Guide to Federal Records

Records of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service [USFWS]


(RECORD GROUP 22)
1868-1995 (bulk 1870-1972)

OVERVIEW OF RECORDS LOCATIONS

Table of Contents

  • 22.1 ADMINISTRATIVE HISTORY
  • 22.2 RECORDS OF THE SECRETARY OF THE TREASURY RELATING TO ALASKA 1868-1903
  • 22.3 GENERAL RECORDS OF THE U.S. FISH COMMISSION AND THE BUREAU OF FISHERIES 1870-1940
  • 22.3.1 Correspondence
  • 22.3.2 Financial records
  • 22.3.3 Records concerning the Steamer Albatross
  • 22.3.4 Miscellaneous records
  • 22.4 RECORDS OF DIVISIONS OF THE U.S. FISH COMMISSION AND THE BUREAU OF FISHERIES 1869-1941
  • 22.4.1 Records of the Division of Alaska Fisheries
  • 22.4.2 Records of the Division of Fish Culture
  • 22.4.3 Records of the Division of Scientific Inquiry
  • 22.4.4 Records of the Division of Fishery Industries
  • 22.5 GENERAL RECORDS OF THE BUREAU OF BIOLOGICAL SURVEY 1891-1937
  • 22.6 RECORDS OF DIVISIONS OF THE BUREAU OF BIOLOGICAL SURVEY 1892-1940
  • 22.6.1 Records of the Division of Game Management
  • 22.6.2 Records of the Division of Predator and Rodent Control
  • 22.7 GENERAL RECORDS OF THE FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE 1890-1956
  • 22.8 RECORDS OF OPERATING UNITS OF THE FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE 1889-1957
  • 22.8.1 Records of the Branch of Alaska Fisheries
  • 22.8.2 Records of the Branch of Wildlife Research
  • 22.8.3 Records of the Branch of Predator and Rodent Control
  • 22.8.4 Records of the Branch of Wildlife Refuges
  • 22.8.5 Records of the Division of Construction and CCC Operations
  • 22.8.6 Records of the Office of Foreign Activities
  • 22.8.7 Records of the Branch of Lands
  • 22.8.8 Records of the Branch of Federal Aid
  • 22.9 GENERAL RECORDS OF THE UNITED STATES FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE 1911-67
  • 22.9.1 Records of the Office of the Commissioner
  • 22.9.2 Records of the Office of International Relations
  • 22.10 GENERAL RECORDS OF THE BUREAU OF SPORT FISHERIES AND WILDLIFE 1899-1966
  • 22.11 RECORDS OF DIVISIONS OF THE BUREAU OF SPORT FISHERIES AND WILDLIFE 1887-1972
  • 22.11.1 Records of the Division of Fish Hatcheries
  • 22.11.2 Records of the Division of Wildlife Services
  • 22.11.3 Records of the Division of Realty
  • 22.11.4 Records of the Division of Wildlife Refuges
  • 22.11.5 Records of the Division of Wildlife Research
  • 22.11.6 Records of the Division of Engineering
  • 22.11.7 Records of the Division of Management and Enforcement
  • 22.11.8 Records of the Division of River Basin Studies
  • 22.11.9 Records of the Division of Fishery Services
  • 22.12 GENERAL RECORDS OF THE BUREAU OF COMMERCIAL FISHERIES 1902-71
  • 22.12.1 Correspondence
  • 22.12.2 Issuances
  • 22.12.3 Reports
  • 22.12.4 Records relating to program areas
  • 22.12.5 Records of conferences, committees, and commissions
  • 22.12.6 Other records
  • 22.13 RECORDS OF OPERATING UNITS OF THE BUREAU OF COMMERCIAL FISHERIES 1892-1969
  • 22.13.1 Records of the Division of Resource Management
  • 22.13.2 Records of the Division of Industrial Research
  • 22.13.3 Records of the Division of Biological Research
  • 22.14 FIELD AND REGIONAL OFFICE RECORDS OF THE FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE AND ITS PREDECESSORS 1880-1952
  • 22.14.1 Field office records of the Bureau of Fisheries
  • 22.14.2 Regional office records of the Bureau of Biological Survey
  • 22.14.3 Records of the Office of Coordinator of Fisheries, FWS Region 1, Portland, OR
  • 22.14.4 Records of FWS Region 5, Boston, MA
  • 22.15 REGIONAL OFFICE RECORDS OF THE BUREAU OF SPORT FISHERIES AND WILDLIFE AND THE UNITED STATES FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE 1926-83
  • 22.15.1 Records of the Boston, MA, Regional Office
  • 22.15.2 Records of the Atlanta, GA, Regional Office
  • 22.15.3 Records of the Twin Cities, MN, Regional Office
  • 22.15.4 Records of the Albuquerque, NM, Regional Office
  • 22.15.5 Records of the Denver, CO, Regional Office
  • 22.15.6 Records of the Portland, OR, Regional Office
  • 22.16 RECORDS OF THE ALASKA REGIONAL OFFICE, BUREAU OF COMMERCIAL FISHERIES 1870-1972
  • 22.17 RECORDS OF NATIONAL WILDLIFE REFUGES 1899-1978
  • 22.17.1 Records of the Wichita Mountains Wildlife Refuge, OK
  • 22.17.2 Records of the Theodore Roosevelt National Wildlife Refuge, ND
  • 22.18 CARTOGRAPHIC RECORDS (GENERAL) 1983-89
  • 22.19 MOTION PICTURES (GENERAL) 1915-39
  • 22.20 VIDEO RECORDINGS (GENERAL) 1979-92
    25 items
  • 22.21 MACHINE READABLE RECORDS (GENERAL) 1975-85
    7 datasets
  • 22.22 STILL PICTURES (GENERAL)

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22.1 ADMINISTRATIVE HISTORY

Established: In the Department of the Interior, effective July 1, 1974, by the Fish and Wildlife Act of 1956 Amendments (88 Stat. 92), April 22, 1974, redesignating the Bureau of Sport Fisheries and Wildlife.

Predecessor Agencies:

Alaska fishing and fur seal industries:

In the Department of the Treasury:

  • Office of the Secretary of the Treasury (1868-71)
  • Revenue Marine Division (1871-94)
  • Revenue Cutter Service (1894-1903)

In the Department of Commerce and Labor:

  • Division of Alaska Fisheries (1903-5; to Bureau of Fisheries, 1905)
  • Alaska Fur Seal Service (1903-8; to Bureau of Fisheries, 1908)

Fish:

  • Office of U.S. Commissioner of Fish and Fisheries (U.S. Fish Commission, 1871-1903)
  • Bureau of Fisheries, Department of Commerce and Labor (1903-13)
  • Bureau of Fisheries, Department of Commerce (1913-39)
  • Bureau of Fisheries, Department of the Interior (1939-40)

Wildlife:

In the Department of Agriculture:

  • Section of Economic Ornithology, Division of Entomology (1885-86)
  • Division of Economic Ornithology and Mammalogy (1886-91)
  • Division of Ornithology and Mammalogy (1891-96)
  • Division of Biological Survey (1896-1905)
  • Bureau of Biological Survey (1905-39)

In the Department of the Interior:

  • Bureau of Biological Survey (1939-40)

Fish and wildlife (consolidated):

In the Department of the Interior:

  • Wild Life Survey, Berkeley, CA, Field Office, National Park
  • Service (NPS, 1929-34)
  • Wild Life Division, Branch of Research and Education (BRE), NPS (1934)
  • Wildlife Division, BRE, NPS (1934-39; to Bureau of Fisheries and Bureau of Biological Survey, Department of the Interior, 1939)
  • Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS, 1940-56)
  • United States Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS, 1956-70)
  • Bureau of Sport Fisheries and Wildlife/USFWS (1970-74)

Functions: Administers federal laws and programs for the control and conservation of fish, game birds, and other forms of wildlife. Provides federal aid to the states for wildlife restoration. Manages a national wildlife refuge system.

Finding Aids: Renee M. Jaussaud, comp., "Preliminary Inventory of the Records of the United States Fish and Wildlife Service," unpublished (1977); supplement in National Archives microfiche edition of preliminary inventories.

Related Records: Record copies of publications of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and its predecessors in RG 287, Publications of the U.S. Government.
Records of the U.S. Coast Guard, RG 26.
Records of the National Park Service, RG 79.
Records of the Forest Service, RG 95.
Records of the Soil Conservation Service, RG 114.
Records of the Bureau of Reclamation, RG 115.
Records of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, RG 370.

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22.2 RECORDS OF THE SECRETARY OF THE TREASURY RELATING TO ALASKA
1868-1903

History: Responsibility for protection of fur seals and other fur bearing animals of Alaska vested in the Secretary of the Treasury by an act of July 27, 1868 (15 Stat. 240). Operational responsibility assigned to revenue cutters, which functioned as the customs collection and maritime law enforcement force for the Department of the Treasury. Placed in 1871 under the central direction of the newly created Revenue Marine Division, which became the Revenue Cutter Service by act of July 31, 1894 (28 Stat. 171). Treasury responsibility extended to supervision of Alaska salmon fisheries by an act of March 2, 1889 (25 Stat. 1009). These functions assigned to the newly created Department of Commerce and Labor by the Department of Commerce Act (32 Stat. 828), February 14, 1903. Administered through the Division of Alaska (or Alaskan) Fisheries and Alaska Fur Seal Service. By order of the Secretary of Commerce and Labor, February 15, 1905, responsibility for Alaska fisheries transferred to the Bureau of Fisheries. Responsibility for fur seals similarly transferred by an order of December 28, 1908.

Textual Records: Letters received relating to fur seal activities in the Pribilof Islands, 1868-1903, and to pelagic sealing in the North Pacific Ocean and Bering Sea, 1890-1903. Letters received relating to salmon fishing and preservation, 1889-1903. Reports from collectors of customs on fur seal catches, sealskin importation, and vessel clearances, 1895-1902. Printed documents, 1869-96.

Microfilm Publications: M720.

Photographic Prints (445 images): Photographic copies of paintings by Henry Wood Elliott of fur seal and sea otter industries in the Pribilof Islands, 1872 and 1890 (HE, 45 images). Seal rookeries on St. Paul and St. George Islands, taken by U.S. Fish Commission employees C.H. Townsend and N.B. Miller, 1892-97 (SR, 400 images). SEE ALSO 22.22.

