1

Records of the Office of Economic Programs

The Office of Economic Programs (OEP) was established on September 13, 1943. It included specialized staffs of advisers who assisted the Administrator and other high officials of the agency in preparing foreign economic policies and programs. The Office represented a consolidation of the War Trade Staff of the Office of Economic Warfare and the Government Liaison and Reciprocal Aid Division of the Office of Lend-Lease Administration. The Office, whose chief was an Assistant FEA Administrator, (Note 24) was largely composed of personnel consisting of economists who served as consultants on such diverse matters as supplies and resources, foreign development, foreign finance, trade policy, and lend lease.

The OEP acted as the integrating unit for the operational branches within FEA whose own projects had to be brought into harmony with the central policies of the Administration. Operational approaches within the framework of FEA were often dissimilar and even in cases, where objectives were not identical in practice, conflicting. OEP had to keep differences in mind and attempt to solve them. Operations personnel, enthusiastic about their programs and bent on achieving their ends quickly and efficiently, had to be reminded of political considerations. It was a primary function of the OEP to conciliate differences and keep the strategy of economic warfare to a consistent pattern.

In 1944 through V. Frank Coe and L. Currie, the OEP was brought directly and originally into the Safehaven program. It was in OEP, under Coe that the Executive Committee on Economic Foreign Policy (ECEFP) was established. An interdepartmental unit, maintained by Angell after Coe left FEA, the ECEFP, animated by OEP, studied issues involved in economic warfare, anticipated the economic programs connected with Germany in the postwar period, and took steps to initiate plans which would operated effectively after the defeat of the Axis.

Since the OEP had, throughout the period of its existence kept in touch with the work of other departments also concerned with economic warfare, and since it maintained close contact with the Department of Treasury and the Federal Reserve Board, it had already had, before the Safehaven program was organized, practical experience with some of the aspects of German penetration. Advising on commodity agreements and studying the cartel and combine methods of German industry, it had also a background of practical knowledge of what the pattern of German post- hostilities aggression was likely to be.

The Executive Committee on Economic Foreign Policy (ECEFP), guided largely by OEP, had considered from time to time such matters as modification of wartime financial controls over foreign assets. It had, for example, considered the possibility of continuing the Proclaimed List after the surrender of Germany as a method of economic supervision of Axis friends.

With the development of the Safehaven Program idea, the ECEP took over serious study of the matter of controlling enemy assets after the war. Out of this consideration a new committee, the Interdepartmental Committee on Post-Hostilities Controls over Foreign Property was organized. Its membership was composed of representatives from the Departments of State, Treasury, Justice, Commerce, and the Alien Property Custodian, the Coordinator of Inter-American Affairs, and the FEA. The committee studied, considered, and made recommendations with respect to wartime property and financial controls over foreign assets. It was also made recommendations on the control and disposition of enemy assets in neutral and other non-Axis countries.

The thought was that many departments and agencies were involved in these problems and that the Committee would be a clearing house for the problems as they were defined and for the various departmental proposals as they were worked out. So far as the Safehaven Program was concerned, the Committee would coordinate recommendations regarding programs for dealing with Germany's hidden assets and with its devices of economic penetration. It would also consider policies with respect to United States, and United Nations' attitudes towards neutrals used by the Germans for purposes of economic expansion.

During 1944 the Executive Policy Committee, FEA, met regularly and consistently studied Safehaven problems. Through its relationships with other Departments it brought the FEA attitude toward control of Germany into focus, and through the FEA Administration and its legal advisors pressed for implementation of a strong United States policy toward neutrals with respect to the problem of postwar German penetration. Its policies and views were submitted to the Interdepartmental Committee on Post-Hostilities Controls over Foreign Property for critical consideration.

Central Files February 1942-October 1945 (Entry 200)
Boxes 1-19

Box # File Title
9 Finance, Public-1-1 Foreign Funds Control
10 Finance, Public-11-1 Safehaven

Geographic Central Files 1943-1945 (Entry 201)
Boxes 1-6

Box # Country and/or Subject
1 Africa
  American Republics
  Argentina
3 Germany
4 Italy
  Latin America
  Liberated Areas
5 North Africa
  Portugal
6 Spain
  Sweden
  Turkey
  West Africa

Interoffice Memoranda and Letters Sent (Addressee File) November 1943-October 1945 (Entry 202)
Boxes 1-4

Reading File of Interoffice Memoranda December 1943-August 1945 (Entry 203)
Box 1

Reading File of Interoffice and Intraoffice Memoranda December 1943-August 1945 (Entry 204)
Box 1

Records of the Business Organization Staff Miscellaneous Records Relating to Monopolies and Cartels April 1942-October 1945 (Entry 210)
Boxes 1-26

Box #File Title
8    Argentina, 1943
14    Flight of Axis Capital to Switzerland, Spain, and Argentina, 1945
24    Swiss Bank, 1944-1945
25    Swiss Foreign Trade, 1944

