Publications

FEDERAL COURT RECORDS:
A SELECT CATALOG OF
NATIONAL ARCHIVES MICROFILM PUBLICATIONS
(PART 4)

Land Grants and Claims

Private land grant case files concern ownership of a particular tract based on a grant, purchase, or settlement that took place before the United States acquired sovereignty over the land. Types of records include correspondence, reports, maps, deeds and abstracts of title, formal complaints, summonses, judgments, motions for new trial, subpoenas, writs of error, and lists of plaintiffs and defendants.

On May 26, 1844, Congress enacted a general bill (5 Stat. 676) providing for the final adjustment of land claims in all public lands. Persons having claims were authorized to petition the appropriate U.S. district court for a clear title to the land. If the land had already been sold or claimed by other parties, successful petitioners were given the right to file a claim to an equal quantity of government land. The filing of claims was allowed for 5 years following the passage of the act.

The land claims derive their importance not from the amount of acreage involved, but from the location of the lands in question--grants usually included land near rivers, delta land suitable for farming and large-scale plantations, and land in and near major cities. Private Land Grant Cases in the Circuit Court of the Northern District of California, 1852-1910. T1207. 28 rolls.

The case files reproduced in this microfilm publication concern land grants originally made by Spanish and Mexican authorities in California between 1769 and 1846. Title to more than 8,850,000 acres, nearly 14,000 square miles, of land in California was based on 588 Spanish and Mexican grants and later confirmed by the U.S. government.

In 1851, Congress created the Board of Commissioners to Ascertain and Settle the Private Land Claims in the State of California (commonly know as the Board of California Land Commissioners) to hear and pass on all California land titles based on Spanish and Mexican grants in order to exclude them from the public domain. More than 800 of the cases heard before the board between 1851 and 1856 were appealed to U.S. district and circuit courts and the U.S. Supreme Court.

The land grant papers in this publication are listed according to the circuit court case number. Roll 1 contains introductory notes, an index to the case numbers arranged alphabetically by surnames of both plaintiffs and defendants, and a glossary of a few Spanish terms. As a rule, material in each case file is arranged in the following sequence: consolidated main documents, usually titled "Judgment Record," "Judgment Roll," or "Enrolled Papers," arranged in the order in which they were bound together by the court; unbound case papers, arranged by filing date, with undated material placed last; and exhibits, usually arranged alphabetically by the surnames of the parties who filed, but sometimes chronologically by date of document with undated or unnumbered material placed last. Oversized maps are cross-referenced and appear in the large map section at the end of each roll. Each entry gives the parties in the case; the number and types of documents; the U.S. district court case number when known; and the name of the geographic area in question when easily identifiable.

The cases are divided into three series: "Old Circuit Court
(1865-1911)," "Old Civil Miscellaneous," and "Common
Law--Incomplete Cases." The original documents are part of
the records of the U.S. District Court for the Northern
District of California (1851-1950) in the National
Archives-Pacific Sierra Region. The northern and southern
district courts cases for 1852-1856 are in the Bancroft
Library, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720. Other
records and transcripts are held by the California State
Archives in Sacramento.

    Roll  Case Title
   
    Old Circuit Court (1865-1911):

1    8    LeFranc v. Richmond

      70   Posten v. Buck

      106  Federy v. Beard et al.

      107  Federy v. Columbet

2    129  Steinbach v. Stewart

      139  Jones v. Houghton

      144  LeRoy v. Green

3    "         "

      160  Clark v. Boggs

      163  Clark v. McDonough

      175  Kane v. Robles

      192  Grisar v. McDowell

      223  Dalton v. Guess

4    235  French v. Edwards

5    "         "

      260  Bissell v. Henshaw

      320  LeRoy v. Wright

      364  U.S. v. Heirs of Pena

6    "         "

      365  U.S. v. Carpenter

      367  City of Sonoma v. U.S.

      368  U.S. v. Castro

      369  U.S. v. Castro

7    370  U.S. v. Castro

      371  U.S. v. Bennett

      372  Pitman v. U.S.

      373  Gorden v. U.S.

      374  U.S. v. Carpenter

      375  U.S. v. Hood

      376  U.S. v. Sanchez

      377  U.S. v. Berryesa

      379  U.S. v. Ortega

      382  U.S. v. Palomarez

      383  U.S. v. Diaz

      384  Soto v. U.S.

8    563  Luco v. Hare

      713  Robinson v. Trego

9    717  Cambuston v. Gay

      727  U.S. v. Bale

      731  U.S. v. Castro

      770  Mora v. Foster

      791  Mora v. Nunez

      799  U.S. v. Dougherty

10   874  U.S. v. Berryesa

      880  U.S. v. Stevenson

      943  Wright v. Hawkins

      976  Garcia v. U.S.

      981  U.S. v. Peralta

      987       "

11   1053 Valentine v. U.S.

      1075 Pujol v. Curtis

      1095 Den v. Graham

      1096 Den v. Tressell

      1150 LeRoy v. Carroll

      1177 Luce v. Wilson

12   1182 U.S. v. Carr

      1285 Moraga v. U.S.

13   1299 U.S. v. Chapman

14   "         "

      1383 U.S. v. Sanchez

      1397 Miller v. Duncan

15   "         "

      1428 Hills v. Houston

      1594 U.S. v. Throckmorton

      1722 Ryan v. Central Pacific RR

      1754 U.S. v. Atherton

16   1773 Martin v. Temple

17   "         "

      1789 Santa Clara Mining Assoc. v.

           Quicksilver Mining Co.

18   "         "

      1813 Flint v. Twitchell

      1856 Brown v. Green

      1873 Grogan v. Hayward, city of

      1976 U.S. v. Central Pacific RR

19   2323 Estrada v. Hanna

      2652 Hayner v. Stanley

      2666 Steinbach v. More
    19-22 3001     U.S. v. San Jacinto Tin

23   3005 Adams v. Brown

      3106 U.S. v. Curtner

      3140 Erwin v. San Francisco Savings Union

24   "         "

25   3701 U.S. v. Hancock

      4152 Vallejo v. Howard

      5565 Cerf v. Ashley

      9812 U.S. v. Abadie

     10282 Farmers Loan & Trust Co. v. Guadaloupe

           Quicksilver Co.

     10373 U.S. v. Monterey Extension Railroad & Co.

     10392 Gallardo v. Hagan

26  11452 U.S. v. Read

     12171 U.S. v. Read

     14766 Peralta v. U.S.

27  15069 Sawyer v. Osterhaus

    

   Old Civil Miscellaneous:

      "A"  U.S. v. Armijo

      "B"  Berryesa v. Forbes

28   "B"  Boyreau v. Campbell

      "H"  Hart v. Clarke

      "M"  Mezes v. Greer

      "T"  Tobin v. Walkinshaw

    

   Miscellaneous:

      445  U.S. v. Hare

    

   Common Law--Incomplete Cases:

    00248  Adams v. Grimes Index by County to Private Land Grant Cases, U.S. District Court, Northern and Southern Districts of California. T1216. 1 roll.