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22.3 GENERAL RECORDS OF THE U.S. FISH COMMISSION AND THE BUREAU OF FISHERIES
1870-1940

History: Office of the Commissioner of Fish and Fisheries (commonly known as the U.S. Fish Commission) established by a joint resolution of February 9, 1871 (16 Stat. 593), as an independent agency to investigate the causes for the decrease of commercial fish and aquatic animals in U.S. coastal and inland waters and to recommend remedies. Undertook propagation of food fish, 1872, and collection and publication of statistics relating to commercial fishing, 1879. Assigned to newly created Department of Commerce and Labor and redesignated the Bureau of Fisheries by the Department of Commerce Act (32 Stat. 825), February 14, 1903. Assumed (SEE 22.2) former Treasury responsibilities for regulation of Alaska salmon fishing, 1905, and fur sealing, 1908. Authorized to implement fishery management programs in Alaska by acts of June 26, 1906 (34 Stat. 478) and June 6, 1924 (43 Stat. 464). Transferred to the newly created Department of Commerce by the Department of Commerce Act (37 Stat. 736), March 4, 1913. Enforced the Federal Black Bass Act (46 Stat. 485), July 2, 1930, and the Whaling Treaty Act (49 Stat. 1246), May 1, 1936. Transferred to the Department of the Interior by Reorganization Plan No. II of 1939, effective July 1, 1939. Merged with the Bureau of Biological Survey (SEE 22.5.) by Reorganization Plan No. III of 1940, effective July 1, 1940, to form the FWS (SEE 22.7).

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22.3.1 Correspondence

Textual Records: Correspondence of U.S. Fish Commissioner Spencer F. Baird, 1872-86. Letters and reports received by Assistant Commissioner of Fisheries Thomas B. Ferguson, 1879-89. Press copies of letters sent by the Committee of Inquiry, 1887-88. Press copies of letters sent, 1871-1906 (74 ft.), with registers and indexes. Letters sent by Commissioners G. Brown Goode, 1887- 88, and Marshall McDonald, 1888-95. Letters sent by the Office of the Engineer and Architect relating to construction at field stations, 1886-1906. Letters received, 1870-81, including letters from Livingston Stone, U.S. Fish Commission Agent on the Pacific coast. Letters received, 1882-1900 (120 ft.), with related registers and indexes, 1882-1917. General correspondence of the Deputy Commissioner, 1916-21. Records of Hugh M. Smith, who served as Commissioner of Fisheries, 1913-22, consisting of office files, 1876-1922; general correspondence, 1913-22; and correspondence concerning fishery expeditions, experiments, and research, 1885-1908. Correspondence relating to fishery and seafood research and experiments, 1885-1910. Correspondence relating to the International Council for the Exploration of the Sea, 1912-19. Correspondence concerning the Fourth International Fishery Congress, 1908.

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22.3.2 Financial records

Textual Records: Statements of expenditures under appropriations ("Accounts"), 1871-1906. Disbursement journals, 1871-87, with indexes. Statements of accounts current, 1880-1906. "Voucher indexes," 1887-1919. Record of disbursements in support of the Tenth Decennial Census, 1879-81. Exposition account books, 1880- 1916.

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22.3.3 Records concerning the Steamer Albatross

Textual Records: Correspondence and other records relating to construction, operation, and decommissioning, 1881-1926.

Photographic Prints (807 images): Marine life, hydrographic surveys, and scenery, taken during a cruise from the West Indies to Alaska (1887-88) and on subsequent Pacific coast cruises, in albums, 1887-91; and settlements, natives, seal rookeries, and fish and fishing in the Pribilof, Aleutian, and Commander Islands; Cook's Inlet; and along coasts of Alaska, Washington, and British Columbia, in album, 1892-93 (FA, 601 images). Seacoasts and shorelines of Hawaiian Islands, taken by scientific assistant F.M. Chamberlain during a cruise in Hawaiian waters, in album, 1902 (FH, 37 images). Scenery, communities, and peoples of Tonga, Fiji, Guam, Society Islands, Ellice (Tuvalu) Islands, Cook Islands, Marshall Islands, Caroline Islands, Marquesas Islands, and Gilbert Islands, taken by captain's clerk Harry Clifford Fassett during a cruise to the South Sea Islands, in albums, 1899-1900 (SS, 169 images). SEE ALSO 22.22.

Cyanotypes (7,000 images): Hydrographic surveys, commercial fishing marine life and specimens, seal rookeries, U.S. Fish Commission hatcheries, native populations, scenery, and Commission exhibits at expositions, taken during voyages from the West Indies to Alaska and to Hawaii and other South Pacific Islands, 1879-1922 (FFA, FFB, FFC). SEE ALSO 22.22.

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22.3.4 Miscellaneous records

Textual Records: Legislative and legal records, 1891-1937. Correspondence and other records concerning participation in national and international expositions, 1880-1926. Records concerning fishways at Great Falls of the Potomac River, 1884-95. Records relating to bureau membership and participation in domestic and international fishery societies, advisory committees, councils, and related groups, 1908-39. Records relating to investigations of employees of the bureau, 1887-1925. Records of the Joint Commission Relative to the Preservation of the Fisheries in Waters Contiguous to Canada and the United States, 1893-95. Correspondence and other records concerning relations with Canada and Mexico, 1905-37. Clippings from the Daily Times (Gloucester, MA), 1900-15, 1929-37. Reference material on trawl fishing and British fishing, 1912-15. Records concerning the operation of bureau vessels, 1879-1940. Logs of the Grampus, 1886-93; Fish Hawk, 1889; and Pelican, 1933, 1937, 1940. Records relating to the use of crayfish and eulachon as food, 1903-19. Correspondence and other records relating to the National Research Council, 1917-24. Records concerning oil pollution, 1921-30. Correspondence and clippings concerning fish cookery, 1923-25.

Maps (2 items): Corps of Engineers map of the United States showing navigable waters, 1914 (1 item). U.S. map showing locations (1911-24) of Bureau of Fisheries field activities, 1924 (1 item). SEE ALSO 22.18.

Engineering Drawings (2 items): Plans of a device to distribute economic circulars, 1890. SEE ALSO 22.18.

Photographs (255 images): Coastal and inland areas of Kiska Harbor, AK, 1904 (MFK, 76 images). Sponges, ca. 1908 (MSP, 46 images). Foreign and domestic fishing vessels, 1894-1911 (MDF, 84 images). Seal hunting in Alaska, 1882-89 (MFP, 24 images). Mother-of pearl button industry in Iowa, n.d. (MPB, 17 images). Sturgeon fish in Oregon and Forida, 1902 (MSF, 8 images). SEE ALSO 22.22.

Cyanotypes (1,300 images): Commercial fishing and fur seal industries and settlements in Alaska, mother-of-pearl button industry in Iowa, lobster hatcheries in Florida, and marine life specimens, 1904-18 (BF). SEE ALSO 22.22.

Stereographs (10 images): Game birds and animals, hand-colored, 1870 (MSW). SEE ALSO 22.22.

Glass Negatives (10 images): Steamer Albatross, fish hatchery railway cars, and marine specimens, ca. 1910 (MFM). SEE ALSO 22.22.

Posters (26 images): Posters and broadsides promoting consumption of seafood, 1916-18 (FP). SEE ALSO 22.22.

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22.4 RECORDS OF DIVISIONS OF THE U.S. FISH COMMISSION AND THE BUREAU OF FISHERIES
1869-1941

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22.4.1 Records of the Division of Alaska Fisheries

History: Established in Bureau of Fisheries, effective July 1, 1911, by the Civil Appropriation Act (36 Stat. 1489), March 4, 1911, to supervise bureau activities in Alaska, including those formerly under the Department of the Treasury (SEE 22.2). To FWS, 1940. SEE 22.8.1.

Textual Records: General records, 1893-1941. Periodic, investigative, and research reports, and related records, 1869- 1937. Records relating to legislation and regulations, 1870-1937. Reference material from the files of Division Chief Ward T. Bower, 1898-1938. Copies of Presidential proclamations and Executive orders, 1892-1930. Hatchery inspection reports, 1903- 10. Transcripts of hearings, 1907-22. Annual reports of field activities, 1917-35. Records of salmon stream surveys, 1923-40. Sealing log of the schooner Golden Fleece, 1896. Logs of the steamers Homer, 1910-13; Melville Dollar, 1914; and Elihu Thompson, 1916. Fishery operation permits, 1914-24. Statistical reports on the Alaska fishing industry, 1904-26, and on fish processing in Alaska, 1923-39. Inventories of properties on St. George and St. Paul Islands, 1910-12. Personnel records, 1913-39.

Maps (335 items): Seal rookeries in the Pribilof Islands, 1872-98 (200 items), 1915-37 (55 items). Printed and blueprint maps of Alaska, Kodiak Island, and the Bering Sea, 1888-93 (11 items). Fur seal distribution and migration in the Bering Sea, ca. 1897 (1 item). Annotated maps of southern Alaska showing locations of fishing industry activities, 1908-19 (68 items). SEE ALSO 22.18.

Photographs (1 image): Color panorama of Miles Glacier, Miles Glacier Bridge, and Childs Glacier, n.d. (MG). SEE ALSO 22.22.

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22.4.2 Records of the Division of Fish Culture

History: Established by the U.S. Fish Commission, 1887, to administer funds authorized by the Civil Appropriation Act (17 Stat. 350), June 10, 1872, for the scientific propagation of fresh water food fish. To Bureau of Fisheries, 1903; and FWS, 1940. Redesignated Division of Game-Fish and Hatcheries, 1945, and Branch of Game-Fish and Hatcheries, 1948. Assigned (SEE 22.8) to Branch of Management, 1947; Division of Management, 1948; and Division of Fisheries, 1955. To USFWS, 1956; and Bureau of Sport Fisheries and Wildlife, USFWS, 1957. SEE 22.11.1.

Textual Records: Station histories, 1875-1931. Correspondence concerning the export of fish and eggs, 1899-1920. Records of the White Sulphur Springs National Fish Hatchery, White Sulphur Springs, WV, consisting of daily activity logs, 1902-34; and fish cultural notes, 1905-8 (in Philadelphia).

Glass Negatives (244 images): Craig Brook, Green Lake, and Bangor, ME, fish hatcheries, taken by C. B. Atkins, Superintendent of Craig Brook National Fish Hatchery, 1890-1900 (H). SEE ALSO 22.22.

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22.4.3 Records of the Division of Scientific Inquiry

History: Established by the U.S. Fish Commission, 1887, continuing scientific investigations into commercial fish vested since 1882 in the Division of Fisheries. Known variously as Division of Scientific Inquiry and Division of Scientific Inquiry Respecting Food Fishes. To Bureau of Fisheries, 1903; and FWS, 1940. Redesignated Division of Fishery Biology, 1941, and Branch of Fishery Biology, 1948. Assigned (SEE 22.8) to Division of Research, 1950; and to Division of Fisheries, 1955. To USFWS, 1956. Abolished, with functions to Divisions of Resource Management and Biological Research, Bureau of Commercial Fisheries, USFWS, 1957. SEE 22.13.1 and 22.13.3.

Textual Records: General correspondence, 1880-1935. Grampus mackerel investigations notes, 1895-96. Correspondence relating to cruises and disposition of scientific collections, 1901-28. Reports on fish pathology and water pollution, 1903-32. Records concerning fishways and fish protection on federal power and irrigation projects, 1919-35.

