Records of the Bureau of Agricultural Economics [BAE]
(Record Group 83)
Table of Contents
- 83.1 ADMINISTRATIVE HISTORY
- 83.2 RECORDS OF THE BUREAU OF MARKETS AND CROP ESTIMATES AND ITS
350 lin. ft.
- 83.3 GENERAL RECORDS OF THE BUREAU OF AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS
2,591 lin. ft.
- 83.3.1 Correspondence
- 83.3.2 Records of offices and officials
- 83.3.3 Records concerning international organizations,
committees, and conferences
- 83.3.4 Other records
- 83.4 RECORDS OF DIVISIONS
775 lin. ft.
- 83.4.1 Records of divisions primarily responsible for
- 83.4.2 Records of the Division of Agricultural Finances and its
- 83.4.3 Records of the Division of Farm Management and Costs and
- 83.4.4 Records of the Division of Farm Population and Rural
Welfare and its predecessors
- 83.4.5 Records of the Division of Land Economics
- 83.4.6 Records of the Division of Marketing and Transportation
- 83.4.7 Records of the Division of Program Analysis and
- 83.4.8 Records of the Division of Program Surveys
- 83.4.9 Records of the Division of State and Local Planning
- 83.4.10 Records of the Division of Statistical and Historical
- 83.4.11 Records of the Domestic Wool Section
- 83.5 RECORDS OF STATE OFFICES
15 lin. ft.
- 83.6 RECORDS OF THE WESTERN REGIONAL OFFICE (BERKELEY, CA)
25 lin. ft.
- 83.6.1 General records
- 83.6.2 Records of the Division of Farm Management and Costs
- 83.6.3 Records of the Division of Farm Population and Rural
- 83.6.4 Records of the Division of State and Local Planning
- 83.6.5 Records of the Division of Land Economics
- 83.7 RECORDS OF OTHER REGIONAL OFFICES
36 lin. ft.
- 83.7.1 Records of the Appalachian Regional Office (Washington,
- 83.7.2 Records of the North Central Regional Office (Milwaukee,
- 83.7.3 Records of the Northeastern Regional Office (Upper Darby,
- 83.7.4 Records of the Northern Great Plains Regional Office
- 83.7.5 Records of the Southeastern Regional Office (Atlanta, GA)
- 83.7.6 Records of the Southern Great Plains Regional Office
- 83.8 CARTOGRAPHIC RECORDS (GENERAL)
- 83.9 SOUND RECORDINGS (GENERAL)
- 83.10 STILL PICTURES (GENERAL)
26,600 images and 41 items
Established: In the Department of Agriculture, effective July 1, 1922, by the Agricultural Appropriation Act (42 Stat. 532), May 11, 1922, consolidating the Bureau of Markets and Crop Estimates with the Office of Farm Management and Farm Economics.
In the Department of Agriculture:
- Division of Statistics (1863-1903)
- Section of Foreign Markets (1894-1902)
- Division of Foreign Markets (1902-3)
- Bureau of Statistics (1903-14)
- Bureau of Crop Estimates (1914-21)
- Rural Organization Service (1913-15)
- Office of Markets (1913-15)
- Office of Markets and Rural Organization (1915-17)
- Bureau of Markets (1917-21)
- Bureau of Markets and Crop Estimates (1921-22)
- Office of Farm Management, Bureau of Plant Industry (1905-15)
- Office of Farm Management, Office of the Secretary (1915-20)
- Office of Farm Management and Farm Economics (1920-22)
Responsibility for the land utilization program acquired from the abolished Resettlement Administration by Secretary's Memorandum 733, September 1, 1932. Marketing functions transferred to the Agricultural Marketing Service and most land utilization functions assigned to the Soil Conservation Service by Secretary's Memorandums 783 and 785, October 6, 1938. Program planning transferred to the Office of the Secretary and public discussion duties assigned to the Extension Service by Secretary's Memorandums 1137 and 1139, December 12, 1939.