Records Relating to Svenska Kullager Fabriken (SKF)March 1942-January 1945 (Entry 211)
Boxes 1-3

Records of the Foreign Economic Development Staff Reports on Foreign Economic Conditions (Subject Files) March 1942-April 1945 (Entry 212)
Boxes 1117-1118

Reports on Foreign Economic Conditions(Geographic File) 1942-1945 (Entry 213)
Boxes 1119-1121

Records of the Lend-Lease and Foreign Finance Staffs General File [Foreign Finance Staff] 1943-1945 (Entry 215)
Boxes 1134-1135

Box # File Title
1134 Blocked Sterling Balances
  Committees-German Working Committee-Policy
  Blocked Dollars
  Committees-Foreign Trade and Foreign Exchange Committee
  Committees-Property Committee
  Executive Committee on Economic Foreign Policy
  Foreign Economics Administration Policy
  Foreign Funds Control
  Germany-Policy Documents
  Committees-Finance Committee
  Financial Guides [contains listings of OSS reports]
  General
1135 SWI [Special Watch Instructions] Memoranda (2 folders)
  Gold
  Latin America
  Liberated Europe
  Liberated Areas-Minutes of Combined Liberated Areas Committee
  Middle East
  Minutes-Foreign Finance Committee
  Procurement of Intelligence Material
  Senate Hearings-Bretton Woods Conference
  South American Countries
  TFR-300
  Turkey

Informational Materials on Foreign Financial Conditions and Developments 1943-1945 (Entry 216)
Boxes 1136-1137

Box # Country and/or Subject
1136 Africa, French North
  Enemy Branch
  Enemy Branch - Staff Meetings
  Enemy Branch - TIDC (Technical Industrial Disarmament Committee)
  Germany- Charts (1938)
1137 Italy
  Latin America
  Spain
  Sweden
  Switzerland
  Turkey

Records of the Programs and Reports Staff General Subject File of the Director 1944-1945 (Entry 217)
Boxes 1138-1141

Box # File Title or Subject
1138 Executive Committee on Economic Foreign Policy
  Executive Policy Committee
1139 Foreign Economic Administration-Progress Reports
  Foreign Economic Administration Operations
  Liberated Areas
  Foreign Trade Conditions
  Neutral Countries
  Organization-EEP
1140 Country Programs A-Z
  Country Programs-General
  Export Control
1141 Foreign Trade
  Foreign Trade Statistics

Records of the Office of the General Counsel

The various legal offices of the agencies absorbed by the FEA became part of the Office of the General Counsel. In addition to its legal functions the Office coordinated liaison activities with Congress.

Central File November 1943-September 1945 (Entry 231)
Boxes 1158-1168

Subject File of the General Counsel 1941-1945 (Entry 237)
Boxes 1169-1175

File of the Assistant General Counsel, Special and Pan-American Branch November 1941- June 1944 (Entry 238)
Boxes 1186-1187

File of the Consultant on International Law January 1943-August 1944 (Entry 243)
Boxes 1196-1197

Records of the Bureau of Areas

The Bureau of Areas was established on November 13, 1943, by a consolidation of those units of the predecessors of the Foreign Economic Administration that were not assigned to the Bureau of Supplies or to the Office of the Administrator. The units of the Office of Economic Warfare that were transferred to the Bureau of Areas included the area divisions of the Country programs Branch of the Office of Exports; the Area Branch, excluding the South Pacific Division, of the Office of Imports; and the Enemy and the Blockade and Supply Branches of the Office of Economic Warfare and Analysis. From the Office of Lend-Lease Administration the Bureau received the geographic divisions of the Office of Foreign Liaison, the Office of Soviet Supply, and the Overseas Missions Divisions; and from the Office of Foreign Relief and Rehabilitation Operations there were transferred to the Bureau the Divisions of Field Operations, Supply and Transport, Progress Reports, and Program and Requirements. The Bureau also inherited the "liberated areas" activities of the Office of Foreign Economic Coordination of the Department of State. These offices, branches, and divisions were merged into the Bureau of Areas, and the functions they performed were assigned to the six branches of the Bureau.

Records of the Office of the Executive Director

The Office of the Executive Director planned and directed the programs and policies of the Bureau of Areas pertaining to foreign countries, maintained liaison with the Bureau of Supplies, the staff units of the Office of the Administrator, and various interdepartmental and intergovernmental committees; and supervised the activities of the foreign field missions of the Foreign Economic Administration, working closely in that connection with the diplomatic missions of the Department of State. Its Area Program Coordination Staff reviewed the economic policies of the Administration for each country and coordinated these with the overall supply program, served as a clearance office for instructions from the branches of the Bureau of Supplies to the branches of the Bureau of Areas, and acted as the secretariat for the Administration's Allocations Committee. The Field Operations Staff was the administrative unit in the Bureau that served the foreign field missions by coordinating the activities of these missions with those of the operating branches of the Administration in Washington, supplying the field with digests and newsletters of economic information, and expediting the exchange of reports between the branches in Washington and the offices in the field. Matters relating to lend-lease, reverse lend-lease, and the British White Paper were handled by the Lend-Lease Staff of the Office of the Executive Director; and administrative duties for the branches and staffs of the Bureau were performed by the Executive Officer.

