FEDERAL COURT RECORDS:
A SELECT CATALOG OF
NATIONAL ARCHIVES MICROFILM
Land Grants and Claims
Private land grant case files concern ownership of a particular tract based on a grant, purchase, or settlement that took place before the United States acquired sovereignty over the land. Types of records include correspondence, reports, maps, deeds and abstracts of title, formal complaints, summonses, judgments, motions for new trial, subpoenas, writs of error, and lists of plaintiffs and defendants.
On May 26, 1844, Congress enacted a general bill (5 Stat. 676) providing for the final adjustment of land claims in all public lands. Persons having claims were authorized to petition the appropriate U.S. district court for a clear title to the land. If the land had already been sold or claimed by other parties, successful petitioners were given the right to file a claim to an equal quantity of government land. The filing of claims was allowed for 5 years following the passage of the act.
The land claims derive their importance not from the amount of acreage involved, but from the location of the lands in question--grants usually included land near rivers, delta land suitable for farming and large-scale plantations, and land in and near major cities. Private Land Grant Cases in the Circuit Court of the Northern District of California, 1852-1910. T1207. 28 rolls.
The case files reproduced in this microfilm publication concern land grants originally made by Spanish and Mexican authorities in California between 1769 and 1846. Title to more than 8,850,000 acres, nearly 14,000 square miles, of land in California was based on 588 Spanish and Mexican grants and later confirmed by the U.S. government.
In 1851, Congress created the Board of Commissioners to Ascertain and Settle the Private Land Claims in the State of California (commonly know as the Board of California Land Commissioners) to hear and pass on all California land titles based on Spanish and Mexican grants in order to exclude them from the public domain. More than 800 of the cases heard before the board between 1851 and 1856 were appealed to U.S. district and circuit courts and the U.S. Supreme Court.
The land grant papers in this publication are listed according to the circuit court case number. Roll 1 contains introductory notes, an index to the case numbers arranged alphabetically by surnames of both plaintiffs and defendants, and a glossary of a few Spanish terms. As a rule, material in each case file is arranged in the following sequence: consolidated main documents, usually titled "Judgment Record," "Judgment Roll," or "Enrolled Papers," arranged in the order in which they were bound together by the court; unbound case papers, arranged by filing date, with undated material placed last; and exhibits, usually arranged alphabetically by the surnames of the parties who filed, but sometimes chronologically by date of document with undated or unnumbered material placed last. Oversized maps are cross-referenced and appear in the large map section at the end of each roll. Each entry gives the parties in the case; the number and types of documents; the U.S. district court case number when known; and the name of the geographic area in question when easily identifiable.
The cases are
divided into three series: "Old Circuit Court
(1865-1911)," "Old Civil Miscellaneous," and "Common
Law--Incomplete Cases." The original documents are part of
the records of the U.S. District Court for the Northern
District of California (1851-1950) in the National
Archives-Pacific Sierra Region. The northern and southern
district courts cases for 1852-1856 are in the Bancroft
Library, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720. Other
records and transcripts are held by the California State
Archives in Sacramento.
Roll Case Title
Old Circuit Court (1865-1911):
1 8 LeFranc v. Richmond
70 Posten v. Buck
106 Federy v. Beard et al.
107 Federy v. Columbet
2 129 Steinbach v. Stewart
139 Jones v. Houghton
144 LeRoy v. Green
3 " "
160 Clark v. Boggs
163 Clark v. McDonough
175 Kane v. Robles
192 Grisar v. McDowell
223 Dalton v. Guess
4 235 French v. Edwards
5 " "
260 Bissell v. Henshaw
320 LeRoy v. Wright
364 U.S. v. Heirs of Pena
6 " "
365 U.S. v. Carpenter
367 City of Sonoma v. U.S.
368 U.S. v. Castro
369 U.S. v. Castro
7 370 U.S. v. Castro
371 U.S. v. Bennett
372 Pitman v. U.S.
373 Gorden v. U.S.
374 U.S. v. Carpenter
375 U.S. v. Hood
376 U.S. v. Sanchez
377 U.S. v. Berryesa
379 U.S. v. Ortega
382 U.S. v. Palomarez
383 U.S. v. Diaz
384 Soto v. U.S.
8 563 Luco v. Hare
713 Robinson v. Trego
9 717 Cambuston v. Gay
727 U.S. v. Bale
731 U.S. v. Castro
770 Mora v. Foster
791 Mora v. Nunez
799 U.S. v. Dougherty
10 874 U.S. v. Berryesa
880 U.S. v. Stevenson
943 Wright v. Hawkins
976 Garcia v. U.S.
981 U.S. v. Peralta
11 1053 Valentine v. U.S.
1075 Pujol v. Curtis
1095 Den v. Graham
1096 Den v. Tressell
1150 LeRoy v. Carroll
1177 Luce v. Wilson
12 1182 U.S. v. Carr
1285 Moraga v. U.S.
13 1299 U.S. v. Chapman
14 " "
1383 U.S. v. Sanchez
1397 Miller v. Duncan
15 " "
1428 Hills v. Houston
1594 U.S. v. Throckmorton
1722 Ryan v. Central Pacific RR
1754 U.S. v. Atherton
16 1773 Martin v. Temple
17 " "
1789 Santa Clara Mining Assoc. v.
Quicksilver Mining Co.
18 " "
1813 Flint v. Twitchell
1856 Brown v. Green
1873 Grogan v. Hayward, city of
1976 U.S. v. Central Pacific RR
19 2323 Estrada v. Hanna
2652 Hayner v. Stanley
Steinbach v. More
19-22 3001 U.S. v. San Jacinto Tin
23 3005 Adams v. Brown
3106 U.S. v. Curtner
3140 Erwin v. San Francisco Savings Union
24 " "
25 3701 U.S. v. Hancock
4152 Vallejo v. Howard
5565 Cerf v. Ashley
9812 U.S. v. Abadie
10282 Farmers Loan & Trust Co. v. Guadaloupe
10373 U.S. v. Monterey Extension Railroad & Co.
10392 Gallardo v. Hagan
26 11452 U.S. v. Read
12171 U.S. v. Read
14766 Peralta v. U.S.
27 15069 Sawyer v. Osterhaus
Old Civil Miscellaneous:
"A" U.S. v. Armijo
"B" Berryesa v. Forbes
28 "B" Boyreau v. Campbell
"H" Hart v. Clarke
"M" Mezes v. Greer
"T" Tobin v. Walkinshaw
445 U.S. v. Hare
Common Law--Incomplete Cases:
00248 Adams v. Grimes Index by County to Private Land Grant Cases, U.S. District Court, Northern and Southern Districts of California. T1216. 1 roll.