This microfilm publication reproduces an index prepared by the Office of the Clerk of the Court of the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of California. The index lists Spanish and Mexican grants by county as the counties existed on January 1, 1939. The cases, which cover the period from Spanish and Mexican rule through the mid-19th century, are listed alphabetically by county and thereunder alphabetically by name of the land grant. The case files themselves are not reproduced on microfilm. Index to Private Land Grant Cases, U.S. District Court, Northern District of California, 1853-1903. T1214. 1 roll.

The single roll of this microfilm publication reproduces an index to private land grant cases, the majority of which occurred between 1853 and 1859. The records are indexed alphabetically by surname of the party in the case; the United States is not indexed. The index also provides a chronology of documents and actions filed for each case. The case files themselves have not been reproduced on microfilm. Index to Private Land Grant Cases, U.S. District Court, Southern District of California. T1215. 1 roll.

The single roll of this microfilm publication indexes private land grant cases for the southern district of California. The cases are listed in rough chronological order by date of filing, and the files are indexed numerically by docket number. For each case the index provides the names of the parties in the case, a chronology of documents and actions filed, and the fees. The majority of the cases are dated 1854-59. The case files themselves have not been reproduced on microfilm. Land Claim Case Files and Related Records for the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Louisiana, 1844-1880. M1115. 16 rolls.

These 16 rolls of microfilm reproduce minutes, dockets, judgment records, land claims case files, and other records relating to land claims. The land claims were filed before the court on the basis of early Spanish and French land grants or "other written evidence of title from any foreign government" as provided in legislation enacted in 1844 and 1860.

The court minutes are dated 1844-60 and 1867-80. They are preceded by an index arranged alphabetically by the initial letter of the surname of the plaintiff. Entries in the minutes include rules governing land suits, motions, orders, continuances, dismissals, and judgments entered in the cases. The dockets, which are dated 1844-49 and 1860-80, follow the minutes and contain a record of papers filed and actions taken in the cases. An index to the dockets is arranged alphabetically by the initial letter of the plaintiff's surname. A judgment record dated 1846-49 duplicates the verdicts recorded in the minutes.

Records in the case files consist of petitions, motions, summonses, U.S. marshals' returns, transcripts of oral testimony, demurrers, judgments, appeals, mandates from the U.S. Supreme Court, and exhibits. Exhibits are in the original Spanish and French; transcripts are written in English. A considerable number of cases documented in these records relate to three very large land grants--the Maison Rouge grant, the Bastrop grant, and the Morehouse grant.         Roll  Description         1     Minutes, dockets, and judgment records, 1844-80         Case Files, 1844-49:     2     Cases 2, 4-7     3     Cases 9-17, 19     4     Cases 20-27     5     Cases 28-29, 31-36     6     Cases 37-48     7     Cases 49-64     8     Cases 65-68, 96, 113-121, 123     9     Cases 124-125, 127-134     10    Cases 135-143, 145-146, 148         Case Files, 1860-80:     11    Cases 1-12     12    Cases 13-14, 16-22     13    Cases 23-26     14    Cases 27-30     15    Cases 31-40, 44         Oversized Records:     16    Maps and other documents relating to certain cases,

          1844-49, and 1860-80         Equity Records

When a dispute came before the court that had no "plain, adequate, and complete remedy . . . at law," the case was designated "equity" instead of "law." Courts heard and decided equity cases on the basis of fairness rather than strictly formulated rules of law.

The types of cases in the two following microfilm publications include alleged infringements of patents, bankruptcy, violation of contracts, conveyance of property to delay or deter payment of debt, loss of cargo to armed vessels, and other matters of trade and commerce. Equity Case Files of the U.S. Circuit Court for the Southern District of New York, 1791-1846. M884. 23 rolls. DP.

Most of the equity cases before the U.S. Circuit Court for the Southern District of New York between 1791 and 1846 concerned alleged infringements of patents. Other cases involved violations of contract, conveyance of property to delay or deter payment of debt, bankruptcy, loss of cargo to armed vessels, and other matters of trade and commerce.

Types of documents found in the case files include bills of complaint, answers of defendants for dismissal, affidavits, depositions, transcripts of testimony, orders and decrees of the court, and writs of injunction. There are also documents submitted as evidence, such as letters of patent, contracts, minutes of meetings, and statistical tables.

Two sets of case files are reproduced in this microfilm publication. Those for cases filed before May 31, 1827, are arranged alphabetically by surname of defendant. Those for cases filed from May 31, 1827, to June 1, 1846, are arranged by case numbers X-1 to X-226. Documents within the files are arranged chronologically by date of filing, and some documents are dated as late as 1871.

A docket for the second set of case files is reproduced at the beginning of roll 7. Entries for individual cases usually show the case title, names of attorneys, and a chronological listing of proceedings and filings of papers. The case numbers correspond to the page on which the case is recorded within the volume, and the volume contains an alphabetical index to names of defendants. The spellings of names of parties appearing in the contents have been determined from the docket or from records in the case files. There may be instances in which the writing has been misinterpreted or an incorrect name was given to the court.

    Roll   Case     Title
   
    1               John B. Church et al. v. Thomas Amory

                Purpin H. Arnold (deposition transmittal--

                  no case)

                Jasper Ward v. Fernando de la Maza

                Arredondo, Jose de la Maza Arredondo, and

                  Henry Thomas

                William L. Blair et al. v. Theophilact

                  Bache et al.

                United States v. Henry Barclay et al.

                Thomas Ash v. Montgomery R. Bartlett

                Richard Peters v. Samuel A. Bascom

                United States v. William Bayard, Henry

                  Barclay, et al.

                Oliver Evans v. Chauncey Belknap

                Robert Morris et al. v. James Bingham et al.

                Samuel Mott v. Noel Blanche et al.

                John Morris v. Jonathan Bliss and Elisa

                  Huntington

                Comfort Sands v. Daniel Boardman et al.

                Moses Rogers v. Rodman Bowne and Samuel Bowne

                Peter Bradwell et al. v. William Bradwell

                  et al.

                United States v. Mathias Bruen et al.

                Christian L. Mannhardt v. James Bryden

                William Landbach v. Joseph Bulkley

                Edward Gregory v. Richard Burr

                United States v. Thomas C. Butler, Josiah

                Sturges, and Benjamin Burroughs

                John Jackson v. Francis Childs

                Thomas Fitzsimmons et al. v. John B. Church
2                   Russel Forsyth v. Daniel P. Clark and Gilbert

                  Stewart

                Thomas Stoughton v. John Clendening and

                  John Adams

                John Maitland v. John Coles

                Frederic Cozzens v. David T. Cooper

                Joshua Shaw v. Joseph Cooper and Jeremiah

                  Cooper

                William Houston v. Crawford Davidson, John

                Simpson, and James Graham

                Francis Barretto v. Don Joseph de Britto

                Charles Lagarenne v. Samuel Dexter

                Peter B. Ormsby v. Alfred P. Edwards et al.

                William Baring et al. v. Edmund Fanning

                  et al.

                United States v. Theodosius Fowler

                William Rotch et al. v. Samuel Franklin

                  et al.

                John L. Sullivan et al. v. Fulton Steam

                  Boat Co.

                William Radcliff and Justin Foote v.

                  David Gelston and Nathan Sanford

                United States v. Aquila Giles, Nicholas Fish,

                  and Matthew Clarkson

                Robert Morris et al. v. John Haven et al.