Abolished: By Secretary's Memorandum 1320, suppl. 4, November 2, 1953.
Successor Agencies: Agricultural Research Service and Agricultural Marketing Service.
Finding Aids: Vivian Wiser, comp., Preliminary Inventory of the Records of the Bureau of Agricultural Economics, PI 104 (1958).
Related Records: Record copies of publications of the Bureau of Agricultural Economics in RG 287, Publications of the U.S. Government. Records of the Foreign Agricultural Service, RG 166.
History: Division of Statistics, established May 28, 1863, and Division of Foreign Markets, established as a section, March 20, 1894, and designated a division by the Agricultural Appropriation Act (32 Stat. 300), June 3, 1902, were consolidated, July 1, 1903, by the Agricultural Appropriation Act (32 Stat. 1162), March 3, 1903, to form the Bureau of Statistics, redesignated Bureau of Crop Estimates, July 1, 1914, by the Agricultural Appropriation Act (38 Stat. 436), June 30, 1914. Rural Organization Service, established in 1913, and Office of Markets, established May 16, 1913, by the Agricultural Appropriation Act (37 Stat. 854), March 4, 1913, were consolidated July 1, 1915, by the Agricultural Appropriation Act (38 Stat. 1111), March 4, 1915, to form the Office of Markets and Rural Organization, redesignated the Bureau of Markets, July 1, 1917, by the Agricultural Appropriation Act (39 Stat. 1162), March 4, 1917. Bureau of Markets and Bureau of Crop Estimates were consolidated, July 1, 1921, by the Agricultural Appropriation Act (41 Stat. 1341), March 3, 1921, to form the Bureau of Markets and Crop Estimates, which was combined with the Office of Farm Management and Farm Economics, 1922, to form the BAE. SEE 83.1.
Textual Records: Consolidated general numerical (115 ft.) and alphabetical (183 ft.) correspondence of the Office of Markets, the Bureau of Markets, and the Bureau of Markets and Crop Estimates, 1912-22; with name and subject indexes, 1913-22, to the numerical correspondence. Office files of various officials, 1913-20. Records of the Committee on Cotton Distribution, 1918. Records relating to the distribution of nitrate of soda for fertilizer, 1917-21; city marketing and distribution problems, 1914-20; and cooperative cotton handling and marketing and paper plant investigations, 1906-13.
Related Records: Record copies of publications of the Bureau of Crop Estimates in RG 287, Publications of the U.S. Government.
Textual Records: General correspondence, 1922-53 (2,037 ft.); with record slips of letters received, 1922-23, and subject index, 1923-45. Correspondence relating to regional activities, 1939-46. Miscellaneous correspondence, 1915-46.
Textual Records: Records of Bureau Chief Howard R. Tolley, 1934- 46; and Associate Bureau Chief Foster F. Elliot, 1934-53. Files and ledgers of the bureau's budget officer, 1920-45. Annual reports of the librarian, 1912-42. Records of the Interbureau Coordinating Committee, 1939-41.
83.3.3 Records concerning international organizations,
committees, and conferences
Textual Records: Records relating to postwar foreign relief requirements, 1941-43. Records relating to the United Nations Conference on Food and Agriculture, Hot Springs, VA, 1943; the Interim Commission on Food and Agriculture, 1943-45; the Food and Agriculture Organization, 1945-53; and the World Food Council, 1947-52. Records relating to aspects of land-use planning developed by the July 8, 1938, Mount Weather Conference Agreement between USDA and the Association of Land Grant Colleges and Universities, 1938-48.
Textual Records: Records of the National Research Project on Reemployment Opportunities and Changes in Industrial Techniques, 1936-39, documenting the effect on farm labor of farm machinery and changing farm practices between 1909 and 1936. Reports on the Cooperative Western Range Survey, 1938. Records relating to the operation of the Center Market, Washington, DC, 1921-30. Cooperative agreements between the bureau and other agencies and institutions, 1917-46. Project files, 1907-53. Manuscript file, 1913-46. Records relating to farm loans, 1925-61. Records relating to agricultural commodity pricing, 1913-53. Reports and other records relating to agricultural commodity prices, 1924-54.