This microfilm publication reproduces an index prepared by the Office of the Clerk of the Court of the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of California. The index lists Spanish and Mexican grants by county as the counties existed on January 1, 1939. The cases, which cover the period from Spanish and Mexican rule through the mid-19th century, are listed alphabetically by county and thereunder alphabetically by name of the land grant. The case files themselves are not reproduced on microfilm. Index to Private Land Grant Cases, U.S. District Court, Northern District of California, 1853-1903. T1214. 1 roll.
The single roll of this microfilm publication reproduces an index to private land grant cases, the majority of which occurred between 1853 and 1859. The records are indexed alphabetically by surname of the party in the case; the United States is not indexed. The index also provides a chronology of documents and actions filed for each case. The case files themselves have not been reproduced on microfilm. Index to Private Land Grant Cases, U.S. District Court, Southern District of California. T1215. 1 roll.
The single roll of this microfilm publication indexes private land grant cases for the southern district of California. The cases are listed in rough chronological order by date of filing, and the files are indexed numerically by docket number. For each case the index provides the names of the parties in the case, a chronology of documents and actions filed, and the fees. The majority of the cases are dated 1854-59. The case files themselves have not been reproduced on microfilm. Land Claim Case Files and Related Records for the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Louisiana, 1844-1880. M1115. 16 rolls.
These 16 rolls of microfilm reproduce minutes, dockets, judgment records, land claims case files, and other records relating to land claims. The land claims were filed before the court on the basis of early Spanish and French land grants or "other written evidence of title from any foreign government" as provided in legislation enacted in 1844 and 1860.
The court minutes are dated 1844-60 and 1867-80. They are preceded by an index arranged alphabetically by the initial letter of the surname of the plaintiff. Entries in the minutes include rules governing land suits, motions, orders, continuances, dismissals, and judgments entered in the cases. The dockets, which are dated 1844-49 and 1860-80, follow the minutes and contain a record of papers filed and actions taken in the cases. An index to the dockets is arranged alphabetically by the initial letter of the plaintiff's surname. A judgment record dated 1846-49 duplicates the verdicts recorded in the minutes.
Records in the case files consist of petitions, motions, summonses, U.S. marshals' returns, transcripts of oral testimony, demurrers, judgments, appeals, mandates from the U.S. Supreme Court, and exhibits. Exhibits are in the original Spanish and French; transcripts are written in English. A considerable number of cases documented in these records relate to three very large land grants--the Maison Rouge grant, the Bastrop grant, and the Morehouse grant. Roll Description 1 Minutes, dockets, and judgment records, 1844-80 Case Files, 1844-49: 2 Cases 2, 4-7 3 Cases 9-17, 19 4 Cases 20-27 5 Cases 28-29, 31-36 6 Cases 37-48 7 Cases 49-64 8 Cases 65-68, 96, 113-121, 123 9 Cases 124-125, 127-134 10 Cases 135-143, 145-146, 148 Case Files, 1860-80: 11 Cases 1-12 12 Cases 13-14, 16-22 13 Cases 23-26 14 Cases 27-30 15 Cases 31-40, 44 Oversized Records: 16 Maps and other documents relating to certain cases,
1844-49, and 1860-80 Equity Records
When a dispute came before the court that had no "plain, adequate, and complete remedy . . . at law," the case was designated "equity" instead of "law." Courts heard and decided equity cases on the basis of fairness rather than strictly formulated rules of law.
The types of cases in the two following microfilm publications include alleged infringements of patents, bankruptcy, violation of contracts, conveyance of property to delay or deter payment of debt, loss of cargo to armed vessels, and other matters of trade and commerce. Equity Case Files of the U.S. Circuit Court for the Southern District of New York, 1791-1846. M884. 23 rolls. DP.
Most of the equity cases before the U.S. Circuit Court for the Southern District of New York between 1791 and 1846 concerned alleged infringements of patents. Other cases involved violations of contract, conveyance of property to delay or deter payment of debt, bankruptcy, loss of cargo to armed vessels, and other matters of trade and commerce.
Types of documents found in the case files include bills of complaint, answers of defendants for dismissal, affidavits, depositions, transcripts of testimony, orders and decrees of the court, and writs of injunction. There are also documents submitted as evidence, such as letters of patent, contracts, minutes of meetings, and statistical tables.
Two sets of case files are reproduced in this microfilm publication. Those for cases filed before May 31, 1827, are arranged alphabetically by surname of defendant. Those for cases filed from May 31, 1827, to June 1, 1846, are arranged by case numbers X-1 to X-226. Documents within the files are arranged chronologically by date of filing, and some documents are dated as late as 1871.
A docket for the second set of case files is
reproduced at the beginning of roll 7. Entries for individual cases
usually show the case title, names of attorneys, and a
chronological listing of proceedings and filings of papers. The
case numbers correspond to the page on which the case is recorded within
the volume, and the volume contains an alphabetical index to names of
defendants. The spellings of names of parties appearing in the contents have
been determined from the docket or from records in the case files. There may
be instances in which the writing has been misinterpreted or an incorrect
name was given to the court.
Roll Case Title
1 John B. Church et al. v. Thomas Amory
Purpin H. Arnold (deposition transmittal--
Jasper Ward v. Fernando de la Maza
Arredondo, Jose de la Maza Arredondo, and
William L. Blair et al. v. Theophilact
Bache et al.
United States v. Henry Barclay et al.
Thomas Ash v. Montgomery R. Bartlett
Richard Peters v. Samuel A. Bascom
United States v. William Bayard, Henry
Barclay, et al.
Oliver Evans v. Chauncey Belknap
Robert Morris et al. v. James Bingham et al.
Samuel Mott v. Noel Blanche et al.
John Morris v. Jonathan Bliss and Elisa
Comfort Sands v. Daniel Boardman et al.
Moses Rogers v. Rodman Bowne and Samuel Bowne
Peter Bradwell et al. v. William Bradwell
United States v. Mathias Bruen et al.
Christian L. Mannhardt v. James Bryden
William Landbach v. Joseph Bulkley
Edward Gregory v. Richard Burr
United States v. Thomas C. Butler, Josiah
Sturges, and Benjamin Burroughs
John Jackson v. Francis Childs
Thomas Fitzsimmons et al. v. John B.