                Daniel Griswald v. Samuel Hill
3                   Charles D'Wolf v. Gardiner G. Howland and

                  Samuel S. Howland

                Timothy Hurst v. Charles Hurst et al.

                Samuel Brown et al. v. Amasa Jackson

                Richard Peters and John Barclay v.

                  James Jackson et al.

                Cavalier Jonet v. Thomas Jones et al.

                William Turnbull v. Samuel Lambert et al.

                United States v. Cornelius Leguine and

                  Melancthon Freeman

                Sophia Usher et al. v. George Lenham et al.

                United States v. Robert Lenox

                Thomas Fitzsimons et al. v. Herman LeRoy

                  et al.

                Samuel Thompson v. Herman LeRoy et al.

                United States v. Brockholst Livingston

                  and Robert LeRoy

                Thomas Gibbons v. John R. Livingston

                Thomas L. Walsh and Frederick A. Kleine

                  v. Bernhard L. Lorenberg et al.
4                   Robert Morris et al. v. Patrick Mackpherson

                  et al.

                Thomas Seaming et al. v. Alexander Macomb

                United States v. Eugene Malibran

                Jonathan Williams v. Alexander McComb and

                  William Duer

                Harry Fisher and Alexander F. Fisher v.

                  Daniel McNaughton et al.

                United States v. Peter Mermet

                Oliver Evans v. Abraham Mesier

                United States v. Benjamin G. Minturn and

                  John T. Champlin

                Raymond DeSmith et al. v. Gouverneur Morris

                Wilhem Willinck et al. v. Robert Morris

                  et al.

                Benjamin Stokes et al. v. Robert Morris and

                  Comfort Sands

                John R. Lucas et al. v. Robert Morris et al.
5                   Amos Hull v. John Morrison

                United States v. Samuel Mott et al.

                Thomas Fitzsimmons et al. v. Thomas L. Ogden

                  et al.

                Raymond De Smith et al. v. Samuel Ogden

                  et al.

                Benjamin Stokes et al. v. Samuel D. Parker

                  et al.

                Samuel Wilcox v. Oliver Phelps

                George Clinton et al. v. Richard Platt

                Jedediah Morse v. John Reid

                Insurance Co. of Pa. v. Frederick Rhinelander

                William Gordon et al. v. William Richardson

                  and wife

                Thomas S. Walsh and Frederick A. Kleine v.

                  Thomas Sargeant et al.
6                   Oliver Evans v. William Satterly

                Frederic Cozzens v. Richard Steele

                Robert Morris et al. v. Benjamin Stoddert

                  et al.

                Agnes Tate and Samuel Thompson v. Moore Tate

                Robert McCann et al. v. Benjamin Taylor

                  (agreements)

                William Shotwell v. James Taylor et al.

                John B. Church v. Joseph Taylor et al.

                Anthony Dey et al. v. United States and

                  Richard Udall

                United States v. Richard Udall

                Jacob Barker et al. v. United States, Joseph

                  Anderson, Jonathan Fisk, et al.

                John Swarthout v. United States

                Sebastian Bauman v. Jeremiah VanRensselaer

                Benjamin Walcott (deposition transmittal--

                  no case)

                Ephraim Bowen et al. v. Jason Waters et al.

                Rachael Eden v. Stephen Waring

                Bowler Cock v. Foster Webb et al.

                William Richardson v. Catherine White

                Peter Bradwell et al. v. Eliphalet Wickes

                  et al.

                United States v. Richard S. Williams and John

                  Vanderbuilt

                Thomas Mather and John Dickinson v. Wilhem

                  Willinck et al.

                Thomas Fitzsimons v. Wilhem Willinck et al.
7                   Docket, 1827-46

       X-1      John Thomas v. Ezra Weeks, Jesse Wood,

                  Jeremiah Jennings, Daniel Herrick, James

                  Weeks, and James Tucker

       X-2      John Thomas v. Ezra Weeks, Jesse Wood,

                  Jeremiah Jennings, Daniel Herrick, and

                  James Tucker

       X-3      John Thomas v. Ezra Weeks, Jesse Wood,

                  Jeremiah Jennings, and William Preston

       X-4      Robert Graves v. Sydney B. Whitlock, Concklin

                    Seaman, and James Engle

       X-5      Robert Graves v. John Luther

       X-6      Joseph Grant and Solomon Townsend v. Eleakim

                    Raymond and Henry Raymond

       X-7      United States v. Joshua Sands
8          X-8      Edmund M. Blunt v. Richard Patten

       X-9      United States v. Joseph Lyon, Warren Rogers,

                  and Obadiah W. Jones

       X-10     John Rathbone v. James, Samuel, and Mary

                  Rathbone

       X-11     James H. Rathbone v. John Rathbone

       X-12     Marine Elevating Dock Corp. v. Screw Dock

                  Corp. and Elisha Turner

       X-13     Paulus Hedl v. George W. Dean and Richard

                  Moore

       X-14     Mordicai Levy, Bella Cohen, Elizabeth Levy,

                  Chapman Levy, Bella Hart, Flora Levy, and

                  Jacob Henry v. Peter McCartee

       X-15     United States v. Matthias Bruen, George

                  Bruen, John Hone, Isaac Hone, Henry Hone,

                  Myndant Van Schaick, John Herriman, John

                  Anthon, and William Whitehead

       X-16     United States v. William Bayard, Robert

                  Bayard, Benjamin Rogers, Duncan Campbell,

                  and John Boyd

       X-17     Herman LeRoy and Herman LeRoy, Jr. v. Jean

                  Ferdinand Grenus and Francois Theodore

                  Lewis Grenus

       X-18     Herman LeRoy et al. v. Jean de Gallatin et

                   al. (missing)

       X-19     Herman LeRoy et al. v. Jean Grenus et al.

                  (missing)

       X-20     Herman LeRoy et al. v. Jean Grenus et al.

                  (missing)

       X-21     Herman LeRoy and Herman LeRoy, Jr. v. Albert

                  Voomberg

       X-22     Herman LeRoy v. Wernard VanBeest

       X-23     Herman LeRoy v. Joan Christoph Rente Linsen

       X-24     Herman LeRoy et al. v. Wilhem Muntrudam

                  (missing)

       X-25     Herman LeRoy et al. v. Francois Grenus et al.

                  (missing)

       X-26     United States v. John O., John W., and

                  Frances Zuill, Robert Crommelin, Roderick

                  Curtis, and Adrian VanBokelen

       X-27     United States v. George Burbeck, Noah

                  Scorell, et al.
9          X-28     United States v. Isaac Hone for John Hone,

                  Jr., et al.

       X-29     United States v. William Whitehead, Mathias

                  Bruen et al. (case canceled--documents

                  interfiled in case file no. X-15.)

       X-30     The President, Directors, and Co. of the Bank

                  of the United States v. John Sherburne,

                  John Blunt, Edmund Blunt, and George Blunt

       X-31     United States v. Sylvester Judson, David

                  Leavitt, Joseph Monk, and Thomas Judson

                  (missing)

       X-32     Minot Mitchell and Gideon Coggeshall v. John

                  Graham et al.

       X-33     United States v. David Olyphant and George

                  Bruen

       X-34     Richard Burr v. Edward Gregory

       X-35     United States v. Benjamin Rogers, Allen

                  Ayrault, Eliza Elwyn, et al.