Maps (17 items): Mussel investigations, 1914 (3 items). Fish study graphs, 1919 (13 items). Chesapeake Bay biological and hydrographic stations, 1921 (1 item). SEE ALSO 22.18.

Engineering Drawings (11 items): Floor plans and designs for equipment at Woods Hole Laboratory, MA, and at an unidentified facility; and plan of a Fish Hawk Improved Bottom Sampler, 1917- 20. SEE ALSO 22.18.

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22.4.4 Records of the Division of Fishery Industries

History: Division of Fisheries established, 1882, by the U.S. Fish Commission to coordinate scientific and statistical work. Abolished, 1887, and superseded by Division of Scientific Inquiry (SEE 22.4.3) and Division of Statistical Inquiry (also known as the Division of Statistics and Methods). Statistical division to Bureau of Fisheries, 1903. Renamed Division of Fishery Industries, 1921. To FWS, 1940. Redesignated Division of Commercial Fisheries, 1945, and Branch of Commercial Fisheries, 1948. Assigned (SEE 22.8) to Division of Commercial Fisheries, 1950, and to Division of Fisheries, 1955. To USFWS, 1956; and redesignated as Division of Industrial Research and Services, Bureau of Commercial Fisheries, USFWS, 1957. SEE 22.13.2.

Textual Records: Statistical bulletins and tables, 1892-1920. Reference files of Liaison Officer Swepson Earle relating to bureau cooperation with sport and conservation groups, 1931-38. Working papers of Statistical Agent Charles H. Lyles relating to the New York fishing industry, 1935-39.

Photographs (600 images): Commercial fish, oyster, crab, and shrimp operations in the Chesapeake Bay, Virginia Beach-Hampton Roads, Roanoke River-Albermarle Sound, Gulf coast, Pacific coast, and Great Lakes areas, 1891 (FCB, FCC, FCD, FCE, FCF), with accompanying key word index. SEE ALSO 22.22.

Cyanotypes (490 images): Wharves, fishing vessels, and fishing communities in CA, CT, ME, MD, MA, NY, RI, VA, and the Great Lakes, 1882-92 (CA, CB, CC, CD, CE, CF, CG, CH, CJ, CK, CL). SEE ALSO 22.22.

Finding Aids: Consolidated index to photographic series FCB, FCC, FCD, FCE, and FCF.

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22.5 GENERAL RECORDS OF THE BUREAU OF BIOLOGICAL SURVEY
1891-1938

History: Section of Economic Ornithology, responsible for investigating the interrelationships of birds and agriculture, established in the Division of Entomology, Department of Agriculture, effective July 1, 1885, by the Agricultural Appropriation Act (23 Stat. 354), March 3, 1885. Investigative mandate extended to mammals, and section made separate Division of Economic Ornithology and Mammalogy, effective July 1, 1886, by the Agricultural Appropriation Act (24 Stat. 101), June 30, 1886. Redesignated Division of Ornithology and Mammalogy, 1891. Redesignated the Division of Biological Survey, effective July 1, 1896, by the Agricultural Appropriation Act (29 Stat. 102), April 25, 1896. Redesignated the Bureau of Biological Survey, effective July 1, 1905, by the Agricultural Appropriation Act (33 Stat. 877), March 3, 1905. Transferred to the Department of the Interior by Reorganization Plan No. II of 1939, effective July 1, 1939. Consolidated with the Bureau of Fisheries to form the Fish and Wildlife Service by Reorganization Plan No. III of 1940, effective July 1, 1940. SEE 22.7.

Acquired regulatory functions relating to importation of mammals and birds and interstate transportation of illegally killed game birds, 1900, and to importation of game bird eggs, 1902. Made responsible for managing big game in Alaska, 1902; function transferred to Territorial Governor, 1908; restored to bureau, 1924; made a cooperative activity with Alaska Game Commission, 1925. Acquired responsibility for setting hunting seasons for migratory birds, 1913; and for enforcing terms of the bilateral migratory bird treaties with Great Britain (on behalf of Canada), 1918, and Mexico, 1936. Maintained and operated a national system of bird and wildlife refuges and game preserves, beginning with the Pelican Island, FL, bird refuge, 1903. Administered a predator and rodent control program beginning in 1914.

Textual Records: General correspondence ("Old Alphabetical File"), 1902-21. Registers of bands issued by the American Bird Banding Association, 1912-22. Reports from hunting clubs concerning wild fowl hunting, 1927-28. Office file of Bureau Chief J. N. "Ding" Darling, 1930-35. Program correspondence of the President's Committee on Wildlife Restoration, 1934. Records of extension biologist I.T. Bode documenting a cooperative wildlife restoration and conservation program of the Division of Cooperative Extension and the Bureau of Biological Survey, 1935- 37.

Maps (7 items): Printed map of parts of CA, NV, AZ, and UT traversed by the Death Valley Expedition, 1891 (1 item). Printed maps of life zones in North America and the United States, 1892- 97, and in TX, NM, and Glacier National Park, MT, 1905-13 (6 items). SEE ALSO 22.18.

Photographs (12 images): Personnel of the Biological Survey, 1921-38. SEE ALSO 22.22.

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22.6 RECORDS OF DIVISIONS OF THE BUREAU OF BIOLOGICAL SURVEY
1892-1940

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22.6.1 Records of the Division of Game Management

History: Established, 1934, to consolidate functions relating to the protection and conservation of wildlife and the administration of national wildlife refuges. Refuge administration assigned to Division of Wildlife Refuges (SEE 22.8.4), 1938. Division of Game Management to FWS, 1940. Redesignated Branch of Game Management, 1948. Assigned (SEE 22.8) to Branch of Management, 1947; Division of Management, 1948; and Division of Wildlife, 1955. To USFWS, 1956; and Bureau of Sport Fisheries and Wildlife, USFWS, 1957. SEE 22.11.7.

Textual Records: Records concerning the establishment and maintenance of wildlife refuges, 1892-1939. Reports of field workers on wildlife refuges, 1892-1939. Records relating to fox farming and the protection of land fur bearing animals, 1911-28. Permits issued for the collection and shipping of Alaskan birds and animals, 1914-21. Narrative summaries describing violations of the Federal Migratory Bird Law, 1913-18. Records concerning Migratory Bird Treaty Act cases, 1918-39, with related indexes.

Maps (20 items): Wildlife refuge locations, 1934-39 (17 items). Waterfowl refuges, 1936-39 (3 items). SEE ALSO 22.18.

Photographic Prints (746 images): Alaska game birds and animals, game law violations, natives, personnel, equipment, and activities in warden and fur districts, collected by the Alaska Game Commission, 1927-40 (WA). SEE ALSO 22.20.

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22.6.2 Records of the Division of Predator and Rodent Control

History: Established, 1938, as successor to Division of Predatory Animal and Rodent Control and earlier Division of Economic Investigations. To FWS, 1940. SEE 22.8.3.

Textual Records: Correspondence and reports relating to porcupine control in National Forests, 1910-34. Records relating to emergency conservation work, 1933-39. Reports and other records concerning the Plains Shelterbelt Rodent Control Project, 1934- 37. Records relating to the construction of Pocatello, ID, Supply Depot, 1938-40.

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22.7 GENERAL RECORDS OF THE FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE
1890-1956

History: Bureau of Fisheries (SEE 22.3) and Bureau of Biological Survey (SEE 22.5) transferred to Department of the Interior by Reorganization Plan No. II of 1939, effective July 1, 1939. Absorbed functions and personnel of Wildlife Division, National Park Service, December 1939. (For an administrative history of the Wildlife Division, SEE RG 79.) Bureau of Fisheries and Bureau of Biological Survey consolidated as FWS, effective July 1, 1940, pursuant to Reorganization Plan No III of 1940. Redesignated as United States Fish and Wildlife Service, effective November 6, 1956, by the Fish and Wildlife Act (70 Stat. 1120), August 8, 1956. SEE 22.9.

Textual Records: General correspondence, 1890-1956 (610 ft.), including general correspondence of predecessor Bureau of Biological Survey. Records concerning cooperation with the National Resources Planning Board on water resources policy, 1934-43. Records documenting FWS participation on the Water Pollution Control Advisory Board, 1945-56. Records concerning commercial fishery organizations, 1941-56.

Photographs (2,500 images): Fish species, other aquatic life, and activities of the Bureau of Fisheries, 1914-56(N). SEE ALSO 22.22.

Photographic Prints and Negatives (492 images): Photographs and postcards of the fishing industry and landscape of Alaska, collected by Ward T. Boxer of the Bureau of Fisheries, 1915-25 (AP). SEE ALSO 22.22.

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22.8 RECORDS OF OPERATING UNITS OF THE FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE
1889-1986

History: FWS Divisions of Federal Aid in Wildlife Restoration, Game-Fish and Hatcheries, Game Management, Lands, Predator and Rodent Control, and Wildlife Refuges organized into Branch of Management, 1947. Branch of Management redesignated Division of Management, 1948, with subordinate units redesignated as branches. FWS further organized into Division of Commercial Fisheries, composed of Branches of Alaska Fisheries and Commercial Fisheries; and Division of Research, composed of Branches of Fishery Biology and Wildlife Research, with additional Branch of Engineering under Division of Management, 1950. FWS reorganized, 1955, into new Division of Fisheries, composed of Branches of Alaska Fisheries, Commercial Fisheries, Fishery Biology, and Game-Fish and Hatcheries; Division of Wildlife, composed of Branches of Wildlife Research, Game Management, Wildlife Refuges, and Predator and Rodent Control; and Division of Technical Staff Services, composed of Office of River Basin Studies and Branches of Federal Aid, Lands, and Engineering. To USFWS, 1956; and Bureau of Sport Fisheries and Wildlife and Bureau of Commercial Fisheries, USFWS, 1957. SEE 22.11 and 22.13.

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22.8.1 Records of the Branch of Alaska Fisheries

History: Division of Fisheries (SEE 22.4.1) to FWS from Bureau of Fisheries, 1940. Redesignated Branch of Alaska Fisheries, 1948. Assigned (SEE 22.8) to Division of Commercial Fisheries, 1950; and Division of Fisheries, 1955. To USFWS, 1956; and Division of Resource Management, Bureau of Commercial Fisheries, 1957. SEE 22.13.1.

Textual Records: Copies of Congressional bills, resolutions, and other legislative records relating to Alaska fisheries, 1889- 1956. Records relating to Copper River salmon fishery investigations, 1904-56. Reports concerning fur seal drives, 1914-52, and fur seal kills, 1915-52, on St. Paul and St. George Islands. Monthly reports of vessels, 1918-53, with some logs. Ledgers and journals documenting expenses associated with the administration of the Pribilof Islands, 1921-51. Annual reports of the agents on St. Paul and St. George Islands, 1927-46. Records concerning stream improvement surveys, 1947-55.