2 Russel Forsyth v. Daniel P. Clark and Gilbert
Thomas Stoughton v. John Clendening and
John Maitland v. John Coles
Frederic Cozzens v. David T. Cooper
Joshua Shaw v. Joseph Cooper and Jeremiah
William Houston v. Crawford Davidson, John
Simpson, and James Graham
Francis Barretto v. Don Joseph de Britto
Charles Lagarenne v. Samuel Dexter
Peter B. Ormsby v. Alfred P. Edwards et al.
William Baring et al. v. Edmund Fanning
United States v. Theodosius Fowler
William Rotch et al. v. Samuel Franklin
John L. Sullivan et al. v. Fulton Steam
William Radcliff and Justin Foote v.
David Gelston and Nathan Sanford
United States v. Aquila Giles, Nicholas Fish,
and Matthew Clarkson
Robert Morris et al. v. John Haven et al.
Daniel Griswald v. Samuel
3 Charles D'Wolf v. Gardiner G. Howland and
Samuel S. Howland
Timothy Hurst v. Charles Hurst et al.
Samuel Brown et al. v. Amasa Jackson
Richard Peters and John Barclay v.
James Jackson et al.
Cavalier Jonet v. Thomas Jones et al.
William Turnbull v. Samuel Lambert et al.
United States v. Cornelius Leguine and
Sophia Usher et al. v. George Lenham et al.
United States v. Robert Lenox
Thomas Fitzsimons et al. v. Herman LeRoy
Samuel Thompson v. Herman LeRoy et al.
United States v. Brockholst Livingston
and Robert LeRoy
Thomas Gibbons v. John R. Livingston
Thomas L. Walsh and Frederick A. Kleine
v. Bernhard L. Lorenberg et
4 Robert Morris et al. v. Patrick Mackpherson
Thomas Seaming et al. v. Alexander Macomb
United States v. Eugene Malibran
Jonathan Williams v. Alexander McComb and
Harry Fisher and Alexander F. Fisher v.
Daniel McNaughton et al.
United States v. Peter Mermet
Oliver Evans v. Abraham Mesier
United States v. Benjamin G. Minturn and
John T. Champlin
Raymond DeSmith et al. v. Gouverneur Morris
Wilhem Willinck et al. v. Robert Morris
Benjamin Stokes et al. v. Robert Morris and
John R. Lucas et al. v. Robert Morris et
5 Amos Hull v. John Morrison
United States v. Samuel Mott et al.
Thomas Fitzsimmons et al. v. Thomas L. Ogden
Raymond De Smith et al. v. Samuel Ogden
Benjamin Stokes et al. v. Samuel D. Parker
Samuel Wilcox v. Oliver Phelps
George Clinton et al. v. Richard Platt
Jedediah Morse v. John Reid
Insurance Co. of Pa. v. Frederick Rhinelander
William Gordon et al. v. William Richardson
Thomas S. Walsh and Frederick A. Kleine v.
Thomas Sargeant et
6 Oliver Evans v. William Satterly
Frederic Cozzens v. Richard Steele
Robert Morris et al. v. Benjamin Stoddert
Agnes Tate and Samuel Thompson v. Moore Tate
Robert McCann et al. v. Benjamin Taylor
William Shotwell v. James Taylor et al.
John B. Church v. Joseph Taylor et al.
Anthony Dey et al. v. United States and
United States v. Richard Udall
Jacob Barker et al. v. United States, Joseph
Anderson, Jonathan Fisk, et al.
John Swarthout v. United States
Sebastian Bauman v. Jeremiah VanRensselaer
Benjamin Walcott (deposition transmittal--
Ephraim Bowen et al. v. Jason Waters et al.
Rachael Eden v. Stephen Waring
Bowler Cock v. Foster Webb et al.
William Richardson v. Catherine White
Peter Bradwell et al. v. Eliphalet Wickes
United States v. Richard S. Williams and John
Thomas Mather and John Dickinson v. Wilhem
Willinck et al.
Thomas Fitzsimons v. Wilhem Willinck et
7 Docket, 1827-46
X-1 John Thomas v. Ezra Weeks, Jesse Wood,
Jeremiah Jennings, Daniel Herrick, James
Weeks, and James Tucker
X-2 John Thomas v. Ezra Weeks, Jesse Wood,
Jeremiah Jennings, Daniel Herrick, and
X-3 John Thomas v. Ezra Weeks, Jesse Wood,
Jeremiah Jennings, and William Preston
X-4 Robert Graves v. Sydney B. Whitlock, Concklin
Seaman, and James Engle
X-5 Robert Graves v. John Luther
X-6 Joseph Grant and Solomon Townsend v. Eleakim
Raymond and Henry Raymond
X-7 United States v. Joshua
8 X-8 Edmund M. Blunt v. Richard Patten
X-9 United States v. Joseph Lyon, Warren Rogers,
and Obadiah W. Jones
X-10 John Rathbone v. James, Samuel, and Mary
X-11 James H. Rathbone v. John Rathbone
X-12 Marine Elevating Dock Corp. v. Screw Dock
Corp. and Elisha Turner
X-13 Paulus Hedl v. George W. Dean and Richard
X-14 Mordicai Levy, Bella Cohen, Elizabeth Levy,
Chapman Levy, Bella Hart, Flora Levy, and
Jacob Henry v. Peter McCartee
X-15 United States v. Matthias Bruen, George
Bruen, John Hone, Isaac Hone, Henry Hone,
Myndant Van Schaick, John Herriman, John
Anthon, and William Whitehead
X-16 United States v. William Bayard, Robert
Bayard, Benjamin Rogers, Duncan Campbell,
and John Boyd
X-17 Herman LeRoy and Herman LeRoy, Jr. v. Jean
Ferdinand Grenus and Francois Theodore
X-18 Herman LeRoy et al. v. Jean de Gallatin et
X-19 Herman LeRoy et al. v. Jean Grenus et al.
X-20 Herman LeRoy et al. v. Jean Grenus et al.
X-21 Herman LeRoy and Herman LeRoy, Jr. v. Albert
X-22 Herman LeRoy v. Wernard VanBeest
X-23 Herman LeRoy v. Joan Christoph Rente Linsen
X-24 Herman LeRoy et al. v. Wilhem Muntrudam
X-25 Herman LeRoy et al. v. Francois Grenus et al.
X-26 United States v. John O., John W., and
Frances Zuill, Robert Crommelin, Roderick
Curtis, and Adrian VanBokelen
X-27 United States v. George Burbeck, Noah
Scorell, et al.
9 X-28 United States v. Isaac Hone for John Hone,
Jr., et al.
