NARA and Declassification

Frequently Asked Questions about the National Declassification Center (NDC)

NDC – Releasing All We Can, Protecting What We Must

What is the Purpose of the NDC?

The NDC will shorten the amount of time that it takes to declassify a document.

  • Mission:
    To align people, processes, and technologies to advance the declassification and public release of historically valuable permanent records while maintaining national security.
  • Vision:
    To be the world's preeminent declassification organization, responsive to all customers, committed to the free flow of information and the requirements of national security.

Who Will Benefit from the NDC?

Everyone will benefit:

  • The research community and the public at large will benefit because the National Archives will be able to make millions of records available more quickly. Therefore citizens will have greater access to their nation's history.
  • The agencies that create or have information included in classified permanently valuable records will benefit from a more streamlined, efficient declassification process.
  • Agencies with equity in records created by other agencies will benefit as improved processes, and better training will facilitate better equity recognition.

Who Established the NDC?

The authority for the NDC is section 3.7 of the new Executive order, which was signed by President Obama on December 29, 2009. Read the Press Release

What Will the NDC Accomplish?

As outlined in section 3.7 of the new order, the NDC will:

  • streamline declassification processes
  • prioritize the declassification of sought after records
  • facilitate referral processes and quality assurance measures
  • implement standard declassification training for records determined to have permanent historical value

Section 3.7 provides seven specific areas of focus for the NDC:

  1. timely and appropriate processing of referrals in accordance with section 3.3(d)(3) of this order for accessioned Federal records and transferred Presidential Records.

  2. general interagency declassification activities necessary to fulfill the requirements of sections 3.3 and 3.4 of this order;

  3. the exchange among agencies of detailed declassification guidance to support equity recognition;

  4. the development of effective, transparent, and standard declassification work processes, training, and quality assurance measures;

  5. the development of solutions to declassification challenges posed by electronic records, special media, and emerging technologies;

  6. the linkage and effective utilization of existing agency databases and the use of new technologies to support declassification activities under the purview of the Center; and

  7. storage and related services, on a reimbursable basis, for Federal records containing classified national security information.

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Who Will Operate the NDC?

The Executive Order instructs the Archivist of the United States to appoint a Center Director in consultation with Secretaries of State, Defense, Energy and Homeland Security, the Attorney General, and the Director of National Intelligence.

  • National Archives employees will staff the NDC and provide support for agency reviewers.
  • Agency heads will assign personnel to the Center review and exempt or declassify information originated by their agency.
  • The NDC Director will be advised by an inter-agency Policy Planning Group (PPG) and assisted by an inter-agency Program Management Team (PMT).

Which Agencies Will Participate in the NDC?

All Executive branch agencies who create or are responsible for classified information found in permanently valuable Federal or Presidential records will participate, unless they delegate that authority in writing to another agency.

Where Will the NDC Be Located?

Initially, the NDC will be located at the National Archives at College Park in existing space. It will assume the functions of the voluntary Quality Assurance Review Team and the Inter-agency Referral Center. In addition, agencies may establish their own facilities for initial declassification review.

Why is the NDC Necessary?

The current declassification review and release processes have caused a massive and growing backlog of reviewed classified records.

  • There are currently approximately 409 million pages of reviewed Federal records at the National Archives that require referral and archival processing prior to release to the public. Additionally, there almost three million pages of highly sought after scanned images of Presidential records awaiting processing as part of the Remote Archives Capture project.

  • In addition to the backlog, there remains concern about the quality of some (mostly earlier) reviews. These issues center on missed equity due to lack of standardized training. These errors led to the passage of the Kyl-Lott Amendments, which require additional review for nuclear weapons design and related information.

  • The NDC will also address the pressing issue of how to streamline the declassification of electronic records.
    Read about the Electronic Records Archives (ERA)

What is the Status of the NDC?

Realizing the opportunity to fundamentally change how records are declassified, the National Archives has begun taking steps to meet the challenge. The National Archives established:

  • a high level inter-agency steering group that will oversee the establishment of the NDC and later serve as a policy planning group for the Center. This group is chaired by Assistant Archivist for Records Services, Washington, Michael Kurtz, who will also serve as the Acting Director of the NDC pending the selection of a permanent director.
  • a Program Management Team, responsible for working level coordination, data collection, and collaboration with the Defense Change Management Organization, which is conducting a study of current declassification processes.

What Future Challenges Will be Addressed by the NDC?

The work currently underway may lead to follow-on studies such as improved information technology integration, strategies and implementation of techniques to meet the challenge of "born digital" records, and related changes to processing FOIA and Mandatory declassification review requests. Read a Report on Declassification Challenges

Where Can I Go to Learn More?

You can visit the NDC web site ( to obtain updates and results. The web site will also post information about upcoming open forums and other opportunities to learn more as they become available. Finally, you can send a comment, question or concern to

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