       X-36     United States v. Benjamin Rogers, Eliza]

                  Elwyn, et al.

       X-37     United States v. Felix Peltier

       X-38     James Rathbone v. John Rathbone

       X-39     United States v. John Bailey and George

                  Willis

       X-40     Amos Hull v. Amaziah Sherman
10         X-41     Edward Livingston v. New York & Schuykill

                  Coal Co. and Charles Snowden

       X-42     United States v. Peter B. Porter

       X-43     Mathis Lane v. Thomas Ludlow et al.

       X-44     William Morris v. Thomas Ludlow et al.

       X-45     James McSurley v. Thomas Ludlow et al.

       X-46     Owen Ruddy v. Thomas Ludlow et al.

       X-47     Thomas McSorley v. Thomas Ludlow et al.

       X-48     Robert Wilson v. Thomas Ludlow et al.

       X-49     Robert Dove v. Thomas Ludlow et al.

       X-50     William Hamilton v. Thomas Ludlow et al.

       X-51     Stephen Kingsland v. Thomas Ludlow et al.

       X-52     Samuel Fairlamb v. Paul Sabbatin and William

                  Spence

       X-53     William Carlock and George Arrowsmith v.

                  David Ayres

       X-54     William Borradaile et al. v. Samuel Green

                  et al.

       X-55     Samuel Green v. William Borradaile et al.

       X-56     United States v. Charles Oakley

       X-57     United States v. William Bayard and Peter

                  Ritter
11         X-58     United States v. William Couch and Lewis

                 Brunel

       X-59     United States v. Orondates Mauran and Lewis

                  Brunel

       X-60     United States v. William Ross

       X-61     United States v. James Bates, Henry Barclay,

                  and George Barclay

       X-62     United States v. Adrian VanBackelin, Richard

                  White, William Mackie, and Robert Farmahill

       X-63     United States v. George Willis, William

                  Robinson, Simeon Baldwin, Gilbert Allen,

                  and William Yardley

       X-64     Eliphalet Nott v. Sylvester Parker

       X-65     Eliphalet Nott v. Thomas Talmadge

       X-66     United States v. George Bourne, John

                  Pendleton, and Robert Donaldson

       X-67     William Carlock and George Arrowsmith v.

                  William Smith

       X-68     Sophia Dias v. United States

       X-69     Thomas Ash v. Montgomery Bartlett

       X-70     Sophia Dias v. United States

       X-71     John Mulholland and William Mulholland v.

                  George Barclay and Schyler Livingston

       X-72     Isabella Bard v. Joseph Parkins

       X-73     Thomas Bayley v. John Marsh et al.

       X-74     Nelson Elliott v. Samuel Swentwont (missing)
12         X-75     Jonathan Wilmarth, John Moffat, and Joseph

                  Curtis v. William Smith

       X-76     George Richards v. William Smith

       X-77      Guy Richards v. William Smith

       X-78     John Ellis v. Mary Ellis, Nehemiah Rogers,

                  John

                Johnston, James Taylor, et al.

       X-79     United States v. William Robinson, Simeon

                  Baldwin, Gilbert Allen, and William Yardley

       X-80     Samuel Thompson v. Lewis Day

       X-81     Isaiah Rogers v. James Wilson, Curtis Graham,

                  and John Graham

       X-82     United States v. Thomas C. Butler et al.

                  (documents interfiled in case file no.

                  X-224)

       X-83     United States v. Benjamin Marshall, John

                  Grimshaw, and William Hallett
13         X-84     William Peters v. Russell Stebbins

       X-85     John Watson v. Joseph Atwill

       X-86     Jeremiah VanRensselaer v. John Watts,

                  Catharine Vicher, Cornelius VanRensselaer,

                  and Glen VanRensselaer

       X-87     William Carlock and George Arrowsmith v.

                  William Smith (documents interfiled in case

                  file no. X-67)

       X-88     Caleb Bartlett v. Ebenezer Mack, William

                  Andrews, and Charles Woodruff

       X-89     William Carlock and George Arrowsmith v.

                  Thomas Calders, William Russell, and Thomas

                  Goodram

       X-90     William Hoyt v. Maria Monk et al.

       X-91     George Reynolds v. Daniel Hall and Abner

                  Mellen

       X-92     Benjamin Lee and Paul Babcock v. United

                  States

       X-93     Charles Zimpel v. F. S. Fischel

       X-94     Charles Kenyon v. Luke Barker

       X-95     George Treby v. Silas Burrows

       X-96     William Hoyt v. James Ticknor

       X-97     Bartholomew Servatius v. John Ordronaux and

                  Peter Frevall
14         X-98     Jeremiah VanRensselaer v. Philip Kearney

                  et al.

       X-99     George Lamson v. Edward Mix, Elihu Mix, James

                  Westervelt, and Abraham Higbee

       X-100    George Tyson v. Joseph Swift

       X-101    George Reynolds v. Orestes Badger

       X-102    John Shotwell and Phoebe, his wife v. Renel

                  Smith and Drake Mills

       X-103    Henry Robinson v. Alfred Baker

       X-104    Amos Hubbard v. The President, Directors, and

                  Co. of the Bank of the United States et al.

       X-105    Frederick Marryatt v. James Cooley and

                  Lemuel Bangs

       X-106    Amos Hull v. James Knight

       X-107    United States v. King Avery

       X-108    Joseph Cowperthwait v. Samuel Reeve, Henry

                  Morgan, and Robert McInnsey

       X-109    Olympe Pellessier v. Robert Schuyler and

                  Richard Church

       X-110    Amos Hull v. Robert Thompson

       X-111    James Graham v. Sargent Prentiss

       X-112    Robert Atterbury v. Mark Hill, Jr.
15         X-113    Murray Hoffman v. John Rathbone, Thomas

                  Butler, Josiah Sturges, Benjamin Burrows,

                  et al.

       X-114    James Graham v. James Wilkins

       X-115    Samuel Mitchell v. William Chapin, Jeremiah

                  Taylor, and Andrew Goodrich

       X-116    Joseph Vargas v. Jeremiah Hamilton and Elisha

                  Morill

       X-117    Smith Harpending et al. v. The Ministers,

                  Elders, and Deacons of the Reformed

                  Protestant Dutch Church of the City of New

                  York et al.

       X-118    Frederick Maryatt v. William Colyer

       X-119    Oway Taft and Cyrus Taft v. George Bowne and

                   Ambrose Jordan

       X-120    William Gould, Daniel Banks, and Anthony

                  Gould v. Hiram Hastings

       X-121    Alexander Hoyes and John Hoyes v. Benjamin

                  Aymar, John Aymar, and James Stacey

       X-122    Augustus Webb v. John McGovern

       X-123    Thomas Hegeman v. Samuel Halsey and James

                  Wilson

       X-124    George DeKay and Janet, his wife v. Francis

                  Tillon, Gabriel Irving, Charles Clinch,

                  James DeKay, and Marion Eckford

       X-125    Ezekial Byam, Prentis Whitney, and Seth King

                  v. John Stevens

       X-126    Amos Hull v. Frederick Liese

       X-127    United States v. Samuel Wood and George Ives
16         X-128    Job Terry v. Dutchess Whaling Co. and David

                  Shearman

       X-129    United States v. Augustini Pepin and John

                  Duflon (missing)

       X-130    Nathaniel Bacon and William Plumb v. George

                  Michell, William Cole, and John Drew

       X-131    James Bogardus v. John Johnson, Perkins

                  Nichols, and Nerestan Griffin

       X-132    State of Illinois v. John Delafield

       X-133    United States v. Augustus Terega, John

                  Bailey, Benjamin Aymar, James Stacey, and

                  John VanBeuren

       X-134    Conrad Faber v. North American Coal Co.