Photographs (550 images): Fur seals on their rookeries, harbors, dwellings, natives, island scenes and village life on St. Paul and St. George Islands in the Bering Sea, taken by Ralph C. Baker, 1947-56 (RB, 261 images.) Fur seal rockeries in the Pribilof Islands, 1948 (PRJ, 157 images) and 1960 (PRH, 132 images). SEE ALSO 22.22.

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22.8.2 Records of the Branch of Wildlife Research

History: Established as the Division of Wildlife Research, Bureau of Biological Survey, 1934, to consolidate functions formerly vested in several units, including the Section of Wildlife Disease Investigations. To FWS, 1940. Redesignated Branch of Wildlife Research, 1948. Assigned (SEE 22.8) to Division of Research, 1950; and Division of Wildlife, 1955. To USFWS, 1956; and Division of Wildlife, Bureau of Sport Fisheries and Wildlife, 1957. SEE 22.11.5.

Textual Records: Research reports on species, pesticides, and refuges, 1912- 51. Disease investigation research records, 1924- 44. Records of the Patuxent Wildlife Research Center consisting of bird migration schedules and waterfowl reports, 1884-1924.

Posters (6 items): Game season bulletins, 1901-12 (GB). SEE ALSO 22.22.

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22.8.3 Records of the Branch of Predator and Rodent Control

History: Division of Predator and Rodent Control (SEE. 22.6.2) to FWS from Bureau of Biological Survey, 1940. Redesignated Branch of Predator and Rodent Control, 1948. Assigned (SEE 22.8) to Branch of Management, 1947; Division of Management, 1948; and Division of Wildlife, 1955. To USFWS, 1956; and Division of Wildlife, Bureau of Sport Fisheries and Wildlife, 1957. SEE 22.11.2.

Textual Records: Field reports of predator and rodent control operations, 1915-49. State legislative records relating to cooperation between the states and the FWS in predator and rodent control work, 1915-53. Records relating to cooperative work in Alaska, 1922-49. Reports and related records concerning the Hawaiian Rat Control Project, 1935-44.

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22.8.4 Records of the Branch of Wildlife Refuges

History: Division of Wildlife Refuges established in Bureau of Biological Survey, 1938, consolidating the functions of the Division of Migratory Waterfowl, established 1936, with the wildlife conservation and refuge management functions of the Division of Game Management (SEE 22.6.1). To FWS, 1940. Redesignated Branch of Wildlife Refuges, 1948. Assigned (SEE 22.8) to Branch of Management, 1947; Division of Management, 1948; and Division of Wildlife, 1955. To USFWS, 1956; and Division of Wildlife, Bureau of Sport Fisheries and Wildlife, USFWS, 1957. SEE 22.11.4.

Textual Records: Big game reports, 1925-52. Postwar planning program files, relating to construction projects on wildlife refuges, 1942-45. Annual and quarterly narrative reports summarizing the work and evaluating the programs completed at National Wildlife Refuges (NWR), 1911-86.

Maps (34 items): Individual wildlife refuges in AR, DE, FL, LA, MS, NJ, NM, NY, NC, SC, and TN, 1940-53 (31 items). Wildlife refuge locations in the United States, 1941; ND, 1940; and WY, 1946 (3 items). SEE ALSO 22.18.

Architectural Plans (74 items): Blueprints accompanying postwar planning program files, 1942-45. SEE ALSO 22.18.

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22.8.5 Records of the Division of Construction and CCC Operations

History: Established in the Bureau of Biological Survey, 1938, assuming responsibilities previously vested primarily in the Division of Game Management (SEE 22.6.1) and Division of Migratory Waterfowl respecting administration of relief activities on national wildlife refuges funded by the Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) and other emergency agencies. Abolished, 1946.

Textual Records: Records relating to Public Works Administration and Civil Works Administration projects on bird and game reservations, 1933-35. Emergency Conservation Work projects on reservations, 1934-37. Civilian Conservation Corps work, 1935-42. Construction work at reservation headquarters, 1934-39. Records of the associate architect concerning construction and repair work on reservations, 1935-37.

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22.8.6 Records of the Office of Foreign Activities

History: Established, 1945, under the immediate Office of the Director, FWS, to coordinate international research programs and rehabilitation assistance, maintain liaison with the Department of State in matters relating to international fishery agreements, and serve as the U.S. representative at international conferences on fisheries. Assigned (SEE 22.8) to Division of Fisheries, 1955. To USFWS, 1956. SEE 22.9.2.

Textual Records: Proceedings, 1947-57, annual reports, 1937-56, and research reports, 1945-56, of the International Pacific Salmon Fisheries Commission. Records concerning the Philippine Fishery Program, including correspondence, reports, and related records, 1947-50; fishery studies and reports, 1947-50; and deck logs of the research vessels Spencer F. Baird, 1947-49, and Theodore H. Gill, 1947-50.

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22.8.7 Records of the Branch of Lands

History: Division of Land Acquisition established in Bureau of Biological Survey, 1929, to supervise acquisition of land for wildlife refuges. To FWS, 1940. Redesignated Division of Lands, 1945; and Branch of Lands, 1948. Assigned (SEE 22.8) to Branch of Management, 1947; Division of Management, 1948; and Division of Technical Staff Services, 1955. To USFWS, 1956; and Bureau of Sport Fisheries and Wildlife, 1957. SEE 22.11.3.

Textual Records: Records concerning the use of Army Corps of Engineers' land along the Mississippi River, 1945-54. Correspondence and related records concerning seismic exploration on wildlife refuges, 1949-57. Records relating to hearings of the Migratory Bird Conservation Commission, 1954-57.

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22.8.8 Records of the Branch of Federal Aid

History: Established in the Bureau of Biological Survey, July 1, 1938, as the Division of Federal Aid in Wildlife Restoration to implement the Pittman-Robertson Federal Aid in Wildlife Restoration Act (50 Stat. 917), September 2, 1937. To FWS, 1940. Redesignated Branch of Federal Aid in Wildlife Restoration, 1948; and Branch of Federal Aid, 1955. Assigned (SEE 22.8) to Branch of Management, 1947; Division of Management, 1948; and Division of Technical Services, 1955. Made responsible for administering the Dingell-Johnson Federal Aid in Fishery Restoration Act (64 Stat. 430), August 9, 1950. To USFWS, 1956; and Bureau of Sport Fisheries and Wildlife, USFWS, 1957. Redesignated Division of Federal Aid, 1964. Assigned (SEE 22.11) to Division of Technical Services, 1958; Assistant Director, Technical Services, 1964; Assistant Director, Cooperative Services, 1967; and Associate Director-Federal Assistant, 1973. To USFWS, 1974.

Textual Records: Agreements, project reports, and other records concerning fish and wildlife habitat improvement projects, 1952- 54.

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22.9 GENERAL RECORDS OF THE UNITED STATES FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE
1911-67

History: USFWS established, effective November 6, 1956, by the Fish and Wildlife Service Act (70 Stat. 1120), August 8, 1956, redesignating the FWS. Organized into Bureau of Sport Fisheries and Wildlife (SEE 22.10) and Bureau of Commercial Fisheries (SEE 22.12) pursuant to Reorganization Memorandum No. 3, February 19, 1957, transmitting Department of the Interior Manual Release No. 74, February 15, 1957. Personnel assigned to new bureaus effective July 1, 1957. Bureau of Commercial Fisheries transferred, 1970. USFWS superseded by Bureau of Sport Fisheries and Wildlife, 1970, and subsequently redesignated as USFWS, 1974. SEE 22.1.

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22.9.1 Records of the Office of the Commissioner

Textual Records: Legislation affecting the regulation and conservation of fish and wildlife resources, 1941-63. Records concerning the International Pacific Salmon Fisheries Commission, 1948-67. Reports and related records concerning oceanic oil pollution, 1951-67.

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22.9.2 Records of the Office of International Relations

History: Office of Foreign Activities, FWS (SEE 22.8.6), to USFWS, 1956. Redesignated Office of International Relations, under the immediate Office of the Commissioner, USFWS, 1958, with all functions relating to international fisheries assigned to the Bureau of Commercial Fisheries, 1966. Residual functions to Bureau of Sport Fisheries and Wildlife, USFWS, 1967, as Office of Foreign Activities. Consolidated with the Office of Endangered Species to form Office of Endangered Species and Foreign Activities, 1969. Redesignated Office of Endangered Species, under Office of Associate Director-Federal Assistant, USFWS, 1974.

Textual Records: Technical assistance files relating to foreign fishery resource development programs of the Bureau of Fisheries and its successors, 1911-62. Records concerning the United States participation on international commissions, 1940-67. Reports and related records concerning the International Passamaquoddy Fisheries and Engineering Boards, 1956-59.

Subject Access Terms: International North Pacific Fisheries Commission; Northeast Atlantic Fisheries Commission.

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22.10 GENERAL RECORDS OF THE BUREAU OF SPORT FISHERIES AND WILDLIFE
1899-1971

History: Established, with the Bureau of Commercial Fisheries (SEE 22.12), as a component of the USFWS (SEE 22.9), 1957. Assumed most of the FWS functions associated with the former Bureau of Biological Survey, including refuge management and wildlife conservation. Redesignated the United States Fish and Wildlife Service, 1974. SEE 22.1.

Textual Records: Subject files, 1957-64. Records relating to organization and management, 1954-66. Records concerning budget appropriations, 1952-65. Policy correspondence, 1958-61.

Photographs (71,100 images): General photographic file of the Bureau of Biological Survey, FWS, and Bureau of Sport Fisheries and Wildlife, 1899-1962 (WB, WB-M, WB-T, WB-X, WB-Z), 70,000 images with accompanying index to photographers. Activities relating to commercial fishing and studies of marine life, 1936-64 (FG, 1,100 images). SEE ALSO 22.22.

Photographic Prints (1,000 images): Wildlife, assembled for publicity purposes, 1899-1962 (WBP). SEE ALSO 22.20.

Photographic Prints, Negatives, and Slides (898 images): Various facets of the seafood industry, assembled by the Bureau of Commercial Fisheries, ca. 1959-71 (BCF). SEE ALSO 22.22.

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22.11 RECORDS OF DIVISIONS OF THE BUREAU OF SPORT FISHERIES AND WILDLIFE
1887-1972

History: Bureau of Sport Fisheries and Wildlife initially composed of former FWS Office of River Basin Studies and FWS Branches of Game-Fish and Hatcheries, Wildlife Research, Game Management, Wildlife Refuges, Predator and Rodent Control, Federal Aid, Lands, and Engineering. Reorganized, effective August 12, 1957, into Division of Sport Fisheries, composed of Branches of Fish Hatcheries, Fishery Research, and Fishery Management Services; Division of Technical Services, composed of Branches of Engineering, Federal Aid, Realty, and River Basin Studies; and Division of Wildlife, composed of Branches of Management and Enforcement, Predator and Rodent Control, Wildlife Research, and Wildlife Refuges. Branches elevated to divisions, and old divisions designated as Office of Assistant Director for Sport Fisheries, Technical Services, and Wildlife, 1964. Division of Fishery Management Services redesignated Division of Fishery Services, 1965. Division of Predator and Rodent Control redesignated as Division of Wildlife Services, July 1965.