Executive Director Records (Entry UD 1)
Boxes 1-9

Box # File Title or Subject
2-3 Country Files
4 Economic Warfare Analysis
  Jurisdictional Disputes
  State-BEW Cooperative Agreement
7 Navy Department
  State Department
  State Department-Relations With
8 Treasury Department
  Vice President
  War Department
  White House
9 Safehaven

Deputy Executive Director Records (Entry UD 2)

Box # File Title or Subject
10-12 Committees
13-15 Country Programs
18 President, The...and Vice President
19 Turkish Division
20 German Control Council
  German Division
  German Letters and Memoranda
  J.I.C.[Joint Intelligence Committee] - Intelligence Liaison
  T.I.I.C.[Technical Industrial Intelligence Committee] -Safehaven
21 Italian Division
  Neutral Countries Division
23 Currie, Laughin
25 Navy Department
  State Department 1944-1945
  State Department 1942
26 Treasury Department
  War Department

Records of the Area Program Coordination Staff Program Coordination Staff Records (Entry UD 3)

Box # File Title or Subject
29-39 Country Files
29 Afghanistan to Belgium
30 Bolivia to British West Indies
31 Canada to Colombia
32 Costa Rica to European Neutrals
33 Fiji to Greenland
34 Guatemala to Italy
35 Korea to Mexico
36 Middle East to New Zealand
37 Nicaragua to South Africa
38 South Africa to Turkey
39 United Kingdom to Yugoslavia
42 Economic Warfare
43 Meetings, State Department
  OWI Reports
44 Relationship Between State and FEA Foreign Service

Records of the Field Operations Staff Field Operations Staff Records (Entry UD 4)
Box 46

Records of the British Empire and Middle East Branch

All aspects of the FEA's relations with the British Empire and countries in the Middle East were handled by this branch.  Its representatives conferred with those of the British Empire on joint aspects of economic warfare and provided for an interchange of economic, political, and military information about lend-lease activities and foreign trade.

Records of the Turkish Division Turkish Division Records (Entry UD 7)
Boxes 1-47

Records of the Enemy Branch

The Enemy Branch was responsible for planning the economic program to be put into effect when the enemy countries should be occupied. It prepared studies and reports for the industrial disarmament of the enemy to prevent future wars, including analyses of the entire economic structure of the Axis countries. The Enemy Branch was established on December 30, 1944, with the name the German and Austrian Branch; a name change was shortly forthcoming. It had a leading role in the Safehaven Program. When it was established and responsibility placed in it for Safehaven activities, the External Security, Intelligence Service, and other staff which hitherto had been independent divisions, were made part of it. In addition, the Branch included personnel from the old independent divisions which had been involved in Safehaven operations. Thus in the beginning of 1945 the Enemy Branch, under the direction of Henry H. Fowler, (Note 25) the Safehaven Program was the responsibility of one unit.

Among the first activities of the Branch was pulling together information for the Currie Mission to Switzerland. An important document developed for this purpose was a "Preliminary List of German Cloaks in Switzerland." This report included a list of five important Swiss banking firms which actively helped Germany be concealing its assets, assisting in then expansion of its holding companies, and disguising its foreign accounts. (Note 26) The covering memorandum to the report, dated January 1, 1945, stated that "these lists contain only partial information, although they are based on a careful study of intercepts, they do not cover all the activities of those banks. Yet they indicate the tremendous amount of such assistance given by the Swiss to the enemy. This assistance which served to finance the enemy's purchases of critical war material has become less important at the present stage of the war. However, it should serve at this time to demonstrate to the Swiss the extent of the damage they have done to the Allied war effort in the past." "In addition," the memorandum continues, " it should be pointed out that their aid to the enemy in the banking field was clearly beyond the obligations under which a neutral must continue trade with a belligerent and dictated solely by the profit motive of the Swiss banks." The memorandum concludes by stating "The Swiss should make up for this undue amount of aid given to the enemy, which we have not interfered with up to the present time, by full compliance with our Safe haven objectives and other remaining financial warfare objectives." (Note 27)

The report listed five banks certain to have cooperated with the Germans. they were Bank Wadenswil; H. Sturzenegger & Cie., a private bank of Basel and closely allied with I.G. Farben; the Swiss Bank Corporation; Johann Wehrli and Company, Zurich; and Financiere A.G. The report lists thirteen holding and finance companies which acted as cloaks for German assets. (Note 28) The report also contained a section on intelligence not entirely verified, including the unconfirmed statement that "it was reported---October 10, 1944, that accounts are held for Hitler in the Swiss Union Bank, Basel, by a German official named Max Amann." (Note 29)

Records of the Blockade Division

The chief functions of the Blockade Division were to administer blockade control measures; to determine blockade clearance for United States exports to neutral countries in Europe; and, so far as the Preclusive Purchase Operations were concerned, to provide data on the supply needs of neutrals and the enemy, and to make recommendations for preclusive operations.