Textual Records: Correspondence of the Bureau of Crop Estimates relating to crop reports and the field crop reporting system, 1915-21. Livestock estimating files of Principal Agricultural Statistician Charles L. Harlan, 1922-38. General crop reports, 1897-1927. Crop damage records, 1919-37. "Comments" on special surveys and on general crop, cotton, and poultry reports, 1907- 49. Livestock, fruit, and vegetable tabulations, ca. 1912-53. Sample reporting schedule forms and questionnaires, 1886-1940. Records relating to the International Institute of Agriculture, 1909-13; National Board on Swine Production Policy, 1928-32; Advisory Committee on Grain Crop Reports, 1924; Federal Statistical Board, 1932-33; and Committee of Consulting Experts, 1922-37.
Maps (50 items): Division of Crop and Livestock Estimates maps of crop reporting districts, n.d., (48 items); and a map illustrating rural cost of living, 1938 (1 item). Tobacco Division map of tobacco-growing districts, 1932 (1 item). SEE ALSO 83.8.
Textual Records: General correspondence, 1920-39. Records relating to agricultural insurance, 1915-34, with name, subject, and state indexes, 1915-22. Records relating to foreign agricultural insurance, 1910-40; and crop insurance, 1915-40. Records relating to rural credit, 1913-19, with index. Records relating to studies of tax delinquency, 1933-34; and farm mortgage and land transfer, 1936-38.
Maps (4 items): United States, showing loan distributions, 1937- 39 (3 items), and locations of production credit associations, 1937 (1 item). SEE ALSO 83.8.
Textual Records: Records of Henry C. Taylor, Chief of the Office of Farm Management and Farm Economics, 1919-21. Records of Division Chiefs Howard R. Tolley, 1923-28; and C.L. Holmes, 1928- 33. Staff correspondence, 1910-36. Reports, speeches, and articles relating to farm management, 1902-20. Project files, 1906-21. Research reports, 1937-42. Regional planning and adjustment reports, 1935-37. Records relating to farm business surveys, 1909-26; cost of production studies, 1912-25; and farm labor surveys, 1909-22. Questionnaires and summary sheets on farm practices for Sherman County, OR, retained as a sample of a general rehabilitation survey, 1935. Records relating to flood control management, 1939-41.
Maps (30 items): United States, showing farming regions, 1930-34 (15 items). Tieton Irrigation District, Yakima County, WA, 1937 (10 items). Seasonal movements of range sheep, 1941 (1 item). Physiographic and soil regions, and yield per acre, for KY, ND, and AR, 1932-41 (4 items). SEE ALSO 83.8.
Textual Records: General correspondence, 1913-34. Studies on sociological aspects of rural life ("Manuscript File"), 1917-35. Field trip reports, 1915-17. Project files, 1919-22. State reports on rural problem areas, 1934-35. Records of economist W.C. Nason relating to surveys of rural communities, 1921-32. Rural relief reports, 1935. Records relating to flood control management, 1939-41.
Maps (58 items): Historic (1870-1930) interstate migration routes, 1940 (41 items). Farm economy survey, Pacific Northwest and Great Plains, ca. 1940 (7 items). Regional and state maps showing county population changes for north central states, IL, and KS, 1941 (3 items). Reconnaissance surveys of agricultural areas in OR, 1940 (2 items). Miscellaneous maps relating to population distribution, urban population, rural cultural regions, and federal expenditures for agriculture, 1933-40 (5 items). SEE ALSO 83.8.