X-29 United States v. William Whitehead, Mathias
Bruen et al. (case canceled--documents
interfiled in case file no. X-15.)
X-30 The President, Directors, and Co. of the Bank
of the United States v. John Sherburne,
John Blunt, Edmund Blunt, and George Blunt
X-31 United States v. Sylvester Judson, David
Leavitt, Joseph Monk, and Thomas Judson
X-32 Minot Mitchell and Gideon Coggeshall v. John
Graham et al.
X-33 United States v. David Olyphant and George
X-34 Richard Burr v. Edward Gregory
X-35 United States v. Benjamin Rogers, Allen
Ayrault, Eliza Elwyn, et al.
X-36 United States v. Benjamin Rogers, Eliza]
Elwyn, et al.
X-37 United States v. Felix Peltier
X-38 James Rathbone v. John Rathbone
X-39 United States v. John Bailey and George
X-40 Amos Hull v. Amaziah
10 X-41 Edward Livingston v. New York & Schuykill
Coal Co. and Charles Snowden
X-42 United States v. Peter B. Porter
X-43 Mathis Lane v. Thomas Ludlow et al.
X-44 William Morris v. Thomas Ludlow et al.
X-45 James McSurley v. Thomas Ludlow et al.
X-46 Owen Ruddy v. Thomas Ludlow et al.
X-47 Thomas McSorley v. Thomas Ludlow et al.
X-48 Robert Wilson v. Thomas Ludlow et al.
X-49 Robert Dove v. Thomas Ludlow et al.
X-50 William Hamilton v. Thomas Ludlow et al.
X-51 Stephen Kingsland v. Thomas Ludlow et al.
X-52 Samuel Fairlamb v. Paul Sabbatin and William
X-53 William Carlock and George Arrowsmith v.
X-54 William Borradaile et al. v. Samuel Green
X-55 Samuel Green v. William Borradaile et al.
X-56 United States v. Charles Oakley
X-57 United States v. William Bayard and Peter
11 X-58 United States v. William Couch and Lewis
X-59 United States v. Orondates Mauran and Lewis
X-60 United States v. William Ross
X-61 United States v. James Bates, Henry Barclay,
and George Barclay
X-62 United States v. Adrian VanBackelin, Richard
White, William Mackie, and Robert Farmahill
X-63 United States v. George Willis, William
Robinson, Simeon Baldwin, Gilbert Allen,
and William Yardley
X-64 Eliphalet Nott v. Sylvester Parker
X-65 Eliphalet Nott v. Thomas Talmadge
X-66 United States v. George Bourne, John
Pendleton, and Robert Donaldson
X-67 William Carlock and George Arrowsmith v.
X-68 Sophia Dias v. United States
X-69 Thomas Ash v. Montgomery Bartlett
X-70 Sophia Dias v. United States
X-71 John Mulholland and William Mulholland v.
George Barclay and Schyler Livingston
X-72 Isabella Bard v. Joseph Parkins
X-73 Thomas Bayley v. John Marsh et al.
X-74 Nelson Elliott v. Samuel Swentwont
12 X-75 Jonathan Wilmarth, John Moffat, and Joseph
Curtis v. William Smith
X-76 George Richards v. William Smith
X-77 Guy Richards v. William Smith
X-78 John Ellis v. Mary Ellis, Nehemiah Rogers,
Johnston, James Taylor, et al.
X-79 United States v. William Robinson, Simeon
Baldwin, Gilbert Allen, and William Yardley
X-80 Samuel Thompson v. Lewis Day
X-81 Isaiah Rogers v. James Wilson, Curtis Graham,
and John Graham
X-82 United States v. Thomas C. Butler et al.
(documents interfiled in case file no.
X-83 United States v. Benjamin Marshall, John
Grimshaw, and William
13 X-84 William Peters v. Russell Stebbins
X-85 John Watson v. Joseph Atwill
X-86 Jeremiah VanRensselaer v. John Watts,
Catharine Vicher, Cornelius VanRensselaer,
and Glen VanRensselaer
X-87 William Carlock and George Arrowsmith v.
William Smith (documents interfiled in case
file no. X-67)
X-88 Caleb Bartlett v. Ebenezer Mack, William
Andrews, and Charles Woodruff
X-89 William Carlock and George Arrowsmith v.
Thomas Calders, William Russell, and Thomas
X-90 William Hoyt v. Maria Monk et al.
X-91 George Reynolds v. Daniel Hall and Abner
X-92 Benjamin Lee and Paul Babcock v. United
X-93 Charles Zimpel v. F. S. Fischel
X-94 Charles Kenyon v. Luke Barker
X-95 George Treby v. Silas Burrows
X-96 William Hoyt v. James Ticknor
X-97 Bartholomew Servatius v. John Ordronaux and
14 X-98 Jeremiah VanRensselaer v. Philip Kearney
X-99 George Lamson v. Edward Mix, Elihu Mix, James
Westervelt, and Abraham Higbee
X-100 George Tyson v. Joseph Swift
X-101 George Reynolds v. Orestes Badger
X-102 John Shotwell and Phoebe, his wife v. Renel
Smith and Drake Mills
X-103 Henry Robinson v. Alfred Baker
X-104 Amos Hubbard v. The President, Directors, and
Co. of the Bank of the United States et al.
X-105 Frederick Marryatt v. James Cooley and
X-106 Amos Hull v. James Knight
X-107 United States v. King Avery
X-108 Joseph Cowperthwait v. Samuel Reeve, Henry
Morgan, and Robert McInnsey
X-109 Olympe Pellessier v. Robert Schuyler and
X-110 Amos Hull v. Robert Thompson
X-111 James Graham v. Sargent Prentiss
X-112 Robert Atterbury v. Mark Hill,
15 X-113 Murray Hoffman v. John Rathbone, Thomas
Butler, Josiah Sturges, Benjamin Burrows,
X-114 James Graham v. James Wilkins
X-115 Samuel Mitchell v. William Chapin, Jeremiah
Taylor, and Andrew Goodrich
X-116 Joseph Vargas v. Jeremiah Hamilton and Elisha
X-117 Smith Harpending et al. v. The Ministers,
Elders, and Deacons of the Reformed
Protestant Dutch Church of the City of New
York et al.