The purpose of the Blockade Division was to control neutral shipping and thus to prevent strategic goods from reaching the Axis through neutral trade channels. To achieve this end the following devices were employed: the Navicert; Ship's Warrant, Seizure and Search; the exercise of British Prize Law, the American proclaimed List, and the British Black List.

The Division was also involved in efforts to stop Germany's smuggling efforts. As the blockade became increasingly successful during the course of the war, and as Germany's supplies grew thinner, it had recourse to smuggling. Smuggling to Germany of easily concealed strategic items and materials increased during 1942 and 1943, alerting both the United States and Great Britain and causing them to take steps to destroy illicit trade between the enemy and the neutrals. In the summer of 1943 the United States Government became so concerned over the problem that through the Department of State the Blockade Committee in London was urged to recommend to the British that through searches of vessels bound from Argentina to neutral European ports be instituted. The United States Navy concurred in this recommendation.

Anticipating the crisis arising because of smuggling, the Blockade Division had already, in June 1943, made a study of the problem and had issued instructions on combating blockade evasion. In its Blockade Enforcement Manual, June 1943, the Division stated "the Axis can finance smuggling in Latin America in two specific ways. In the first place it can use funds already in existence in Latin America, and in the second place it can transmit new or additional funds for that purpose. There are still a considerable number of German and other Axis corporations, German and Italian Banks, Axis nationals and their sympathizers in Latin America with large funds built up before the war, which can be put to use to finance smuggling and other activities beneficial to the Axis. In addition Axis corporations in Latin America which are producing profits can make new funds continuously available so that the investments do not need to be liquidated. Because many Axis funds are cloaked so that they cannot readily be discovered, no estimate of their size is possible. A number of Axis banks are still operating in Buenos Aires such as the Banco de Napoli and the Banco Aleman Transatlantica, but their activities seem to be rather limited. New or additional funds can be transferred from the Axis to South American agents. The axis can remit funds directly to the Argentine, or can use European neutral countries which in turn remit funds to all countries in Latin America. These remittances are not met simply through the exchange of marks for local currency, because these countries rarely wish to invest in marks. Therefore new funds have to be remitted by the Axis to Latin America in the form of goods, coins, stamps, dollar notes, and securities." (Note 30)

The Blockade Division not only collated the material it had accumulated in the process of operating its special activities, but it had asked for the intelligence resources of the Federal Bureau of Investigation, (Note 31) the Office of Censorship, the Office of Navy Intelligence, the Army's Military Intelligence (G-2), and the Board of Economic Warfare. Diplomatic Missions were requested to report information on local smuggling rings, and related material at hand in Washington was examined. All available facts were checked and a file was made which listed the names of smugglers, the names of ships used in blockade running, the kinds of commodities smuggled, the names of ports to which deliveries of smuggled goods were made, routes, and methods and means of concealing goods.

The Enemy Branch (later known as the European Enemy Division) made studies of enemy supply positions with respect to materials being smuggled, thus providing the Blockade Division with guides on the importance or relative insignificance of blockade evasions. The greatness of the enemies' need for material guided the counter measures taken smugglers and helped to determine the nature and extent of preclusive purchases.

The significance of the blockade work of the Blockade Division, so far as the Safehaven Program is concerned, is that there was created in the Division a backlog of information about firms and individuals who were actively assisting the Axis, and who would bear watching the future.

Blockade Division Records (Entry UD 8)
Boxes 1-144

Box # File Number Subject
54 OW Argentina 001 Miscellaneous
  OW Argentina 480 Insurance
  OW Argentina 900 Trade
  OW Argentina 910 Trade Relations and Conditions
  OW Argentina 917 Blockade Systems
  OW Argentina 920 Export Trade Control
  OW Argentina 921 Export License Applications
  OW Argentina 926-3 Blocked Nationals
  OW Argentina 940 Trade Agreements
  OW Argentina 954-3 Preclusive Buying
  OW Argentina 956 Contraband Control
  OW Argentina 956-1 Smuggling and Leaks
  OW Argentina 960 Commodities (2 folders)
  OW Argentina 960 Exports
  OW Argentina 960 Diamonds
  OW Argentina 960 Film
  OW Argentina 960 Linseed Oil
  OW Argentina 960 Machinery
  OW Argentina 960 Oil
  OW Argentina 960 Quinine
  OW Argentina 960 Tin-plate
55   Austria
56 OW Axis 001 Miscellaneous (2 folders)
  OW Axis 050-052-4 Information Releases, Speeches, and Radio (2 folders)
  OW Axis 070-1 Study Projects
  OW Axis 616-1 Martial Law
  OW Axis 700 Transportation and Communications
  OW Axis 710 Merchant Marine
  OW Axis 800 Industry
  OW Axis 820 Mining
  OW Axis 900-959 Trade
  OW Axis 910 Trade Relations
  OW Axis 95403 Preclusive Buying
  OW Axis 956-1 Smuggling
57 OW Axis 960 Exports Commodities
  OW Axis 960 Various commodities arranged alphabetically (21 folders)
  OW Axis 960-1-960-64  
  OW Axis 960-54 Petroleum Products
  OW Axis 960-59 Stores, Subsistence, General
68-73   French North Africa
75   Germany