       X-135    Conrad Faber v. North American Coal Co. (case

                  canceled)

       X-136    United States v. David Rogers, Samuel Rogers,

                  and William Stevenson

       X-137    Joseph Francis v. John Webb

       X-138    Ezekiel Byam, Prentiss Whitney, and Seth King

                  v. Nicolaus Harris

       X-139    William Carlock v. Arthur Tappan and Lewis

                  Tappan

       X-140    Anthony Hill v. Charles Cole

       X-141    Ezekiel Byam et al. v. Thaddeus Hyatt et al.

       X-142    Ezekiel Byam et al. v. Alfred Golsch

       X-143    Lewis Jennings v. John Ferguson (missing)

       X-144    Lewis Jennings v. John Ferguson

       X-145    Philos Blake, Eli Blake, and John Blake v.

                  Richard Best

       X-146    Nathaniel Wyeth v. Nathaniel Barmore, James

                  Swentwont, William Smith, George Smith,

                  John Smith, Peter Gusque, Moses Leonard,

                  Alfred Barmore, and Robert Clement
17         X-147    Samuel Broom, Stephen Halsey, and William

                  Wadsworth v. John Day, Samuel Day, William

                  Day, Robert Newell, and Henry Jones

       X-148    Robert Hogan and George Miln v. William

                  Marselly

       X-149    William VanHook v. Hanford Loveland

       X-150    William Peck v. Benajah Conant and Francis

                  Rathbone

       X-151    Hiram Norris v. Samuel Stevens, Zebedee Ring,

                  Benjamin Birdsall, and John Ward

       X-152    William Peck v. Lamar Wells and Marcus Spring

       X-153    Ethan Allen v. Orrison Blunt and William Lyms

       X-154    Henry Stephens v. David Felt and Willard Felt

       X-155    Samuel Dakin and Sophia Hurlburt v. Thomas

                  Moore and Abraham Cozzens

       X-156    William Peck v. George Boardman

       X-157    Ezekiel Byam, Prentiss Whitney, and Seth King

                  v. John Stevens and Michael Lacour
18         X-158    William Van Hook v. Ephraim Scudder and John

                  Dayton

       X-159    William Waddell v. Charles Kneeland, George

                  Kneeland, Henry Bogert, Henry Kneeland and

                  Margaret, his wife

       X-160    Thomas Eubank v. Charles Hillsburgh

       X-161    Anthony Norman and Francis Norman v. William

                  Van Hook and George Storer

       X-162    William Carlock v. John Davies and James

                  Jones

       X-163    Edward Curtis v. United States, Jesse Oakley,

                  and Lorenzo Hoyt

       X-164    Lewis Jennings v. William Starr

       X-165    Enos Wilder v. Charles Gaylor

       X-166    Enos Wilder v. Frederick Geisler and Henry

                  Geisler

       X-167    Enos Wilder v. Crandel Rich, Almon Roff, John

                  Stearns, and Azor Marvin

       X-168    Philos Blake, Eli Blake, and John Blake v.

                  John Parker and Joseph Smith

       X-169    Lucius Comstock and Ann Moore v. Henry Dalley

       X-170    Henry Wilson v. John Sinnot
19         X-171    United States v. Jesse Hoyt, Jesse Oakley,

                  Lorenzo Hoyt, Thomas Oakley, Thad Phelps,

                  Samuel Jones, et al.

       X-172    Christian Detmold v. Peter Cooper, Thomas

                  Cooper, and John Gustin

       X-173    Edward Haulenbeck v. Marlin Armstrong and

                  William King

       X-174    Mathias Bruen v. James Bell and Robert Grant

       X-175    Real Estate Bank of Arkansas v. The

                  President, Directors, and Co. of the

                  Phoenix Bank (missing)

       X-176    Edwin Sloughton v. Charles Paine (missing)

       X-177    Adonijah Randel and George Bowen v. Morris

                  Soloman, Lewis Soloman, and Morris Jacobs

       X-178    Henry Valentine and Alexander Caselli v.

                  James Reynolds, Andrew Marshal, and George

                  Chapman

       X-179    Martin Armstrong v. Edward Haulenbeck and

                  Elenthenes Comstock

       X-180    Charles Noe v. John Prentice and Archibald

                  Finn (missing)

       X-181    George Latham et al. v. Henry Achilles et al.
20         X-182    David Robbins v. Charles Davis, Morris

                  Robinson, and Samuel Jandon (documents from

                  case file no. 1-24, 1846-77, have been

                  interfiled in this case)

       X-183    William Van Hook v. Thomas Wood

       X-184    Hetty Ann Meeks et al. v. John Graham
21         X-185    William Waddell et al. v. Henry Blakeman et

                  al.

       X-186    Austin Packard v. James Wilson and John

                  Gilbert

       X-187    William Bennet v. Nicholas Kipp, John

                  Carroll, et al.

       X-188    David Suydam v. Horace Day

       X-189    William Van Hook v. John Pendleton and

                  William Pendleton

       X-190    Job Terry v. Dutchess Whaling Co. et al.

       X-191    Matilda Orr v. Joseph Tibbets

       X-192    Matilda Orr v. John Liddle

       X-193    David Suydam v. Horace Day

       X-194    Mary Kearney v. George Thomas

       X-195    Martin Armstrong v. William Vine, Bryan Ward,

                  Edward Haulenbeck, et al.

       X-196    William Peck v. Eleazer Benjamin, Joseph

                  Smith, and James Watson

       X-197    Thomas Prosser v. Irving Van Wart

       X-198    Matilda Orr v. John Keyser

       X-199    Robert McCalmont, Hugh McCalmont, and William

                  Newell v. Susan Lawrence et al.

       X-200    John Emerson v. John Ericsson

       X-201    John Emerson v. Peter Hogg and Cornelius

                  Delamater

       X-202    Horace Day v. Hiram Hutchinson and Clarkson

                  Runyon

       X-203    Horace Day v. Christopher Meyer

       X-204    William Peck v. Thomas Winthrop

       X-205    Jesse Carpenter v. Sarah Mather, Harlow

                  Mather, and William Starr
22         X-206    Robert Wash, William Thomas, John Coalter,

                  and John Daggett v. Cortlandt Palmer and

                  Samuel Dakin

       X-207    James Wilson v. William Van Lean

       X-208    Joseph Atwill v. Westley Burgess, James

                  Stringer, and William Townsend

       X-209    Joseph Atwill v. William Graham

       X-210    John Boggett v. Philip Groot and David Elston

       X-211    Thomas Smith v. Mathias Bruen, George Bruen,

                  et al.

       X-212    Charles Goodyear v. Horace Day

       X-213    William Peck v. Hiland Hall, Clauson Lyman,

                  et al.

