Press/Journalists

Press Release
November 25, 2008

The National Archives Celebrates Thanksgiving

"Thanksgiving, like Ambassadors,
Cabinet officers and others
Smeared with political ointment,
Depends for its existence on
Presidential appointment."

--Ogden Nash

Washington, DC…On October 3, 1789, President George Washington issued a proclamation naming Thursday, November 26, 1789 as an official holiday of "sincere and humble thanks." The nation then celebrated its first Thanksgiving under its new Constitution. On October 3, 1863, President Lincoln made the traditional Thanksgiving celebration a nationwide holiday to be commemorated each year on the fourth Thursday of November. In the midst of a bloody Civil War, President Lincoln issued a Presidential Proclamation in which he enumerated the blessings of the American people and called upon his countrymen to "set apart and observe the last Thursday of November next, as a day of "Thanksgiving."

In 1939 President Franklin D. Roosevelt moved the holiday to the third Thursday of November to lengthen the Christmas shopping season and boost the economy still recovering from the Depression. This move, which set off a national debate, was reversed in 1941 when Congress passed and President Roosevelt approved a joint house resolution establishing, by law, the fourth Thursday in November as Thanksgiving Day.

The three-page engrossed Proclamation signed by Abraham Lincoln is part of Record Group 11, General Records of the United States Government; Presidential Proclamations, 1791-2000, in the custody of the National Archives. The October Proclamation (Presidential Proclamation 2373) signed by Franklin D. Roosevelt on October 31, 1939, is also part of Record Group 11 and the Presidential Proclamation series. The House Joint Resolution (H.J. Res. 41) is part of Record Group 233, Records of the U.S. House of Representatives held by the Center for Legislative Archives.

Related Photographs and Documents

President Harry Truman and turkey


But was that turkey pardoned? The Truman Library tackles this question.


Photograph of President Truman receiving a Thanksgiving turkey from members of the Poultry and Egg National Board and other representatives of the turkey industry, outside the White House., 11/16/1949
Harry S. Truman Library
[National Archives Identifier 200138]

George Washington's October 3, 1789, Thanksgiving Day Proclamation, 10/03/1789

General Records of the United States Government, 1778 - 2006 [National Archives Identifier 299956]

President Abraham Lincoln’s Thanksgiving Day Proclamation of October 3, 1863 (Presidential Proclamation 106)., 10/03/1863, Page 1

General Records of the United States Government, 1778 – 2006 [National Archives Identifier 299960]

President Abraham Lincoln's Thanksgiving Day Proclamation of October 3, 1863 (Presidential Proclamation 106)., 10/03/1863, Page 2

General Records of the United States Government, 1778 – 2006 [National Archives Identifier 299960]

President Abraham Lincoln's Thanksgiving Day Proclamation of October 3, 1863 (Presidential Proclamation 106)., 10/03/1863, Page 3

General Records of the United States Government, 1778 – 2006 [National Archives Identifier 299960]

The House Joint Resolution Making the Last Thursday in November a Legal Holiday, 12/26/41

77th Congress, Record Group 233, Records of the U.S. House of Representatives held by the Center for Legislative Archives.

President Richard Nixon and turkey

Turkey presentation for Thanksgiving, 11/18/1969
White House Photo Office Collection (Nixon Administration), 01/20/1969 - 08/09/1974 [National Archives Identifier 194663]

See also: "The Year We Had Two Thanksgivings" - a special online exhibit about President Roosevelt's commemoration of this important day.

For Press information, contact the National Archives Public Affairs staff at (202) 357-5300.

09-25

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