Box # File # File Titles
75 OW Germany 000 Economic Conditions Germany
  OW Germany 050 Germany Information
  OW Germany 051 German Illustrations
  OW Germany 051-1 Germany Charts and Maps
  OW Germany 052-1 Publications
  OW Germany 052-2 Releases
  OW Germany 070 Projects
  OW Germany 080 Germany Companies and Firms
  OW Germany 400 Public Finance
  OW Germany 500 Censorship
  OW Germany 520 Politics and Propaganda
  OW Germany 580 Labor Relations
  OW Germany 586-1 Mobilization and Labor
  OW Germany 600 Military and Naval Operations
  OW Germany 700 Transportation and Communication
  OW Germany 800 Manufacturing, Production
  OW Germany 840-856 Public Utilities
76 OW Germany 900 Trade
  OW Germany 910 Trade Relations and Conditions
  OW Germany 956 Blockade Enforcement, Smuggling
  OW Germany 960 Commodities, Alphabetically A-C
  OW Germany 960 Commodities, Alphabetically D-M
  OW Germany 960 Commodities, Alphabetically N-Z
77 OW Iberian Peninsula 000 Miscellaneous
  OW Iberian Peninsula 060 Subcommittee
  OW Iberian Peninsula 060 Operating Committee
78 OW Iberian Peninsula 060 Operating Committee (6 folders)
79 OW Iberian Peninsula 060 Operating Committee (2 folders)
  OW Iberian Peninsula 060 Preclusive Buying Analysis Committee Minutes
  OW Iberian Peninsula 170 Iberian Peninsula Section Progress Report
  OW Iberian Peninsula 700 Transportation
  OW Iberian Peninsula 810 Manufacturing
  OW Iberian Peninsula 900 Trade
  OW Iberian Peninsula 900 Cross Trade (3 folders)
  OW Iberian Peninsula 900 Italy Cross Trade
  OW Iberian Peninsula 954-3 Preclusive Buying
  OW Iberian Peninsula 960 Commodities
  OW Iberian Peninsula 960 Commodities
90 OW Portugal 000 General
  OW Portugal 001 Economic Conditions
  OW Portugal 060 Meetings and Committees
91 OW Portugal 060 Anglo-American Economic Committee
  OW Portugal 080 Companies
  OW Portugal 114-3 Licensing Procedures
  OW Portugal 170 Progress Report
  OW Portugal 400 Public Finance
  OW Portugal 410 Finance, Exchange, Investments (2 folders)
  OW Portugal 500-600 Internal politics
  OW Portugal 700 Transportation and Communication
  OW Portugal 710 Shipping
  OW Portugal 710 Merchant Marine
92 OW Portugal 711 Merchant Ships
  OW Portugal 720 Railways
  OW Portugal 800 Manufacturing and Production
  OW Portugal 900 Trade
  OW Portugal 900 Trade Reports
  OW Portugal 900 Trading With Enemy
  OW Portugal 900 Trade Relations and Conditions
  OW Portugal 917 Blockade System
  OW Portugal 920 Export Trade Control
  OW Portugal 921 Export License Applications
  OW Portugal 921 Export Licenses (2 folders)
  OW Portugal 921-2 Commodity Licenses (2 folders)
  OW Portugal 924 Transit Shipment
  OW Portugal 926-1 Watch List
  OW Portugal 926-2 Black List
  OW Portugal 927 Export Trade Reports
93 OW Portugal 930 Import Trade Control
  OW Portugal 940 Trade Agreements (2 folders)
  OW Portugal 940 Supply Purchasing Program (5 folders)
  OW Portugal 940 Overall Program
  OW Portugal 952 Price Control
94 OW Portugal 954-3 Preclusive Buying
  OW Portugal 954-6 Transportation
  OW Portugal 956 Control Evasion
  OW Portugal 956-1 Smuggling and Leaks
  OW Portugal 960 Exports (2 folders)
  OW Portugal 960 Imports (2 folders)
95 OW Portugal 960 Imports
  OW Portugal 960 Commodities, by date
95-105 OW Portugal 960 Commodities, Alphabetically
107 OW Spain 000 General
  OW Spain 001 Economic Conditions
  OW Spain 060 Anglo-American Economic Committee (2 folders)