Bureau reorganized, 1967, into Office of Assistant Director, Cooperative Services, composed of Divisions of Federal Aid, Fishery Services, River Basin Studies, and Wildlife Services; Office of Assistant Director, Operations, composed of Divisions of Fish Hatcheries, Realty, Management and Enforcement, and Wildlife Refuges; and Office of Assistant Director, Research, composed of Divisions of Fishery Research, Wildlife Research, and Pesticide Regulation (formerly Office of Pesticide Research Coordination under Director, Bureau of Sport Fisheries and Wildlife). In addition Branch of Engineering transferred to Office of Assistant Director, Administration. In 1973, Division of Management and Enforcement split into Division of Law Enforcement and Office of Migratory Bird Management.

Bureau reorganized concurrently with redesignation as USFWS, April 1974, with Assistant Directors redesignated as Associate Directors, and with certain redesignations and realignments of operating divisions. The new organization consisted of Office of Associate Director, Environment, composed of Division of Ecological Studies (formerly Division of River Basin Studies), and new Offices of Environmental Coordination and Environmental Assistance; Office of Associate Director, Fish and Wildlife Management, composed of Office of Migratory Bird Management, and Divisions of Engineering, Fish Hatcheries, Law Enforcement, Realty, Wildlife Refuges, Fishery Services, and Wildlife Services; Office of Associate Director-Federal Assistant, composed of the Office of Endangered Species (formerly the Office of Endangered Species and Foreign Activities under the Director, Bureau of Sports Fisheries and Wildlife), and Divisions of Federal Aid and Technical Assistance; and Office of Associate Director, Research, composed of new Divisions of Cooperative Research, Cultural Methods, Population Ecology, and Population Regulations, formed out of the old Divisions of Fishery and Wildlife Research.

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22.11.1 Records of the Division of Fish Hatcheries

History: Branch of Game-Fish and Hatcheries, FWS (SEE 22.4.2), to USFWS, 1956, and Bureau of Sport Fisheries and Wildlife, USFWS, 1957. Redesignated Branch of Fish Hatcheries, 1957; and Division of Fish Hatcheries, 1964. Assigned to Division of Sport Fisheries, 1957; Office of Assistant Director, Sport Fisheries, 1964; and Office of Assistant Director, Operations, 1967. To Office of Associate Director, Fish and Wildlife Management, USFWS, April 1974.

Textual Records: Letters sent, 1887-1915, general correspondence, 1914-45, log books, 1894-1958, and annual reports, 1923-57, of the Wytheville, VA, Fish Culture Station (in Philadelphia). Narrative annual reports of fish hatcheries, 1955-67.

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22.11.2 Records of the Division of Wildlife Services

History: Branch of Predatory Animal and Rodent Control, FWS (SEE 22.8.3), to USFWS, 1956, and Bureau of Sport Fisheries and Wildlife, USFWS, 1957. Redesignated Division of Predatory Animal and Rodent Control, 1964. Assigned (SEE 22.11) to Division of Wildlife, 1957; and Office of Assistant Director, Wildlife, 1964. Redesignated Division of Wildlife Services, July 1965, acquiring concurrently the animal damage control functions of Division of Management and Enforcement (SEE 22.11.7). Assigned (SEE 22.11) to Office of Assistant Director, Operations, 1967. To Office of Associate Director, Fish and Wildlife Management, USFWS, April 1974.

Textual Records: General correspondence, 1890-1972. Records relating to cooperative predator and rodent control activities, 1914-69. Annual reports, 1916-64. Records relating to wildlife habitat preservation programs, 1944-70. Periodic reports from field personnel, 1950-65.

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22.11.3 Records of the Division of Realty

History: Branch of Lands, FWS (SEE 22.8.7) to USFWS, 1956, and Bureau of Sport Fisheries and Wildlife, USFWS, 1957. Redesignated Branch of Realty, 1957; and Division of Realty, 1964. Assigned (SEE 22.11) to Division of Technical Services, 1957; Office of Assistant Director, Technical Services, 1964; and Office of Assistant Director, Operations, 1967. To Office of Associate Director, Fish and Wildlife Management, USFWS, April 1974. Responsible for the acquisition of land for wildlife refuges and fish hatcheries.

Textual Records: Records concerning Alaskan wildlife management sites, 1903- 65. Correspondence, appraisal reports, and reports of boundary surveys of lands under consideration as wildlife refuges, 1907-68. Records concerning approval for refuge land purchases, 1930-62. Records relating to easements and permits granting right-of-way across wildlife refuges, 1916-65. Records relating to cooperative wildlife management land use agreements with states, 1939-61; the Army Corps of Engineers, 1943-62; and the Bureau of Reclamation, 1950-61. Hearing transcripts of the Migratory Bird Conservation Commission, 1954-58.

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22.11.4 Records of the Division of Wildlife Refuges

History: Branch of Wildlife Refuges, FWS (SEE 22.8.4), to USFWS, 1956, and Bureau of Sport Fisheries and Wildlife, 1957. Redesignated Division of Wildlife Refuges, 1964. Assigned (SEE 22.11) to Division of Wildlife, 1957; Office of Assistant Director, Wildlife, 1964; and Office of Assistant Director, Operations, 1967. To Office of Associate Director, Fish and Wildlife Management, USFWS, April 1974. Responsible for operation and maintenance of wildlife refuge system.

Textual Records: General correspondence, 1921-69. Narrative reports, 1911-71 (190 ft.), and biological reports, 1908-67, received from wildlife refuges. Records concerning hunting and fishing regulations on refuges, 1948-68. Wilderness study area reports, 1967. Correspondence and reports relating to studies prepared by the Public Land Law Review Commission, 1967-70. Refuge files, 1934-64.

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22.11.5 Records of the Division of Wildlife Research

History: Branch of Wildlife Research, FWS (SEE 22.8.2) to USFWS, 1956, and Bureau of Sport Fisheries and Wildlife, 1957. Redesignated Division of Wildlife Research, 1964. Assigned (SEE 22.11) to Division of Wildlife, 1957; Office of Assistant Director, Wildlife, 1964; and Office of Assistant Director, Research, 1967. Abolished with functions assigned to new divisions in Office of Associate Director, Fish and Wildlife Management, USFWS, April 1974.

Textual Records: Office files, relating principally to ornithology, of Frederick C. Lincoln, 1917-60. Correspondence and reports concerning research programs, 1934-66.

Photographs (142 images): Views of nutria trapping in Louisiana, 1949-50 (LLA, 47 images). Nutrisa habitats and activities in Louisiana, 1954-59 (LL, 95 images). SEE ALSO 22.22.

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22.11.6 Records of the Division of Engineering

History: Established as Branch of Engineering, FWS, March 1950, consolidating engineering functions formerly assigned to Branches of River Basin Studies (SEE 22.11.8), Game-Fish and Hatcheries (SEE 22.4.2), Lands (SEE 22.8.7), Wildlife Refuges (SEE 22.8.4), and Federal Aid (SEE 22.8.8). Assigned (SEE 22.8) to Division of Management, 1950; and Division of Technical Staff Services, 1955. To USFWS, 1956; and Bureau of Sport Fisheries and Wildlife, 1957. Redesignated Division of Engineering, 1964. Assigned (SEE 22.11) to Division of Technical Services, 1957; Office of Assistant Director, Technical Services, 1964; and Office of Assistant Director, Administration, 1967. To Office of Associate Director, Fish and Wildlife Management, USFWS, April 1974.

Textual Records: Correspondence and reports from field personnel concerning cadastral and boundary surveys, 1926-67. Records concerning construction work done under contract on wildlife refuges and fish hatcheries, 1930-64.

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22.11.7 Records of the Division of Management and Enforcement

History: Branch of Game Management, FWS (SEE 22.6.1), with responsibility for protection and conservation of wildlife, to USFWS, 1956, and Bureau of Sport Fisheries and Wildlife, USFWS, 1957. Redesignated Branch of Management and Enforcement, 1957; and Division of Management and Enforcement, 1964. Assigned (SEE 22.11) to Division of Wildlife, 1957; Office of Assistant Director, Wildlife, 1964; and Office of Assistant Director, Operations, 1967. Abolished with functions divided between Division of Law Enforcement and Office of Migratory Bird Management, 1973. SEE 22.11.

Textual Records: Records concerning migratory waterfowl regulations, 1934-67. Correspondence and reports concerning the enforcement of game laws and regulations, 1946-66.

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22.11.8 Records of the Division of River Basin Studies

History: Position of Coordinator of River Basin Studies established in Branch of Lands, FWS, 1946. Separated from Branch of Lands, 1947, and designated Office of River Basin Studies, 1949. Assigned (SEE 22.8) to Division of Technical Staff Services, 1955. To USFWS, 1956; and Bureau of Sport Fisheries and Wildlife, USFWS, 1957. Redesignated Branch of River Basin Studies, 1957; and Division of River Basin Studies, 1964. Assigned (SEE 22.11) to Division of Technical Services, 1957; Office of Assistant Director, Technical Services, 1964; and Office of Assistant Director, Cooperative Services, 1967. Abolished with functions to Division of Ecological Studies, Office of Associate Director, Environment, USFWS, April 1974. Responsible for ensuring adequate protection of fish and wildlife in areas affected by federally licensed water development projects.

Textual Records: General correspondence, 1944-72. Hydroelectric and river basin development project records, 1939-70. Records relating to participation on committees and commissions concerned with formulating federal water resource development policy, 1944- 68. Correspondence and studies concerning projects proposed by the Army Corps of Engineers and the Soil Conservation Service, including the Cross Florida Barge Canal, 1955-71. Reference material relating to the Wild and Scenic Rivers Act, 1963-70.

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22.11.9 Records of the Division of Fishery Services

History: Section of Fishery Management established in Branch of Game-Fish and Hatcheries (SEE 22.4.2), FWS, 1950. To USFWS, 1956; and Bureau of Sport Fisheries and Wildlife, USFWS, 1957. Redesignated Branch of Fishery Management Services, 1957; Division of Fishery Management Services, 1964; and Division of Fishery Services, 1965. Assigned (SEE 22.11) to Division of Sport Fisheries, 1957; Office of Assistant Director, Sport Fisheries, 1964; and Office of Assistant Director, Cooperative Services, 1967. To Office of Associate Director, Fish and Wildlife Management, USFWS, April 1974.

Textual Records: Correspondence and reports concerning the management of fresh water fishery resources, 1950-68. Records relating to the establishment of fishery cooperative units, 1961- 66.

