One Hundred First Congress of the United States of America
AT THE SECOND SESSION
Begun and held at the City of Washington on Tuesday, the twenty-third day of January, one thousand nine hundred and ninety
To establish a clear and comprehensive prohibition of discrimination on the basis of disability.
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,
SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE; TABLE OF CONTENTS
- SHORT TITLE.—This Act may be cited as the “Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990”.
- TABLE OF CONTENTS.—The table of contents is as follows:
Sec. 1. Short title; table of contents.
Sec. 2. Findings and purposes.
Sec. 3. Definitions.
Sec. 101. Definitions.
Sec. 102. Discrimination.
Sec. 103. Defenses.
Sec. 104. Illegal use of drugs and alcohol.
Sec. 105. Posting notices.
Sec. 106. Regulations.
Sec. 107. Enforcement.
Sec. 108. Effective date.
TITTLE II—PUBLIC SERVICES
Subtitle A—Prohibition Against Discrimination and Other Generally Applicable Provisions
Sec. 201. Definition.
Sec. 202. Discrimination.
Sec. 203. Enforcement.
Sec. 204. Regulation.
Sec. 205. Effective Date.
Subtitle B—Actions Applicable to Public Transportation Provided by Public Entities Considered Discriminatory
PART I—PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION OTHER THAN BY AIRCRAFT OR CERTAIN RAIL OPERATIONS
Sec. 221. Definitions.
Sec. 222. Public entities operating fixed route systems.
Sec. 223. Paratransit as a complement to fixed route services.
Sec. 224. Public entity operating a demand responsive system.
Sec. 225. Temporary relief where lifts are unavailable.
Sec. 226. New facilities.
Sec. 227. Alterations of existing facilities.
Sec. 228. Public transportation programs and activities in existing facilities and one car per train rule.
Sec. 229. Regulations.
Sec. 230. Interim accessibility requirements.
Sec. 231. Effective date.
PART II—PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION BY INTERCITY AND COMMUTER RAIL
Sec. 241. Definitions.
Sec. 242. Intercity and commuter rail actions considered discriminatory.
Sec. 243. Conformance of accessibility standards.
and arbitration, is encouraged to resolve disputes arising under this Act.
Should any provision in this Act be found to be unconstitutional by a court of law, such provisions shall be severed from the remainder of the Act, and such action shall not affect the enforceability of the remaining provisions of the Act.
(SIGNED) Thomas Foley, Speaker of the House of Representatives
(SIGNED) Tom Harkin (STRIKETHROUGH) Vice President of the United States and
(HANDWRITTEN) Acting (PRINTED TEXT) President of the Senate, (HANDWRITTEN) pro tempore
(STAMPED) APPROVED JUL 26 1990
(SIGNED) George Bush.