       X-214    Joseph Atwill v. Edmund Ferrett, Timothy

                  Arthur, and Elijah Gallusha

       X-215    Philos Blake et al. v. John Parker and Walter

                  Smith

       X-216    United States v. Nelson Elliot, David Lord,

                  Edwin Lord, and Francis Bacon
23         X-217    The President, Directors, and Co. of the City

                  Bank of New York v. Elizabeth Skelton, Mary

                  Ann Fraser, and Philip Yonge

       X-218    Philos Blake et al. v. John Parker and Walter

                  Smith (documents interfiled in case file

                  no. X-215)

       X-219    George Bruen v. Mathias Bruen

       X-220    Vair Clisehugh v. Alexander Barry

       X-221    James Davison et al. v. Henry Duhham et al.

                  (missing)

       X-222    Amanda Ponsford v. William Johnson et al.

       X-223    John Locke v. Joseph Hastings, William

                  Brickett, John Wheeler, and Benjamin Blagge

       X-224    United States v. Thomas Butler, Josiah

                  Sturges, Laird Butler, and Jonas Butler

       X-225    William Van Hook v. Reid Throckmorton,

                  William Watkins, and Henry Concklin

       X-226    William Van Hook v. Jonathan Leach and John

                 Pendleton

       
    Equity Records of the U.S. Circuit Court for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania, 1790-1847. M985. 23 rolls. DP.

In addition to documents usually found among equity records, these case files include exhibits such as letters patent, contracts, wills, accounts, minutes of meetings, statistical tables, newspapers, magazines, advertising posters, books, correspondence, and related evidentiary material; notices of appeal; petitions to the U.S. Supreme Court for certiorari and writs of certiorari; final decrees and opinions; and other related papers.

The files are arranged alphabetically, generally by the first letter of the plaintiff's surname or the name of a company, thereunder chronologically by session of court, and thereunder by case number assigned. There are exceptions, however, such as under "A," cases filed as Attorney of the United States, and under "K," a case filed as King of Spain. Most documents within the files are arranged by date of filing. The spellings of names of parties appearing in the list have been determined from the dockets or from documents in the case files; there may be instances in which the writing has been misinterpreted or an incorrect name was given to the court. Some variant spellings have been included in parentheses after the parties' names.

The publication also includes records from three docket books containing registers of the papers filed and proceedings held in the progress of each equity case from its initiation to its final disposition. Docket entries for each case show the names of parties and attorneys, a chronological listing of the filings and proceedings, and a statement of the clerk's fees. Equity cases docketed before the October 1792 session were recorded as part of the first docket book for the law and appellate case files. This book is indexed by form of action (law, ejectment, equity) and thereunder alphabetically by name of plaintiff. Only the section for equity cases is reproduced in this microfilm publication. The remaining two volumes are strictly for equity cases, 1792-1847, and contain an alphabetical index by surname of complainant. Case entries in the dockets are arranged chronologically by the session of court in which the case started and thereunder consecutively by case number. The inclusive dates of this microfilm publication are those of the filing of cases with the court (1790-1847); however, some
individual documents are dated as early as 1745 and as late as
1880.
   
    Roll  Description
   
    1     Dockets, 1790-1847
   
    Equity case files:

      A - Apr. 1793-Oct. 1842

      B - Oct. 1791-Oct. 1805
    2     B - Apr. 1806-Apr. 1819
    3     B - Oct. 1819-Oct. 1840
    4     B - Apr. 1841-Apr. 1846

      C - Oct. 1797-Oct. 1816
    5     C - Oct. 1816(cont.)-Apr. 1839
    6     C - Apr. 1839(cont.)-Oct. 1846

      D - Oct. 1791-Apr. 1806
    7     D - Apr. 1806(cont.)-Oct. 1844

      E - Apr. 1796-Oct. 1842

      F - Apr. 1809
    8     F - Oct. 1816-Apr. 1838

      G - Apr. 1796-Oct. 1834
    9     G - Oct. 1836-Apr. 1845

      H - Oct. 1791-Apr. 1824
    10    H - Oct. 1824-Oct. 1843

      I - Apr. 1818-Oct. 1821

      J - Oct. 1801-Apr. 1835

      K - Oct. 1797-Apr. 1845
    11    L - Apr. 1806-Apr. 1846

      M - Oct. 1791-Apr. 1834
    12    M - Oct. 1836-Oct. 1839
    13    M - Apr. 1842-Apr. 1847
    14    N - Apr. 1799-Oct. 1829

      O - Oct. 1796-Apr. 1846

      P - Oct. 1791-Oct. 1825
    15    P - Apr. 1828
    16    P - Apr. 1828(cont.)-Oct. 1847
    17    R - Oct. 1791-Apr. 1830
    18    R - Apr. 1830(cont.)
    19    R - Oct. 1830-Oct. 1841
    20    S - Apr. 1791-Oct. 1846
    21    S - Apr. 1847

      T - Apr. 1791-Apr. 1830

      U - Oct. 1806-Oct. 1843
    22    V - Oct. 1805-Oct. 1847

      W - Apr. 1791-Oct. 1830
    23    W - Apr. 1831-Oct. 1844

      Y - Oct. 1824-Oct. 1831
   

Law and Appellate Records

The publications listed in this section relate to law and appellate records of U.S. district and circuit courts. Law cases, which constitute the bulk of the records, are civil cases for which common law or statutes provided a remedy. Actions generally pertain to debt, recovery of damages due to nonfulfillment of an agreement or promise, trespasses on land, trespass on the case (a form of action for recovery of damages caused by the defendant indirectly), and damages suffered by reason of ejection from lands and tenements. Other actions at law concern infringement of patents or copyrights, embezzlement, fraudulent use of U.S. funds by collectors of internal revenue, breaches of contract for the supply of rations to U.S. troops, and other breaches of law. Appellate case files, cases appealed from the district to the circuit court, appear only on M969. Many of these cases relate to maritime matters, others to patent rights, bankruptcy, and the settlement of estates. Law Case Files of the U.S. Circuit Court for the Southern District of New York, 1790-1846. M883. 43 rolls. DP.

Most of the law cases before the U.S. Circuit Court for the Southern District of New York during the years covered by this publication concerned suits for the recovery of sums due under various forms of obligation or promise, including nonpayment of promissory notes, settlement of estates, and failure to pay for goods; personal injuries; and damages sustained by forcible ejection from lands and tenements.

Types of documents found in the files include complaints and declarations or narratives explaining the plaintiffs' causes for action; answers of defendants; demurrers, rejoinders, and other pleadings; bills of exceptions to decisions of the court on points of law; affidavits and depositions of witnesses and other documents submitted as evidence; and orders of the court, opinions, consents, warrants, writs, bonds, and reports of court costs. In suits removed from state courts, certified copies of the proceedings, processes, and other papers constituting the state court records are usually in the case file.

The files are arranged alphabetically by surname of defendant (the first-named defendant when there is more than one). When the same person is the defendant in more than one case, the files are arranged chronologically by date of the filing of the suit, except in instances in which several cases against a defendant apparently were tried concurrently and the documents are interfiled. Documents within files are arranged chronologically by date of filing. There are, however, individual documents dated later than 1846.
   