  OW Spain 080 Companies
  OW Spain 170 Progress Report
108 OW Spain 410 Finance, Exchange, and Investments (6 folders)
  OW Spain 430 Banks and Banking
  OW Spain 500 Internal Politics
109 OW Spain 565 Relief Organizations
  OW Spain 600 Military Activities
  OW Spain 700 Transportation
  OW Spain 710 Merchant Marine
  OW Spain 720 Railways
  OW Spain 740 Air Transportation
  OW Spain 800 Manufacturing and Production
110 OW Spain 900 Trade, General
  OW Spain 900 Trading With Enemy
  OW Spain 910 Trade Relations
  OW Spain 917 & 917-2 Blockade
  OW Spain 920 Export Control
  OW Spain 921 Export License Applications (3 folders)
111 OW Spain 921-2 Commodity License
  OW Spain 926 Blocked Nationals
  OW Spain 926-1 Watch List
  OW Spain 926-2 Black List (2 folders)
  OW Spain 927 Export Trade Reporting
  OW Spain 930 Import Trade Control
112 OW Spain 940 Commodity Balance Sheet
  OW Spain 940 Overall Program
  OW Spain 940 Supply Purchase Agreement (2 folders)
  OW Spain 940 Supply Purchase Program (2 folders)
  OW Spain 940 Trade Agreement (3 folders)
113 OW Spain 954-3 Preclusive Buying(3 folders)
  OW Spain 954-6 Transportation of
  OW Spain 956 Control Evasion
  OW Spain 956-1 Smuggling and Leaks
114 OW Spain 960 General Commodities
  OW Spain 960 Export of Commodities
  OW Spain 960 Exports
  OW Spain 960 Import of Commodities
  OW Spain 960 Imports and Exports
114-128 OW Spain 960 Commodities, Alphabetically
131 BA Sweden-Switzerland 060 (7 folders)
132 OW Sweden 000 General
  OW Sweden 410 Finance
  OW Sweden 465-1 Repayment and Collection
  OW Sweden 600 Military and Naval Operations
  OW Sweden 700 Transportation
  OW Sweden 710 Merchant Marine
  OW Sweden 800 Industry
  OW Sweden 900 Trading With Enemy
  OW Sweden 917-1 Navicerts
  OW Sweden 917-2 Blockade Agreements
  OW Sweden 920 Export Control
  OW Sweden 921 Export License Application
  OW Sweden 921-1 General Licenses
  OW Sweden 921-2 Commodity Licenses
  OW Sweden 930 Export and Import Trade Control
  OW Sweden 940 Trade Agreement
  OW Sweden 940 Cables
  OW Sweden 940 Supply Purchase Agreement (Negotiations)
  OW Sweden 953-3 Export Quotas
  OW Sweden 953-5 Unlabeled-contains useful information
  OW Sweden 954-1 Preclusive Buying
133 OW Sweden 960 General Commodities
  OW Sweden 960 Exports
  OW Sweden 960 Imports
  OW Sweden 960 Commodities (Alphabetically)
134 OW Switzerland 000 General
  OW Switzerland 080 Companies
  OW Switzerland 182 Telegrams, Radio, Cable
  OW Switzerland 400 Public Finance
  OW Switzerland 420 Exchange Rates
  OW Switzerland 500 Politics and Welfare
  OW Switzerland 700 Transportation and Communication
  OW Switzerland 710 Merchant Marine
  OW Switzerland 711 Merchant Ships
  OW Switzerland 720 Railways
  OW Switzerland 800 Manufacturing and Industry
  OW Switzerland 841 Light and Power Plants
  OW Switzerland 900 Trade, General
  OW Switzerland 900 Trading With Enemy
  OW Switzerland 920 Export Trade Control
  OW Switzerland 921 Export License Applications
  OW Switzerland 926-2 Black List
  OW Switzerland 940 Trade Agreement
  OW Switzerland 953-3 Export (Quotas) and Requirements
  OW Switzerland 954-1 Requisitions
  OW Switzerland 960 Exports and Imports
135 OW Switzerland 960 Commodities, Alphabetically (29 folders)
  OW Switzerland 960 Commodities, General
136   Turkey
139-144   Blockade Division's relationship with other agencies.

