In the immediate aftermath of the war, paroled Confederate soldiers of all ranks were required to complete a written oath and swear allegiance to the federal government. Filed among these papers is the loyalty oath of Brigadier-General Gideon J. Pillow, remembered for his ill-fated command of Fort Donelson, Tennessee, where the Union claimed its first major victory of the war.

Citation: Records of the U. S. District Court for the Middle District of Tennessee (Nashville).