X-118 Frederick Maryatt v. William Colyer
X-119 Oway Taft and Cyrus Taft v. George Bowne and
X-120 William Gould, Daniel Banks, and Anthony
Gould v. Hiram Hastings
X-121 Alexander Hoyes and John Hoyes v. Benjamin
Aymar, John Aymar, and James Stacey
X-122 Augustus Webb v. John McGovern
X-123 Thomas Hegeman v. Samuel Halsey and James
X-124 George DeKay and Janet, his wife v. Francis
Tillon, Gabriel Irving, Charles Clinch,
James DeKay, and Marion Eckford
X-125 Ezekial Byam, Prentis Whitney, and Seth King
v. John Stevens
X-126 Amos Hull v. Frederick Liese
X-127 United States v. Samuel Wood and George
16 X-128 Job Terry v. Dutchess Whaling Co. and David
X-129 United States v. Augustini Pepin and John
X-130 Nathaniel Bacon and William Plumb v. George
Michell, William Cole, and John Drew
X-131 James Bogardus v. John Johnson, Perkins
Nichols, and Nerestan Griffin
X-132 State of Illinois v. John Delafield
X-133 United States v. Augustus Terega, John
Bailey, Benjamin Aymar, James Stacey, and
X-134 Conrad Faber v. North American Coal Co.
X-135 Conrad Faber v. North American Coal Co. (case
X-136 United States v. David Rogers, Samuel Rogers,
and William Stevenson
X-137 Joseph Francis v. John Webb
X-138 Ezekiel Byam, Prentiss Whitney, and Seth King
v. Nicolaus Harris
X-139 William Carlock v. Arthur Tappan and Lewis
X-140 Anthony Hill v. Charles Cole
X-141 Ezekiel Byam et al. v. Thaddeus Hyatt et al.
X-142 Ezekiel Byam et al. v. Alfred Golsch
X-143 Lewis Jennings v. John Ferguson (missing)
X-144 Lewis Jennings v. John Ferguson
X-145 Philos Blake, Eli Blake, and John Blake v.
X-146 Nathaniel Wyeth v. Nathaniel Barmore, James
Swentwont, William Smith, George Smith,
John Smith, Peter Gusque, Moses Leonard,
Alfred Barmore, and Robert
17 X-147 Samuel Broom, Stephen Halsey, and William
Wadsworth v. John Day, Samuel Day, William
Day, Robert Newell, and Henry Jones
X-148 Robert Hogan and George Miln v. William
X-149 William VanHook v. Hanford Loveland
X-150 William Peck v. Benajah Conant and Francis
X-151 Hiram Norris v. Samuel Stevens, Zebedee Ring,
Benjamin Birdsall, and John Ward
X-152 William Peck v. Lamar Wells and Marcus Spring
X-153 Ethan Allen v. Orrison Blunt and William Lyms
X-154 Henry Stephens v. David Felt and Willard Felt
X-155 Samuel Dakin and Sophia Hurlburt v. Thomas
Moore and Abraham Cozzens
X-156 William Peck v. George Boardman
X-157 Ezekiel Byam, Prentiss Whitney, and Seth King
v. John Stevens and Michael
18 X-158 William Van Hook v. Ephraim Scudder and John
X-159 William Waddell v. Charles Kneeland, George
Kneeland, Henry Bogert, Henry Kneeland and
Margaret, his wife
X-160 Thomas Eubank v. Charles Hillsburgh
X-161 Anthony Norman and Francis Norman v. William
Van Hook and George Storer
X-162 William Carlock v. John Davies and James
X-163 Edward Curtis v. United States, Jesse Oakley,
and Lorenzo Hoyt
X-164 Lewis Jennings v. William Starr
X-165 Enos Wilder v. Charles Gaylor
X-166 Enos Wilder v. Frederick Geisler and Henry
X-167 Enos Wilder v. Crandel Rich, Almon Roff, John
Stearns, and Azor Marvin
X-168 Philos Blake, Eli Blake, and John Blake v.
John Parker and Joseph Smith
X-169 Lucius Comstock and Ann Moore v. Henry Dalley
X-170 Henry Wilson v. John
19 X-171 United States v. Jesse Hoyt, Jesse Oakley,
Lorenzo Hoyt, Thomas Oakley, Thad Phelps,
Samuel Jones, et al.
X-172 Christian Detmold v. Peter Cooper, Thomas
Cooper, and John Gustin
X-173 Edward Haulenbeck v. Marlin Armstrong and
X-174 Mathias Bruen v. James Bell and Robert Grant
X-175 Real Estate Bank of Arkansas v. The
President, Directors, and Co. of the
Phoenix Bank (missing)
X-176 Edwin Sloughton v. Charles Paine (missing)
X-177 Adonijah Randel and George Bowen v. Morris
Soloman, Lewis Soloman, and Morris Jacobs
X-178 Henry Valentine and Alexander Caselli v.
James Reynolds, Andrew Marshal, and George
X-179 Martin Armstrong v. Edward Haulenbeck and
X-180 Charles Noe v. John Prentice and Archibald
X-181 George Latham et al. v. Henry Achilles et
20 X-182 David Robbins v. Charles Davis, Morris
Robinson, and Samuel Jandon (documents from
case file no. 1-24, 1846-77, have been
interfiled in this case)
X-183 William Van Hook v. Thomas Wood
X-184 Hetty Ann Meeks et al. v. John
21 X-185 William Waddell et al. v. Henry Blakeman et
X-186 Austin Packard v. James Wilson and John
X-187 William Bennet v. Nicholas Kipp, John
Carroll, et al.
X-188 David Suydam v. Horace Day
X-189 William Van Hook v. John Pendleton and
X-190 Job Terry v. Dutchess Whaling Co. et al.
X-191 Matilda Orr v. Joseph Tibbets
X-192 Matilda Orr v. John Liddle
X-193 David Suydam v. Horace Day
X-194 Mary Kearney v. George Thomas
X-195 Martin Armstrong v. William Vine, Bryan Ward,
Edward Haulenbeck, et al.
X-196 William Peck v. Eleazer Benjamin, Joseph
Smith, and James Watson
X-197 Thomas Prosser v. Irving Van Wart
X-198 Matilda Orr v. John Keyser
X-199 Robert McCalmont, Hugh McCalmont, and William
Newell v. Susan Lawrence et al.