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22.12 GENERAL RECORDS OF THE BUREAU OF COMMERCIAL FISHERIES
1902-71

History: Established, with the Bureau of Sport Fisheries and Wildlife (SEE 22.10), as a component of the USFWS (SEE 22.9), 1957. Assumed most of the FWS functions associated with the former Bureau of Fisheries. Abolished, with function transferred to newly established National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), Department of Commerce, by Reorganization Plan No. 4 of 1970, effective October 3, 1970. Redesignated National Marine Fisheries Service, NOAA, by Department of Commerce Organization Order 25-5A, effective October 9, 1970.

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22.12.1 Correspondence

Textual Records: General classified files of the Bureau of Commercial Fisheries and its predecessors, 1902-65 (285 ft.). Correspondence of the Director of Commercial Fisheries, 1956-70. Miscellaneous correspondence, 1964-70.

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22.12.2 Issuances

Textual Records: Administrative issuances, 1926-68. Manuals and handbooks, 1963-70. Memorandums concerning the organization and functions of the Bureau of Commercial Fisheries ("Manual Releases"), 1957-69, with subject index, 1970. Sample forms, 1963-70. Organizational charts, 1921-70.

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22.12.3 Reports

Textual Records: Annual reports, 1941-71. Annual report of the Great Lakes Biological Laboratory, 1965. Research and project reports, 1970. Attache reports relating to commercial fisheries, 1959-70. Miscellaneous reports, 1964-68.

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22.12.4 Records relating to program areas

Textual Records: Records relating to fisheries bilateral international policies, 1965-70. Records relating to fisheries zone and Territorial policies, 1965-67. Records relating to the commercial fisheries ten-year plan, 1956-57. Records relating to fisheries product inspections, 1961-67.

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22.12.5 Records of conferences, committees, and commissions

Textual Records: Records relating to the conference in Seattle, WA (Mar. 24- 27, 1968), on the future of the U.S. fishing industry, 1968. Records concerning domestic and international conferences and meetings, 1958-68. Records of the Secretary of the Interior's Advisory Committee on Fish and Wildlife, 1957-60. Records of and relating to the American Fisheries Advisory Committee, 1955-70. Records relating to the International Pacific Halibut Commission, 1951-68. Records relating to the International Oceanographic Commission, 1967. Records relating to fishery commissions and other international organizations concerned with fishing rights, 1950-69. Records of the Commission for the Conservation of Shrimp in the Eastern Gulf of Mexico ("Tortugas Shrimp Commission"), 1955-62 (in Atlanta).

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22.12.6 Other records

Textual Records: Budget records, 1958-64. Records relating to reorganizations of the Bureau of Commercial Fisheries, 1963-70. Speeches and articles by Directors Harold E. Crowther and Donald L. McKernan, 1957-70. Records of and relating to regional director's meetings, 1960-69. Miscellaneous records, 1941-69.

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22.13 RECORDS OF OPERATING UNITS OF THE BUREAU OF COMMERCIAL FISHERIES
1892-1969

History: Bureau of Commercial Fisheries initially composed of former FWS Branches of Alaska Fisheries, Commercial Fisheries, and Fishery Biology. Reorganized, effective August 12, 1957, into Division of Biological Research, composed of Branches of Anadromous and Inland Fisheries, Marine Fisheries, and Shellfisheries; Division of Industrial Research and Services, composed of Branches of Economics, Exploratory Fishing and Gear Research, Market Development, Market News, Special Reports, Statistics, and Technology; and Division of Resource Management, composed of Branches of Alaska Fisheries, Columbia River Fisheries, and Sea Mammals (redesignated Marine Mammals, 1959).

Reorganized, 1960, to consist of Division of Biological Research, composed of Branches of Anadromous Fisheries, Inland Fisheries, Marine Fisheries, and Shellfisheries; Division of Industrial Research, composed of Branches of Economics, Exploratory Fishing, Foreign Fisheries and Trade, Marketing, and Technology; and Division of Resource Development, composed of Branches of Loans and Grants, Market News, Reports, Resource Management, and Statistics.

In reorganization of 1963, Branches of Economics and Statistics separated from Divisions of Industrial Research and Resource Development, to form nucleus of new Division of Economics, composed of Branches of Economic Research, Foreign Trade and Economic Services, Current Economic Analysis, and Fishery Statistics. In February 1966, the Office of International Relations (SEE 22.9.2) was transferred from the Office of the Commissioner, USFWS, to the Bureau of Commercial Fisheries and designated the Division of International Affairs, with Branches of Foreign Fisheries (transferred from the Division of Industrial Research), International Organizations and Agreements, Special Studies, and Technical Assistance.

In a major reorganization effective November 21, 1968, the existing division and branch structure was abolished and the Bureau was reconstituted along functional lines. The new organization consisted of an Office of Associate Director, Fisheries, under which were Offices of Assistant Director, Marine Resources (composed of geographical desks), Assistant Director, Fishery Programs (Divisions of Program Development, and Management and Operations), and Assistant Director, Utilization and Engineering (Divisions of Exploratory Fishing, Food Science, and Marketing); an Office of Associate Director, Fishery Economics and Services, under which were Offices of Assistant Director, Economics (Divisions of Data Collection, Economic Analysis, and Foreign Trade and Economic Services), and Assistant Director, Resource Development (Divisions of Financial Assistance, Publications, Resource Management, and State Aid; and Offices of Industry Services and Technical Assistance); and an Office of Assistant Director, International Affairs (Offices of International Organizations and Agreements, Foreign Fisheries, and Special Studies).

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22.13.1 Records of the Division of Resource Management

History: Established, 1957, to consist of the Branch of Alaska Fisheries (SEE 22.4.1), Branch of Sea Mammals (redesignated Branch of Marine Mammals, 1959), and Branch of Columbia River Fisheries (established as Columbia Basin Fishery Development Program, FWS, 1946), and inheriting also certain functions of abolished Branch of Fishery Biology, FWS (SEE 22.4.3). Reorganized, 1960, as Division of Resource Development. Branches of former Division of Resource Management consolidated to form Branch of Resource Management; new Branch of Reports established; Branches of Market News and Statistics transferred from Division of Industrial Research and Services; and Office of Loans and Grants transferred to new division (from immediate jurisdiction of Director, Bureau of Commercial Fisheries) and redesignated Branch of Loans and Grants. Branch of Statistics separated from Division of Resource Development, to form nucleus (with Branch of Economics) of new Division of Economics (SEE 22.13), 1963. Division of Resource Management abolished in bureau reorganization, 1968. SEE 22.13.

Textual Records: Records relating to the sale of Alaskan fur seal and otter skins, 1910-65. Records relating to the administration of the Pribilof Islands and fur seal herd management, 1892-1968. Records concerning commercial fishing regulations, commercial fishery operations, and fishery management policy in Alaska, 1924-60. Fur seal research records, 1923-60. General correspondence relating to river basin development programs, 1942-66. Records relating to the enforcement of international fishery regulations, 1937-62. Columbia River Development Program records, 1942-58; project closing reports, 1952-58; and federal- state project agreements, 1948-59. Budgetary, 1961-68, and legislative records, 1962-66. State water quality standards reports, 1967-68.

Photographs (490 images): Fishing and fur industries in the Pribilof Islands, Alaska, 1906-60 (MP, 400 images) Marsh wildlife and activities, 1938-47 (MW, 90 images). SEE ALSO 22.22.

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22.13.2 Records of the Division of Industrial Research

History: Division of Industrial Research and Services established, 1957, as successor for fishing industry research to Branch of Commercial Fisheries (SEE 22.4.4), with Branches of Economics, Exploratory Fishing and Gear Research, Market Development, Market News, Special Reports, Statistics, and Technology. Redesignated Division of Industrial Research, 1960, with Branches of Market News and Statistics transferred to Division of Resource Development; Branch of Exploratory Fishing and Gear Research redesignated Branch of Exploratory Fishing; and Branch of Special Reports redesignated Branch of Foreign Fisheries and Trade. Branch of Economics separated from Division of Industrial Research to form nucleus (with Branch of Statistics) of new Division of Economics (SEE 22.13), 1963. Division of Industrial Research abolished in bureau reorganization, 1968. SEE 22.13.

Textual Records: Correspondence relating to technological investigations, 1943-67. Correspondence and reports concerning projects undertaken to locate new fishing grounds, 1945-65. Project proposals, 1955-66, under the Saltonstall-Kennedy Act of 1954. Field laboratory reports, 1954-64. Periodic narrative and statistical reports on coastal marine fishery industries, 1957- 61. Records of the Fish Protein Concentrate Program, 1959-68.

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22.13.3 Records of the Division of Biological Research

History: Established, 1957, as functional successor for commercial fishery research and investigations of the Branch of Fishery Biology, FWS (SEE 22.4.3). Initially organized into Branch of Anadromous and Inland Fisheries, Branch of Marine Fisheries, and Branch of Shellfisheries. Separate Branch of Anadromous Fisheries and Branch of Inland Fisheries established, 1960. Division of Biological Research abolished in bureau reorganization, 1968. SEE 22.13.

Textual Records: Reports, outlines, and related records concerning bureau and interagency oceanographic programs, 1950- 68. Records concerning meetings of international fishery commissions, 1950-69. Records of the Interagency Committee on Oceanography, 1959-68; and of the Oceanographic Instrumentation Unit, 1964-68. Periodic reports from Biological Laboratories at Beaufort, NC; Boothbay Harbor, ME; Galveston, TX; Gulf Breeze, FL; Milford, CT; Oxford, MD; and St. Petersburg, FL, 1955-59.

Photographs (14 images): Vice President Hubert H. Humphrey's visit to the Institute of Marine Science and the Tropical Atlantic Biological Laboratory, Miami, Fl, 1966 (HH). SEE ALSO 22.22.

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22.14 FIELD AND REGIONAL OFFICE RECORDS OF THE FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE AND ITS PREDECESSORS
1880-1952

History: Bureau of Fisheries had no formal regional office structure. Field agents and activities reported directly to headquarters in Washington, DC. Bureau of Biological Survey designated nine U.S. administrative regions, 1934. Full implementation, effective July 15, 1937, created ten regions, designated and headquartered as follows: Region 1, Pacific (Portland, OR); Region 2, Mountain (Denver, CO); Region 3, Southwestern (Albuquerque, NM); Region 4, West Central (Des Moines, IA); Region 5, Southern (New Orleans, LA); Region 6, East Central (Milwaukee, WI); Region 7, Southeastern (Atlanta, GA); Region 8, Northeastern (Boston, MA); Region 9, Plains (Omaha, NE); and Region 10, Alaska (Juneau, AK). FWS, 1940, reorganized and adopted the regional structure of the Bureau of Biological Survey and integrated the field activities of the Bureau of Fisheries into the new system, which consisted of five regions, headquartered in Portland, OR; Albuquerque, NM; Minneapolis, MN; Atlanta, GA; and Boston, MA. Alaska, initially administered for FWS by the Alaska Game Commission, was designated a separate region, February 1944, with headquarters in Juneau, AK.

