Guide to Federal Records

Records of the Bureau of Animal Industry


(Record Group 17)
1864-1962

Overview of Records Locations

Table of Contents
  • 17.1 ADMINISTRATIVE HISTORY
  • 17.2 RECORDS OF THE BUREAU OF ANIMAL INDUSTRY 1864-1962
  • 17.2.1 General records
  • 17.2.2 Records of the Division of Animal Husbandry
  • 17.2.3 Records of the Dairy Division
  • 17.3 RECORDS OF FIELD ORGANIZATIONS 1897-1953
  • 17.3.1 Records of the Baltimore Field Station
  • 17.3.2 Records of the Virus-Serum Control Station, West Plains, MO
  • 17.3.3 Records of the Virus-Serum Control Station, Kansas City, KS
  • 17.3.4 Records of the Poultry Experiment Station, Glendale, AZ
  • 17.3.5 Records of the U.S. Morgan Horse Farm, Middlebury, VT
  • 17.4 CARTOGRAPHIC RECORDS (GENERAL)
  • 17.5 STILL PICTURES (GENERAL)
 17.1 ADMINISTRATIVE HISTORY

Established: In the Department of Agriculture by an act of May 29, 1884 (23 Stat. 31), combining the research functions of the Veterinary Division, Department of Agriculture, and the enforcement responsibilities of the Treasury Cattle Commission.

Predecessor Agencies:

  • Treasury Cattle Commission, Department of the Treasury (1881-84)
  • Veterinary Division, Department of Agriculture (1883-84)

Transfers: To Agricultural Research Administration by EO 9069, February 23, 1942.

Functions: Conducted scientific investigations and administered statutes and regulations to protect the public from infected or diseased meat products, eradicate animal diseases, and improve livestock quality.

Abolished: By Secretary's Memorandum 1320, suppl. 4, November 2, 1953, establishing the Agricultural Research Service.

Successor Agencies: Agricultural Research Service.

Finding Aids: Harold T. Pinkett, comp., Preliminary Inventory of the Records of the Bureau of Animal Industry, PI 106 (1958).

Related Records: Record copies of publications of the Bureau of Animal Industry in RG 287, Publications of the U.S. Government.

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 17.2 RECORDS OF THE BUREAU OF ANIMAL INDUSTRY
1864-1962

History: Treasury Cattle Commission established by the Secretary of the Treasury to carry out provisions of the Civil Appropriation Act (21 Stat. 442), March 3, 1881, relative to control of pleuropneumonia in export cattle. Veterinary Division established in Department of Agriculture by order of Secretary of Agriculture, May 1, 1883, to coordinate research in animal diseases. Consolidated, 1884. SEE 17.1.

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 17.2.1 General records

Textual Records: General correspondence, 1895-1953. Miscellaneous letters sent, 1911-18. Letters sent to the Department of State, 1892-97. Letters sent to the Solicitor of the Department of Agriculture, 1913-18. Letters sent concerning the eradication of foot-and-mouth disease, 1912-18. Letters sent relating to the control of viruses and serums used in treating animals, 1913-18. Deeds and other title records to land acquired for bureau field work, 1874-1950. Reports, 1888-98. Personnel records, 1891-1914. Orders, 1914-17. Circular letters, 1894-1918. Project statements, 1905-13. Annual reports, 1905-38. Publications and related records concerning fur bearing animal husbandry, 1928-62.

Map (1 item): Locations of bureau field stations in the United States, ca. 1932. SEE ALSO 17.4.

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 17.2.2 Records of the Division of Animal Husbandry

Textual Records: General correspondence, 1901-14. Office files of division chief George M. Rommel concerning the Agriculture Commission to Europe, 1918; and relating to the Committee on Livestock Drouth Relief, 1919. Papers concerning the U.S. Morgan Horse Farm, 1907-48.

Photographic Prints (64 images): Morgan horses, 1913-43 (HM). SEE ALSO 17.5.

Photographic Prints and Negatives (7,350 images): Breeds of horses, including zebras, mules, and other crossbreeds; breeds of dogs; views of the U.S. Morgan Horse Farm, Middlebury, VT, and horse stations at Miles City, MT, Buffalo, NY, and Laramie, WY; and portraits of bureau personnel, 1864-1930 (HDA, 2,990 images; HD, 580 images; N, 226 images). Results of crossbreeding purebred Karakul rams with other sheep, 1928-49 (S, 150 images). Poultry and other birds, including pigeons, ostriches, peacocks, and pheasants, 1905-30 (P, 3,404 images). SEE ALSO 17.5.

Posters (4 images): Chromolithographs advertising horses for sale, with drawings of horses by Thackeray Edwards, ca. 1945 (AP). SEE ALSO 17.5.

Related Records: Related photographs in RG 16, series G.

Subject Access Terms: Chickens (photographs).

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 17.2.3 Records of the Dairy Division

Maps (2 items): Locations of creameries and cheese factories in the United States, 1914. SEE ALSO 17.4.

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 17.3 RECORDS OF FIELD ORGANIZATIONS
1897-1953

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 17.3.1 Records of the Baltimore Field Station

Textual Records (in Philadelphia): Letters and reports, 1897- 1918.

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 17.3.2 Records of the Virus-Serum Control Station, West Plains, MO

Textual Records (in Kansas City): Correspondence, 1918-53.

Related Records: Record copies of publications of the Virus-Serum Control Station, West Plains, MO, in RG 287, Publications of the U.S. Government.

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 17.3.3 Records of the Virus-Serum Control Station, Kansas City,
KS

Textual Records (in Kansas City): Correspondence, 1914-53.

Related Records: Record copies of publications of the Virus-Serum Control Station, Kansas City, KS, in RG 287, Publications of the U.S. Government.

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 17.3.4 Records of the Poultry Experiment Station, Glendale, AZ

Textual Records (in Los Angeles): Diaries and correspondence, 1917-24.

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 17.3.5 Records of the U.S. Morgan Horse Farm, Middlebury, VT

Textual Records: Breeding charts, 1906-36 (2 vols.).

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 17.4 CARTOGRAPHIC RECORDS (GENERAL)

SEE Maps UNDER 17.2.1 and 17.2.3.

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 17.5 STILL PICTURES (GENERAL)

Photographs (30 images): Album entitled "United States Government Inspection At the Packing Establishments, South Omaha, U.S.A.," produced by commercial photographer Louis R. Bostwick, showing various stages of production at Swift and Co. and the Cudahy Packing Co. in Omaha, NE, 1910 (PE, 24 images). Group portraits of meat packing inspectors in the South Omaha, NE, office of the Bureau of Animal Industry, 1910 (PI, 6 images).

SEE Photographic Prints UNDER 17.2.2.
SEE Photographic Prints and Negatives UNDER 17.2.2.
SEE Posters UNDER 17.2.2.


Bibliographic note: Web version based on Guide to Federal Records in the National Archives of the United States. Compiled by Robert B. Matchette et al. Washington, DC: National Archives and Records Administration, 1995.
3 volumes, 2428 pages.

Ordering information

This Web version is updated from time to time to include records processed since 1995.


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