Textual Records: General correspondence, 1935-43. Records of Division Chief L. C. Gray, 1921-32. Records concerning land policy, 1925-37; and land use planning, 1931-38. Land utilization reports, 1934-36. Records relating to the President's Special Committee on Farm Tenancy, 1936-37. Water facilities and flood control policy records, 1936-43. Manuscript file of division staff articles and reports, 1919-36. Project files and related records, 1934-43. Narrative project and activity reports, 1934- 40. Records relating to the National Land Use Planning Committee, 1931-33. Records relating to the Great Plains Drought Area Committee and the Great Plains Committee, 1936-37. Records relating to the Trail, British Columbia, smelter fumes investigations, 1926-37; and to a study of Southern Appalachia, 1929-35. Records of the Flood Control Section, 1937-43. Project files of the Land Tenure Section, 1934-43. Project files, 1939- 42, and land use planning legislation records, 1936-38, of the Land Utilization Section. General correspondence and project reports of the Public Finance Section, 1934-43. General correspondence, 1936-43, and project files, 1933-44, of the Water Utilization Section.
Maps (1,679 items): General maps relating to land classification in the Great Plains, 1925-30 (58 items); the Mississippi Backwater Study--Yazoo Segment, 1940 (13 items); sharecropping in the southeastern states, 1936 (6 items); and state and county land use, irrigation, and farm economics, 1931-46 (66 items). General miscellaneous maps relating to unemployment, migrant labor, erosion control crops, land and property values, and farm income, 1930-40 (15 items). Miscellaneous maps, Public Finance Section, 1942 (1 item), and Flood Control Section, n.d. (1 item). Maps of the Land Classification Section, illustrating problem areas, forest and vegetation cover, soil and physical landscape features, land ownership, crop yield, land use classification, and physical and cultural regions of the United States, 1927-40 (272 items). Maps of the Land Utilization Section including geological and reference maps, 1876-1940 (67 items); maps of OK, NV, WI, OR, TX, and the southern states, 1940-41 (17 items); maps showing forest areas and cleared land, 1899-1942 (6 items); and maps produced or accumulated by cartographers Oliver E. Baker, 1929-38 (295 items), and Francis J. Marschner, 1921-59 (252 items). Maps of the Water Utilization Section relating to land classification in the Great Plains, 1925-29 (11 items); water facilities plans in the western United States, 1937-43 (575 items); and miscellaneous aspects of water resource use, irrigation, drainage, and conservation, 1939-44 (24 items). SEE ALSO 83.8.
Textual Records: Records accumulated by agricultural economist A.C. Hoffman, 1934-41.
Maps (10 items): United States, showing fruit and vegetable production, 1937 (1 item), and sale and distribution of farm products, 1937-39 (9 items). SEE ALSO 83.8.
Textual Records: Reports relating to a survey of production goals, 1941-42. Records relating to committees on conservation and postwar planning, 1939-41.
Textual Records: Project files, 1940-45, including studies of attitudes of rural and urban people toward the war and war- related problems.
Textual Records: Records of Division Chief Bushrod Allin, 1938- 42. Minutes, 1939-41. Land use planning reports of county agricultural planning committees, 1938-42. County agricultural planning project records, 1935-38. Records of a study of erosion control and soil fertility improvement adjustments in farm production ("Regional Adjustment Project File"), 1934-38. Records of the southeastern regional planning assistant, 1938-42. Planning Analysis Unit records, 1941-42.
Maps (536 items): County land use planning program, 1936-41 (535 items). Kissimmee River, FL, watershed, 1939 (1 item). SEE ALSO 83.8.
Textual Records: General correspondence, 1917-46. Records of Division Chief O. C. Stine, 1923-46. War Records Project quarterly reports, 1941-45. Reference file, 1939-46. Records concerning the history of agricultural economics, 1915-45. Records relating to the Central Statistical Board, 1933-40; and the National Agricultural Conference, 1922-23.