    Roll   Description
   

1    Abernathy-Bailey

2    Baker-Bax

3    Bayard-Belknap

4    Bell-Bostwick

5    Botsford-Brunel

6    Brush-Carter

7    Carver-Church

8    Clark-Colyer

9    Comstock-Coster

10   Cotte-Cutting

11   Daily-Dickey

12   Diedrich-Ebbets

13   Eckford-Field, J.

14   Field, S.-Gaylord

15   Geamans-Graham

16   Grant-Ham

17   Hamilton-Hathaway

18   Haughwout-Hogan

19   Hogg-Hyer

20   Ibbotson-Joly

21   Jones-Kleine

22   Klock-LeRoy, D.

23   LeRoy, H.-Lyons

24   Mabey-Mason, E.

25   Mason, J.-McCollum

26   McComb-Monroe

27   Monteiro-Myrick

28   Nateman-Osborn

29   Osgood-Peters

30   Phelps-Pults

31   Quimby-Rich

32   Richards-Sackett

33   Sagendorph-Sanborn

34   Sandback-Seymour

35   Shaw-Southwick

36   Souza-Suydam

37   Swan-Tice

38   Tillotson-Tuthill

39   Tylee-Veitch

40   Venables-Wallis

41   Walsh-Weyman

42   Whale-Wilson, James

43   Wilson, John-Zerega
   

Law Case Files of the U.S. District Court for the Southern
District of New York, 1795-1844. M937. 15 rolls. DP.

Most of the law cases before the U.S. District Court for the
Southern District of New York, 1795-1844, concerned suits for
the recovery of sums due under various forms of obligation or
promise, including bonds, overpayments of pensions,
embezzlement of U.S. funds, and other breaches of the law.

The case files are arranged alphabetically by surname of
defendant. Where there is more than one defendant, the name
of the defendant listed first in the title endorsement
determines the filing order. Many of the bonds are in sets
arranged by assigned number. The inclusive dates of this
microfilm publication are those of the filing of cases with
the court, but some individual documents date from as early
as 1794 and as late as 1908.

    Roll   Description
   
    1     Samuel Abbot-John Barker
    2     Joseph Barlow-Brooklyn White Lead Co.
    3     John Brooks-Squire Collins
    4     Joshua Conkey-Samuel Gidney
    5     Edward Gilbert-Simeon Hyde et al.
    6     N. G. (Nathaniel) Ingraham-Paul Lawson
    7     David Leavitt and George Howland-Henry Mali
    8     Eugene Malibran et al.-Joseph Moss
    9     Robert Mott and Edmund Prior-William Peters et al.
    10    Alexander Pfister-Eliha Phenneys
    11    Edward Philips-Columbus Read et al.
    12    John Redfield, Jr.-Richard Scott
    13    Thomas Seaman-Andrew Swim
    14    Francis Swords-John Wait, Jr.
    15    Hugh Walker-Alexander Zuntz
   

Law (Civil Action) Records of the U.S. District Court for the
Eastern District of Pennsylvania, 1789-1844. M1057. 40 rolls.
DP.

This microfilm publication reproduces dockets and law case
files. The six docket books provide a record of papers filed
and proceedings held in law cases and include some entries
for equity and ejection cases (files for these cases are in a
separate records series that does not appear in this
microfilm publication). There were no equity cases held in
the court before 1843. Docket entries for individual law
cases usually show the case title and number, form of action,
amount in controversy, a chronological list of the findings
and proceedings, and a record of the costs paid. Each volume
has an alphabetical index by surname of defendant in every
case and by surname of plaintiff in cases instituted by
parties other than the United States. The inclusive dates of
this microfilm publication are those of the filing of cases
with the court; however, some individual documents are dated
as late as 1853.

The case files are arranged chronologically by date of
filing of the first papers. Within each case file, documents are
arranged for the most part chronologically by date of filing
or date of document.
   
    Roll   Description
   
    Dockets:
    1     Nov. 1789-Feb. 1800
    2     May 1800-Nov. 1815
    3     Feb. 1816-Nov. 1844
   
    Law Case Files:
    4     Nov. 1789-Aug. 1796
    5     Nov. 1796-Feb. 1797
    6     May-Nov. 1797
    7     Feb.-Aug. 1798
    8     Feb. 1799-Aug. 1801
    9     Nov. 1801-Nov. 1802
    10    Feb. 1803-Nov. 1804
    11    Feb. 1805-Feb. 1806
    12    May 1806-Nov. 1807
    13    Feb. 1808-Nov. 1809
    14    Feb. 1810-May 1811
    15    Aug. 1811-Feb. 1812
    16    May 1812-Nov. 1813
    17    Feb. 1814-Nov. 1815
    18    Feb.-Nov. 1816
    19    Feb.-Nov. 1817
    20    Feb. 1818-May 1819
    21    Aug.-Nov. 1819
    22    Feb.-Aug. 1820
    23    Nov. 1820-Nov. 1821
    24    Feb.-Nov. 1822
    25    Feb.-Nov. 1823
    26    Feb. 1824-Nov. 1825
    27    Feb.-May 1826
    28    Aug.-Nov. 1826
    29    Feb.-Nov. 1827
    30    Feb.-Nov. 1828
    31    Feb.-May 1829
    32    May-Nov. 1829
    33    Feb. 1830-Nov. 1832
    34    Feb. 1833-Feb. 1834
    35    May 1834-Nov. 1836
    36    Feb.-Nov. 1837
    37    Feb. 1838-Nov. 1839
    38    Feb. 1840-Nov. 1841
    39    Feb. 1842-Feb. 1843
    40    May 1843-Nov. 1844


Law and Appellate Records of the U.S. Circuit Court for the
Eastern District of Pennsylvania, 1790-1847. M969. 26 rolls.
DP.

The records reproduced in this microfilm publication relate
to law cases in original jurisdiction and cases appealed from
the district court, chiefly in admiralty, with a few in law
and bankruptcy. These records are all interfiled in one
series. The law case files, which constitute most of the
series, pertain generally to actions in debt, actions to
recover damages due to nonfulfillment of an agreement or
promise, trespasses on land, trespass on the case (a form of
action for recovery of damages caused by the defendant
indirectly), and damages suffered by reason of ejection from
lands and tenements. The appellate cases pertain to a variety
of subjects relating to evasion of customs duties; violations
of shipping and navigation laws, privateering and prize law,
and other maritime matters; bankruptcy; protection of patents
and patent rights; and the settlement of estates.

The first two rolls reproduce eight docket books that
contain a record of papers filed and proceedings held in the
trial of the law and appellate cases. Docket entries for
individual cases usually show the case title, the names of the
parties, the attorneys for each litigant, and a chronological
list of actions taken and documents filed. The case numbers in
the docket books reflect the order in which the cases were
presented or docketed. Volume 2, which is a copy of the first
volume without the index, has been omitted from this microfilm
publication. Volumes 3 through 8 are indexed alphabetically by
first letter of plaintiff's surname or of name of company. Volume
4 also contains a record of the law and equity case files of the
U.S. Circuit Court for the Western District of Pennsylvania, June
25, 1801-June 25, 1802; the case files are reproduced on M987,
which is described under "General Records and Minutes." Volume 9
is indexed alphabetically by surnames of both parties. Docket
entries are arranged chronologically by session of court and
thereunder consecutively by case number. The inclusive dates
of this microfilm publication are those of the filing of
cases with the court. However, some individual documents are
dated as early as 1740 and as late as 1904.

