East Rotunda Gallery
Currently on Exhibit in the East Rotunda Gallery
June 4 – July 29, 2015
1774 Articles of Association
In honor of the 800th anniversary of Magna Carta, we present the rarely-viewed Articles of Association issued by the Continental Congress in response to the Intolerable Acts. Like Magna Carta, this act sought to assert the primacy of rights over arbitrary government. The Articles of Association launched a boycott of British goods throughout the colonies in an attempt to secure redress of the colonists’ grievances. But it soon became clear that there was no hope of reconciliation. The boycott may have failed, but the Articles of Association created the union that went on to declare independence.
Articles of Association, 10/20/1774
National Archives, Records of the Continental and Confederation Congresses and the Constitutional Convention
Special Document Display in the West Rotunda Gallery
June 4 – July 29, 2015
Coca-Cola Bottle and Patent
Today the Coca-Cola bottle is one of the most recognizable containers in the world, but until the Coca-Cola Company launched a competition to design a distinctive bottle in 1915, nearly all soft drink bottles looked the same. The design patent of the winning bottle design and an original contoured "Coke" bottle will be on display.
West Rotunda Gallery, June 4–July 29
The National Archives Museum’s “Special West Rotunda Gallery Exhibition” is made possible in part by the National Archives Foundation through the generous support of The Coca-Cola Company.
Upcoming Featured Documents
Selma Marchers’ Statements to the FBI
On March 7, 1965, civil rights activists attempted a protest march from Selma to Montgomery. The statements made by John Lewis and Amelia Boynton on the events of Bloody Sunday are on display.July 30–August 26
East Rotunda Gallery, July 30 through August 26, 2015.
Previous Featured Documents
Sketch Showing Lifeboats Stowed and Secured on Board the RMS Lusitania
“Passengers be damned; save yourself first”
100th Anniversary of the Sinking of the RMS Lusitania
There was chaos aboard the rapidly sinking Lusitania when many of the passenger ship’s poorly designed lifeboats proved impossible to lower and launch. As part of witness testimony during the subsequent court proceedings, passenger James Leary described an altercation with a crewman as the ship was sinking. Leary recounted, “I thought, according to law, passengers first.” The crewman replied, “Passengers be damned; save yourself first.”
Taking just 18 minutes to sink, the Lusitania disaster resulted in the deaths of passengers and crew when only six of the ship’s lifeboats were successfully deployed. A drawing of the lifeboat used in the Lusitania liability case illustrates the challenges faced by those on board.
Sketch Showing Lifeboats Stowed and Secured on Board the RMS Lusitania, 12/6/1917
National Archives, Records of District Courts of the United States
Report of Assistant Surgeon Charles A. Leale concerning the death of President Abraham Lincoln
There was a doctor in the house the night President Lincoln was assassinated—Dr. Charles A. Leale, a recently employed surgeon at the U.S. Army General Hospital. Six weeks out of medical school, the 23-year-old doctor went to Ford’s Theatre on April 14, 1865, hoping to catch a glimpse of President Lincoln. In the course of the evening, he found himself attempting to remove a bullet from the President’s skull. Leale was the first medical professional to arrive at the wounded President’s side. His report of the events of that evening takes us to the scene of a crime that irreversibly altered the future of the United States.
Report of Assistant Surgeon Charles A. Leale concerning the death of A. Lincoln (page 1)
National Archives, Records of the Adjutant General’s Office
Unbroken: Records from Louis Zamperini’s Incredible World War II Story
On May 27, 1943, Army Air Force bombardier Louis “Louie” Zamperini’s B-24 airplane crashed into the Pacific Ocean. The former U.S. Olympian survived, only to face months adrift at sea and years as a Japanese POW. His fate unknown in the U.S., Louie was declared dead a year and a day after his plane went down and was “posthumously” awarded a Purple Heart. Louie’s Purple Heart medal (on loan courtesy of Laura Hillenbrand, author of UNBROKEN), copies of the certificate awarding him the Purple Heart and a condolence letter from President Franklin D. Roosevelt to the Zamperini family will be on display. Miraculously, Zamperini survived and was liberated at the end of the war.
George Washington’s First Annual Message
In celebration of the 225th anniversary of the First Congress, the first Journal of the House of Representatives is on display, showing the final page of George Washington's State of the Union speech. With this speech, delivered on January 8, 1790, Washington established the precedent of delivering a formal address to Congress to report on the state of the Union. He praised the accomplishments of the First Congress and gave a brief overview of his administration’s agenda. The President emphasized the need to provide for the common defense; establish uniform systems of currency, weights, and measures; and promote education.
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This exhibition was created by the National Archives and Records Administration, Washington, DC, with support from the the National Archives Foundation.