Maps (28 items): World, showing Department of Agriculture projects, 1923 (3 items); animal distribution, 1923 (3 items); and cotton production, 1934 (1 item). Chile, showing livestock and crop distribution, 1923 (17 items). Eastern Russia, showing agricultural regions, 1923 (1 item). United States, showing spring wheat planting schedule, 1925 (1 item). North Dakota, illustrating climate studies, 1931 (2 items). SEE ALSO 83.8.
Textual Records: Correspondence, 1918-37. Reports, 1918-33.
Textual Records: Records of the BAE state representatives for AZ, 1937-42 (in Los Angeles); CO, 1934-42 (in Denver); NV, 1935 (in San Francisco); NM, 1935-42 (in Denver); and UT, 1934-42 (in Denver). General correspondence (in Fort Worth) of the Amarillo, TX, Land Utilization Office, 1936-38, with an index, 1937-38.
Textual Records (in San Francisco): General correspondence, 1939- 46. Manuscripts file, 1936-47. Water facility program planning records for the State of Nevada, 1939-42. General correspondence, division files, studies, and other records relating to the Central Valley Project (San Joaquin Valley, CA), 1942-46. Correspondence and reports relating to proposed sites for War Relocation Authority internment camps, 1942.
Maps (246 items): General maps relating to the Pacific Northwest, including maps produced by the Pacific Northwest Committee concerning postwar land use planning, 1941-43 (9 items). Columbia Basin, WA, irrigation projects, 1939-40 (89 items). Crops of the Sacramento River Valley, CA, 1944 (87 items). Central Valley Project, CA, 1940-46 (30 items). Historic trends (1919-43) in population, income, and employment in California, 1938-44 (16 items). Irrigation and land use, 1933-42 (15 items). SEE ALSO 83.8.
Textual Records (in San Francisco): Correspondence, survey reports, and other records relating to farm management, production adjustment, and agricultural production goals, 1942- 46.
Maps (37 items): Owyhee, OR, farm studies, 1935-37 (14 items). Farm production, land use, irrigation, forestry, and precipitation in AZ, CA, ID, NV, and WA, 1935-41 (23 items). SEE ALSO 83.8.
Textual Records (in San Francisco): Survey reports, correspondence, and other records concerning wages, migration, and rural trends, 1942-49 (bulk 1944-45).
Maps (67 items): Pacific coast migration studies, 1940-41 (35 items). Migrant workers and seasonal employment in the western United States, 1941-42 (7 items). Miscellaneous demographic and agricultural subjects, 1939-43 (25 items). SEE ALSO 83.8.
Textual Records (in San Francisco): Office file of the regional representative, 1937-42.
Textual Records (in San Francisco): Survey reports, correspondence, and other records concerning land use and development, including such subjects as irrigation, rural public works, land tenure, and migration, 1942-46. Records accumulated by Adon Poli relating to the evacuation and relocation of alien Japanese and American citizens of Japanese ancestry in western and midwestern states in World War II, and to land ownership and land tenure in the Imperial Valley, CA, 1941-46.
Maps (500 items): General maps relating to land use planning, 1934-37 (133 items). Land ownership in Casa Grande Valley, Pinal County, AZ, 1939-40 (23 items). Land utilization in Clark County, WA, 1937-38 (13 items), and Santa Cruz County, CA, 1936-41 (29 items). Reconnaissance land classification in Grays Harbor County, WA, 1936 (6 items). Lyman Dam project, Apache County, AZ, 1936-39 (8 items). Distribution of Japanese Americans in CA, OR, and WA, 1944 (4 items). Land tenure in the Imperial Valley, CA, 1942 (26 items). Farm real estate, population distribution, land use and classification, research project locations, and irrigation studies, 1930-44 (145 items). Maps, Water Utilization Section, concerning irrigation facilities, reservoir sites, drainage basins, and water facilities plans, in AZ, CA, OR, and UT, 1936-44 (35 items). Maps, Flood Control Section, relating to flood control programs and examinations, and flood plain zoning, 1937-42 (78 items). SEE ALSO 83.8.