The case files are arranged alphabetically by the first
letter of the plaintiff's surname or of company, thereunder
chronologically by term of court, and thereunder consecutively by
case number. Each court term numbered its cases beginning with
No. 1. Most documents within the files are arranged by date of
filing. The spellings of names of parties appearing in the list
have been determined from the dockets or from the documents in
the case files. There may be instances in which the writing has
been misinterpreted or an incorrect name was given to the court.

    Roll   Description

    1     Dockets, 1790-1811 (Vols. 1, 3-6)
    2     Dockets, 1811-47 (Vols. 7-9)
   
    Law and appellate case files:
    3     A - Oct. 1791-Apr. 1845

      B - Apr. 1791-Apr. 1805
    4     B - Oct. 1805-Apr. 1832
    5     B - Oct. 1832-Oct. 1847

      C - Apr. 1791-Oct. 1801
    6     C - Apr. 1802-Oct. 1825
    7     C - Apr. 1826-Oct. 1846

      D - Apr. 1791-Oct. 1810
    8     D - Apr. 1814-Oct. 1845
    9     E - Apr. 1792-Apr. 1845

      F - Oct. 1790-Apr. 1810
    10    F - Apr. 1811-Oct. 1843

      G - Oct. 1790-Oct. 1823
    11    G - Oct. 1824-Apr. 1846

      H - Oct. 1790-Oct. 1802
    12    H - Apr. 1803-Oct. 1830
    13    H - Apr. 1831-Apr. 1847

      I - Oct. 1797-Oct. 1843

      J - Apr. 1792-Apr. 1799
    14    J - May 1801-Apr. 1847

      K - Apr. 1797-Oct. 1839
    15    K - Apr. 1842-Apr. 1847

      L - Oct. 1791-Oct. 1832
    16    L - Apr. 1834-Apr. 1847

      M - Apr. 1791-Oct. 1816
    17    M - Apr. 1817-Oct. 1845

      N - Oct. 1798-Apr. 1826
    18    N - Oct. 1828-Oct. 1847

      O - Apr. 1791-Oct. 1842

      P - Oct. 1790-Oct. 1802
    19    P - Apr. 1803-Apr. 1845

      Q - Oct. 1806

      R - Oct. 1791-May 1801
    20    R - Oct. 1801-Oct. 1844

      S - Oct. 1790-Oct. 1799
    21    S - Apr. 1800-Oct. 1834
    22    S - Apr. 1835-Oct. 1847

      T - Oct. 1790-Oct. 1806
    23    T - Oct. 1807-Apr. 1847

      U - Apr. 1792-Oct. 1807
    24    U - Apr. 1808-Oct. 1845

      V - Oct. 1790-Oct. 1847
    25    W - Oct. 1790-Apr. 1837
    26    W - Oct. 1838-Oct. 1846

      Y - Apr. 1793-Oct. 1847

      Z - Apr. 1809-Apr. 1835
   
   

  
Criminal Case Files

The three publications in this section reproduce criminal
case files, mostly from the first half of the 19th century.
The kinds of crimes involved include crimes of mutiny, piracy,
assault and battery, theft, and murder on the high seas; slave
trade; counterfeiting and forgery; perjury; mail theft; sedition;
smuggling; and conspiracy to invade nations at peace with the
United States. There are also cases concerning unlawful fitting
out and arming of vessels, trading without a license, false
reporting by U.S. census takers, harboring fugitive slaves, and
evasion of customs duties. The types of documents found in the
case files include bills of indictment, presentments, pleas of
defendants, recognizances, depositions, affidavits, subpoenas,
writs, orders of the court, petitions, warrants, bonds,
Presidential orders of pardon from imprisonment, and general
papers filed in criminal action.


Criminal Case Files of the U.S. Circuit Court for the
District of Maryland, 1795-1860. M1010. 4 rolls. DP.

These case files relate to such crimes as perjury, mail
theft, sedition, smuggling, slave trade, counterfeiting and
forgery, and conspiracy to invade nations at peace with the
United States. There are also cases relating to mutiny,
piracy, assault and battery, theft, and murder on the high
seas.

The case files, which contain indictments and writs, are
arranged chronologically by session of court and thereunder
alphabetically by surname of the defendant. Because the
spellings of the names follow spellings on the original
documents, there may be instances in which the writing has
been misinterpreted or an incorrect name was given to the
court. In some instances, the name of what appears to be the
same person is spelled in different ways in different case
files.
   
    Roll   Term of Court
   
    1     Nov. 1795-Dec. 1825
    2     May 1826-Nov. 1831
    3     Apr. 1832-Nov. 1844
    4     Apr. 1845-Nov. 1860
   

Criminal Case Files of the U.S. Circuit Court for the
Southern District of New York, 1790-1853. M885. 6 rolls. DP.

The case files reproduced in this microfilm publication
relate to such crimes as mutiny, piracy, assault, theft, and
murder on the high seas; slave trade; counterfeiting and forgery;
sedition; smuggling; and conspiracy to invade nations at peace
with the United States.

The number and type of documents in the case files vary. The
type of document found most frequently is the indictment, which
names the defendant, the court, the date, and the charge. Other
documents frequently filed are depositions, warrants,
recognizances, subpoenas, briefs, and notes. Occasionally
included are commitments, proceedings, notices, certificates,
letters, and writs.

The case files are arranged alphabetically by surname of
defendant. When there is more than one defendant, the case is
filed by name of the first defendant in the title of the
endorsement. Case file documents are arranged chronologically by
date of filing with the court, but some documents are dated as
late as 1881.
   
    Roll   Description
   
    1     Ackley-Griffin
    2     Hale-Knudsen
    3     Lachaise-Norton
    4     O'Brien-Ryan
    5     Sackett-Sweete
    6     Talbert-Youngs
   

Criminal Case Files of the U.S. Circuit Court for the Eastern
District of Pennsylvania, 1791-1840. M986. 7 rolls. DP.

These case files relate to such matters as the Whiskey
Rebellion of 1794, the maintenance of U.S. neutrality during
the Napoleonic wars, the quasi-war with France during the
Adams administration, the alien and sedition laws of the
Federalist period, and the embargo during the Jefferson
administration.

The files for cases initiated before 1799 are arranged
chronologically by term of court or by the year the case was
initiated and thereunder alphabetically by the defendant's
surname. When there is more than one defendant, the case is
filed by the name of the defendant listed first in the title
endorsement.

For cases filed from 1799 through 1840, the files are
arranged chronologically by session of court and thereunder
consecutively by case number. Cases for the same defendant
are listed together, which sometimes breaks the sequence of
case numbers. Unnumbered case files appear at the end of the
session in which the case was heard or at the end of the year
if no information on the session is provided. These unnumbered
files are arranged alphabetically by surname of defendant. Most
documents within the files are arranged by date of filing. The
spellings of names of parties have been determined from the
documents in the case files. There may be instances in which the
writing has been misinterpreted or an incorrect name was given to
the court.
   
    Roll   Years
   
    1     1791-99
    2     1800-1809
    3     1810-25
    4     1826
    5     1827
    6     1828-35
    7     1836-40

National Archives Trust Fund Board
National Archives and Records Administration
Washington, DC
1987

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