X-200 John Emerson v. John Ericsson
X-201 John Emerson v. Peter Hogg and Cornelius
X-202 Horace Day v. Hiram Hutchinson and Clarkson
X-203 Horace Day v. Christopher Meyer
X-204 William Peck v. Thomas Winthrop
X-205 Jesse Carpenter v. Sarah Mather, Harlow
Mather, and William Starr
22 X-206 Robert Wash, William Thomas, John Coalter,
and John Daggett v. Cortlandt Palmer and
X-207 James Wilson v. William Van Lean
X-208 Joseph Atwill v. Westley Burgess, James
Stringer, and William Townsend
X-209 Joseph Atwill v. William Graham
X-210 John Boggett v. Philip Groot and David Elston
X-211 Thomas Smith v. Mathias Bruen, George Bruen,
X-212 Charles Goodyear v. Horace Day
X-213 William Peck v. Hiland Hall, Clauson Lyman,
X-214 Joseph Atwill v. Edmund Ferrett, Timothy
Arthur, and Elijah Gallusha
X-215 Philos Blake et al. v. John Parker and Walter
X-216 United States v. Nelson Elliot, David Lord,
Edwin Lord, and Francis
23 X-217 The President, Directors, and Co. of the City
Bank of New York v. Elizabeth Skelton, Mary
Ann Fraser, and Philip Yonge
X-218 Philos Blake et al. v. John Parker and Walter
Smith (documents interfiled in case file
X-219 George Bruen v. Mathias Bruen
X-220 Vair Clisehugh v. Alexander Barry
X-221 James Davison et al. v. Henry Duhham et al.
X-222 Amanda Ponsford v. William Johnson et al.
X-223 John Locke v. Joseph Hastings, William
Brickett, John Wheeler, and Benjamin Blagge
X-224 United States v. Thomas Butler, Josiah
Sturges, Laird Butler, and Jonas Butler
X-225 William Van Hook v. Reid Throckmorton,
William Watkins, and Henry Concklin
X-226 William Van Hook v. Jonathan Leach and John
Equity Records of the U.S. Circuit Court for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania, 1790-1847. M985. 23 rolls. DP.
In addition to documents usually found among equity records, these case files include exhibits such as letters patent, contracts, wills, accounts, minutes of meetings, statistical tables, newspapers, magazines, advertising posters, books, correspondence, and related evidentiary material; notices of appeal; petitions to the U.S. Supreme Court for certiorari and writs of certiorari; final decrees and opinions; and other related papers.
The files are arranged alphabetically, generally by the first letter of the plaintiff's surname or the name of a company, thereunder chronologically by session of court, and thereunder by case number assigned. There are exceptions, however, such as under "A," cases filed as Attorney of the United States, and under "K," a case filed as King of Spain. Most documents within the files are arranged by date of filing. The spellings of names of parties appearing in the list have been determined from the dockets or from documents in the case files; there may be instances in which the writing has been misinterpreted or an incorrect name was given to the court. Some variant spellings have been included in parentheses after the parties' names.
publication also includes records from three docket books containing
registers of the papers filed and proceedings held in the progress of each
equity case from its initiation to its final disposition. Docket entries for
each case show the names of parties and attorneys, a chronological listing of
the filings and proceedings, and a statement of the clerk's fees. Equity
cases docketed before the October 1792 session were recorded as part of the
first docket book for the law and appellate case files. This book is indexed
by form of action (law, ejectment, equity) and thereunder alphabetically by
name of plaintiff. Only the section for equity cases is reproduced in this
microfilm publication. The remaining two volumes are strictly for equity
cases, 1792-1847, and contain an alphabetical index by surname of
complainant. Case entries in the dockets are arranged chronologically by the
session of court in which the case started and thereunder consecutively by
case number. The inclusive dates of this microfilm publication are those of
the filing of cases with the court (1790-1847); however, some
individual documents are dated as early as 1745 and as late as
1 Dockets, 1790-1847
Equity case files:
A - Apr. 1793-Oct. 1842
Oct. 1791-Oct. 1805
2 B - Apr. 1806-Apr. 1819
3 B - Oct. 1819-Oct. 1840
4 B - Apr. 1841-Apr. 1846
Oct. 1797-Oct. 1816
5 C - Oct. 1816(cont.)-Apr. 1839
6 C - Apr. 1839(cont.)-Oct. 1846
D - Oct. 1791-Apr. 1806
7 D - Apr. 1806(cont.)-Oct. 1844
E - Apr. 1796-Oct. 1842
F - Apr.
8 F - Oct. 1816-Apr. 1838
G - Apr.
9 G - Oct. 1836-Apr. 1845
Oct. 1791-Apr. 1824
10 H - Oct. 1824-Oct. 1843
I - Apr. 1818-Oct. 1821
J - Oct. 1801-Apr. 1835
K - Oct. 1797-Apr. 1845
11 L - Apr. 1806-Apr. 1846
Oct. 1791-Apr. 1834
12 M - Oct. 1836-Oct. 1839
13 M - Apr. 1842-Apr. 1847
14 N - Apr. 1799-Oct. 1829
O - Oct. 1796-Apr. 1846
Oct. 1791-Oct. 1825
15 P - Apr. 1828
16 P - Apr. 1828(cont.)-Oct. 1847
17 R - Oct. 1791-Apr. 1830
18 R - Apr. 1830(cont.)
19 R - Oct. 1830-Oct. 1841
20 S - Apr. 1791-Oct. 1846
21 S - Apr. 1847
T - Apr. 1791-Apr. 1830
Oct. 1806-Oct. 1843
22 V - Oct. 1805-Oct. 1847
Apr. 1791-Oct. 1830
23 W - Apr. 1831-Oct. 1844
Oct. 1824-Oct. 1831
Law and Appellate Records
The publications listed in this section relate to law and appellate records of U.S. district and circuit courts. Law cases, which constitute the bulk of the records, are civil cases for which common law or statutes provided a remedy. Actions generally pertain to debt, recovery of damages due to nonfulfillment of an agreement or promise, trespasses on land, trespass on the case (a form of action for recovery of damages caused by the defendant indirectly), and damages suffered by reason of ejection from lands and tenements. Other actions at law concern infringement of patents or copyrights, embezzlement, fraudulent use of U.S. funds by collectors of internal revenue, breaches of contract for the supply of rations to U.S. troops, and other breaches of law. Appellate case files, cases appealed from the district to the circuit court, appear only on M969. Many of these cases relate to maritime matters, others to patent rights, bankruptcy, and the settlement of estates. Law Case Files of the U.S. Circuit Court for the Southern District of New York, 1790-1846. M883. 43 rolls. DP.
Most of the law cases before the U.S. Circuit Court for the Southern District of New York during the years covered by this publication concerned suits for the recovery of sums due under various forms of obligation or promise, including nonpayment of promissory notes, settlement of estates, and failure to pay for goods; personal injuries; and damages sustained by forcible ejection from lands and tenements.