Blockade Division Records (Entry UD 16)

Records relate primarily to neutral countries.
Boxes 1-8

Box # File Titles
1 Finland
  Sweden-Economic Policy
  Sweden-Economic Surveys (2 folders)
  Sweden-Electrical Power
  Sweden-Exportable Surpluses
  English Translation of Swedish Tariff Rubric
  Sweden-Finance
  Spain-General
  Sweden-Trade with Argentina
  Sweden-Agreements with Enemy Occupied Countries
  Sweden-Trade with Belgium and Holland
  Sweden-Trade With Bulgaria
  Sweden-Trade With Croatia and Slovakia
2 Sweden-Trade With Denmark (2 folders)
  Sweden-Trade With France
  Sweden-Trade With Finland (3 folders)
  Sweden-Trade With Germany (3 folders)
  Swedish-German War Trade Agreement
  Sweden-Trade With Great Britain
  Sweden-Trade With Hungary
  Sweden-Trade With Iceland
  Sweden-Trade With Italy
  Sweden-Trade With Japan
  Sweden-Trade With Latin America
  Sweden-Trade With Norway
3 Sweden-Trade With Norway
  Sweden-Trade With Poland
  Sweden-Trade With Rumania
  Sweden-Trade With Russia
  Sweden-Trade With Switzerland
  Sweden-Trade With Liberated Areas (2 folders)
  Switzerland-Trade With Axis
  Switzerland-Trade With Germany
  Switzerland-Trade With Italy
  Switzerland-Trade With Japan
  Switzerland-Trade With Latin America
  Switzerland-Trade With Russia
  Switzerland-Trade With Spain and Portugal
  Switzerland-Trade With Sweden
  Switzerland-Trade With Turkey
  Switzerland-Trade With United States  
4 Switzerland-Trade With United States Commercial Company
  Switzerland Press Review
  Switzerland Weekly Economic Review
  Switzerland Economic Survey (2 folders)
  Switzerland Finance
  Spain-Cost of Living
  Economic Review of Spain
5 Spain-Spain Electric Power
  Spain-General Economic Conditions
  Spain-Imports from US
  Spain-Imports General (2 folders)
  Spain-Population-Vital Statistics
  Spain-Exports-General
  Spain-Prices
  Spain-Brazilian-Spanish Trade
6 Portugal-Imports by Commodities (4 folders)
  European Neutral-Portuguese Trade
  Portugal-Exports from Portuguese Possessions
  Portugal-Enemy, Exports to (2 folders)
  Portugal-Enemy, Imports from (2 folders)
7 Enemy-Portuguese Trade-General
  Portugal-Exports by Commodity
  Portugal-Exports by Countries
  Argentine-Portuguese Trade
  Other Latin-America-Portuguese Trade
  Portugal-Foreign Travel-General
  Portugal-Economy-General
  Portugal-Policy
  Portugal-Production
  Portugal-Exportable Surplus and Preliminary Report 
8 Economic Notes-Portugal and Colonies
  Portugal-Finance
  Portugal-Prices
  US-Portugal Exports to
  UK-Portugal Imports From (4 folders)

Records of the Intelligence Service Staff Intelligence Service Staff Records (Entry UD 9)

Records relate to a variety of matters, including Safe Haven, Special Watch Instructions, and value of censorship material to the FEA.
Boxes 1-12

Box # File Title
1 Agency Interest in Submissions
  Blockade Revised List and Directives
  FYI-Utilization of Censorship Material
  Military Censorship
  Policy Items
  Progress Reports
  Safehaven [includes undated report "Extent of Wallenberg's Control of the Economy of Sweden"]
2 Utilization of Censorship Material
  Value of Censorship Material to FEA
  Special Watch Instructions
3 Office of Censorship
  Office of Exports
  Office of Imports
  Royal Censorship
  Progress Report
  State Department
  Swedish-Watch-Pirelli Co. Cartels
  SWI [Special Watch Instruction] Memorandum
  Trade Intelligence Division
  Technical branch
  War Trade Staff
4 Mostly deals with North Africa
5 BEW-Survey of Foreign Experts
  Misc. Censorship
6 Censorship
  Cable Censorship
  Censorship, British
  Censorship, Letters
  Directive: Intercepts and Documents
  Enemy Branch
  Finance
  Intelligence Division (2 folders)
  Intelligence Sources Section Reports
  Misc.
  OEWA [Office of Economic Warfare Analysis]
  Office of Censorship
7 BEW Powers (2 folders)
  Misc. Censorship Executive Orders 9250 and 8985

Records of the European Branch

The area covered by the European Branch included France, Italy, Eastern Europe, the Balkans, Northern Europe, and the neutral European countries.  Together with the United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration, this Branch assisted in preparing and carrying out programs for the relief, rehabilitation, and reconstruction of the liberated portions of its area, reviewing requisitions for supplies and determining their essentialness.

Records of the Office of the Director Office of the Director Records (Entry UD 10)

Boxes 1-4

Box 2 contains a folder entitled "Safehaven" that contains four reports labeled:"Looted Art in Occupied Territories, Neutral Countries and Latin America" (May 5, 1945), "Report of Activities No. 4" (June 1945), "The Vesting of German Assets in Spain: A Case Study in Vesting of German Assets Abroad" (July 1945), and "Extra-Territorial Effect of Economic Measures Taken By the Occupying Powers in Germany: Problems of Recognition and Enforcement in Neutral Countries" (May 1945).