Textual Records: Correspondence, 1934-45.
Textual Records (in Chicago): Office file of the north-central regional farm management leader, 1935-46.
Textual Records (in Philadelphia): General correspondence, 1939- 45. Correspondence and reports maintained by a regional farm management representative, 1940-46. Records of the Northeast Postwar Planning Committee, 1941-46. Records of the Northeast Regional Committee on Production Goals, 1941-45.
Textual Records (in Kansas City): Correspondence relating to land use planning and water utilization, 1935-39.
Textual Records (in Atlanta): Postwar planning records, 1941-45.
Maps (5 items): Department of Agriculture projects in the southeast, 1938 (2 items). Savannah River, GA, watershed, 1939 (1 item). Georgia, showing county historical information, 1940 (2 items). SEE ALSO 83.8.
Textual Records (in Denver): General correspondence, 1936-42.
Maps: BAE world, world regional, United States, and states base maps, 1920-40 (368 items). Miscellaneous maps of the United States, 1924-41 (7 items). Farm and land utilization maps, Kent County, DE, n.d. (9 items), and Braxton County, WV, 1940 (1 item). Land Utilization Program maps, 1938 (4 items). Maps, Office of Farm Management and Farm Economics, showing truck farming, 1900 (27 items); hay, grass, and forage plant investigations, 1905-8 (29 items); and land classification, Seattle and Tacoma, WA, 1897 (2 items). Maps, Division of Agricultural History and Geography, showing irrigation, forage resources, and grazing land, 1915-22 (6 items); historic distribution of crops, livestock, and dairy products (1839-1919), and of farms and farm land (1850-1910), 1912-33 (271 items); other aspects of agricultural history, 1914-21 (35 items); acreages of selected crops, n.d. and 1921 (66 items); South American rainfall, crop and livestock distribution, and farm types and tenancy, 1918-21 (171 items); and the Balkans and Austria-Hungary, for use by the American Commission to Negotiate Peace, 1919 (34 items). Maps, Division of Agricultural History and Geography, compiled for the atlas, Geography of the World's Agriculture, 1917 (9 items); and for Atlas of American Agriculture, 1915-19 (33 items).
SEE Maps UNDER 83.4.1-83.4.6, 83.4.9, 83.4.10, 83.6.1-83.6.3, 83.6.5, and 83.7.5.
Finding Aids: William J. Heynen, comp., Cartographic Records of the Bureau of Agricultural Economics, SL 28 (1971).
Lectures in English and Spanish to accompany filmstrips described under 83.10.
Photographs (26,600 images): Farming operations and rural life in the United States, 1896-1922 (F, FA, FB, FC; 14,000 images). Standardization of agricultural products, improved processing and marketing practices, and establishment of marketing cooperatives, 1902-38 (ML, 5,000 images). Farming in Argentina, Chile, and Peru, 1921-23 (ACP, 246 images). Illustrations for the Department of Agriculture's annual Yearbook of Agriculture, 1921-34 (YB, 805 images). Farming and marketing techniques, 1911-47, including photographs by Dorothea Lange and Irving Rusinow for the Community Stability and Instability Study of the Division of Farm Population and Rural Welfare, documenting living and working conditions in AZ, CA, GA, IA, KS, NH, and NM, ca. 1941 (G, 6,200 images). Livestock, 1900-22 (L, 293 images). Stills from the film The Battle Is in Our Hands, 1942 (BHM, 56 images).
Filmstrips (41 items): Illustrations for recorded lectures on general agricultural subjects, the history of agriculture in the United States, and special war-related phases of agriculture, 1939-44.
Bibliographic note: Web version based on Guide to Federal Records in the National Archives of the United States. Compiled by Robert B. Matchette et al. Washington, DC: National Archives and Records Administration, 1995.
3 volumes, 2428 pages.
This Web version is updated from time to time to include records processed since 1995.