Types of documents found in the files include complaints and declarations or narratives explaining the plaintiffs' causes for action; answers of defendants; demurrers, rejoinders, and other pleadings; bills of exceptions to decisions of the court on points of law; affidavits and depositions of witnesses and other documents submitted as evidence; and orders of the court, opinions, consents, warrants, writs, bonds, and reports of court costs. In suits removed from state courts, certified copies of the proceedings, processes, and other papers constituting the state court records are usually in the case file.
The files are
arranged alphabetically by surname of defendant (the first-named defendant
when there is more than one). When the same person is the defendant in more
than one case, the files are arranged chronologically by date of
the filing of the suit, except in instances in which several cases against
a defendant apparently were tried concurrently and the documents are
interfiled. Documents within files are arranged chronologically by date of
filing. There are, however, individual documents dated later than
13 Eckford-Field, J.
14 Field, S.-Gaylord
22 Klock-LeRoy, D.
23 LeRoy, H.-Lyons
24 Mabey-Mason, E.
25 Mason, J.-McCollum
42 Whale-Wilson, James
Law Case Files of the U.S. District Court for the Southern
District of New York, 1795-1844. M937. 15 rolls. DP.
Most of the law cases before the U.S.
District Court for the
Southern District of New York, 1795-1844, concerned suits for
the recovery of sums due under various forms of obligation or
promise, including bonds, overpayments of pensions,
embezzlement of U.S. funds, and other breaches of the law.
files are arranged alphabetically by surname of
defendant. Where there is more than one defendant, the name
of the defendant listed first in the title endorsement
determines the filing order. Many of the bonds are in sets
arranged by assigned number. The inclusive dates of this
microfilm publication are those of the filing of cases with
the court, but some individual documents date from as early
as 1794 and as late as 1908.
1 Samuel Abbot-John Barker
2 Joseph Barlow-Brooklyn White Lead Co.
3 John Brooks-Squire Collins
4 Joshua Conkey-Samuel Gidney
5 Edward Gilbert-Simeon Hyde et al.
6 N. G. (Nathaniel) Ingraham-Paul Lawson
7 David Leavitt and George Howland-Henry Mali
8 Eugene Malibran et al.-Joseph Moss
9 Robert Mott and Edmund Prior-William Peters et al.
10 Alexander Pfister-Eliha Phenneys
11 Edward Philips-Columbus Read et al.
12 John Redfield, Jr.-Richard Scott
13 Thomas Seaman-Andrew Swim
14 Francis Swords-John Wait, Jr.
15 Hugh Walker-Alexander Zuntz
Law (Civil Action) Records of the U.S. District Court for the
Eastern District of Pennsylvania, 1789-1844. M1057. 40 rolls.
microfilm publication reproduces dockets and law case
files. The six docket books provide a record of papers filed
and proceedings held in law cases and include some entries
for equity and ejection cases (files for these cases are in a
separate records series that does not appear in this
microfilm publication). There were no equity cases held in
the court before 1843. Docket entries for individual law
cases usually show the case title and number, form of action,
amount in controversy, a chronological list of the findings
and proceedings, and a record of the costs paid. Each volume
has an alphabetical index by surname of defendant in every
case and by surname of plaintiff in cases instituted by
parties other than the United States. The inclusive dates of
this microfilm publication are those of the filing of cases
with the court; however, some individual documents are dated
as late as 1853.
The case files are arranged chronologically
by date of
filing of the first papers. Within each case file, documents are
arranged for the most part chronologically by date of filing
or date of document.
1 Nov. 1789-Feb. 1800
2 May 1800-Nov. 1815
3 Feb. 1816-Nov. 1844
Law Case Files:
4 Nov. 1789-Aug. 1796
5 Nov. 1796-Feb. 1797
6 May-Nov. 1797
7 Feb.-Aug. 1798
8 Feb. 1799-Aug. 1801
9 Nov. 1801-Nov. 1802
10 Feb. 1803-Nov. 1804
11 Feb. 1805-Feb. 1806
12 May 1806-Nov. 1807
13 Feb. 1808-Nov. 1809
14 Feb. 1810-May 1811
15 Aug. 1811-Feb. 1812
16 May 1812-Nov. 1813
17 Feb. 1814-Nov. 1815
18 Feb.-Nov. 1816
19 Feb.-Nov. 1817
20 Feb. 1818-May 1819
21 Aug.-Nov. 1819
22 Feb.-Aug. 1820
23 Nov. 1820-Nov. 1821
24 Feb.-Nov. 1822
25 Feb.-Nov. 1823
26 Feb. 1824-Nov. 1825
27 Feb.-May 1826
28 Aug.-Nov. 1826
29 Feb.-Nov. 1827
30 Feb.-Nov. 1828
31 Feb.-May 1829
32 May-Nov. 1829
33 Feb. 1830-Nov. 1832
34 Feb. 1833-Feb. 1834
35 May 1834-Nov. 1836
36 Feb.-Nov. 1837
37 Feb. 1838-Nov. 1839
38 Feb. 1840-Nov. 1841
39 Feb. 1842-Feb. 1843
40 May 1843-Nov. 1844
Law and Appellate Records of the U.S. Circuit Court for the
Eastern District of Pennsylvania, 1790-1847. M969. 26 rolls.
The records reproduced in this
microfilm publication relate
to law cases in original jurisdiction and cases appealed from
the district court, chiefly in admiralty, with a few in law
and bankruptcy. These records are all interfiled in one
series. The law case files, which constitute most of the
series, pertain generally to actions in debt, actions to
recover damages due to nonfulfillment of an agreement or
promise, trespasses on land, trespass on the case (a form of
action for recovery of damages caused by the defendant
indirectly), and damages suffered by reason of ejection from
lands and tenements. The appellate cases pertain to a variety
of subjects relating to evasion of customs duties; violations
of shipping and navigation laws, privateering and prize law,
and other maritime matters; bankruptcy; protection of patents
and patent rights; and the settlement of estates.
The first two rolls reproduce eight docket
contain a record of papers filed and proceedings held in the
trial of the law and appellate cases. Docket entries for
individual cases usually show the case title, the names of the
parties, the attorneys for each litigant, and a chronological
list of actions taken and documents filed. The case numbers in
the docket books reflect the order in which the cases were
presented or docketed. Volume 2, which is a copy of the first
volume without the index, has been omitted from this microfilm
publication. Volumes 3 through 8 are indexed alphabetically by
first letter of plaintiff's surname or of name of company. Volume
4 also contains a record of the law and equity case files of the
U.S. Circuit Court for the Western District of Pennsylvania, June
25, 1801-June 25, 1802; the case files are reproduced on M987,
which is described under "General Records and Minutes." Volume 9
is indexed alphabetically by surnames of both parties. Docket
entries are arranged chronologically by session of court and
thereunder consecutively by case number. The inclusive dates
of this microfilm publication are those of the filing of
cases with the court. However, some individual documents are
dated as early as 1740 and as late as 1904.