Records of the Neutral Countries Division Neutral Countries Division Records (Entry UD 12)
Boxes 1-9

Box # File Title
1 Blockade Study
  Jews in Germany
  Relief Policy (3 folders)
2 War Refugee Board
  France
  Netherlands
  Norway (3 folders)
  Poland
  Portugal
  Spain
  Spain and Portugal
  Relief from Sweden
3 Sweden
  Switzerland (2 folders)
  Turkey
  Prison Camps-Germany
  Pruskow Camp-Poland
4-9 Various subjects, mostly relating to POWs and to products.

Records of the Liberated Areas Branch Liberated Areas Branch Records (Entry UD 15)
Boxes 1-18

Box # File Title or Subject
1 Italy
2 Displaced Persons
3 UNRRA
5 Committee on Foreign Finance location: 570/58/21/05
7 UNRRA
11 Switzerland-Cotton Textiles From Switzerland
12 Purchases in Argentina
15 Spain and Switzerland
  Sweden-General
  Purchases in Sweden
  Red Cross and Private Relief
16 Progress Reports-European Branch
  Progress Reports-P & C Staff
17 Relaxation of Controls
  United States Commercial Company
  UNRRA
  Operational Reports
18 OSS
  OWI
  Relations with State Department
  UNRRA-FEA Relationship

Records of the Pan American Branch Central File October 1942-November 1945 (Entry 384)


Boxes 2318-2332

Reports and Dispatches from United States Missions in Latin America December 1941- November 1945 (Entry 385)
Boxes 2333-2493

Records of the Office of the Director General File of the Director 1943-1945 (Entry 398)
Boxes 2509-2513

Geographic File of the Director 1942-1945 (Entry 399)
Boxes 2513-2514

Records of the Economic Intelligence Division

Until the German and Austrian (Enemy Branch) was created late in 1944, the Economic Intelligence Division had been a separate unit of FEA under the Special Areas Branch, and had serviced most departments of the agency. The Division had its origins in pre-war 1941, when it was discovered that it would be necessary to gather information on the economic resources of Japan for the administration of export control. After December 7, 1941, the Board of Economic Warfare established Analysis Sections and Intelligence Sections on geographical lines, the purpose being to procure economic data for the armed forces and for other United States and Allied Governmental agencies.

Collaborating throughout the war with the British Ministry of Economic Warfare and with other intelligence units operating for the United States, the Economic Intelligence Division, which later became the Intelligence Service Staff, gathered, compiled, classified and made available to the proper authorities the data received from censorship intercepts, foreign radio broadcasts, foreign publications, American business firms with foreign interests, representatives of foreign countries, returned travelers, refugees, and United States intelligence agents operating in foreign countries. (Note 32)

The division maintained close liaison with Military Intelligence (G-2) and the Office of Naval Intelligence, having representatives of those two services attached to the office in Washington, DC. In addition, it maintained a close relationship with the Office of Strategic Services, the Office of Censorship, and the Federal Bureau of Investigation. FEA special agents in the field, United States Commercial Company representatives, FEA business experts, and United States diplomatic officers and intelligence agents operating in foreign countries contributed reports to the unit.

Numbered Subject Files (Entry 500B)
Boxes 1-2103

Indexes to the Numbered Subject Files Index by Country (Entry 500AO)
Boxes 1-323

Box # Country
12-18 Argentina
20-22 Austria
22-25 Axis Powers
136-161 Germany
184-190 Italy
253-258 Portugal
266-273 Spain
275-279 Sweden
279-283 Switzerland
287-290 Turkey
309 United States (Safehaven)

Index by City (Entry 500A1)
Boxes 324-378

Box # City
324 Ankara, Turkey
325 Basel, Switzerland
326 Bern, Switzerland
329-330 Buenos Aires, Argentina
334 Geneva, Switzerland
338-339 Istanbul, Turkey
342-343 Lisbon, Portugal
343-350 London, England
350-352 Madrid, Spain
375-376 Zurich, Switzerland Index by Subject (Entry 500A2)

Boxes 379-420

Box # Subject
379 Blockade
381-383 Censorship
383-385 Civil Affairs
388-390 Economic Agreements
391-397 Firms
406-411 Missions
411-413 Post-War Planning
417-420 Trade Relations

Index by Recipient (Entry 500A3)
Boxes 421-425

Index by Foreign Government (Entry 500A4)
Boxes 426-433

Index by Name of Organization (U.S. Government Agency) (Entry 500A5)
Boxes 434-470

Box # Organization
434-437 Board of Economic Warfare
438-439 Commerce Department
439-441 FBI
443-445 Intelligence Missions
445-447 JICA
447-448 Justice Department
449-451 Navy
451-457 OSS
457-459 OWI
460-462 Organizations of Liberated Areas
463 Securities and Exchange Commission
463-464 UNRRA
464-470 War Department

Index by Allied Organization (Entry 500A6)
Boxes 471-474

Index: Major Hart's File (Entry 500A7)
Box 475

Index:  Pulleston's File (Entry 500A8)
Box 476

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