Records of the Bureau of Animal Industry
(Record Group 17)
- 17.1 ADMINISTRATIVE HISTORY
- 17.2 RECORDS OF THE BUREAU OF ANIMAL INDUSTRY
- 17.2.1 General records
- 17.2.2 Records of the Division of Animal Husbandry
- 17.2.3 Records of the Dairy Division
- 17.3 RECORDS OF FIELD ORGANIZATIONS
- 17.3.1 Records of the Baltimore Field Station
- 17.3.2 Records of the Virus-Serum Control Station, West Plains,
- 17.3.3 Records of the Virus-Serum Control Station, Kansas City,
- 17.3.4 Records of the Poultry Experiment Station, Glendale, AZ
- 17.3.5 Records of the U.S. Morgan Horse Farm, Middlebury, VT
- 17.4 CARTOGRAPHIC RECORDS (GENERAL)
- 17.5 STILL PICTURES (GENERAL)
Established: In the Department of Agriculture by an act of May 29, 1884 (23 Stat. 31), combining the research functions of the Veterinary Division, Department of Agriculture, and the enforcement responsibilities of the Treasury Cattle Commission.
- Treasury Cattle Commission, Department of the Treasury (1881-84)
- Veterinary Division, Department of Agriculture (1883-84)
Transfers: To Agricultural Research Administration by EO 9069, February 23, 1942.
Functions: Conducted scientific investigations and administered statutes and regulations to protect the public from infected or diseased meat products, eradicate animal diseases, and improve livestock quality.
Abolished: By Secretary's Memorandum 1320, suppl. 4, November 2, 1953, establishing the Agricultural Research Service.
Successor Agencies: Agricultural Research Service.
Finding Aids: Harold T. Pinkett, comp., Preliminary Inventory of the Records of the Bureau of Animal Industry, PI 106 (1958).
Related Records: Record copies of publications of the Bureau of Animal Industry in RG 287, Publications of the U.S. Government.
History: Treasury Cattle Commission established by the Secretary of the Treasury to carry out provisions of the Civil Appropriation Act (21 Stat. 442), March 3, 1881, relative to control of pleuropneumonia in export cattle. Veterinary Division established in Department of Agriculture by order of Secretary of Agriculture, May 1, 1883, to coordinate research in animal diseases. Consolidated, 1884. SEE 17.1.
Textual Records: General correspondence, 1895-1953. Miscellaneous letters sent, 1911-18. Letters sent to the Department of State, 1892-97. Letters sent to the Solicitor of the Department of Agriculture, 1913-18. Letters sent concerning the eradication of foot-and-mouth disease, 1912-18. Letters sent relating to the control of viruses and serums used in treating animals, 1913-18. Deeds and other title records to land acquired for bureau field work, 1874-1950. Reports, 1888-98. Personnel records, 1891-1914. Orders, 1914-17. Circular letters, 1894-1918. Project statements, 1905-13. Annual reports, 1905-38. Publications and related records concerning fur bearing animal husbandry, 1928-62.
Map (1 item): Locations of bureau field stations in the United States, ca. 1932. SEE ALSO 17.4.
Textual Records: General correspondence, 1901-14. Office files of division chief George M. Rommel concerning the Agriculture Commission to Europe, 1918; and relating to the Committee on Livestock Drouth Relief, 1919. Papers concerning the U.S. Morgan Horse Farm, 1907-48.
Photographic Prints (64 images): Morgan horses, 1913-43 (HM). SEE ALSO 17.5.
Photographic Prints and Negatives (7,350 images): Breeds of horses, including zebras, mules, and other crossbreeds; breeds of dogs; views of the U.S. Morgan Horse Farm, Middlebury, VT, and horse stations at Miles City, MT, Buffalo, NY, and Laramie, WY; and portraits of bureau personnel, 1864-1930 (HDA, 2,990 images; HD, 580 images; N, 226 images). Results of crossbreeding purebred Karakul rams with other sheep, 1928-49 (S, 150 images). Poultry and other birds, including pigeons, ostriches, peacocks, and pheasants, 1905-30 (P, 3,404 images). SEE ALSO 17.5.
Posters (4 images): Chromolithographs advertising horses for sale, with drawings of horses by Thackeray Edwards, ca. 1945 (AP). SEE ALSO 17.5.
Related Records: Related photographs in RG 16, series G.
Subject Access Terms: Chickens (photographs).
Maps (2 items): Locations of creameries and cheese factories in the United States, 1914. SEE ALSO 17.4.
Textual Records (in Philadelphia): Letters and reports, 1897- 1918.
Textual Records (in Kansas City): Correspondence, 1918-53.
Related Records: Record copies of publications of the Virus-Serum Control Station, West Plains, MO, in RG 287, Publications of the U.S. Government.
Textual Records (in Kansas City): Correspondence, 1914-53.
Related Records: Record copies of publications of the Virus-Serum Control Station, Kansas City, KS, in RG 287, Publications of the U.S. Government.
Textual Records (in Los Angeles): Diaries and correspondence, 1917-24.
Textual Records: Breeding charts, 1906-36 (2 vols.).
SEE Maps UNDER 17.2.1 and 17.2.3.
Photographs (30 images): Album entitled "United States Government Inspection At the Packing Establishments, South Omaha, U.S.A.," produced by commercial photographer Louis R. Bostwick, showing various stages of production at Swift and Co. and the Cudahy Packing Co. in Omaha, NE, 1910 (PE, 24 images). Group portraits of meat packing inspectors in the South Omaha, NE, office of the Bureau of Animal Industry, 1910 (PI, 6 images).
SEE Photographic Prints UNDER 17.2.2.
SEE Photographic Prints and Negatives UNDER 17.2.2.
SEE Posters UNDER 17.2.2.
Bibliographic note: Web version based on Guide to Federal Records in the National Archives of the United States. Compiled by Robert B. Matchette et al. Washington, DC: National Archives and Records Administration, 1995.
3 volumes, 2428 pages.
This Web version is updated from time to time to include records processed since 1995.