The case files are arranged alphabetically by
letter of the plaintiff's surname or of company, thereunder
chronologically by term of court, and thereunder consecutively by
case number. Each court term numbered its cases beginning with
No. 1. Most documents within the files are arranged by date of
filing. The spellings of names of parties appearing in the list
have been determined from the dockets or from the documents in
the case files. There may be instances in which the writing has
been misinterpreted or an incorrect name was given to the court.
1 Dockets, 1790-1811 (Vols. 1, 3-6)
2 Dockets, 1811-47 (Vols. 7-9)
Law and appellate case files:
3 A - Oct. 1791-Apr. 1845
- Apr. 1791-Apr. 1805
4 B - Oct. 1805-Apr. 1832
5 B - Oct. 1832-Oct. 1847
Apr. 1791-Oct. 1801
6 C - Apr. 1802-Oct. 1825
7 C - Apr. 1826-Oct. 1846
Apr. 1791-Oct. 1810
8 D - Apr. 1814-Oct. 1845
9 E - Apr. 1792-Apr. 1845
Oct. 1790-Apr. 1810
10 F - Apr. 1811-Oct. 1843
Oct. 1790-Oct. 1823
11 G - Oct. 1824-Apr. 1846
Oct. 1790-Oct. 1802
12 H - Apr. 1803-Oct. 1830
13 H - Apr. 1831-Apr. 1847
I - Oct. 1797-Oct. 1843
Apr. 1792-Apr. 1799
14 J - May 1801-Apr. 1847
K - Apr.
15 K - Apr. 1842-Apr. 1847
L - Oct.
16 L - Apr. 1834-Apr. 1847
M - Apr.
17 M - Apr. 1817-Oct. 1845
N - Oct.
18 N - Oct. 1828-Oct. 1847
O - Apr. 1791-Oct. 1842
Oct. 1790-Oct. 1802
19 P - Apr. 1803-Apr. 1845
Q - Oct. 1806
R - Oct.
20 R - Oct. 1801-Oct. 1844
S - Oct.
21 S - Apr. 1800-Oct. 1834
22 S - Apr. 1835-Oct. 1847
T - Oct.
23 T - Oct. 1807-Apr. 1847
U - Apr.
24 U - Apr. 1808-Oct. 1845
V - Oct.
25 W - Oct. 1790-Apr. 1837
26 W - Oct. 1838-Oct. 1846
Y - Apr. 1793-Oct. 1847
Apr. 1809-Apr. 1835
Criminal Case Files
three publications in this section reproduce criminal
case files, mostly from the first half of the 19th century.
The kinds of crimes involved include crimes of mutiny, piracy,
assault and battery, theft, and murder on the high seas; slave
trade; counterfeiting and forgery; perjury; mail theft; sedition;
smuggling; and conspiracy to invade nations at peace with the
United States. There are also cases concerning unlawful fitting
out and arming of vessels, trading without a license, false
reporting by U.S. census takers, harboring fugitive slaves, and
evasion of customs duties. The types of documents found in the
case files include bills of indictment, presentments, pleas of
defendants, recognizances, depositions, affidavits, subpoenas,
writs, orders of the court, petitions, warrants, bonds,
Presidential orders of pardon from imprisonment, and general
papers filed in criminal action.
Criminal Case Files of the U.S. Circuit Court for the
District of Maryland, 1795-1860. M1010. 4 rolls. DP.
These case files relate to such crimes as
theft, sedition, smuggling, slave trade, counterfeiting and
forgery, and conspiracy to invade nations at peace with the
United States. There are also cases relating to mutiny,
piracy, assault and battery, theft, and murder on the high
files, which contain indictments and writs, are
arranged chronologically by session of court and thereunder
alphabetically by surname of the defendant. Because the
spellings of the names follow spellings on the original
documents, there may be instances in which the writing has
been misinterpreted or an incorrect name was given to the
court. In some instances, the name of what appears to be the
same person is spelled in different ways in different case
Roll Term of Court
1 Nov. 1795-Dec. 1825
2 May 1826-Nov. 1831
3 Apr. 1832-Nov. 1844
4 Apr. 1845-Nov. 1860
Criminal Case Files of the U.S. Circuit Court for the
Southern District of New York, 1790-1853. M885. 6 rolls. DP.
The case files reproduced in this microfilm
relate to such crimes as mutiny, piracy, assault, theft, and
murder on the high seas; slave trade; counterfeiting and forgery;
sedition; smuggling; and conspiracy to invade nations at peace
with the United States.
The number and type
of documents in the case files vary. The
type of document found most frequently is the indictment, which
names the defendant, the court, the date, and the charge. Other
documents frequently filed are depositions, warrants,
recognizances, subpoenas, briefs, and notes. Occasionally
included are commitments, proceedings, notices, certificates,
letters, and writs.
The case files
are arranged alphabetically by surname of
defendant. When there is more than one defendant, the case is
filed by name of the first defendant in the title of the
endorsement. Case file documents are arranged chronologically by
date of filing with the court, but some documents are dated as
late as 1881.
Criminal Case Files of the U.S. Circuit Court for the Eastern
District of Pennsylvania, 1791-1840. M986. 7 rolls. DP.
These case files relate to such matters as the Whiskey
Rebellion of 1794, the maintenance of U.S. neutrality during
the Napoleonic wars, the quasi-war with France during the
Adams administration, the alien and sedition laws of the
Federalist period, and the embargo during the Jefferson
The files for cases initiated before 1799 are arranged
chronologically by term of court or by the year the case was
initiated and thereunder alphabetically by the defendant's
surname. When there is more than one defendant, the case is
filed by the name of the defendant listed first in the title
For cases filed from 1799
through 1840, the files are
arranged chronologically by session of court and thereunder
consecutively by case number. Cases for the same defendant
are listed together, which sometimes breaks the sequence of
case numbers. Unnumbered case files appear at the end of the
session in which the case was heard or at the end of the year
if no information on the session is provided. These unnumbered
files are arranged alphabetically by surname of defendant. Most
documents within the files are arranged by date of filing. The
spellings of names of parties have been determined from the
documents in the case files. There may be instances in which the
writing has been misinterpreted or an incorrect name was given to
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National Archives and Records Administration