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22.14.1 Field office records of the Bureau of Fisheries

Textual Records (in Boston, except as noted): Records of the arrival of fishing vessels in Boston, MA, 1914-18, 1922, 1924-25. Interviews with mackerel fishermen at Yarmouth and Lunenburg, Nova Scotia, May 1895. Daily fish landing reports for various New England ports, 1925-52. Records (in Chicago) of the Great Lakes Fishing Laboratory, Ann Arbor, MI, consisting of press copies of letters sent from the fish hatcheries in Northville, 1880- 1916, and Alpena, MI, 1893-98; daily activity logs of hatcheries in Northville, 1913-44, Grayling, 1896-97, and Charity Isle, MI, 1912-14; miscellaneous fry and egg records, 1888-91, 1912-14; and miscellaneous fiscal ledgers, 1880-99, 1915-16. Monthly fishery statistical reports, 1901-44.

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22.14.2 Regional office records of the Bureau of Biological
Survey

Textual Records (in Kansas City): Correspondence of the Regional Director, Region 6 (Milwaukee, WI), relating chiefly to development projects on the Necedeh National Wildlife Refuge, WI, with accompanying job plans, 1938-39.

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22.14.3 Records of the Office of Coordinator of Fisheries, FWS
Region 1, Portland, OR

History: FWS Region 1 originated as Bureau of Biological Survey Region 1 (Pacific), with headquarters in Portland, OR, 1937. Redesignated, 1940. Continued as Bureau of Sport Fisheries and Wildlife Region 1 (Pacific), 1956. (SEE 22.15.6.)

Office of Coordinator of Fisheries established by EO 9204, July 21, 1942, with the Secretary of the Interior as Coordinator, to integrate the fishery industry into the war effort. Terminated by EO 9649, October 29, 1945. Authority delegated to area coordinators in major fishing centers, including, for FWS Region 1, a coordinator for San Francisco and Monterey bays, headquartered at Stanford University, Palo Alto, CA.

Textual Records (in San Francisco): General correspondence, 1943- 46. Correspondence relating to fishing companies and to labor union activities, 1943-45. Correspondence concerning wartime restrictions on fishing and movements of fishing vessels on and from San Francisco and Monterey bays, CA, 1942-46. Correspondence relating to pilchard fishing and sardine canning operations, 1942-46. Statistical reports on fishing tonnages and deliveries to San Francisco and Monterey, CA, processors, 1944-46. Correspondence relating to canning industries' committees and conferences, 1944-46.

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22.14.4 Records of FWS Region 5, Boston, MA

History: Originated as Bureau of Biological Survey Region 8, 1937. Redesignated FWS Region 5, 1940. Continued as Bureau of Sport Fisheries and Wildlife Region 5, 1956. (SEE 22.15.1.)

Textual Records (in Boston): Correspondence of the district supervisor, 1934-42.

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22.15 REGIONAL OFFICE RECORDS OF THE BUREAU OF SPORT FISHERIES AND WILDLIFE AND THE UNITED STATES FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE
1926-83

History: Bureau of Sport Fisheries and Wildlife and Bureau of Commercial Fisheries, twin components of USFWS, had separate regional office structures. Bureau of Sport Fisheries and Wildlife continued the regional office structure of FWS, with six regional offices: Region 1, Pacific (Portland, OR); Region 2, Southwest (Albuquerque, NM); Region 3, North Central (Minneapolis, MN); Region 4, Southeast (Atlanta, GA); Region 5, Northeast (Boston, MA); and Region 6, Alaska (Anchorage, AK). Anchorage, AK, became an area office, 1965. Headquarters of Region 3 redesignated as Twin Cities, MN, 1970. Geographical descriptors dropped from designators of Regions 1-5 and new Region 6 created, with headquarters in Denver, CO, 1972. Following transfer of Bureau of Commercial Fisheries to Department of Commerce, 1970, the regional structure of the Bureau of Sport Fisheries and Wildlife became effectively that of the USFWS, which it formally superseded in 1974. Regional numbers discontinued, 1974. Anchorage designated a Regional Office, 1981.

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22.15.1 Records of the Boston, MA, Regional Office

History: Originally headquarters of Bureau of Biological Survey Region 8 (Northeastern), 1937-39, became headquarters of FWS Region 5, 1940, and Bureau of Sport Fisheries and Wildlife Region 5 (Northeast), 1956. In 1972 had jurisdiction over states of CT, DE, ME, MA, NH, NJ, NY, PA, RI, VT, and WV. Acquired responsibility for MD and VA from Region 4 (Atlanta, GA), January 1, 1973. No change in area of jurisdiction since 1973.

Textual Records (in Boston, except as noted): Correspondence of the regional director, 1945- 75. Records of the Office of Environmental Impact Assessment, Division of Ecological Studies (Concord, NH), consisting of wetland and river basin project files, 1938-75; and environmental impact assessments for construction projects in wetlands, 1962-83. Records of the Division of River Basin Studies, consisting of wetland and river basin project files, 1938-75. Project files of the Conservation Division, 1940-85. Narrative reports (daily logs) of the Harrison Lake National Fish Hatchery, Charles City, VA, 1923-70 (in Philadelphia).

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22.15.2 Records of the Atlanta, GA, Regional Office

History: Originally headquarters of Bureau of Biological Survey Region 7 (Southeastern), 1937-39, became headquarters of FWS Region 4, 1940, and Bureau of Sport Fisheries and Wildlife Region 4 (Southeast), 1956. In 1972 had jurisdiction over states of AL, AR, FL, GA, KY, LA, MD, MS, NC, SC, TN, and VA, plus Puerto Rico. Lost responsibility for MD and VA to Region 1 (Boston, MA) and for AR and LA to Region 2 (Albuquerque, NM), January 1, 1973. Assigned responsibility for the Virgin Islands, 1974. Regained responsibility for AR and LA, 1975. No change in area of jurisdiction since 1975.

Textual Records (in Atlanta): Records of the Office of the Regional Director, consisting of general correspondence, 1926-60; and subject files, 1945-57. Records of the Office of River Basin Studies, Vicksburg, MS, consisting of records supporting the work of the Arkansas- White-Red River Interagency Committee, 1949-56; and records relating to wetlands, 1946-56. Records regional headquarters, Division of River Basin Studies, relating to river basin projects, including records supporting the work of the U.S. Study Commission--Southeast River Basins, 1958-68.

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22.15.3 Records of the Twin Cities, MN, Regional Office

History: Established 1970 as successor to Minneapolis, MN, as headquarters for Region 3 (North Central). In 1972 had jurisdiction over states of IL, IN, OH, MI, MN, and WI. Acquired responsibility for IA and MO from Denver Regional Office, 1981. No change in area of jurisdiction since 1981.

Textual Records (in Kansas City, except as noted): Administrative correspondence of the Regional Director, 1937-41. Annual reports of fish hatcheries, 1931-63. Drainage project application files, 1935-41. Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) camp project reports of the Division of Construction and CCC Operations, 1935-42. Records of the Division of River Basin Studies, including watershed studies, 1952-66; river basin studies, 1945-67; project files, 1944-68; wetland drainage referrals, 1963-66; and wetlands inventories, 1952-58. Records of the Division of Fish Hatcheries (in Chicago), consisting of fish hatchery project files, 1946-69; and annual reports of fish hatcheries, 1964-67, and of the hatchery biologist, La Crosse, WI, 1965-67.

Subject Access Terms: Baldhill Dam National Fish Hatchery, Valley City, ND; Charlevoix National Fish Hatchery, Charlevoix, MI; Crawford National Fish Hatchery, Crawford, NE; Fairport National Fish Hatchery, Muscatine, IA; Garrison Dam National Fish Hatchery, Riverdale, ND; Gavins Point National Fish Hatchery, Yankton, SD; Genoa National Fish Hatchery, Genoa, WI; Guttenberg National Fish Hatchery, Guttenberg, IA; Hebron National Fish Hatchery, Hebron, OH; Hiawatha Forest National Fish Hatchery, Brimley, MI; Jordan River National Fish Hatchery, Elmira, MI; Lake Mills National Fish Hatchery, Lake Mills, WI; McNenny National Fish Hatchery, Spearfish, SD; Manchester National Fish Hatchery, Manchester, IA; Neosho National Fish Hatchery, Neosho, MO; New London National Fish Hatchery, New London, MN; Pendills Creek National Fish Hatchery, Brimley, MI; Senecaville National Fish Hatchery, Senecaville, OH; Spearfish National Fish Hatchery, Spearfish, SD; Valley City National Fish Hatchery, Valley City, ND.

CCC Camp Arrowwood, Kensal, ND; CCC Camp Des Lacs, Kenware, ND; CCC Camp Lacreek, Martin, SD; CCC Camp Lake Andes, Lake Andes, SD; CCC Camp Mud Lake, Middle River, MN; CCC Camp Necedah, Finley, WI; CCC Camp Niobrara, Valentine, NE; CCC Camp Okobiji, Milford, IA; CCC Camp Rice Lake, East Lake, MN; CCC Camp Sand Lake, Columbia, SD; CCC Camp Seney, Gemfask, MI; CCC Camp Souris (Lower), Kramer, ND; CCC Camp Souris (Upper), Foxholm, ND; CCC Camp Souris (Upper), Mohall, ND; CCC Camp Squaw Creek, Mound City, MO; CCC Camp Swan Lake, Summer, MO; CCC Camp Tamarac, Rochert, MN; CCC Camp Thief Lake, Middle River, MN; CCC Camp Trempealeau, Winona, MN; CCC Camp Valentine, Valentine, NE.

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22.15.4 Records of the Albuquerque, NM, Regional Office

History: Originally headquarters of Bureau of Biological Survey Region 3, (Southwestern), 1937-39, became headquarters of FWS Region 2, 1940, and Bureau of Sport Fisheries and Wildlife Region 2 (Southwest), 1956. In 1972 had jurisdiction over states of NM, OK, and TX. Acquired responsibility for AR and LA from Region 4 (Atlanta, GA), January 1, 1973, and AZ from Region 1 (Portland, OR), 1974. Lost responsibility for AR and LA to Atlanta Regional Office, 1975. No change in area of jurisdiction since 1975.

Textual Records (in Fort Worth): Subject file of the Division of Fishery Services, 1957-68.

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22.15.5 Records of the Denver, CO, Regional Office

History: Originally headquarters of Bureau of Biological Survey Region 2, (Mountain), 1937-39. Became headquarters of Bureau of Sport Fisheries and Wildlife new Region 6, 1972, acquiring jurisdiction over states of MT and WY from Region 1; CO, KS, and UT from Region 2; and IA, MO, ND, NE, and SD from Region 3. Responsibility for IA and MO transferred to Twin Cities Regional Office, 1981. No change in area of jurisdiction since 1981.

Textual Records (in Denver): Central Utah Project files relating to waterfowl development, wildlife management, and recreational activities, 1951-73. Administrative records of the Division of Water Resources regarding assessments in the Missouri River Basin in Salt Lake City, UT, 1967-79. Reports and studies relating to the Lousana Waterfowl study in western Alberta, Canada, 1947-95.

Maps (625 items, in Denver): Survey plats of wildlife refuges, fish hatcheries, and lakes in CO, MT, ND, SD, and UT, 1935-73. SEE ALSO 22.18.

Photographs and Slides (2200 Images, in Denver): Waterfowl habitat studies in the Lousana Study Area in western Alberta, Canada, 1947-95. SEE ALSO 22.22

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22.15.6 Records of the Portland, OR, Regional Office

History: Originally headquarters of Bureau of Biological Survey Region 1, (Pacific), 1937-39, became headquarters of FWS Region 1, 1940, and Bureau of Sport Fisheries and Wildlife Region 1 (Pacific), 1956. Acquired responsibility for Alaska Area Office (Anchorage, AK), 1965. In 1972 had immediate jurisdiction over states of AZ, CA, HI, ID, NV, OR, and WA, and oversight responsibility for AK. Anchorage made independent Regional Office and AZ assigned to Albuquerque Regional Office, 1974. No change in area of jurisdiction since 1974.

Textual Records (in Seattle, except as noted): Records of wildlife refuges, 1934-55. Wildlife refuge management plans, 1939-45. Records relating to Rock Island Dam, 1929-64. Project files, 1946-53. Wetlands inventories, 1954-55. Program files, 1937-55. Columbia River fisheries committee records, 1947-60. Records of the National Fishery Research Center, consisting of general correspondence, 1934-88; and manuscripts, 1940-49. Records (in Los Angeles) of the California Area Office, consisting of policy and planning files, 1958-69; research and developmental technical reports, 1966-69; and special studies of the River Basin Studies Division, 1944-73. Records (in San Francisco) of the Division of River Basin Studies, Sacramento, CA, Field Office, consisting of generalrecods, 1963-67; Truckee Rivrer and Washoe project studies, 1955-66; and environmental impact review cases of engineering projects of the Army Corps of Engineers, Bureau of Reclamation, and other federal and state agencies, 1946-47.

Aerial Photographs (195 items, in San Francisco): Truckee River and Washoe project studies, 1955-66. SEE ALSO 22.18.

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22.16 RECORDS OF THE ALASKA REGIONAL OFFICE, BUREAU OF COMMERCIAL FISHERIES 1870-1973

History: Bureau of Commercial Fisheries and Bureau of Sport Fisheries and Wildlife, twin components of USFWS, had separate regional office structures. Bureau of Commercial Fisheries established five regional offices, 1957, and two area offices, 1958. Region 1 (Pacific Region, headquartered in Seattle, WA) had jurisdiction over the states of AZ, CO, ID, MT, NM, NV, UT, WA, WY; Region 2 (Gulf and South Atlantic Region, St. Petersburg, FL), AL, GA, FL, LA, MS, NC, SC, TN, TX; Region 3 (North Atlantic Region, Gloucester, MA), CT, DE, MA, MD, ME, NH, NJ, NY, PA, RI, VA, VT, WV; Region 4 (Great Lakes and Central Region, Ann Arbor, MI), AR, IA, IL, IN, KS, KY, ND, MI, MN, MO, NE, OH, OK, SD, TN, WI; Region 5 (Alaska Region, Juneau, AK), AK; California Area Office (Terminal Island, CA), CA; and Hawaii Area Office (Honolulu, HI), HI. In September 1963, the California Area Office was redesignated Region 6 (Pacific Southwest Region), headquartered in Terminal Island, with jurisdiction expanded to include states of AZ, CA, CO, NM, NV, and UT. Realignment of jurisdictions between Region 1 and new Region 6 effective February 1964. In 1969, the Alaska region (Region 5) was abolished, and the Pacific Southwest region was renumbered as Region 5. In addition, Region 1 was redesignated Pacific Northwest and Region 3, North and Mid-Atlantic. In 1970, the numerical designators were dropped and the Great Lakes and Central Region was abolished.

Textual Records (in Anchorage): Microfilm copies of privately held logbooks created by the resident federal agent on the Pribilof Islands, covering various aspects of the contractual relationship between the private fur seal harvesting corporation and the native population of the islands, and including observations on islands' life and weather, 1870-1961 (19 rolls). Pribilof Islands program correspondence, 1923-69, including documentation on the evacuation of inhabitants to Funter Bay on the mainland, 1942. Records of seal kills, 1948-61. Pribilof Islands compensation plans, 1909-62. Salmon Project baseline scientific data, Auke Bay, AK, 1948-72. Fisheries management records, Juneau, AK, 1930-59. Fisheries enforcement records, Juneau, AK, 1949-59. Fisheries research data file, Juneau, AK, 1904-60.

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22.17 RECORDS OF NATIONAL WILDLIFE REFUGES
1899-1978

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22.17.1 Records of the Wichita Mountains Wildlife Refuge, OK

History: Established as the Wichita Forest Reserve under the administration of the Department of the Interior by Presidential Proclamation 459, July 4, 1901. Transferred to the newly established Forest Service, Department of Agriculture, by the Transfer Act (33 Stat. 628), February 1, 1905. Redesignated Wichita National Forest and Game Preserve by Presidential Proclamation 563, June 2, 1905, pursuant to an act of January 24, 1905 (33 Stat. 614). Transferred to Bureau of Biological Survey as Wichita Mountains Wildlife Refuge, effective July 1, 1936, by the Agricultural Appropriation Act (49 Stat. 1446), June 4, 1936. Presently under jurisdiction of Albuquerque, NM, Regional Office, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. Wichita National Forest formally abolished by Presidential Proclamation 2211, November 27, 1936.

Textual Records (in Fort Worth): Subject files, 1908-73. Correspondence relating to Fort Sill, OK, 1940-68. Allotment and expenditure records, 1907- 60. Annual reports, 1918-41. Correspondence, and research files of biologists Frank B. McMurry, 1938-43, and Arthur F. Halloran, 1954-69. Field notes of biologists O. J. Murie, 1935, and Arthur F. Halloran and Frank B. McMurry, 1938-63. Herd development records, 1926-31. Forest plantation records, 1910-34. Wildlife census cards, 1930-44; surveyor's notes, 1901-5. Boundary correspondence, 1906-33. Engineers' field notes, 1933-39. Construction files, 1915-64, including Work Projects Administration files, 1935-41. Miscellaneous library files, 1900-78. Grazing and brand records, 1907-19. Official record of sales and permits, 1951-70.

Maps (27 items, in Fort Worth): Geological Survey quadrangle maps, relating to land classification and timber density, 1899. SEE ALSO 22.18.

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22.17.2 Records of the Theodore Roosevelt National Wildlife Refuge, ND

History: Established under jurisdiction of FWS Region 3, Minneapolis, MN (now Twin Cities, MN, Regional Office, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service), by order of the Secretary of the Interior, February 25, 1946, approved by President Truman, February 26, 1946, from land administered by the National Park Service since 1934 as the Roosevelt Recreational Demonstration Area. Formally transferred to FWS jurisdiction, April 1, 1946. Theodore Roosevelt National Memorial Park, established by act of April 25, 1947 (61 Stat. 52), under jurisdiction of the NPS, on land constituting the south unit of the wildlife refuge, with NPS assuming formal control on August 10, 1947. North unit absorbed by park expansion pursuant to an act of June 12, 1948 (62 Stat. 384). Park redesignated Theodore Roosevelt National Park by the National Parks and Recreation Act of 1978 (92 Stat. 3521), November 10, 1978.

Textual Records (in Kansas City): Refuge master plan, 1946-47. Correspondence of the refuge manager, 1946-47.

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22.18 CARTOGRAPHIC RECORDS (GENERAL)
1983-89

Maps: Photocopies of original maps still in USFWS custody documenting activities under the National Wetlands Inventory, 1983-93.

SEE Maps UNDER 22.3.4, 22.4.1, 22.4.3, 22.5, 22.6.1, 22.8.4, 22.15.5, and 22.17.1.
SEE Architectural Plans UNDER 22.8.4.
SEE Engineering Drawings UNDER 22.3.4 and 22.4.3.
SEE Aerial Photographs UNDER 22.15.6.

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22.19 MOTION PICTURES (GENERAL)
1915-86

158 reels

Films produced or acquired by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service on wildlife, fish and marine life, Alaska, and the use and management of the environment, including such subjects as control of rats, prairie dogs, and porcupines, cooperative fish culture in the United States and pearl culture in Japan, an inspection trip to Alaska by FWS officials, life in a Boy Scout camp, stocking brook trout in North Dakota, endangered species, wetlands, the National Wildlife Refugee System, fisheries, fish hatcheries, ecology, research, NASA, condors, ducks, birds of prey, waterfowl, eagles, parrots, whopping cranes, woodcocks, whales, catfish, trout, sea lamprey, mountain sheep and goats, puma, wolf, polar bear, grizzly bear, hunting, fishing, parks, petroleum reserves, duck stamps, White Mountain Apaches, Eskimos, the Aleutian Islands, the Great Lakes, the Ozarks, and Patuxent National Wildlife Research Center, 1915-86.

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22.20 VIDEO RECORDINGS (GENERAL)
1979-92

25 items

Peregrine falcon program at the Department of the Interior, Washington, DC, 1979 (22 items). Alaska Footage Summer, 1992 (3 items).

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22.21 MACHINE READABLE RECORDS (GENERAL) 1975-85
7 datasets

National survey of fishing, hunting, and wildlife associated recreation, 1975 (1 dataset); 1980 (3 datasets); and 1985 (3 datasets).

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22.22 STILL PICTURES (GENERAL)

SEE Photographs UNDER 22.3.4, 22.4.1, 22.4.4, 22.5, 22.8.1, 22.10, 22.11.5, 22.13.1, and 22.13.3.
SEE Photographs and Slides UNDER 22.15.5.
SEE Photographic Prints UNDER 22.2, 22.3.3, 22.6.1, and 22.10.
SEE Photographic Prints and Negatives UNDER 22.7.
SEE Photographic Prints, Negatives, and Slides UNDER 22.10.
SEE Cyanotypes UNDER 22.3.3, 22.3.4, and 22.4.4.
SEE Stereographs UNDER 22.3.4.
SEE Glass Negatives UNDER 22.3.4 and 22.4.2.
SEE Posters UNDER 22.3.3 and 22.8.2.


Bibliographic note: Web version based on Guide to Federal Records in the National Archives of the United States. Compiled by Robert B. Matchette et al. Washington, DC: National Archives and Records Administration, 1995.
3 volumes, 2428 pages.

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This Web version is updated from time to time to include records processed since 1995.


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